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          Composite Index of Market Access for the Export of Rice from Uruguay
          Discussion paper by Alfaro, Daniela; Pérez del Castillo, Carlos/ ICTSD, 2010, 37 pages
          Categories: Commodities, Trade Facilitation

          This study explores the sorts of market access barriers that rice exports from Uruguay face and generates a Composite Index of Market Access for the most significant markets. What stops Uruguayan farmers from selling more rice to other countries? Ambassador Perez del Castillo and Professor Alfaro investigate this question and work out a figure that captures taxes imposed by other countries at the border, payments that overseas governments make to their own growers, the cost of meeting health standards, and other issues. They find that these barriers limit the flow of rice from Uruguay - even when other countries' border taxes are low.