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Teaching Material on Transfer of Technology

 Table of contents (Word) (PDF)

MODULE 1 - KEY ISSUES IN THE TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY

This module starts by presenting basic terms and concepts related to the transfer of technology (TOT). It then introduces the various channels through which technology can be transferred - the market-related channels and sources (such as FDI, trade in capital goods, trade in services, licensing, industrial technology alliances) and the non-market-related ones (movement of labour, training and education, access to technical information, imitating and learning by doing, open source technology development, and spillovers). It concludes by reviewing measures that can facilitate technology transfer, in particular in the area of human capital development, government contracts, taxation, R&D, and matchmaking/identification of suitable technology. The module also includes questions for discussion with students.


 MODULE 2 - THE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROCESS

After explaining the transfer of technology process, this module analyzes the trends in cross-border transfer of technology, with regard to royalties and licensing fees, flows of capital goods, internationalization of R&D and industrial technology alliances. It then reviews the different contractual agreements used for technology transfer, such as licensing agreements, other agreements (sale agreements, technical service agreements, research agreements, etc.) and agreements related to the transfer of genetic resources. The last chapter is dedicated to regulatory aspects of TOT agreements, in particular restrictive practices, competition policy and transfer pricing. An exercise and questions for discussions are included at the end of the module.
 


MODULE 3INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

This module focuses on the complex relationship between intellectual property rights (IPRs) and international technology transfer. After an overview of concepts and definitions related to IPRs, it analyzes empirical studies on the role of the protection of intellectual property rights in the stimulation (or not) of technology transfer and innovation. The final chapter addresses the question of IPRs and development, and who benefits from the protection of IPRs. The module also includes questions for discussion with students.
 


MODULE 4 - INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER RELATED AGREEMENTS

This module examines how international (multilateral, interregional, regional and bilateral) instruments/agreements deal, directly or indirectly, with TOT-related issues. It first explains the role of such instruments and the provisions contained therein. It then looks into how WTO agreements (TRIMS, SPS, TBT, GATS and TRIPS) deal with TOT issues, introduces the WIPO Development Agenda, and analyzes the TOT provisions used in international investment agreements and free trade agreements. In addition to the commercial channels of technology transfer (trade, investment and IPRs), the final chapter of the module reviews other international instruments relevant to TOT, namely sectoral agreements (Energy Charter Treaty), instruments relating to common heritage of mankind, multilateral environmental agreements, the Convention on Biological Diversity, and soft law instruments. The module also includes questions for discussion with students.


 Readings Annex

 Vi Member Localizations: 

Moscow State Institute of International Relations MGIMO University, Russia (2009) 

University of West Indies (2009)  

 

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