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        Globalization myths: some historical reflections on integration, industrialization and growth (English)
        Discussion paper by Paul Bairoch and Richard Kozul-Wright, 1996, 35 pages
        Categories: Globalization and Development Strategies

        This interesting discussion paper says that it has become popular to draw parallels between current trends in globalization and the half century of international economic integration before the First World War. This paper assesses this historical parallel. It accepts that many features of today's international economy are not unique. However, it is skeptical of efforts to make a direct parallel with the earlier period and questions whether this earlier period of globalization should be seen as one of rapid growth and convergence rather than as one of uneven economic development, during which a very small group of countries were able to reinforce their domestic growth efforts through links to the international economy. For other countries, these same links did little to alter long-term growth prospects, and in some cases even hindered them.

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        Trade and Development Report 1996: Responding to the new global environment (English)
        Report by UNCTAD, 1996, 18 pages
        Categories: Emerging Economies and South South Cooperation, Globalization and Development Strategies

        What: In the 1960s and 1970s, East Asian countries achieved an effective transition from poor economies depending on natural resources to economies engaging successfully in labour-intensive manufacturing. This chapter deals with the possibilities for developing countries to replicate the process of export-oriented industrialization achieved by East Asian countries. Due to a new global environment this replication of the East Asian success is considered to be difficult. Nonetheless the importance of outward-oriented industrialization is underlined. Who: Useful for students and teachers that deal with development strategies for developing countries. How: Can serve as a starting point for discussions on the effectiveness of different development strategies for developing countries. Furthermore, with additional background reading case studies for different world regions and their development strategies could be derived.