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          Who Profits from Trade Facilitation Initiatives? (English)
          Working paper by Hoekman, Bernard and Shepherd, Ben/ARTNeT, 2013, 32 pages
          Categories: Trade Facilitation, Trade Policy Analysis and Trade Data Sources

          Extensive research has demonstrated the existence of large potential welfare gains from trade facilitation—measures to reduce the overall costs of the international movement of goods. From an equity perspective an important question is how those benefits are distributed across and within nations. The paper evaluates the possible impacts of trade facilitation, and uses firm-level data for a wide variety of developing countries to investigate whether it is mostly large firms that benefit from trade facilitation. It finds that firms of all sizes export more in response to improved trade facilitation, suggesting that trade facilitation can be beneficial in a range of countries, including those that are primarily involved in value chains as suppliers.

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