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          E-commerce Trends and Impacts Across Europe (English)
          Case study by Martin Falk; Eva Hagsten/UNCTAD, 2015, 31 pages
          Categories: Science and Technology, Trade Policy Analysis and Trade Data Sources

          This study investigates the patterns and trends of e-commerce activities as well as their impact on labour productivity growth in a group of European countries. At hand for the exercise is a unique panel of micro-aggregated firm-level data for 14 European countries spanning over the years 2002 to 2010. The empirical approach is twofold: A static specification and a dynamic panel data model. The former is a difference specification estimated by OLS and the latter uses system GMM to account for endogeneity of e-commerce activities. This study adds to the literature by presenting patterns of and first insights into the productivity effects of e-commerce activities.