A partnership with academia

Building knowledge for trade and development

    • Resources discussing the necessity, impact and design of an efficient competition policy, including the consequences of lacking or insufficient competition policy.
    • Resources exploring trends in and features of the international commodity economy, including commodity dependence, trends and policies related to key commodity sectors such as agriculture and extractive industries, and possible strategies for increasing commodity competitiveness in developing countries.
    • Subjects including: the definition and theoretical background of competitiveness at company and national level, quantitative and qualitative approaches to measurement of competitiveness, competitiveness of specific countries and industries, the role of foreign direct investment for competitiveness, and the relationship between competitiveness and development.
    • Resources on globalization, trade and development theories, development paradigms, the historical review and comparison of regional or national development experiences and the concept of policy space.
    • Resources about the rising of new powers of the developing world. Includes subjects on the BRICS (Brazil, Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa), their structural transformation and their cooperation with Africa.
    • Resources discussing policies, initiatives and programs which aim at strenghtening the business sector, in particular SMEs, of developing countries by cooperation (business linkages programs and public private partnerships) or by building productive capacities.
    • Subjects include: different sources of public and private sector funding, the role of the international community (e.g. Official Development Assistance (ODA) and initiatives such as Aid for Trade), development banks and private sector development finance; issues related to debt e.g. analysis of debt crises, debt management, debt sustainability, debt relief initiatives, linkages between trade and debt.
    • Resources concerning laws governing and shaping trade, investment and development, including investment agreements, competition law and policy, intellectual property law, aspects of dispute settlement and legal implications of WTO agreements.
    • Includes resources presenting and analysing the international financial architecture, its impact, roots, strengths and weaknesses, and inter-institutional interdependencies and cooperations.
    • Resources looking at the role played by domestic and foreign investment in fostering economic development, in particular, trends, features and challenges in attracting and managing Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) for developing countries, as well as investment policy reviews of a number of countries.
    • Selection of discussion papers, studies, policy briefs, presentations and articles by Virtual Institute members.
    • Material on monetary and fiscal policy, structural adjustment and stabilization, as well as crises prevention strategies and ad-hoc approaches.
    • Resources on international migration in the development context. Includes subjects on remittances, migration and poverty reduction, economic impact of migration, labor mobility, brain drain and diaspora studies.
    • Evaluation of policies, including national trade policies of WTO members.
    • Subjects include economic and legal aspects of regional and bilateral trade agreements: theoretical foundations of regional trade integration, trends in regional trade flows, shallow and deep integration, the effect of overlapping agreements, examples of North-South (e.g. EPAs) and South-South agreements.
    • Subjects including: technology transfer through FDI, how developing countries respond to technological and scientific changes, issues relating to intellectual property and research and development, and developing policy instruments to facilitate technology transfer. Moreover, resources addressing the possible opportunities offered by ICT for economic growth and development and analysing how these technologies can serve as tools to foster the production and exchange of goods and services, improve the efficiency in enterprise management and workers' productivity and open new market opportunities for developing countries.
    • Resources about the links between trade and gender. Includes subjects on gender inequality and allocation of resources, how trade liberalization affects women differently, channels through which gender and trade interact, and gendered economic and power relations.
    • Materials discussing why, how and whether trade might contribute to poverty alleviation. Subjects include: the theoretical and empirical analysis of the trade-growth-poverty triangle, especially in LDCs, the process of mainstreaming trade into Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), the means of developing productive capacities such as infrastructure and institutions, the role of domestic as well as foreign demand, analysis of the trade (liberalization)-poverty link depending on the export composition of a country or region.
    • Material on how trade interacts with environmental regulations and the impact of trade on the environment including: traditional knowledge, environmentally sound technologies, biotrade, environment and investment and climate change.
    • Subjects include: the links between trade and a greater transparency, efficiency, and procedural uniformity of cross-border transportation of goods, the role of institutional frameworks, such as trade support services and transport networks, and the use of information technologies.
    • Resources on international trade negotiations and negotiation strategies. Includes subjects on the history and theory of negotiations and links to other sources on trade negotiations. For further examples of trade negotiations in a multilateral context please refer to the category WTO Issues/Multilateral Trading System.
    • Contains documents and studies which use modelling methods and analytical tools to simulate or evaluate trade policy options. Furthermore, background readings on trade data models and modelling methodologies, as well as sources containing trade data are provided.
    • Subjects include: the definition of trade-related capacity-building, examples of initiatives and programs in the area of long-term and short-term teaching and training, the development of a local research capacity and policy-research linkages in the area of trade and development.
    • Resources, presentations and other information from the Virtual Institute member meetings.
    • Resources providing information about activities and projects performed by the Virtual Institute and its members, e.g. application forms and other information on project development, proposals and funding.
    • Publications, case studies, and training tools about the multilateral trading system. Subjects include: Doha Round negotiations (NAMA, services, agriculture etc.), the impact of previous rounds, the role of Special and Differential Treatment, effect and analysis of non-tariff barriers, dispute settlement mechanisms.