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          Central Banking, Financial Institutions and Credit Creation in Developing Countries (English)
          Discussion paper by Dullien, Sebastian/UNCTAD, 2009, 42 pages
          Categories: Globalization and Development Strategies, Macroeconomic Policy, VI Members Research

          This paper examines how developing countries can embark on a sustained path of strong investment, capital accumulation and economic growth without capital imports. It is argued that the key lies in the Keynesian-Schumpeterian credit-investment nexus: Given certain preconditions, the central bank can allow a credit expansion which finances new investment and creates the savings necessary to balance the national accounts. It is further argued and confirmed in empirical data that one of the biggest impediments to such a process is formal or informal dollarization which limits the policy scope of the central bank. Moreover, a stable banking system with a broad outreach as well as a low degree of pass-through between the exchange rate and domestic prices seem to be a necessary condition for this process to work.