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The State of Commodity Dependence 2014

Report by UNCTAD, 2015

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The aim of The State of Commodity Dependence is to present an up-to-date overview of the commodity dependence in developing countries in a friendly and easy-to-understand manner. In fact, commodities represent an essential source of export revenues for developing countries, but they also contribute for the main part of households' and governments' income in exporting countries. Moreover, commodities are also an important problematic in terms of social and political stability as well as of development in developing countries. While the global notion of dependency is often well-known, its exact magnitude in developing countries and in the most vulnerable ones in particular, is not often well estimated. This is the purpose of the State of Commodity Dependence than to fill this information gap.

2014


STATE OF COMMODITY


U N I T E D N AT I O N S C O N F E R E N C E O N T R A D E A N D D E V E L O P M E N T




U N I T E D N AT I O N S C O N F E R E N C E O N T R A D E A N D D E V E L O P M E N T


New York and Geneva, 2015


2014


STATE OF COMMODITY
DEPENDENCE






3


Table of contents


Abbreviations and Acronyms ............................................................................................................................... 7
Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................................................ 8
Sources ............................................................................................................................................................. 9
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................... 15
List of Countries ............................................................................................................................................... 16
List of Commodity-Dependent Developing Countries, 2012-2013........................................................................ 18
List of Net Food-Importing Developing Countries, 2012-2013 ............................................................................. 20
/LVWRI6WDQGDUG,QWHUQDWLRQDO7UDGH&ODVVLƂFDWLRQ7KLUG5HYLVLRQ&RGHV ............................................................. 22
'HYHORSLQJ&RXQWU\\'HSHQGHQF\\RQ&RPPRGLWLHVt0DS ................................................................. 25


REGIONAL OVERVIEW


Figure 1. Percentage of labour force and women’s labour force working in agriculture, by region, 2012-2013 .... 28
)LJXUH &RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWYDOXHE\\UHJLRQ ..... 28
)LJXUH &RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWKHJURVVGRPHVWLFSURGXFWE\\UHJLRQ ................. 29
Figure 4. Developing country agricultural exports, by region, 2012-2013 .......................................................... 29
Figure 5. Developing country fuel exports, by region, 2012-2013 ..................................................................... 30
Figure 6. Developing country minerals, ores and metals exports, by region, 2012-2013 .................................... 30
)LJXUH ([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG ......................................... 31
Figure 8. Composition of commodity exports, by region, 2012-2013 ................................................................ 31
)LJXUH 1HWIRRGLPSRUWELOOE\\UHJLRQPLOOLRQV86DQG.......................................... 32
Figure 10. Commodity export dependence and export concentration ratio in developing countries, 2012-2013 ..... 32


INDIVIDUAL PROFILES


Eastern Africa
Burundi .......................................................................................................................................................... 37
Comoros ......................................................................................................................................................... 38
Djibouti ........................................................................................................................................................... 39
Eritrea ............................................................................................................................................................ 40
(WKLRSLD .......................................................................................................................................................... 41
Kenya ............................................................................................................................................................. 42
0DGDJDVFDU .................................................................................................................................................... 43
0DODZL ........................................................................................................................................................... 44
0DXULWLXV ........................................................................................................................................................ 45
0R]DPELTXH ................................................................................................................................................... 46
5ZDQGD .......................................................................................................................................................... 47
6H\\FKHOOHV ...................................................................................................................................................... 48
Somalia .......................................................................................................................................................... 49
6RXWK6XGDQ ................................................................................................................................................... 50
8JDQGD ........................................................................................................................................................... 51
8QLWHG5HSXEOLFRI7DQ]DQLD ............................................................................................................................. 52
Zambia ........................................................................................................................................................... 53
Zimbabwe....................................................................................................................................................... 54


TABLE OF CONTENTS




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


4


Middle Africa
Angola ............................................................................................................................................................ 57
Cameroon ....................................................................................................................................................... 58
&HQWUDO$IULFDQ5HSXEOLF .................................................................................................................................. 59
&KDG .............................................................................................................................................................. 60
Congo ............................................................................................................................................................ 61
'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLFRIWKH&RQJR .................................................................................................................... 62
(TXDWRULDO*XLQHD ............................................................................................................................................ 63
Gabon ............................................................................................................................................................ 64
Sao Tome and Principe .................................................................................................................................... 65


Northern Africa
Algeria ............................................................................................................................................................ 69
Egypt .............................................................................................................................................................. 70
Libya .............................................................................................................................................................. 71
0RURFFR ......................................................................................................................................................... 72
Sudan ............................................................................................................................................................ 73
Tunisia ............................................................................................................................................................ 74


Southern Africa
Botswana ....................................................................................................................................................... 77
/HVRWKR .......................................................................................................................................................... 78
Namibia .......................................................................................................................................................... 79
6RXWK$IULFD .................................................................................................................................................... 80
6ZD]LODQG ....................................................................................................................................................... 81


Western Africa
Benin ............................................................................................................................................................. 85
Burkina Faso ................................................................................................................................................... 86
Cabo Verde ..................................................................................................................................................... 87
Côte D’ivoire ................................................................................................................................................... 88
Gambia........................................................................................................................................................... 89
*KDQD ............................................................................................................................................................ 90
Guinea ............................................................................................................................................................ 91
Guinea-Bissau ................................................................................................................................................ 92
Liberia ............................................................................................................................................................ 93
0DOL ................................................................................................................................................................ 94
0DXULWDQLD ...................................................................................................................................................... 95
Niger .............................................................................................................................................................. 96
Nigeria ........................................................................................................................................................... 97
Senegal .......................................................................................................................................................... 98
Sierra Leone ................................................................................................................................................... 99
Togo ............................................................................................................................................................. 100


Caribbean
Antigua And Barbuda ..................................................................................................................................... 103
%DKDPDV ...................................................................................................................................................... 104
Barbados ...................................................................................................................................................... 105
Cuba ............................................................................................................................................................ 106
Dominica ...................................................................................................................................................... 107
'RPLQLFDQ5HSXEOLF ....................................................................................................................................... 108
Grenada ....................................................................................................................................................... 109
+DLWL ............................................................................................................................................................. 110
Jamaica ....................................................................................................................................................... 111




5


TABLE OF CONTENTS


Saint Kitts and Nevis ...................................................................................................................................... 112
Saint Lucia .................................................................................................................................................... 113
6DLQW9LQFHQWDQGWKH*UHQDGLQHV ................................................................................................................... 114
Trinidad and Tobago ...................................................................................................................................... 115


Central America
%HOL]H ........................................................................................................................................................... 119
&RVWD5LFD .................................................................................................................................................... 120
El Salvador .................................................................................................................................................... 121
Guatemala .................................................................................................................................................... 122
+RQGXUDV ...................................................................................................................................................... 123
0H[LFR ......................................................................................................................................................... 124
Nicaragua ..................................................................................................................................................... 125
Panama ........................................................................................................................................................ 126


South America
Argentina ...................................................................................................................................................... 129
%ROLYLD3OXULQDWLRQDO6WDWHRI ......................................................................................................................... 130
%UD]LO ............................................................................................................................................................ 131
&KLOH ............................................................................................................................................................ 132
Colombia ...................................................................................................................................................... 133
Ecuador ........................................................................................................................................................ 134
Guyana ......................................................................................................................................................... 135
Paraguay ...................................................................................................................................................... 136
Peru ............................................................................................................................................................. 137
Suriname ...................................................................................................................................................... 138
8UXJXD\\ ........................................................................................................................................................ 139
9HQH]XHOD%ROLYDULDQ5HSXEOLFRI .................................................................................................................. 140


Eastern Asia
&KLQD ........................................................................................................................................................... 143
'HPRFUDWLF3HRSOHpV5HSXEOLFRI.RUHD ........................................................................................................... 144
0RQJROLD ...................................................................................................................................................... 145
5HSXEOLFRI.RUHD .......................................................................................................................................... 146


Southern Asia
$IJKDQLVWDQ .................................................................................................................................................. 149
%DQJODGHVK ................................................................................................................................................... 150
%KXWDQ ......................................................................................................................................................... 151
India ............................................................................................................................................................. 152
,UDQ,VODPLF5HSXEOLFRI ................................................................................................................................ 153
0DOGLYHV ....................................................................................................................................................... 154
Nepal ........................................................................................................................................................... 155
Pakistan ....................................................................................................................................................... 156
Sri Lanka ...................................................................................................................................................... 157


South-Eastern Asia
Brunei Darussalam ........................................................................................................................................ 161
Cambodia ..................................................................................................................................................... 162
Indonesia ...................................................................................................................................................... 163
/DR3HRSOHpV'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLF ................................................................................................................. 164
0DOD\\VLD ....................................................................................................................................................... 165
0\\DQPDU ...................................................................................................................................................... 166
3KLOLSSLQHV .................................................................................................................................................... 167




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


6


Singapore ..................................................................................................................................................... 168
7KDLODQG ....................................................................................................................................................... 169
Timor-Leste .................................................................................................................................................. 170
Viet Nam ...................................................................................................................................................... 171


Western Asia
%DKUDLQ ......................................................................................................................................................... 175
,UDT .............................................................................................................................................................. 176
Jordan .......................................................................................................................................................... 177
Kuwait .......................................................................................................................................................... 178
Lebanon ....................................................................................................................................................... 179
Oman ........................................................................................................................................................... 180
Qatar ............................................................................................................................................................ 181
Saudi Arabia ................................................................................................................................................. 182
6\\ULDQ$UDE5HSXEOLF .................................................................................................................................... 183
Turkey ......................................................................................................................................................... 184
8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV .................................................................................................................................... 185
Yemen ......................................................................................................................................................... 186


Oceania
Fiji ............................................................................................................................................................... 189
Kiribati ......................................................................................................................................................... 190
0DUVKDOO,VODQGV ........................................................................................................................................... 191
0LFURQHVLD)HGHUDWHG6WDWHVRI .................................................................................................................... 192
Nauru ........................................................................................................................................................... 193
Palau ............................................................................................................................................................ 194
Papua New Guinea ........................................................................................................................................ 195
Samoa .......................................................................................................................................................... 196
Solomon Islands ............................................................................................................................................ 197
Tonga ........................................................................................................................................................... 198
Tuvalu .......................................................................................................................................................... 199
Vanuatu ........................................................................................................................................................ 200




7


ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS


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. Decimal point


n.a. Not available


- Zero


% Per cent


GDP Gross Domestic Product


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ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


8


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


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ZRUOGRYHUWKHSHULRG


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DISCLAIMER


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8QLWHG1DWLRQVFRQFHUQLQJWKHOHJDOVWDWXVRIDQ\\FRXQWU\\WHUULWRU\\FLW\\RUDUHDRURIDXWKRULWLHVRUFRQFHUQLQJWKHGHOLPLWDWLRQ
of its frontiers or boundaries.


COPYRIGHT


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SOURCES


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GLIIHUHQWIURPWKDWZDVSXEOLVKHGLQThe State of Commodity
Dependence 2012.


GENERAL INFORMATION


Country area (square kilometres), 2010 and 2012


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8QLWHG1DWLRQV)$2
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not appear in FAOStat.


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area,
2010 and 2012


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meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and
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\\HDUVDEDQGRQHGODQGUHVXOWLQJIURPVKLIWLQJFXOWLYDWLRQ
is not included and data for arable land are not meant to
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qIRUHVWr


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Population (1,000 inhabitants), 2010 and 2012


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DQG'HYHORSPHQW81&7$'


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Total fertility rate (children per woman), 2005-2010


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Department of Economic and Social Affairs


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Labour force (1,000 workers), 2010 and 2013


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.LWWVDQG1HYLV6H\\FKHOOHVDQG7XYDOX


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Women in labour force as a percentage of total
labour force, 2010 and 2013


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.LWWVDQG1HYLV6H\\FKHOOHVDQG7XYDOX


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SOURCES




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


10


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total
labour force, 2010 and 2013


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/HVWHDQG7XYDOX


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Women in agriculture as a percentage of labour
force in agriculture, 2010 and 2013


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Constant GDP (billions of US$), 2010 and 2013


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statistical discrepancies.


Commodity import value as a percentage of
merchandise import value (millions of US$),
2009/10 and 2012/13


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2010 and 2012-2013 periods.


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Real GDP per capita (US$), 2010 and 2013


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MDG 1.1: Proportion of population below
$1.25 (PPP) per day, selected years


Present
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Bank


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11


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Arab Emirates, Vanuatu and Zimbabwe.


Human Development Index (rank), 2013 and
direction of change in ranking (2000-2013)


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'DWDH[WUDFWHG2FWREHU
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IRU DQG XVHG LQ WKLV LQGLFDWRU LV 7KH
GLUHFWLRQ RI FKDQJH LQ WKH UDQNLQJ EHWZHHQ
DQG ZDV HYDOXDWHG XVLQJ WKH GLIIHUHQFH
EHWZHHQ WKH UDQN RI HDFK FRXQWU\\ LQ DQG
7KHIROORZLQJFRXQWULHVDUHQHZFRPHUVLQWKH
UDQNLQJ$QWLJXDDQG%DUEXGD%KXWDQ%XUNLQD)DVR
Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea
%LVVDX .LULEDWL /HEDQRQ 7KH )HGHUDWHG 6WDWHV RI
0LFURQHVLD1LJHULD2PDQ6DLQW.LWWVDQG1HYLV6DLQW
/XFLD6DLQW9LQFHQW DQG WKH*UHQDGLQHV6XULQDPH
DQG9DQXDWX$VQHZFRPHUVWKHVHFRXQWULHVGRQRW
GLVSOD\\DQ\\GLUHFWLRQLQWKHLU+',


Ò 7KHVLWXDWLRQRIWKHFRXQWU\\LPSURYHGEHWZHHQDQG
2013


Ô 7KHVLWXDWLRQRI WKHFRXQWU\\GHWHULRUDWHGEHWZHHQ
and 2013


Î7KH UDQN RI WKH FRXQWU\\ UHPDLQHG XQFKDQJHG EHWZHHQ
2000 and 2013.


1RDUURZQHZFRPHULQWKHUDQNLQJ
'DWDQRWDYDLODEOHQD'HPRFUDWLF3HRSOHpV5HSXEOLFRI.RUHD
0DUVKDOO,VODQGV1DXUX6RPDOLD6RXWK6XGDQDQG7XYDOX


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


Commodity exports as a percentage of
merchandise exports (millions of US$),
2009/10 and 2012/13


6RXUFH 81&7$'6WDW
8QLW 0LOOLRQVRI86GROODUVDQGSHUFHQWDJH
'DWDH[WUDFWHG1RYHPEHU
1RWHV 'DWDSUHVHQWHGDUHDYHUDJHVRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWV


RYHUWKHSHULRGVDQG
'DWDIRU6LHUUD/HRQHZHUHFRPSXWHGXVLQJWKH8QLWHG1DWLRQV
&2075$'( RULJLQDO GDWDEDVH H[WUDFWHG 1RYHPEHU
*LYHQWKDWQRGDWDZHUHDYDLODEOHLQ&2075$'(IRU
6LHUUD/HRQHDVDUHSRUWLQJFRXQWU\\ERWKFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUW
YDOXHDQGVKDUHLQWRWDOPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVZHUHFRPSXWHG
XVLQJPLUURU VWDWLVWLFV 3RWHQWLDO WUDGH SDUWQHUV ZLWK 6LHUUD
/HRQHOLVWHGDUHRIƂFLDO0HPEHU6WDWHVRIWKH8QLWHG1DWLRQV
'DWDQRWDYDLODEOHQD6RXWK6XGDQ


Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP,
2009/10 and 2012/13


6RXUFH 81&7$'6WDW
8QLW 3HUFHQWDJH
'DWDH[WUDFWHG1RYHPEHU
1RWHV 'DWDSUHVHQWHGDUHDYHUDJHVRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWV


RYHUWKHDQGSHULRGV
'DWD QRW DYDLODEOH QD 'HPRFUDWLF 3HRSOHpV 5HSXEOLF RI
.RUHD6RXWK6XGDQDQG6XGDQ


Direction of commodity export dependence,
1995-2013


6RXUFH 81&7$'6WDW
8QLW 3HUFHQWDJH
'DWDH[WUDFWHG1RYHPEHU
1RWHV 'LUHFWLRQ RI VORSH RI D OLQHDU WUHQG EXLOW IURP WKH
FXUYH RI FRPPRGLW\\ H[SRUW GHSHQGHQFH RYHU WKH SHULRG
7KHFKDQJHLVEDVHGRQWKHYDOXHRIWKHIDFWRUa
LQWKHHTXDWLRQ\\ a[E
Ò *URZWKLQFRPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQFHDſ
Ô 'HFOLQHLQFRPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQFHDž
Î6WDELOLW\\RIFRPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQFHD
'DWDQRWDYDLODEOHQD6RXWK6XGDQDQG6XGDQ


SOURCES




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


12


Exports by commodity group as a percentage of
total commodity exports, 2009/10 and 2012/13


6RXUFH 81&7$'6WDW
8QLW 3HUFHQWDJH
'DWDH[WUDFWHG1RYHPEHU
1RWHV 'DWDSUHVHQWHGDUHDYHUDJHVRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWV


RYHUWKHDQGSHULRGV
7KHEUHDNGRZQLQSHUFHQWDJHVPD\\QRWDGGXSWR}SHU
cent due to rounding.


&RPSRVLWLRQ RI FRPPRGLW\\ JURXSV EDVHG RQ WKH 6WDQGDUG
,QWHUQDWLRQDO7UDGH&ODVVLƂFDWLRQ 6,7& WKLUG UHYLVLRQ LVDV
IROORZV
t $OOIRRGLWHPV
t $JULFXOWXUDOUDZPDWHULDOV>@
t )XHOV
– Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold



Data for Cabo Verde, Sierra Leone and Togo were revised by
WKH6SHFLDO8QLWRQ&RPPRGLWLHV 68& LQFRQVXOWDWLRQZLWK
WKH 6WDWLVWLFV %UDQFK 81&7$' $V D FRQVHTXHQFH VRPH
GLVFUHSDQFLHVPD\\DSSHDUEHWZHHQWKHGDWDSUHVHQWHGLQWKLV
UHSRUWDQGWKHRULJLQDOGDWDLQWKH81&7$'GDWDEDVH
'DWDQRWDYDLODEOHQD6RXWK6XGDQ


Three leading commodity exports as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2009/10 and 2012/13


6RXUFH 81&7$'6WDW
8QLW 3HUFHQWDJH
'DWDH[WUDFWHG1RYHPEHU
1RWHV 'DWDSUHVHQWHGDUHDYHUDJHVRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWV


RYHUWKHDQGSHULRGV
:KHQRQHRUPRUHRI WKHVHFRPPRGLWLHVDUHGLIIHUHQWERWK
FRPPRGLW\\ GHVFULSWLRQV DUH LQGLFDWHG LQ WKH ƂUVW FROXPQ
VHSDUDWHGE\\DIRUZDUGVODVK'HVFULSWLRQVRIWKHWKUHHOHDGLQJ
H[SRUWFRPPRGLWLHVLQDUHLQGLFDWHGLQWKHƂUVWSODFH
DQG WKRVH IRU LI GLIIHUHQW DUHPHQWLRQHG LQ LWDOLFV
DIWHUWKHIRUZDUGVODVK7KHƂJXUHLQGLFDWHGLQSDUHQWKHVHVLV
WKHLQWHUQDWLRQDOFRGHIURPWKH6,7&WKLUGUHYLVLRQ
'DWDQRWDYDLODEOHQD6RXWK6XGDQ


Five leading destination markets for commodity
exports as a percentage of commodity exports,
2009/10 and 2012/13


6RXUFH 81&7$'6WDW
8QLW 3HUFHQWDJH
'DWDH[WUDFWHG1RYHPEHU
1RWHV 'DWDSUHVHQWHGDUHDYHUDJHVRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWV


RYHU WKH DQG SHULRGV ,I
DYDLODEOHWKHƂUVWƂYHWUDGLQJSDUWQHUVIRU
ZLWKWUDGHƃRZVKLJKHUWKDQ}SHUFHQWRIWKHWRWDO
FRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWYDOXHRIWKHFRXQWU\\DUHLQGLFDWHG
LQWKLVUHSRUW


'DWDQRWDYDLODEOHQD6RXWK6XGDQ


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQ
index), 2000 and 2013


6RXUFH 81&7$'6WDW
'DWDH[WUDFWHG'HFHPEHU
1RWHV 7KH +HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQ LQGH[ LV D PHDVXUH


RI WKH GHJUHH RI PDUNHW FRQFHQWUDWLRQ ,W KDV
EHHQ QRUPDOL]HG WR REWDLQ YDOXHV UDQJLQJ IURP
WR PD[LPXP FRQFHQWUDWLRQ DFFRUGLQJ WR WKH
IROORZLQJIRUPXOD


+L 9DOXHRIFRQFHQWUDWLRQLQGH[IRUSURGXFWL
[LM YDOXHRIH[SRUWIRUFRXQWU\\}MDQGSURGXFW}L




Q QXPEHURILQGLYLGXDOPDUNHWVFRXQWULHVRYHUWKHSHULRG
1995-2009.


$QLQGH[YDOXHWKDWLVFORVHWRLQGLFDWHVDKLJKO\\FRQFHQWUDWHG
PDUNHW ZKHUHDV YDOXHV FORVHU WR VKRZ D KRPRJHQHRXV
market between exporters or importers.


'DWDQRWDYDLODEOHQD6RXWK6XGDQ




13


FOOD SECURITY


All food imports value as a percentage of
commodity import value (millions of US$),
2009/10 and 2012/13


6RXUFH 81&7$'6WDW
8QLW 0LOOLRQVRI86GROODUVDQGSHUFHQWDJH
'DWDH[WUDFWHG'HFHPEHU
1RWHV 'DWD SUHVHQWHG DUH DYHUDJHV RI IRRG FRPPRGLW\\


LPSRUWV RYHU WKH DQG
SHULRGV $OO IRRG LPSRUWV LQFOXGH WKH
IROORZLQJ HOHPHQWV RI WKH 6,7& WKLUG UHYLVLRQ
FRGHV DQG FRPPRGLW\\ LPSRUWV


'DWDQRWDYDLODEOHQD6RXWK6XGDQ


Net food imports (millions of US$), 2009/10
and 2012/13


6RXUFH 81&7$'6WDW
8QLW 0LOOLRQVRI86GROODUV
'DWDH[WUDFWHG'HFHPEHU


1RWHV 'DWD SUHVHQWHG DUH DYHUDJHV RI IRRG FRPPRGLW\\
LPSRUWV RYHU WKH DQG
SHULRGV7KHYDOXHGLVSOD\\HGIRUQHWIRRGLPSRUWVLV
WKHUHVXOWRIWKHIROORZLQJFRPSXWDWLRQYDOXHRIDOO
food imports minus value of all food exports. All food
FDWHJRULHV LQFOXGHWKHIROORZLQJFRGHVRIWKH6,7&
WKLUG UHYLVLRQ 1HW IRRGLPSRUWLQJ
FRXQWULHVKDYHDSRVLWLYHEDODQFH


'DWDQRWDYDLODEOHQD6RXWK6XGDQ


Proportion of population below minimum level of
dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013


6RXUFH 0LOOHQQLXP 'HYHORSPHQW *RDOV LQGLFDWRUV 8QLWHG
Nations Statistics Division


8QLW 3HUFHQWDJH
'DWDH[WUDFWHG'HFHPEHU
'DWD QRW DYDLODEOH QD $QWLJXD DQG %DUEXGD %DKDPDV
%DKUDLQ%KXWDQ%XUXQGL&RPRURV'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLFRI
WKH &RQJR 'RPLQLFD (ULWUHD (TXDWRULDO *XLQHD *UHQDGD
/LE\\D0DUVKDOO,VODQGV7KH)HGHUDWHG6WDWHVRI0LFURQHVLD
Nauru, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, Saint Kitts
DQG1HYLV6DLQW/XFLD6H\\FKHOOHV6LQJDSRUH6RPDOLD6RXWK
6XGDQ6XGDQ6\\ULDQ$UDE5HSXEOLF7RQJDDQG7XYDOX


SOURCES






15


INTRODUCTION


In The State of Commodity Dependence Report 2014FRPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQFHLVGHƂQHGDVWKHUDWLRSHUFHQWDJHRIWKHYDOXH
RIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVWRWKHYDOXHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWV$FRXQWU\\LVFRQVLGHUHGWREHORQJWRWKHJURXSRIFRPPRGLW\\
GHSHQGHQWGHYHORSLQJFRXQWULHV&''&VZKHQWKLVUDWLRH[FHHGV}SHUFHQWRI WKHFRXQWU\\pVPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWYDOXH
%HVLGHVWKHJOREDOLQGLFDWRUVSUHVHQWHGLQWKHUHJLRQDORYHUYLHZFKDSWHUThe State of Commodity Dependence 2014 provides
LQGLYLGXDOFRXQWU\\SURƂOHVSUHVHQWLQJYDULRXVLQGLFDWRUVWKDWDUHFRPSDUDEOHDFURVVFRXQWULHV)RUHYHU\\FRXQWU\\UHIHUHQFH
GDWDDUHDOVRSURYLGHGLQRUGHUWRDOORZFRPSDULVRQRYHUWLPHDQGWRIDFLOLWDWHDQDO\\VLVDPRQJFRXQWULHVDQGUHJLRQV*UDSKV
GLVSOD\\LQJUHJLRQDORYHUYLHZVDUHSUHVHQWHGDVDQLQWURGXFWLRQWRHDFKFKDSWHURIWKHUHSRUW


,QGHYHORSLQJFRXQWULHVFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWYDOXHMXPSHGIURP86WULOOLRQLQWR86WULOOLRQLQ
}SHUFHQW


,QGHYHORSLQJFRXQWULHVZHUH&''&V LQFUHDVLQJ IURP LQ7KH LQFUHDVH LQ WKHQXPEHURI
&''&VEHWZHHQDQGZDVKLJKHULQ$VLDDQG2FHDQLD}SHUFHQWZKLOHLQ$IULFDWKHLQFUHDVH
ZDV}SHUFHQW,QRXWRI&''&VZHUHLQ$IULFDLQ/DWLQ$PHULFDDQGWKH&DULEEHDQLQ$VLDDQG
LQ2FHDQLD7KHVKDUHRI&''&VLQWKHWRWDOQXPEHURIGHYHORSLQJFRXQWULHVJUHZIURP}SHUFHQWLQWR}SHU
FHQWLQ6L[W\\WKUHHGHYHORSLQJFRXQWULHVZHUHFODVVLƂHGDVEHLQJH[WUHPHO\\FRPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQWFRPPRGLW\\
H[SRUWUDWLRKLJKHUWKDQ}SHUFHQWRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWYDOXHLQXSIURPGHYHORSLQJFRXQWULHVLQ
+HQFHPRUHWKDQWZRWKLUGVRI&''&VVLQFHPD\\EHFRQVLGHUHGH[WUHPHO\\GHSHQGHQWRQFRPPRGLWLHV


,QWKHJURXSRIOHDVWGHYHORSHGFRXQWULHV/'&VRQHRIWKHPRVWYXOQHUDEOHJURXSVRIFRXQWULHVFRXQWULHV}SHUFHQW
RIWKHJURXSZHUH&''&VLQDQLQFUHDVHIURP}SHUFHQWRIWKHJURXSLQ:LWKLQWKLVJURXS
$IULFDDQG2FHDQLDKDGDSDUWLFXODUO\\KLJKQXPEHURIFRPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQWFRXQWULHVZLWK}SHUFHQWDQG}SHUFHQWRI
&''&VUHVSHFWLYHO\\:KLOHFRPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQFHLQ$IULFDQ/'&VUHPDLQHGVWDEOHGXULQJWKHSHULRGLWLQFUHDVHGLQERWK
Asia and Oceania.


&RPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQFHLVDJOREDOLVVXHZLWKVRPHUHJLRQVSHFLƂFSDWWHUQV7KHUHFHQWLQFUHDVHLQFRPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQFH
PD\\EHH[SODLQHGPDLQO\\E\\WKHULVHLQLQWHUQDWLRQDOFRPPRGLW\\SULFHV7KH81&7$'QRQRLOFRPPRGLW\\SULFHLQGH[LQFXUUHQW
GROODUVJDLQHG}SHUFHQWZKHUHDVFUXGHRLOSULFHV1LQFUHDVHGE\\}SHUFHQWEHWZHHQDQG


7KHULVHLQJOREDOFRPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQFHLVDOVRREVHUYHGIURPWKHSHUVSHFWLYHRIH[SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQ'DWDRQWKHWKUHH
PDLQFRPPRGLWLHVH[SRUWHGE\\DFRXQWU\\VKRZVWKDWH[SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQLQFUHDVHGLQ$IULFD/DWLQ$PHULFDWKH&DULEEHDQ
DQG2FHDQLD}SHUFHQWRQDYHUDJHLQWKHWKUHHUHJLRQVZKLOHLWGHFUHDVHGLQ$VLD}SHUFHQW$WWKHVDPHWLPH
WKHSHUFHQWDJHRIFRXQWULHVIRUZKLFKWKHWKUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVFRQWULEXWHGPRUHWKDQ}SHUFHQWRIWKHLUWRWDO
FRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWUHYHQXHUHPDLQHGVWDEOHLQ$IULFDURVHLQ/DWLQ$PHULFDDQGWKH&DULEEHDQEXWGHFOLQHGVLJQLƂFDQWO\\LQ
$VLDDQG2FHDQLD7KHGHYHORSPHQW LOOXVWUDWHV WKHKHWHURJHQHLW\\RIH[SHULHQFHV LQ WKHSDWWHUQRIFRPPRGLW\\GHSHQGHQFH
across regions.


1 Crude petroleum, average of UK Brent (light)/Dubai (medium)/Texas (heavy) equally weighted ($/barrel), UNCTADstat


INTRODUCTION




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


16


LIST OF COUNTRIES


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: AFRICA


Developing economies: Eastern Africa


Burundi*
Comoros*
Djibouti*
Eritrea*
(WKLRSLD
Kenya
0DGDJDVFDU
0DODZL
0DXULWLXV
0R]DPELTXH
5ZDQGD
6H\\FKHOOHV
Somalia*
6RXWK6XGDQ
8JDQGD
8QLWHG5HSXEOLFRI7DQ]DQLD
Zambia*
Zimbabwe


Developing economies: Middle Africa


Angola*
Cameroon
&HQWUDO$IULFDQ5HSXEOLF
&KDG
Congo
'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLFRIWKH&RQJR
(TXDWRULDO*XLQHD
Gabon
Sao Tome and Principe*


Developing economies: Northern Africa


Algeria
Egypt
Libya
0RURFFR
Sudan*a


Tunisia
Developing economies: Southern Africa


Botswana
/HVRWKR
Namibia
6RXWK$IULFD
6ZD]LODQG


Developing economies: Western Africa


Benin*
Burkina Faso*
Cabo Verde
Côte d’Ivoire
Gambia*
*KDQD
Guinea*
Guinea-Bissau*
Liberia*
0DOL
0DXULWDQLD
Niger*
Nigeria
Senegal*
Sierra Leone*
Togo*


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: AMERICAS


Developing economies: Caribbean


Antigua and Barbuda
%DKDPDV
Barbados
Cuba
Dominica
'RPLQLFDQ5HSXEOLF
Grenada
+DLWL
Jamaica
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
6DLQW9LQFHQWDQGWKH*UHQDGLQHV
Trinidad and Tobago


Developing economies: Central America


%HOL]H
&RVWD5LFD
El Salvador
Guatemala
+RQGXUDV
0H[LFR
Nicaragua
Panama


Developing economies: South America


Argentina
%ROLYLD3OXULQDWLRQDO6WDWHRI




17


%UD]LO
&KLOH
Colombia
Ecuador
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
8UXJXD\\
9HQH]XHOD%ROLYDULDQ5HSXEOLFRI


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: ASIA


Developing economies: Eastern Asia


&KLQDb


'HPRFUDWLF3HRSOHpV5HSXEOLFRI.RUHD
0RQJROLD
5HSXEOLFRI.RUHD


Developing economies: Southern Asia


$IJKDQLVWDQ
%DQJODGHVK
%KXWDQ
India
,UDQ,VODPLF5HSXEOLFRI
0DOGLYHV
Nepal*
Pakistan
Sri Lanka


Developing economies: South-Eastern Asia


Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia*
Indonesia
/DR3HRSOHpV'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLF
0DOD\\VLD
0\\DQPDU
3KLOLSSLQHV
Singapore
7KDLODQG
Timor-Leste*
Viet Nam


Developing economies: Western Asia


%DKUDLQ
,UDT
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
6\\ULDQ$UDE5HSXEOLF
Turkey
8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV
Yemen*


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: OCEANIA


Fiji
Kiribati*
0DUVKDOO,VODQGV
0LFURQHVLD)HGHUDWHG6WDWHVRI
Nauru
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Samoa
Solomon Islands*
Tonga
Tuvalu*
Vanuatu*


0HPEHURIWKHJURXSRI/HDVW'HYHORSHG&RXQWULHV/'&V
D 6RXWK 6XGDQ EHFDPH D PHPEHU VWDWH RI WKH 8QLWHG 1DWLRQV RQ


14WK} -XO\\ $V D UHVXOW 6XGDQ DQG 6RXWK 6XGDQ GDWD DUH
SUHVHQWHGVHSDUDWHO\\IRUWKH\\HDUVDQG1RGDWDKDYHEHHQ
LQGLFDWHGIRUWKHSUHYLRXVSHULRGDQGDVWKHVHFRXQWULHV
GLGQRWH[LVWDVVXFKDWWKLVWLPH


E 'DWD IRU &KLQD XQOHVV RWKHUZLVH VWLSXODWHG GRHV QRW LQFOXGH WKH
WHUULWRULHVRI+RQJ.RQJ&KLQD0DFDR&KLQDDQG7DLZDQ3URYLQFH
RI&KLQD


LIST OF COUNTRIES




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


18


LIST OF COMMODITY-DEPENDENT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, 2012-2013


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: AFRICA


Developing economies: Eastern Africa


Burundi
Djibouti
Eritrea
(WKLRSLD
Kenya
0DGDJDVFDU
0DODZL
0R]DPELTXH
5ZDQGD
6H\\FKHOOHV
Somalia
8JDQGD
8QLWHG5HSXEOLFRI7DQ]DQLD
Zambia
Zimbabwe


Developing economies: Middle Africa


Angola
Cameroon
&HQWUDO$IULFDQ5HSXEOLF
&KDG
Congo
'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLFRIWKH&RQJR
(TXDWRULDO*XLQHD
Gabon
Sao Tome and Principe


Developing economies: Northern Africa


Algeria
Libya


Developing economies: Southern Africa


Botswana
Namibia
6RXWK$IULFD


Developing economies: Western Africa


Benin
Burkina Faso
Cabo Verde
Côte d’Ivoire
Gambia
*KDQD
Guinea


Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
0DOL
0DXULWDQLD
Niger
Nigeria
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Togo


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: AMERICAS


Developing economies: Caribbean


%DKDPDV
Cuba
Jamaica
Saint Lucia
Trinidad and Tobago


Developing economies: Central America


%HOL]H
Guatemala
Nicaragua


Developing economies: South America


Argentina
%ROLYLD3OXULQDWLRQDO6WDWHRI
%UD]LO
&KLOH
Colombia
Ecuador
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
8UXJXD\\
9HQH]XHOD%ROLYDULDQ5HSXEOLFRI


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: ASIA


Developing economies: Eastern Asia


'HPRFUDWLF3HRSOHpV5HSXEOLFRI.RUHD
0RQJROLD


Developing economies: Southern Asia


$IJKDQLVWDQ
,UDQ,VODPLF5HSXEOLFRI
0DOGLYHV




19


Developing economies: South-Eastern Asia


Brunei Darussalam
Indonesia
/DR3HRSOHpV'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLF
0\\DQPDU
Timor-Leste


Developing economies: Western Asia


%DKUDLQ
,UDT
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
6\\ULDQ$UDE5HSXEOLF
8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV
Yemen


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: OCEANIA


Fiji
Kiribati
0LFURQHVLD)HGHUDWHG6WDWHVRI
Nauru
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu


LIST OF COMMODITY-DEPENDENT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, 2012-2013




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


20


LIST OF NET FOOD-IMPORTING DEVELOPING COUNTRIES(a), 2012-2013


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: AFRICA


Developing economies: Eastern Africa


Burundi
Comoros
Djibouti
Eritrea
0DXULWLXV
0R]DPELTXH
5ZDQGD
Somalia


Developing economies: Middle Africa


Angola
Cameroon
&HQWUDO$IULFDQ5HSXEOLF
&KDG
Congo
'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLFRIWKH&RQJR
(TXDWRULDO*XLQHD
Gabon
Sao Tome and Principe


Developing economies: Northern Africa


Algeria
Egypt
Libya
0RURFFR
Sudan
Tunisia


Developing economies: Southern Africa


Botswana
/HVRWKR
6RXWK$IULFD


Developing economies: Western Africa


Benin
Burkina Faso
Cabo Verde
Gambia
Guinea
Liberia
0DOL
0DXULWDQLD
Niger
Nigeria
Senegal
Togo


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: AMERICAS


Developing economies: Caribbean


Antigua and Barbuda
%DKDPDV
Barbados
Cuba
Dominica
'RPLQLFDQ5HSXEOLF
Grenada
+DLWL
Jamaica
Saint Kitts and Nevis
6DLQW9LQFHQWDQGWKH*UHQDGLQHV
Trinidad and Tobago


Developing economies: Central America


El Salvador
0H[LFR


Developing economies: South America


Colombia
Suriname
9HQH]XHOD%ROLYDULDQ5HSXEOLFRI


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: ASIA


Developing economies: Eastern Asia


&KLQD
'HPRFUDWLF3HRSOHpV5HSXEOLFRI.RUHD
0RQJROLD
5HSXEOLFRI.RUHD


Developing economies: Southern Asia


$IJKDQLVWDQ
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Nepal
Pakistan


Developing economies: South-Eastern Asia


Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
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Singapore
Timor-Leste
Viet Nam




21


Developing economies: Western Asia


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Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
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Yemen


DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: OCEANIA


Kiribati
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Nauru
Palau
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu


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LIST OF COMMODITY-DEPENDENT DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, 2012-2013




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


22


LIST OF STANDARD INTERNATIONAL TRADE CLASSIFICATION
(THIRD REVISION) CODES


[0] FOOD AND LIVE ANIMALS


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>@0HDWHGLEOHPHDWRIIDOSUHSDUHGSUHVHUYHGQHV
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>@%XWWHUDQGRWKHUIDWVDQGRLOVGHULYHGIURPPLON
>@&KHHVHDQGFXUG
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>@)LVKIUHVKOLYHRUGHDGFKLOOHGRUIUR]HQ
>@)LVKGULHGVDOWHGRULQEULQHVPRNHGƂVK
>@&UXVWDFHDQVPROOXVFVDQGDTXDWLFLQYHUWHEUDWHV
>@)LVKDTXDWLFLQYHUWHEUDWHVSUHSDUHGSUHVHUYHGQHV
>@:KHDWLQFOXGLQJVSHOWDQGPHVOLQXQPLOOHG
>@5LFH
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>@0DL]HQRWLQFOXGLQJVZHHWFRUQXQPLOOHG
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>@0HDODQGƃRXURIZKHDWDQGƃRXURIPHVOLQ
>@2WKHUFHUHDOPHDOVDQGƃRXU
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>@)UXLWSUHVHUYHGDQGIUXLWSUHSDUDWLRQVQRMXLFH
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>@0DUJDULQHDQGVKRUWHQLQJ
>@(GLEOHSURGXFWVDQGSUHSDUDWLRQVQHV




23


[1] BEVERAGES AND TOBACCO


>@1RQDOFRKROLFEHYHUDJHVQHV
>@$OFRKROLFEHYHUDJHV
>@7REDFFRXQPDQXIDFWXUHGWREDFFRUHIXVH
>@7REDFFRPDQXIDFWXUHG


[2] CRUDE MATERIALS, INEDIBLE, EXCEPT FUELS


>@+LGHVDQGVNLQVH[FHSWIXUVNLQVUDZ
>@)XUVNLQVUDZRWKHUWKDQKLGHVDQGVNLQVRIJURXS
>@2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU
>@2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVLQFOƃRXUQHV
>@1DWXUDOUXEEHUDQGVLPLODUJXPVLQSULPDU\\IRUPV
>@6\\QWKHWLFUXEEHU
>@)XHOZRRGH[FOXGLQJZRRGZDVWHDQGZRRGFKDUFRDO
>@:RRGLQFKLSVRUSDUWLFOHVDQGZRRGZDVWH
>@:RRGLQWKHURXJKRUURXJKO\\VTXDUHG
>@:RRGVLPSO\\ZRUNHGDQGUDLOZD\\VOHHSHUVRIZRRG
>@3XOSDQGZDVWHSDSHU
>@6LON
>@&RWWRQ
>@9HJHWDEOHWH[WLOHƂEUHVQRWVSXQZDVWHRIWKHVHƂEUHV
>@6\\QWKHWLFƂEUHVVXLWDEOHIRUVSLQQLQJ
>@2WKHUPDQPDGHƂEUHVVXLWDEOHIRUVSLQQLQJ
>@:RRODQGRWKHUDQLPDOKDLULQFOXGLQJZRROWRSV
>@:RUQFORWKLQJDQGRWKHUZRUQWH[WLOHDUWLFOHV
>@&UXGHIHUWLOL]HUVH[FOXGLQJWKRVHRIGLYLVLRQ
>@6WRQHVDQGDQGJUDYHO
>@6XOSKXUDQGXQURDVWHGLURQS\\ULWHV
>@1DWXUDODEUDVLYHVQHVLQFOXGLQJLQGXVWULDOGLDPRQGV
>@2WKHUFUXGHPLQHUDOV
>@,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV
>@)HUURXVZDVWHVFUDSHUHPHOWLQJLQJRWVLURQVWHHO
>@&RSSHURUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVFRSSHUPDWWHVFHPHQWFRSSHU
>@1LFNHORUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVQLFNHOPDWWHVHWF
>@$OXPLQLXPRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVLQFOXGLQJDOXPLQD
>@2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRIXUDQLXPRUWKRULXP
>@2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRIEDVHPHWDOVQHV
>@1RQIHUURXVEDVHPHWDOZDVWHDQGVFUDSQHV
>@2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRISUHFLRXVPHWDOVZDVWHVFUDS
>@&UXGHDQLPDOPDWHULDOVQHV
>@&UXGHYHJHWDEOHPDWHULDOVQHV


LIST OF STANDARD INTERNATIONAL TRADE CLASSIFICATION (THIRD REVISION) CODES




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


24


[3] MINERAL FUELS, LUBRICANTS AND RELATED MATERIALS


>@&RDOZKHWKHURUQRWSXOYHUL]HGQRWDJJORPHUDWHG
>@%ULTXHWWHVOLJQLWHDQGSHDW
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>@(OHFWULFFXUUHQW


[4] ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS AND WAXES


>@$QLPDOVRLOVDQGIDWV
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or oils, n.e.s.


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>@*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV




25


DEVELOPING COUNTRY DEPENDENCY ON COMMODITIES,
2012–2013 (map)


0%
-2


0%
20


%
-4


0%
40


%
-6


0%
60


%
-8


0%
80


%
-1


00
%


So
ur


ce
:


Sp
ec


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l U


ni
t o


n
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m


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, U


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TA


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at


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or


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DEVELOPING COUNTRY DEPENDENCY ON COMMODITIES, 2012–2013






1
REGIONAL OVERVIEW




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


28


FIGURE 1. PERCENTAGE OF LABOUR FORCE AND WOMEN’S LABOUR FORCE WORKING IN AGRICULTURE,
BY REGION, 2012-2013


FIGURE 2. COMMODITY EXPORT VALUE AS A PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL MERCHANDISE EXPORT VALUE,
BY REGION, 2012-2013


0


20


40


60


80


100


W
or


ld


LD
Cs


Ea
st


er
n


Af
ric


a


M
id


dl
e


Af
ric


a


No
rt


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


So
ut


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


W
es


te
rn


A
fr


ic
a


Ca
rib


be
an


Ce
nt


ra
l A


m
er


ic
a


So
ut


h
Am


er
ic


a


Ea
st


er
n


As
ia


So
ut


he
rn


A
si


a


So
ut


h-
Ea


st
er


n
As


ia


W
es


te
rn


A
si


a


Oc
ea


ni
a


Share of the population working in agriculture Share of women working in agriculture


Pe
r c


en
t


0


20


40


60


80


100


W
or


ld


LD
Cs


Ea
st


er
n


Af
ric


a


M
id


dl
e


Af
ric


a


No
rt


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


So
ut


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


W
es


te
rn


A
fr


ic
a


Ca
rib


be
an


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nt


ra
l A


m
er


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a


So
ut


h
Am


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ic


a


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st


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n


As
ia


So
ut


he
rn


A
si


a


So
ut


h-
Ea


st
er


n
As


ia


W
es


te
rn


A
si


a


Oc
ea


ni
a


Pe
r c


en
t




29


FIGURE 4. DEVELOPING COUNTRY AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS, BY REGION, 2012-2013


FIGURE 3. COMMODITY EXPORTS AS A PERCENTAGE OF THE GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT,
BY REGION, 2012-2013


0


20


40


60


80


100


W
or


ld


LD
Cs


Ea
st


er
n


Af
ric


a


M
id


dl
e


Af
ric


a


No
rt


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


So
ut


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


W
es


te
rn


A
fr


ic
a


Ca
rib


be
an


Ce
nt


ra
l A


m
er


ic
a


So
ut


h
Am


er
ic


a


Ea
st


er
n


As
ia


So
ut


he
rn


A
si


a


So
ut


h-
Ea


st
er


n
As


ia


W
es


te
rn


A
si


a


Oc
ea


ni
a


Pe
r c


en
t


0


20


40


60


80


100


W
or


ld


LD
Cs


Ea
st


er
n


Af
ric


a


M
id


dl
e


Af
ric


a


No
rt


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


So
ut


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


W
es


te
rn


A
fr


ic
a


Ca
rib


be
an


Ce
nt


ra
l A


m
er


ic
a


So
ut


h
Am


er
ic


a


Ea
st


er
n


As
ia


So
ut


he
rn


A
si


a


So
ut


h-
Ea


st
er


n
As


ia


W
es


te
rn


A
si


a


Oc
ea


ni
a


Agricultural products exports as a percentage of total
commodity exports, by regional groupings, 2012-2013


Share of individual country groupings in total developing
countries' agricultural product exports, 2012-2013


Pe
r c


en
t


REGIONAL OVERVIEW




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


30


FIGURE 5. DEVELOPING COUNTRY FUEL EXPORTS, BY REGION, 2012-2013


FIGURE 6. DEVELOPING COUNTRY MINERALS, ORES AND METALS EXPORTS, BY REGION, 2012-2013


0


20


40


60


80


100


W
or


ld


LD
Cs


Ea
st


er
n


Af
ric


a


M
id


dl
e


Af
ric


a


No
rt


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


So
ut


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


W
es


te
rn


A
fr


ic
a


Ca
rib


be
an


Ce
nt


ra
l A


m
er


ic
a


So
ut


h
Am


er
ic


a


Ea
st


er
n


As
ia


So
ut


he
rn


A
si


a


So
ut


h-
Ea


st
er


n
As


ia


W
es


te
rn


A
si


a


Oc
ea


ni
a


Fuel exports as a percentage of total commodity exports, by regional groupings, 2012-2013


Share of individual country groupings in total developing countries' fuel exports, 2012-2013


Pe
r c


en
t


0


20


40


60


80


100


W
or


ld


LD
Cs


Ea
st


er
n


Af
ric


a


M
id


dl
e


Af
ric


a


No
rt


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


So
ut


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


W
es


te
rn


A
fr


ic
a


Ca
rib


be
an


Ce
nt


ra
l A


m
er


ic
a


So
ut


h
Am


er
ic


a


Ea
st


er
n


As
ia


So
ut


he
rn


A
si


a


So
ut


h-
Ea


st
er


n
As


ia


W
es


te
rn


A
si


a


Oc
ea


ni
a


Minerals, ores and metals exports as a percentage of total commodity exports, by regional
groupings, 2012-2013


Share of individual country groupings in total developing countries' minerals, ores and metals
product exports, 2012-2013


Pe
r c


en
t




31


FIGURE 8. COMPOSITION OF COMMODITY EXPORTS, BY REGION, 2012-2013


FIGURE 7. EXPORT CONCENTRATION RATIO (HERFINDAHL-HIRSCHMANN INDEX), 2000 AND 2013


0


0.2


0.4


0.6


0.8


1


W
or


ld


LD
Cs


Ea
st


er
n


Af
ric


a


M
id


dl
e


Af
ric


a


No
rt


he
rn


A
fr


ic
a


So
ut


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rn


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fr


ic
a


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es


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rn


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fr


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a


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rib


be
an


Ce
nt


ra
l A


m
er


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a


So
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h
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a


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st


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ia


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a


2000 2013


0


500


1’000


1’500


2’000


2’500


0


20


40


60


80


100


Af
ric


a


La
tin


A
m


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ic


a
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th


e
Ca


rib
be


an


As
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Oc
ea


ni
a


LD
Cs


Agricultural products Fuels Minerals, ores and metals Commodity export value, right axis


In billion US$P
er


c
en


t


REGIONAL OVERVIEW




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


32


FIGURE 9. NET FOOD-IMPORT BILL BY REGION (MILLIONS US$), 2009-2010 AND 2012-2013


-150’000


-100’000


-50’000


0


50’000


100’000
LD


Cs


Ea
st


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n


Af
ric


a


M
id


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a


No
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rn


A
fr


ic
a


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st
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n
As


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W
es


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A
si


a


Oc
ea


ni
a


2009-2010
2012-2013


NET FOOD-IMPORTING COUNTRIES


In
m


ill
io


ns
U


S$


FIGURE 10. COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE AND EXPORT CONCENTRATION RATIO IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES, 2012-2013


0


0.1


0.2


0.3


0.4


0.5


0.6


0.7


0.8


0.9


1


0 20 40 60 80 100


Ex
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Agriculture Commodity
exporting countries


Fuel exporting
countries


Minerals, ores and metals
exporting countries




2
INDIVIDUAL PROFILES






EASTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


36


20


40


60


80


100


0
0


10 20 30 40 50
Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


Comoros
Eritrea


Mozambique


Zimbabwe


Zambia


Somalia
Seychelles


Malawi


United Republic
of Tanzania


Uganda


Madagascar


Burundi


Ethiopia


Djibouti


Mauritius


Rwanda


Kenya


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13




0
20
40
60
80


100


0
20
40
60
80


100


All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


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Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


0
20
40
60
80


100


0
20
40
60
80


100


Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


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Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
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All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013




37


BURUNDI


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 27,830 27,830


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 66 75


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 9,233 9,850


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 6.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 4,314 4,647


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 52 52


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 87 84


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 56 56


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.8


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.90 2.16


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 203 213


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 4.0 3.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 82 74


Agricultural raw materials 4 4


Fuels 1 1


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 13 21


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 86 81


&RIIHHDQGFRIIHHVXEVWLWXWHV 65 52


7HDDQGPDWH 13 18


2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRIEDVHPHWDOVQHVGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 8 11


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 79


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ3DNLVWDQ&KLQD8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH 42/12/10/8/7


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6769 0.3599


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -2 88


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


EASTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


38


COMOROS


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,861 1,861


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 83 85


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 683 718


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 243 264


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 30 31


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 91 91


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 52 52


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.41 0.44


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 598 601


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 1.5 1.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 88 92


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 11 7


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 98 99


6SLFHV 87 91


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 7 7


1DWXUDOUXEEHUDQGVLPLODUJXPVLQSULPDU\\IRUPVFerrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel (282) 4 1


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 93


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6LQJDSRUH8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV8QLWHG6WDWHV,QGLD 39/34/9/5/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.7558 0.5300


FOOD SECURITY
$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 72 102


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




39


DJIBOUTI


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 23,200 23,200


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 73 73


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 834 860


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 292 320


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 35 35


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 98 95


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 46 47


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.8


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.96 1.11


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,156 1,270


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 5.9 5.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 78 53


Agricultural raw materials 2 8


Fuels 7 10


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 14 29


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 66 55


/LYHDQLPDOVRWKHUWKDQDQLPDOVRIGLYLVLRQ 32 25


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVMilk, cream and milk products
(excluding butter, cheese)(022)


23 23


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) 11 7


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 73


8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV<HPHQ(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH(J\\SW6DXGL$UDELD 29/14/13/10/7


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1154 0.1944


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 55 129


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 75 19


EASTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


40


ERITREA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 117,600 117,600


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 65 75


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 5,741 6,131


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,596 2,856


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 49 49


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 60 59


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 44 43


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 5.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.06 1.30


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 184 205


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 0.3 10.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 74 30


Agricultural raw materials 21 1


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 5 68


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 42 94


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV Live animals other than animals of division 03 (001) 18 63


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVLQFOƃRXUQHV 12 29


6LOYHUSODWLQXPRWKHUPHWDOVRIWKHSODWLQXPJURXSFishery products (03) 12 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 100


Canada, India, Egypt 95/3/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2586 0.3879


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 194 110


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




41


ETHIOPIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,104,300 1,104,300


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 32 37


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 87,095 91,729


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 40,787 44,936


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 47 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 78 75


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 46 45


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 20.39 26.36


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 234 280


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*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 6.5 5.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 81 83


Agricultural raw materials 10 9


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 9 8


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 67 67


&RIIHHDQGFRIIHHVXEVWLWXWHV 30 32


9HJHWDEOHV 19 18


2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU 18 17


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 67


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH&KLQD6DXGL$UDELD6ZLW]HUODQG


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5043 0.3310


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -534 -784


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 75 35


EASTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


42


KENYA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 580,370 580,370


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 47 48


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 40,909 43,178


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 15,461 16,956


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 46 46


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 86 83


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 49 48


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 5.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 23.52 27.10


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 575 611


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*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 10.1 9.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 67 65


Agricultural raw materials 19 18


Fuels 7 8


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 6 9


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 57 55


7HDDQGPDWH 31 30


&UXGHYHJHWDEOHPDWHULDOVQHV 18 17


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO Vegetables (054) 8 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 74


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV3DNLVWDQ(J\\SW 31/21/8/7/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2684 0.1906


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -751 -584


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 33 24




43


MADAGASCAR


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 587,040 587,295


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 71 71


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 21,080 22,294


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 10,147 11,219


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 49 49


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 71 71


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 53 53


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 5.81 6.22


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 275 271


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 6.1 10.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 61 54


Agricultural raw materials 10 4


Fuels 6 4


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 23 39


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 54 56


6SLFHV)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 25 23


1LFNHO6SLFHV 18 18


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWVOres and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s. (287) 11 15


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 71


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD&DQDGD8QLWHG6WDWHV6LQJDSRUH 38/13/8/7/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2588 0.1954


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 21 -15


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 27 31


EASTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


44


MALAWI


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 118,480 118,480


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 48 61


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 15,014 15,906


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 6,710 7,365


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 52 51


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 73 73


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 59 59


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 4.24 4.81


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 283 294


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 15.8 18.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 92 88


Agricultural raw materials 4 5


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 4 6


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 80 73


7REDFFRXQPDQXIDFWXUHGWREDFFRUHIXVH 66 56


6XJDUPRODVVHVDQGKRQH\\Tea and mate (074) 7 9


7HDDQGPDWHSugar, molasses and honey (061) 7 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 64


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH6RXWK$IULFD8QLWHG6WDWHV5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6270 0.4684


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -658 -569


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 45 22




45


MAURITIUS


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 2,040 2,040


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 45 43


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,231 1,240


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 603 625


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 38 38


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 8 7


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 25 26


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.4


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 8.15 9.02


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,625 7,252


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ò


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 7.9 8.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 88 87


Agricultural raw materials 2 2


Fuels 1 –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 9 11


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 83 83


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 42 45


6XJDUPRODVVHVDQGKRQH\\ 34 30


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHG 7 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 91


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH9LHWQDP&KLQD 73/6/5/3/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3646 0.2474


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 219 351


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 8 5


EASTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


46


MOZAMBIQUE


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 799,380 799,380


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 62 64


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 23,967 25,203


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 11,078 11,897


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 54 53


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 78 78


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 65 65


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 9.33 11.51


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 389 446


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 23.2 24.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 20 17


Agricultural raw materials 5 6


Fuels 23 41


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 52 36


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 64 48


$OXPLQLXP 45 29


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO(OHFWULFFXUUHQW 12 10


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHGTobacco, unmanufactured; tobacco refuse (121) 7 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 88


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6RXWK$IULFD&KLQD,QGLD(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH 39/27/11/7/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2982 0.2627


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 182 389


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 55 28




47


RWANDA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 26,340 26,340


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 70 75


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 10,837 11,458


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 5,228 5,695


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 52 52


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 83 83


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 56 56


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.1


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 3.84 4.81


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 355 408


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ò


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 4.3 8.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 53 42


Agricultural raw materials 2 4


Fuels 1 6


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 44 48


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 82 72


2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRIEDVHPHWDOVQHV 40 47


&RIIHHDQGFRIIHHVXEVWLWXWHV 28 16


7HDDQGPDWH 14 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 77


&KLQD'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLFRIWKH&RQJR(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH0DOD\\VLD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ 21/17/17/13/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.4370 0.3564


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 104 165


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 56 34


EASTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


48


SEYCHELLES


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 460 460


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 7 7


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 91 92


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 43 44


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 47 48


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 74 73


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 50 50


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.15 1.28


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 12,564 13,786


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 38.9 42.3


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 95 94


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 4 5


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 95 95


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 91 90


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 3 4


$QLPDOVRLOVDQGIDWV 1 1


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 95


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ-DSDQ(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH7KDLODQG6ZLW]HUODQG 70/12/9/3/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5708 0.4889


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -156 -242


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




49


SOMALIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 637,660 637,660


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 69 70


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 9,636 10,195


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 7.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,926 3,151


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 34 34


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 83 83


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 46 46


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 2.63 2.84


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 273 270


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ n.a.


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 28.4 38.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 60 93


Agricultural raw materials 17 7


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 23 –


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 81 95


/LYHDQLPDOVRWKHUWKDQDQLPDOVRIGLYLVLRQ 44 78


2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXUGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 23 14


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWV 14 3


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 96


6DXGL$UDELD2PDQ<HPHQ,QGLD&KLQD 46/29/11/8/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6479 0.8998


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 236 340


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


EASTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


50


SOUTH SUDAN


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG n.a. 644,329


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 n.a. 44


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG n.a. 10,838


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ n.a. n.a.


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG n.a. n.a.


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG n.a. n.a.


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG n.a. 41


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH n.a. -3.9


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG n.a. 4.83


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG n.a.


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG n.a. n.a.


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG n.a. 427


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG n.a. n.a.


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 n.a. n.a.


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG n.a. n.a.


All food items n.a. n.a.


Agricultural raw materials n.a. n.a.


Fuels n.a. n.a.


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold n.a. n.a.


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG n.a. n.a.


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG n.a. n.a.


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG n.a. n.a.


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG n.a. n.a.


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG n.a. n.a.


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




51


UGANDA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 241,550 241,550


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 58 71


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 33,987 36,346


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 6.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 13,419 14,785


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 49 49


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 82 81


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 50 49


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 5.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 14.18 16.54


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 417 440


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 6.8 6.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 81 86


Agricultural raw materials 10 11


Fuels 1 1


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 9 2


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 50 44


&RIIHHDQGFRIIHHVXEVWLWXWHV 29 29


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 13 8


7REDFFRXQPDQXIDFWXUHGWREDFFRUHIXVH 8 7


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 77


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLFRIWKH&RQJR6XGDQ&KLQD 36/26/7/6/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3758 0.1803


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -449 -773


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 23 26


EASTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


52


UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 947,300 947,300


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 40 46


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 44,973 47,783


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 22,137 24,113


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 50 50


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 76 76


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 55 55


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 20.19 24.59


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 449 499


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 12.7 13.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 41 45


Agricultural raw materials 10 9


Fuels 3 3


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 46 44


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 42 39


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 22 22


1RQIHUURXVEDVHPHWDOZDVWHDQGVFUDSQHV 13 9


7REDFFRXQPDQXIDFWXUHGWREDFFRUHIXVH 7 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 73


,QGLD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD6RXWK$IULFD(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2177 0.1990


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -460 -847


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 24 35




53


ZAMBIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 752,610 752,610


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 31 32


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 13,217 14,075


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 5,579 6,021


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 46 46


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 58 58


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 46 46


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.8


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 9.80 12.00


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 741 825


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 35.3 37.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 9 15


Agricultural raw materials 2 3


Fuels 1 2


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 89 80


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 85 82


&RSSHU 76 74


0DL]HQRWLQFOXGLQJVZHHWFRUQXQPLOOHGCopper ores and concentrates; copper mattes; cement copper (283) 6 4


7REDFFRXQPDQXIDFWXUHGWREDFFRUHIXVH 3 4


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 78


&KLQD6ZLW]HUODQG(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH6RXWK$IULFD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ 37/21/9/7/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.4437 0.5874


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -196 -794


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 34 48


EASTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


54


ZIMBABWE


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 390,760 390,760


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 41 42


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 13,077 13,724


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 6,620 7,260


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 47 45


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 56


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 52 52


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 7.08 8.36


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 542 591


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 29.5 31.3


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 37 44


Agricultural raw materials 17 12


Fuels 14 14


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 32 30


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 43 53


7REDFFRXQPDQXIDFWXUHGWREDFFRUHIXVH 21 33


&RNHDQGVHPLFRNHVRIFRDOOLJQLWHSHDWUHWRUWFDUERQ 12 12


&RWWRQNickel ores and concentrates; nickel mattes, etc. (284) 10 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 81


6RXWK$IULFD&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ'HPRFUDWLF5HSXEOLFRIWKH&RQJR(DVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH 28/24/14/12/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2794 0.2601


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -31 -387


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 43 32




MIDDLE AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


56


20


40


60


80


100


0
0


20 40 60 80 100


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


Equatorial Guinea


Angola


Central
African
Republic


Sao Tome
and Principe


Cameroon
Democratic Republic
of the Congo


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Chad


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Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


0


20


40


60


80


100


0


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40


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An
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All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


D
em


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40


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0


20


40


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An
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An
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Ga
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Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


D
em


oc
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An
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D
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Pr


in
ci


pe


0


20


40


60


80


100


Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


0


20


40


60


80


100


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013




57


ANGOLA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,246,700 1,246,700


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 47 48


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 19,549 20,821


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 6.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 7,109 7,891


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 46 46


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 83 80


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 55 55


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 57.79 68.92


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,956 3,210


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 57.4 57.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items – –


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 99 99


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 99 99


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 97 97


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHG 1 1


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 1 1


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 94


&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV,QGLD6RXWK$IULFD 52/15/13/10/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.8816 0.9677


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 3,144 4,771


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 63 18


MIDDLE AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


58


CAMEROON


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 475,440 475,440


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 20 21


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 20,624 21,700


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 8,211 8,900


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 46 46


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 43 40


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 47 47


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 19.14 21.98


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 928 988


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 13.8 13.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 31 21


Agricultural raw materials 18 18


Fuels 47 58


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 4 3


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 70 71


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 38 45


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOCocoa (072) 19 13


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWV 13 13


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 90


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD0LGGOH$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH,QGLD8QLWHG6WDWHV 54/13/10/7/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.4361 0.4228


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -106 529


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 38 11




59


CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 622,980 622,980


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 8 8


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 4,350 4,525


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,064 2,219


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 47 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 61 58


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 50 50


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH -4.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.55 1.60


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 357 347


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 5.9 7.1


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 4 4


Agricultural raw materials 49 47


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 47 50


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 84 85


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWV 40 39


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHG 26 29


1DWXUDODEUDVLYHVQHVLQFOXGLQJLQGXVWULDOGLDPRQGV 18 17


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 85


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD,QGRQHVLD0LGGOH$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH7XUNH\\ 43/29/5/5/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6837 0.3561


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 58 37


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 47 38


MIDDLE AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


60


CHAD


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,284,000 1,284,000


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 39 40


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 11,721 12,448


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 6.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 4,425 4,823


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 45 45


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 67 64


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 57 58


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 5.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 7.05 8.12


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 602 633


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 37.9 41.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items – 1


Agricultural raw materials 3 4


Fuels 97 94


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold – 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 99 97


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 89 87


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 8 7


&RWWRQ 2 3


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 95


8QLWHG6WDWHV&KLQD-DSDQ(XURSHDQ8QLRQ,QGLD


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.7280 0.9167


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 365 491


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 59 35




61


CONGO


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 342,000 342,000


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 31 31


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 4,112 4,337


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,693 1,824


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 49 49


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 31 29


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 56 55


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 5.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 7.88 9.41


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,916 2,115


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 64.5 65.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items – –


Agricultural raw materials 3 3


Fuels 91 92


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 5 5


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 93 94


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 87 88


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWV 3 3


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWVPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 3 3


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 95


&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV$XVWUDOLD,QGLD 47/23/13/9/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6650 0.8146


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 424 909


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 43 32


MIDDLE AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


62


DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 2,344,860 2,344,860


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 11 12


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 65,705 62,191


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 6.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 25,270 27,827


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 50 50


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 56 54


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 49 49


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 9.43 11.64


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 152 172


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 34.2 30.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 2 1


Agricultural raw materials 3 2


Fuels 15 14


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 80 83


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 63 74


&RSSHU 30 43


&RSSHURUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVFRSSHUPDWWHVFHPHQWFRSSHUOres and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s. (287) 19 18


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGHCopper ores and concentrates; copper mattes; cement copper
(283)


14 13


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 96


&KLQD=DPELD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6DXGL$UDELD.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 47/20/17/9/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5983 0.5743


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 867 1,147


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




63


EQUATORIAL GUINEA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 28,050 28,050


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 10 10


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 696 736


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 369 403


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 45 45


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 48 47


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 42 43


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 11.55 12.92


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 16,593 17,070


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 81.6 96.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items – –


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 99 99


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold – –


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 99 97


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 77 74


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 19 21


/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH 3 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 85


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD-DSDQ8QLWHG6WDWHV%UD]LO 38/17/17/8/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.7990 0.7423


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 225 939


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


MIDDLE AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


64


GABON


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 267,670 267,670


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 19 20


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,556 1,633


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 587 641


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 46 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 31 29


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 45 48


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 10.43 12.57


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,703 7,521


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 39.0 36.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 1 1


Agricultural raw materials 12 10


Fuels 79 82


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 8 7


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 96 96


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 77 80


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWV 11 10


2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRIEDVHPHWDOVQHV 8 6


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 85


8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD7ULQLGDGDQG7REDJR0DOD\\VLD 39/19/17/6/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.7357 0.7549


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 435 579


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 12 5




65


SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 960 960


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 51 52


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 178 188


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 59 65


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 37 38


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 55 53


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 50 50


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.17 0.20


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 958 1,029


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 2.2 3.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 80 96


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 17 2


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 2 2


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 90 90


&RFRD 71 83


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHGPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 17 4


2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVLQFOƃRXUQHV Fixed vegetable fats and oils, "soft", crude,
UHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHG


2 3


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 98


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ7XUNH\\1LJHULD0LGGOH$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH,QGLD 82/6/5/4/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3751 0.6471


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 31 35


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 23 7


MIDDLE AFRICA






NORTHERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


68


Data on commodity exports as a percentage of GDP is not available for Sudan.
Consequently, this country does not appear on the graph.


Morocco


Tunisia


Egypt


Algeria


Libya


20


40


60


80


100


0 20 40 60 80 100


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


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Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


0


20


40


60


80


100


0


20


40


60


80


100


All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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20


40


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100


0


20


40


60


80


100


Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


Al
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20


40


60


80


100


0


20


40


60


80


100


Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise exports,
2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013




69


ALGERIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 2,381,740 2,381,740


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 17 17


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 37,063 38,482


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.7


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 11,207 11,968


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 17 18


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 28 27


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 53 53


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 116.63 126.80


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 3,147 3,234


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 33.9 32.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 0.4 0.5


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 99 99


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold – –


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 89 90


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 45 46


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 31 31


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 13 13


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 86


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV&DQDGD%UD]LO1RUWKHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH 60/12/6/4/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5147 0.5408


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 6,331 9,870


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 8 5


NORTHERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


70


EGYPT


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,001,450 1,001,450


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 4 4


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 78,076 80,722


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.0


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 27,076 29,049


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 24 25


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 24 22


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 40 41


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 127.46 134.56


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,633 1,640


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 7.4 6.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 26 24


Agricultural raw materials 3 3


Fuels 57 58


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 14 14


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 51 54


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 18 28


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOPetroleum oils, oils from bituminous materials, crude (333) 17 14


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHGPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 16 12


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 60


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ,QGLD&KLQD1RUWKHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH-DSDQ 30/12/7/6/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2503 0.1537


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 4,916 8,918


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5




71


LIBYA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,759,540 1,759,540


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 9 9


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 6,041 6,155


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.7


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,381 2,335


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 28 29


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 3 3


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 70 75


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 11.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 60.50 53.19


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 10,016 8,577


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 55.5 53.1


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items – –


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 99 99


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 96 96


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 82 84


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 7 7


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 7 5


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 91


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD8QLWHG6WDWHV6ZLW]HUODQG,QGLD 72/9/5/3/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.7871 0.7967


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,790 4,066


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


NORTHERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


72


MOROCCO


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 446,550 446,550


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 67 68


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 31,642 32,521


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 11,375 11,948


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 27 28


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 26 24


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 48 50


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 75.52 84.38


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,387 2,556


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 6.5 7.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 59 52


Agricultural raw materials 4 4


Fuels 10 15


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 27 29


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 50 48


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 24 21


&UXGHIHUWLOL]HUVH[FOXGLQJWKRVHRIGLYLVLRQ 13 16


9HJHWDEOHV 13 11


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 67


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV%UD]LO5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ&KLQD 50/7/4/3/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1753 0.1578


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 380 1,448


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 6 5




73


SUDAN


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG n.a. 1,861,484


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 n.a. 7


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG n.a. 37,195


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ n.a. n.a.


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG n.a. 15,358


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG n.a. 29


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 n.a. 39


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG n.a. 41


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH n.a. -3.9


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG n.a. 32.69


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG n.a.


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG n.a.


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG n.a. 861


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a. n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ n.a.


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG n.a.


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG n.a. n.a.


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 n.a. n.a.


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items n.a. 9


Agricultural raw materials n.a. 2


Fuels n.a. 56


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold n.a. 32


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG n.a. 91


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH n.a. 55


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV n.a. 32


/LYHDQLPDOVRWKHUWKDQDQLPDOVRIGLYLVLRQ n.a. 4


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG n.a. 90


&KLQD8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV-DSDQ6DXGL$UDELD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ n.a. 44/32/7/4/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG n.a. 0.6840


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG n.a.


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG n.a. 1,443


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


NORTHERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


74


TUNISIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 163,610 163,610


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 61 65


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 10,632 10,875


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.10


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 3,801 4,007


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 27 27


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 21 20


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 33 32


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 40.29 42.55


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 3,790 3,870


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 8.5 10.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 35 35


Agricultural raw materials 2 2


Fuels 57 58


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 6 6


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 69 71


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 48 39


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOFixed vegetable fats and oils, "soft", crude,
UHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHG


12 19


)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVVRIWFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals >
70 % oil (334)


9 13


Five leading destination markets for commodity exports as a percentage of commodity exports,
DQG


92


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6ZLW]HUODQG1RUWKHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV-DSDQ 60/15/11/5/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2066 0.1493


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 554 777


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5




SOUTHERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


76


0


20


40


60


80


100


0 10 20 30 40 50


Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


Lesotho


South Africa
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0


20


40


60


80


100


0


20


40


60


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100


All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


Bo
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nd


0


20


40


60


80


100


0


20


40


60


80


100


Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


0
20


40


60


80


100


0


20


40


60


80


100


Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013


Bo
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Sw
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77


BOTSWANA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 581,730 581,730


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 44 46


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,969 2,004


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,036 1,091


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 46 46


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 31 30


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 56 57


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.1


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 12.12 13.87


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,153 6,865


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 29.1 42.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 7 2


Agricultural raw materials 1 -


Fuels 1 1


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 92 97


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 65 94


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHG 21 85


1LFNHORUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVQLFNHOPDWWHVHWF 4 7


&RSSHURUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVFRSSHUPDWWHVFHPHQWFRSSHUMeat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen (011) 4 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 87


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ1RUZD\\6RXWKHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH=LPEDEZH8QLWHG6WDWHV 58/19/8/5/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6465 0.7891


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 419 519


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 25 27


SOUTHERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


78


LESOTHO


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 30,360 30,360


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 77 75


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 2,009 2,052


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 894 947


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 46 46


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 40 39


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 66 65


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 5.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.77 2.00


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 879 964


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 13.6 17.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 10 10


Agricultural raw materials 5 5


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 85 85


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 95 92


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHG 85 84


:RRODQGRWKHUDQLPDOKDLULQFOXGLQJZRROWRSVNon-alcoholic beverages, n.e.s. (111) 6 4


1RQDOFRKROLFEHYHUDJHVQHVWool and other animal hair (including wool tops) (268) 4 4


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 99


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6RXWKHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV 57/35/7


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3881 0.4653


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 505 611


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 16 12




79


NAMIBIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 824,290 824,290


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 47 47


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 2,179 2,259


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 929 1,008


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 46 46


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 29 27


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 44 43


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 8.88 10.24


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 4,074 4,445


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 24.9 27.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 35 32


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 2 2


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 62 66


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 52 61


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHGFishery products (03) 19 31


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWVPearls and precious or semiprecious stones, unworked or worked (667) 18 19


2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRIXUDQLXPRUWKRULXP 15 11


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 80


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6RXWKHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV&KLQD$QJROD 36/18/11/10/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3208 0.2564


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -110 -230


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 36 37


SOUTHERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


80


SOUTH AFRICA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,219,090 1,219,090


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 79 79


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 51,452 52,386


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 18,208 18,989


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 43 43


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 7 6


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 29 29


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.9


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 289.66 313.15


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 5,630 5,934


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 13.5 13.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 16 15


Agricultural raw materials 4 3


Fuels 16 16


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 65 65


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 42 43


6LOYHUSODWLQXPRWKHUPHWDOVRIWKHSODWLQXPJURXS 20 16


,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV&RDOZKHWKHURUQRWSXOYHUL]HGQRWDJJORPHUDWHG 11 15


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 11 12


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 73


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD-DSDQ,QGLD8QLWHG6WDWHV 30/18/10/9/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1151 0.1718


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -1,439 465


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5




81


SWAZILAND


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 17,360 17,360


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 70 71


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,193 1,231


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 414 446


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 40 39


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 33 30


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 54 52


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 2.92 2.95


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,445 2,358


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 21.1 23.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 70 56


Agricultural raw materials 20 31


Fuels 3 2


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 7 11


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 73 69


6XJDUPRODVVHVDQGKRQH\\ 45 31


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWV 19 30


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHGEdible products and preparations, n.e.s. (098) 9 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 72


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6RXWKHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH8JDQGD1HZ=HDODQG.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 46/8/7/5/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2253 0.2197


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -138 -9


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 16 26


SOUTHERN AFRICA






WESTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


84


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Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


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All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity
exports, 2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013




85


BENIN


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 112,620 114,760


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 30 33


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 9,510 10,051


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 3,616 3,971


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 48 48


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 44 41


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 41 41


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 5.23 5.97


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 550 578


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 17.2 16.3


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 37 32


Agricultural raw materials 27 26


Fuels 14 18


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 21 24


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 50 52


&RWWRQ 23 22


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOFruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts),
fresh or dried (057)


15 15


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 12 15


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 80


:HVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH&KLQD,QGLD/HEDQRQ(XURSHDQ8QLRQ 30/17/16/12/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5875 0.2693


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 57 107


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 28 10


WESTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


86


BURKINA FASO


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 274,220 274,220


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 44 44


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 15,540 16,460


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 6.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 7,548 8,270


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 48 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 92 93


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 48 48


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.9


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 7.14 8.52


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 459 503


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*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 13.4 17.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 19 16


Agricultural raw materials 42 35


Fuels – 5


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 39 44


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 89 83


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVCotton (263) 42 42


&RWWRQGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 39 34


2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU 8 7


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 68


6ZLW]HUODQG&KLQD:HVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6LQJDSRUH 30/13/10/8/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5233 0.5264


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 123 197


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 26 21




87


CABO VERDE


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 4,030 4,030


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 19 19


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 488 494


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 224 243


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 38 39


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 14 13


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 41 39


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.41 1.61


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,898 3,237


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 1.6 2.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 97 95


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 2 5


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97 97


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 94 92


)HUURXVZDVWHVFUDSHUHPHOWLQJLQJRWVLURQVWHHOAlcoholic beverages (112) 2 3


1RQIHUURXVEDVHPHWDOZDVWHDQGVFUDSQHVFerrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel (282) 1 2


Five leading destination markets for commodity exports as a percentage of commodity exports,
DQG


98


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ,QGLD(O6DOYDGRU:HVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV 87/4/4/2/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3630 0.4653


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 158 153


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 16 10


WESTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


88


CÔTE D’IVOIRE


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 322,460 322,460


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 64 65


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 18,977 19,840


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 7,792 8,477


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 37 38


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 36 33


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 36 36


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 19.01 21.09


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,002 1,038


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*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 37.7 38.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 57 49


Agricultural raw materials 9 12


Fuels 31 34


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 3 5


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 70 65


&RFRD 42 33


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 15 18


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 13 14


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 76


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ:HVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV&DQDGD6RXWK$IULFD 38/21/8/5/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3171 0.2991


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -3,365 -2,588


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 11 15




89


GAMBIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 11,300 11,300


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 54 60


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,681 1,791


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 752 827


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 48 48


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 81 80


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 54 54


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.1


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.78 0.85


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 467 461


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 4.7 8.1


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 76 38


Agricultural raw materials 6 46


Fuels 1 2


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 17 14


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 62 73


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWVFruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried (057) 34 44


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHGFixed vegetable fats and oils, "soft", crude,
UHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHG


15 21


2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRIEDVHPHWDOVQHVFishery products (03) 13 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 95


&KLQD,QGLD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ:HVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH9LHWQDP 52/20/10/10/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3608 0.2489


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 70 103


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 13 6


WESTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


90


GHANA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 238,540 238,540


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 65 69


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 24,263 25,366


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 10,372 11,286


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 48 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 59 58


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 44 44


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 23.31 31.11


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 961 1,201


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 21.3 28.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 67 42


Agricultural raw materials 6 3


Fuels 2 36


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 25 19


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 76 77


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGHCocoa (072) 54 34


&RFRDGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 16 30


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVOres and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s. (287) 6 13


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 74


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6RXWK$IULFD&KLQD,QGLD8QLWHG6WDWHV 49/9/8/4/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3201 0.3860


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -2,808 -2,255


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 47 5




91


GUINEA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 245,860 245,860


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 58 59


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 10,876 11,451


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 4,090 4,466


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 45 45


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 94 92


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 50 50


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 3.22 3.62


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 296 308


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 24.7 20.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 7 6


Agricultural raw materials 2 2


Fuels 31 34


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 60 58


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 80 80


$OXPLQLXPRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVLQFOXGLQJDOXPLQD 51 47


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 15 23


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 14 10


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 79


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ,QGLD&KLOH8QLWHG6WDWHV8NUDLQH 34/21/11/7/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5793 0.4868


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 162 331


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 23 18


WESTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


92


GUINEA-BISSAU


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 36,130 36,130


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 45 58


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,587 1,664


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 649 699


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 47 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 69 67


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 45 46


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.69 0.72


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 435 424


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 12.7 18.3


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 96 96


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 2 3


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 –


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97 99


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG 94 95


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 2 3


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWV 1 1


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 100


,QGLD6LQJDSRUH8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ 92/3/3/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5855 0.9365


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -37 -82


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 23 18




93


LIBERIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 111,370 111,370


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 24 28


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 3,958 4,190


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,375 1,518


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 48 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 66 64


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 44 44


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.94 1.21


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&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 237 282


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a.


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 9.7 23.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 3 4


Agricultural raw materials 44 38


Fuels 34 14


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 19 44


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 77 75


,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVNatural rubber and similar gums, in primary forms (231) 43 38


1DWXUDOUXEEHUDQGVLPLODUJXPVLQSULPDU\\IRUPVPetroleum oils, oils from bituminous materials, crude (333) 23 28


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGHPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 11 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 85


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD8QLWHG6WDWHV$OJHULD&DQDGD 37/24/15/5/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5625 0.3694


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 6 13


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 29 30


WESTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


94


MALI


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,240,190 1,240,190


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 33 34


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 13,986 14,854


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 6.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 4,296 4,754


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 35 35


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 71 69


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 37 37


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 6.99 7.34


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 500 480


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 18.4 20.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 8 8


Agricultural raw materials 23 39


Fuels 5 2


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 64 51


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 91 90


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 63 49


&RWWRQ 23 38


2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXUPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 5 3


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 79


6RXWK$IULFD&KLQD6ZLW]HUODQG0DOD\\VLD8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV 34/25/8/7/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6345 0.5328


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 283 365


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 17 5




95


MAURITANIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,030,700 1,030,700


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 39 39


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 3,609 3,796


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.0


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,116 1,217


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 27 27


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 67 66


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 54 56


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 2.77 3.23


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 767 830


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 54.4 63.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 26 26


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 9 10


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 64 64


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 85 85


,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 48 47


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 25 24


&RSSHURUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVFRSSHUPDWWHVFHPHQWFRSSHU 12 14


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 90


&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ:HVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH-DSDQ6ZLW]HUODQG 50/23/8/6/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.4719 0.4818


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -1 42


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 15 7


WESTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


96


NIGER


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,267,000 1,267,000


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 35 35


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 15,894 17,157


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 7.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 5,114 5,709


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 31 31


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 83 82


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 36 37


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 4.33 5.22


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 273 293


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 13.7 14.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 48 15


Agricultural raw materials 2 3


Fuels 12 52


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 38 29


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 81 77


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO Live animals other than animals of division 03 (001) 36 44


2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRIXUDQLXPRUWKRULXP 33 28


/LYHDQLPDOVRWKHUWKDQDQLPDOVRIGLYLVLRQPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 12 5


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 92


:HVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV,QGLD&KLQD 51/25/8/5/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5953 0.4690


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 80 427


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 28 11




97


NIGERIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 923,770 923,770


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 76 79


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 159,708 168,834


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 6.0


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 50,245 54,622


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 43 43


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 24 23


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 39 41


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 155.26 188.30


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 972 1,085


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 34.9 39.1


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 2 2


Agricultural raw materials 1 2


Fuels 96 95


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 95 94


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 85 79


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 6 10


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 4 5


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 76


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV,QGLD%UD]LO:HVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH 35/16/12/8/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.9240 0.7722


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 3,157 6,628


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 21 6


WESTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


98


SENEGAL


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 196,720 196,710


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 48 47


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 12,951 13,726


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 5,384 5,900


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 44 44


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 71 71


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 47 48


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.4


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 10.37 11.46


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 801 811


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 10.9 12.1


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 45 49


Agricultural raw materials 2 2


Fuels 39 27


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 15 22


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 68 61


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 38 26


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 21 23


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 9 12


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 82


:HVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6ZLW]HUODQG8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV&KLQD 40/25/9/5/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2323 0.1925


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 445 532


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 25 17




99


SIERRA LEONE


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 71,740 72,300


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 54 57


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 5,752 5,979


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 5.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,262 2,436


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 51 50


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 59 57


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 62 62


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 12.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 2.13 3.37


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 370 553


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 9.4 28.3


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 20 5


Agricultural raw materials 4 1


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 75 94


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 65 90


,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVPearls and precious or semiprecious stones, unworked or worked (667) 34 68


2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRIEDVHPHWDOVQHV 17 12


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHGCocoa (072) 14 10


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97


&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ-DSDQ5RPDQLD8QLWHG6WDWHV 69/20/4/2/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5335 0.4357


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 98 -191


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 43 26


WESTERN AFRICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


100


TOGO


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 56,790 56,790


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 65 71


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 6,306 6,643


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,938 3,194


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 51 50


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 44 42


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 41 42


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 2.46 2.86


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 390 420


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 19.1 19.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 40 26


Agricultural raw materials 18 11


Fuels 12 20


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 30 43


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 58 51


&UXGHIHUWLOL]HUVH[FOXGLQJWKRVHRIGLYLVLRQCocoa (072) 27 20


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVCrude fertilizers (excluding those of division 56) (272) 17 17


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOCotton (263) 14 14


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 80


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ:HVWHUQ$IULFDLQWUDWUDGH,QGLD/HEDQRQ&KLQD 22/19/14/14/10


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2933 0.1837


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 40 1


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 38 15




CARIBBEAN




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


102


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Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


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All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
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Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
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Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013




103


ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 440 440


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 20 21


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 87 89


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 38 39


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 42 44


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 21 21


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 25 25


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.01 1.02


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 11,602 11,353


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 0.5 1.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 46 24


Agricultural raw materials 5 4


Fuels 40 66


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 10 6


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 49 73


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 31 65


0DL]HQRWLQFOXGLQJVZHHWFRUQXQPLOOHGMargarine and shortening (091) 12 6


$OFRKROLFEHYHUDJHVCoal, whether or not pulverized, not agglomerated (321) 6 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 86


6XULQDPH.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI1LJHULD&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH6HQHJDO 52/12/11/6/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5804 0.3786


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 59 46


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


CARIBBEAN




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


104


BAHAMAS


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 13,880 13,880


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 1 1


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 360 372


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 197 207


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 48 48


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 3 2


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG – –


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 7.46 7.90


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 20,697 20,925


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 5.6 8.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 12 6


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 83 91


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 5 3


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 89 91


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 77 74


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGHFishery products (03) 6 10


5HVLGXDOSHWUROHXPSURGXFWVQHVUHODWHGPDWHULDOV 6 7


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 80


6LQJDSRUH&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV(FXDGRU&KLQD 30/22/17/6/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2902 0.5716


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 74 171


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




105


BARBADOS


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 430 430


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 35 33


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 280 283


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 159 161


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 47 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 3 2


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 50 50


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH -0.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 4.05 4.07


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 14,440 14,309


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 3.4 4.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 61 63


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 34 29


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 4 7


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 51 50


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 24 21


$OFRKROLFEHYHUDJHV 18 21


0DUJDULQHDQGVKRUWHQLQJPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 9 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 91


&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV1LJHULD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&DQDGD 52/14/12/9/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1815 0.1791


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 243 178


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5


CARIBBEAN




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


106


CUBA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 109,890 109,880


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 61 60


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 11,282 11,271


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 5,270 5,336


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 38 38


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 11 10


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 18 19


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 55.44 60.47


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 4,914 5,368


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ò


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 3.9 5.1


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 51 49


Agricultural raw materials 2 2


Fuels 8 16


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 39 33


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 71 61


1LFNHORUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVQLFNHOPDWWHVHWF 32 24


6XJDUPRODVVHVDQGKRQH\\ 23 23


7REDFFRPDQXIDFWXUHG 16 14


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 87


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD&DQDGD*KDQD%HOL]H 36/32/15/2/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3420 0.2461


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 594 335


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5.7




107


DOMINICA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 750 750


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 35 35


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 71 72


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ n.a.


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 31 32


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 42 41


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 19 19


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 17 17


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH -0.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.44 0.43


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,124 5,995


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 2.9 1.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 84 63


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 16 37


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 90 86


6WRQHVDQGDQGJUDYHOFruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried (057) 55 36


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHGVegetables (054) 20 33


9HJHWDEOHVStone, sand and gravel (273) 15 17


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 96


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH*X\\DQD8QLWHG6WDWHV 44/40/7/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3949 0.4097


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 38 46


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


CARIBBEAN




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


108


DOMINICAN REPUBLIC


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 48,670 48,670


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 50 52


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 10,017 10,277


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.7


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 4,432 4,673


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 39 40


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 10 9


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 31 34


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 47.09 52.65


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 4,701 5,060


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 4.1 5.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 78 61


Agricultural raw materials 2 2


Fuels 4 9


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 16 27


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 42 43


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVTobacco, manufactured (122) 17 17


7REDFFRPDQXIDFWXUHGFruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried (057) 16 14


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHGCocoa (072) 9 12


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 87


8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH&DQDGD&KLQD 33/19/16/14/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2247 0.1384


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 411 495


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 15 34




109


GRENADA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 340 340


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 32 32


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 105 105


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 46 46


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 39 41


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 20 20


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 22 22


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.67 0.67


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,355 6,330


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 1.7 2.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 74 78


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 25 22


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 59 63


0HDODQGƃRXURIZKHDWDQGƃRXURIPHVOLQ 26 28


6SLFHVAluminium (684) 18 19


$OXPLQLXPFishery products (03) 15 16


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97


&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH1LJHULD8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&DQDGD 42/25/17/11/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2668 0.1928


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 59 69


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


CARIBBEAN




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


110


HAITI


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 27,750 27,750


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 67 64


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 9,896 10,174


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 4,163 4,456


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 47 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 55 53


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 25 24


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 3.95 4.46


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 399 432


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 1.1 1.3


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 75 74


Agricultural raw materials 10 8


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 15 18


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 54 55


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG 24 29


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWVCoffee and coffee substitutes (071) 17 14


)HUURXVZDVWHVFUDSHUHPHOWLQJLQJRWVLURQVWHHOCocoa (072) 13 12


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 91


8QLWHG6WDWHV&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&DQDGD7KDLODQG 55/13/12/9/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.4580 0.5039


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,183 1,530


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 52 61




111


JAMAICA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 10,990 10,990


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 41 42


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 2,741 2,769


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,240 1,279


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 45 45


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 17 16


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 28 28


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 0.1


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 10.97 11.11


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 4,000 3,992


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV t


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 8.6 9.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 30 25


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 23 26


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 47 48


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 77 77


$OXPLQLXPRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVLQFOXGLQJDOXPLQD 45 46


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 23 25


$OFRKROLFEHYHUDJHV 9 6


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 86


8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&DQDGD&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ 44/22/12/5/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5436 0.4519


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 595 735


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 8 10


CARIBBEAN




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


112


SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 260 260


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 22 23


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 52 54


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ n.a.


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 23 24


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 39 42


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 22 21


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 20 20


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.56 0.57


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 10,669 10,468


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 0.2 0.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 92 88


Agricultural raw materials 4 2


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 3 10


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 74 75


$OFRKROLFEHYHUDJHV 45 39


1RQDOFRKROLFEHYHUDJHVQHV 21 29


/LYHDQLPDOVRWKHUWKDQDQLPDOVRIGLYLVLRQ 8 7


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 82


&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ$OEDQLD.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 48/22/6/4/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3636 0.2997


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 56 49


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




113


SAINT LUCIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 620 620


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 17 17


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 177 181


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.0


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 91 96


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 47 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 19 18


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 24 24


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.1


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.10 1.09


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,180 5,978


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 10.2 8.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 51 49


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 45 48


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 3 3


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 88 87


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 43 45


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG 31 30


$OFRKROLFEHYHUDJHV 14 12


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 98


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI8QLWHG6WDWHV,QGLD 42/29/14/10/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5086 0.3334


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -27 -23


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


CARIBBEAN




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


114


SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 390 390


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 26 26


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 109 109


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 54 55


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 41 41


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 20 20


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 27 27


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.1


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.59 0.61


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 5,391 5,566


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 1.4 3.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 91 91


Agricultural raw materials 5 –


Fuels 1 2


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 3 7


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 62 58


0HDODQGƃRXURIZKHDWDQGƃRXURIPHVOLQ 26 32


9HJHWDEOHVFruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried (057) 22 17


)HHGLQJVWXIIIRUDQLPDOVQRXQPLOOHGFHUHDOVVegetables (054) 14 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97


&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ0DOD\\VLD7KDLODQG 88/3/3/2/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3939 0.3104


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 34 59


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 21 6




115


TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 5,130 5,130


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 11 11


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,328 1,337


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 701 716


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 43 43


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 7 6


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 17 18


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 18.77 19.06


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 14,137 14,208


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 35.4 37.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 4 3


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 93 94


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 3 3


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 88 90


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 43 41


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 30 32


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 15 17


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 82


8QLWHG6WDWHV&DULEEHDQLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ$UJHQWLQD.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 38/19/19/3/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3721 0.3702


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 422 874


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 13 9


CARIBBEAN






CENTRAL AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


118


0


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20


30


40


50


60


70


80


90


100


0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100


Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


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20


40


60


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100


0


20


40


60


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All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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20


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Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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20
40
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Be
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do
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20
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Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013




119


BELIZE


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 22,970 22,970


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 7 7


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 309 324


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 131 144


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 37 38


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 24 23


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 3 3


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.28 1.59


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 4,140 4,790


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 22.9 33.6


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 67 75


Agricultural raw materials 1 2


Fuels 30 21


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 2 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 59 56


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 26 20


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG 19 18


6XJDUPRODVVHVDQGKRQH\\ Wheat (including spelt) and meslin, unmilled (041) 14 18


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 86


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV7ULQLGDGDQG7REDJR-DPDLFD-DSDQ 39/35/5/4/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2817 0.3117


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -87 -276


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 10 7


CENTRAL AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


120


COSTA RICA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 51,100 51,100


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 36 37


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 4,670 4,805


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,192 2,350


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 36 37


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 15 13


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 13 14


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 25.02 28.35


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 5,357 5,818


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 7.1 5.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 90 91


Agricultural raw materials 5 5


Fuels 2 –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 3 4


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 64 65


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG 51 51


(GLEOHSURGXFWVDQGSUHSDUDWLRQVQHV 7 7


&RIIHHDQGFRIIHHVXEVWLWXWHV 6 7


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 89


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV&HQWUDO$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH&DQDGD&KLQD 39/29/17/3/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2707 0.4631


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -1,097 -664


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 6




121


EL SALVADOR


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 21,040 21,040


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 73 76


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 6,218 6,297


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,594 2,739


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 41 42


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 23 21


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 9 10


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 18.34 19.43


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,950 3,065


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 5.4 6.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 78 81


Agricultural raw materials 2 3


Fuels 7 8


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 12 8


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 42 43


&RIIHHDQGFRIIHHVXEVWLWXWHV 21 18


6XJDUPRODVVHVDQGKRQH\\&HUHDOSUHSDUDWLRQVƃRXURIIUXLWVRUYHJHWDEOHV 11 16


&HUHDOSUHSDUDWLRQVƃRXURIIUXLWVRUYHJHWDEOHVSugar, molasses and honey (061) 10 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 86


&HQWUDO$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&DQDGD&KLQD 42/25/13/3/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2127 0.1988


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 480 449


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 16 14


CENTRAL AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


122


GUATEMALA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 108,890 108,890


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 40 41


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 14,342 15,083


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 5,680 6,284


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 38 38


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 36 35


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 10 10


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.4


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 32.57 36.13


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,271 2,336


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 11.7 11.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 78 77


Agricultural raw materials 7 7


Fuels 7 6


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 9 10


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 47 46


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHGSugar, molasses and honey (061) 16 17


&RIIHHDQGFRIIHHVXEVWLWXWHVFruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried (057) 16 15


6XJDUPRODVVHVDQGKRQH\\Coffee and coffee substitutes (071) 15 14


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 80


8QLWHG6WDWHV&HQWUDO$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&DQDGD-DSDQ 43/21/9/4/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1843 0.1389


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -1,913 -2,448


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 15 14




123


HONDURAS


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 112,490 112,490


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 29 29


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 7,621 7,936


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,988 3,284


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 34 35


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 22 20


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 21 21


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 11.65 12.89


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,528 1,592


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 18.0 23.3


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 77 77


Agricultural raw materials 3 2


Fuels 7 7


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 13 14


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 51 54


&RIIHHDQGFRIIHHVXEVWLWXWHV 28 35


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG 14 10


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 9 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 90


8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&HQWUDO$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH&KLQD&DQDGD 33/33/17/5/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2932 0.2240


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -889 -1,675


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 23 12


CENTRAL AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


124


MEXICO


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,964,380 1,964,380


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 54 55


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 117,886 120,848


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 49,605 52,739


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 37 37


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 16 14


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 12 12


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 953.07 1’042.99


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 8,085 8,526


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 6.7 7.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 26 24


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 54 54


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 19 21


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 62 61


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 47 48


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 8 7


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 7 6


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 91


8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD,QGLD&DQDGD 71/10/4/3/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1370 0.1576


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,624 1,399


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 7 5




125


NICARAGUA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 130,370 130,370


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 39 42


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 5,822 5,992


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,376 2,581


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 38 39


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 15 13


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 8 8


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 7.29 8.46


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,252 1,391


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 12.8 14.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 86 76


Agricultural raw materials 1 3


Fuels 1 1


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 12 19


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 47 49


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVCoffee and coffee substitutes (071) 21 17


&RIIHHDQGFRIIHHVXEVWLWXWHVMeat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen (011) 16 17


0HDWRIERYLQHDQLPDOVIUHVKFKLOOHGRUIUR]HQGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 10 15


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 89


8QLWHG6WDWHV&HQWUDO$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH9HQH]XHOD%ROLYDULDQ5HSXEOLFRI&DQDGD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ 34/18/14/12/10


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2513 0.2123


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -276 -233


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 54 17


CENTRAL AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


126


PANAMA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 75,420 75,420


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 30 31


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 3,678 3,802


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,649 1,756


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 37 38


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 15 14


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 4 3


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 23.12 30.49


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,287 7,892


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 8.8 19.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 48 35


Agricultural raw materials 1 3


Fuels 39 49


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 12 13


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 54 49


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOPetroleum oils, oils from bituminous materials, crude (333) 22 29


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG 17 12


5HVLGXDOSHWUROHXPSURGXFWVQHVUHODWHGPDWHUPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 15 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 79


(FXDGRU(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&HQWUDO$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV&DQDGD 38/16/10/10/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1728 0.1503


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -542 -1,753


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 26 11




SOUTH AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


128


0
0


10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90


100


10 20 30 40 50 60


Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


Brazil


Argentina Uruguay


Colombia


Venezuela
(Bolivarian Republic of)


Peru


Ecuador


Paraguay Bolivia
(Plurinational
State of)


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All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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20
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Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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Pe
ru


Su
rin


am
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Ur
ug


ua
y


0


20


40


60


80


100


Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013


Bo
liv


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(P


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129


ARGENTINA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 2,780,400 2,780,400


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 53 54


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 40,374 41,087


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 18,366 19,185


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 40 41


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 8 7


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 11 11


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 253.75 289.95


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,285 6,996


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 12.1 10.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 75 81


Agricultural raw materials 2 1


Fuels 13 8


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 10 9


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 41 43


)HHGLQJVWXIIIRUDQLPDOVQRXQPLOOHGFHUHDOV 21 23


0DL]HQRWLQFOXGLQJVZHHWFRUQXQPLOOHG)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVVRIWFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHG 11 10


)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVVRIWFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHG2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU 9 10


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 61


6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD8QLWHG6WDWHV&DQDGD 26/16/11/5/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1370 0.1548


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -29,229 -40,139


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5


SOUTH AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


130


BOLIVIA (PLURINATIONAL STATE OF)


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,098,580 1,098,580


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 34 35


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 10,157 10,496


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 4,585 4,936


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 45 45


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 43 42


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 42 42


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.4


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 11.95 14.07


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,177 1,318


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 30.6 40.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 20 16


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 47 55


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 32 28


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 68 68


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 44 51


2UHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVRIEDVHPHWDOVQHV 15 9


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVOres and concentrates of precious metals; waste, scrap
(289)


9 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 92


6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ-DSDQ.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 68/12/6/3/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1841 0.4788


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -698 -1,197


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 38 20




131


BRAZIL


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 8,514,880 8,515,770


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 32 33


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 195,210 198,656


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 101,601 106,147


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 44 44


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 11 10


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 25 24


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.4


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,096.45 1,163.51


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 5,617 5,807


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 5.8 6.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 51 52


Agricultural raw materials 6 6


Fuels 15 14


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 27 28


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 41 45


,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 19 21


2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXUPetroleum oils, oils from bituminous materials, crude (333) 12 13


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU 10 11


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 69


&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH-DSDQ 29/22/7/6/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.0881 0.1512


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -48,774 -68,502


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 15 5


SOUTH AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


132


CHILE


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 756,100 756,100


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 21 21


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 17,151 17,465


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 8,032 8,414


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 40 40


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 12 11


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 14 15


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 147.87 172.16


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 8,622 9,771


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ò


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 28.5 24.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 21 23


Agricultural raw materials 7 7


Fuels 1 1


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 71 69


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 70 68


&RSSHU 42 36


&RSSHURUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVFRSSHUPDWWHVFHPHQWFRSSHU 21 25


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG 7 7


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 79


&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV-DSDQ6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH 30/16/12/12/9


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2886 0.3450


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -7,785 -9,188


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 9 5




133


COLOMBIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,141,750 1,141,750


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 37 38


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 46,445 47,704


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 22,143 23,634


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 42 43


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 16 15


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 25 25


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 182.95 211.04


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 3,939 4,367


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 10.6 13.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 17 11


Agricultural raw materials 4 3


Fuels 70 79


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 9 7


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 68 78


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 39 55


&RDOZKHWKHURUQRWSXOYHUL]HGQRWDJJORPHUDWHG 20 14


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 9 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 80


8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH&KLQD3DQDPD 39/18/9/8/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2946 0.4581


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -997 638


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 22 11


SOUTH AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


134


ECUADOR


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 256,370 256,370


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 29 30


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 15,001 15,492


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 6,857 7,368


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 40 40


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 18 16


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 25 26


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.8


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 49.04 57.68


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 3,269 3,665


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 21.6 25.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 36 32


Agricultural raw materials 5 4


Fuels 58 62


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 3


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 79 82


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 53 58


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWVFruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried (057) 15 14


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHGFishery products (03) 11 10


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 88


8QLWHG6WDWHV6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ3DQDPD 48/22/12/3/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.4501 0.5254


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -3,514 -5,196


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 19 11




135


GUYANA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 214,970 214,970


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 8 9


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 786 795


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 302 319


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 36 35


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 17 15


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 8 8


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.8


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.63 1.88


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,071 2,356


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 37.6 43.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 38 34


Agricultural raw materials 6 4


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 56 62


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 68 71


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 41 48


$OXPLQLXPRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVLQFOXGLQJDOXPLQD Rice (042) 14 12


6XJDUPRODVVHVDQGKRQH\\Aluminium ores and concentrates (including alumina) (285) 13 11


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 82


8QLWHG6WDWHV&DQDGD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH8NUDLQH 30/27/17/5/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3274 0.4490


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -113 -161


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 23 10


SOUTH AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


136


PARAGUAY


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 406,750 406,750


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 52 54


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 6,460 6,687


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 3,088 3,329


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 40 40


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 27 26


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 8 7


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 13.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 11.15 12.99


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,726 1,909


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 29.2 26.6


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 80 76


Agricultural raw materials 4 2


Fuels 16 20


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 2


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 64 64


2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU 31 32


(OHFWULFFXUUHQWMeat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen (011) 17 19


0HDWRIERYLQHDQLPDOVIUHVKFKLOOHGRUIUR]HQElectric current (351) 16 13


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 80


6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV7XUNH\\ 44/18/13/3/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3216 0.3411


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -3,537 -4,788


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 20 11




137


PERU


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,285,220 1,285,220


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 19 19


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 29,263 29,988


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 15,481 16,399


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 45 45


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 24 23


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 31 32


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 5.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 112.19 134.17


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 3,834 4,417


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 19.1 18.6


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 18 18


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 10 14


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 70 67


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 54 53


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 26 23


&RSSHURUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVFRSSHUPDWWHVFHPHQWFRSSHU 18 21


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOOres and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s. (287) 10 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 75


&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV6ZLW]HUODQG6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH 20/18/16/10/10


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2262 0.2283


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -2,313 -2,755


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 32 9


SOUTH AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


138


SURINAME


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 163,820 163,820


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 1 1


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 525 535


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 204 214


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 37 38


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 16 15


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 24 24


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.9


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 2.73 3.10


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 5,192 5,744


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 22.6 47.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 12 10


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 15 10


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 72 79


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 86 88


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 49 56


$OXPLQLXPRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVLQFOXGLQJDOXPLQD 22 22


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 15 10


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 81


&DQDGD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV8QLWHG6WDWHV6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH 23/20/19/13/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5102 0.5514


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 92 52


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 16 8




139


URUGUAY


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 176,220 176,220


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 86 87


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 3,372 3,395


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,708 1,751


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 44 45


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 11 11


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 14 15


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 22.99 26.60


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,818 7,808


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ò


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 13.4 12.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 82 86


Agricultural raw materials 13 11


Fuels 3 1


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 2 2


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 44 52


2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXUMeat of bovine animals, fresh, chilled or frozen (011) 22 24


0HDWRIERYLQHDQLPDOVIUHVKFKLOOHGRUIUR]HQ2LOVHHGVDQGROHDJLQRXVIUXLWVH[FOXGLQJƃRXU 13 20


5LFH 9 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 77


6RXWK$PHULFDLQWUDWUDGH&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV 31/20/15/6/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1705 0.2281


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -3,016 -4,637


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 9 5


SOUTH AMERICA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


140


VENEZUELA (BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF)


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 912,050 912,050


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 24 25


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 29,043 29,955


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 13,463 14,464


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 39 40


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 5 5


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 6 6


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 174.55 194.22


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,010 6,388


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ò


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 15.5 20.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 1 2


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 95 95


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 4 3


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 96 94


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 72 73


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 22 20


$OXPLQLXP 2 1


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 88


8QLWHG6WDWHV&KLQD,QGLD6LQJDSRUH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ 43/17/17/6/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6042 0.6192


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 6,502 9,153


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 14 5




EASTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


142




0


10


20


30


40


50


60


70


80


90


100


0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100


Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13
Data on commodity exports as a percentage of GDP is not available for the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Consequently, this country does not appear on the graph.


Republic of Korea


China


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0


20


40


60


80


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All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


0


20


40


60


80


100


Ch
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20


40


60


80
100


Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


0


20


40


60


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100


Ch
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0
20
40
60
80


100


Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013




143


CHINA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 9,600,000 9,600,000


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 54 55


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,359,821 1,377,065


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 801,588 816,976


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 45 44


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 62 60


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 48 48


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 3,890.89 4,928.05


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,861 3,557


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ò


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG p p


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 2.4 2.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 32 29


Agricultural raw materials 7 6


Fuels 25 23


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 36 42


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 38 41


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 17 18


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 13 14


$OXPLQLXP 8 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 62


(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH-DSDQ(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV9LHWQDP 26/13/11/9/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.0772 0.0968


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 30,715 60,215


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 24 11


EASTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


144


DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 120,540 120,540


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 22 22


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 24,501 24,763


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.0


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 14,575 14,913


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 48 48


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 21 20


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 46 46


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 0.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 12.96 13.16


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 529 529


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG n.a. n.a.


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 10 7


Agricultural raw materials 4 2


Fuels 48 66


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 38 25


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 64 79


&RDOZKHWKHURUQRWSXOYHUL]HGQRWDJJORPHUDWHG 39 61


,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 17 13


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWVPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 8 5


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 99


(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ,QGRQHVLD3DNLVWDQ 94/3/1/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1084 0.3968


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 300 487


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 23 38




145


MONGOLIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,564,120 1,564,120


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 73 73


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 2,713 2,796


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,183 1,268


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 46 47


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 19 17


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 48 48


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 15.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 3.45 5.25


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,273 1,849


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*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 42.7 38.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 2 1


Agricultural raw materials 7 7


Fuels 10 27


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 80 65


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 75 67


&RSSHURUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVFRSSHUPDWWHVFHPHQWFRSSHU 46 39


&RDOZKHWKHURUQRWSXOYHUL]HGQRWDJJORPHUDWHGGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 15 19


,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVOres and concentrates of base metals, n.e.s. (287) 14 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 99


(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH&DQDGD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ 91/4/2/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3696 0.3726


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 317 683


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 30 22


EASTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


146


REPUBLIC OF KOREA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 100,030 100,150


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 18 18


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 48,454 49,003


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 24,265 24,816


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 41 41


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 5 4


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 43 43


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,019.09 1,107.59


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 21,032 22,483


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 5.2 6.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 10 8


Agricultural raw materials 8 7


Fuels 59 68


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 24 17


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 68 74


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 55 65


&RSSHU 7 5


6\\QWKHWLFUXEEHUGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 6 4


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 69


(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH-DSDQ6LQJDSRUH,QGRQHVLD8QLWHG6WDWHV 29/16/11/7/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1572 0.1482


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 13,018 18,782


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5




SOUTHERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


148


0


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Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


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All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
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Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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20
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Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013




149


AFGHANISTAN


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 652,860 652,860


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 58 58


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 28,398 29,825


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 6.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 8,270 9,303


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 15 16


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 73 71


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 32 33


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 10.39 12.81


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 366 419


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 1.3 1.6


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 55 43


Agricultural raw materials 32 34


Fuels 1 10


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 11 14


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 65 54


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG 40 27


&UXGHYHJHWDEOHPDWHULDOVQHVCotton (263) 13 14


&RWWRQCrude vegetable materials, n.e.s. (292) 12 13


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 95


6RXWKHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV 78/9/4/3/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3568 0.2775


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 592 1,735


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 30 25


SOUTHERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


150


BANGLADESH


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 148,460 148,460


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 62 70


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 151,126 154,695


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 72,274 77,358


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 40 40


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 44 41


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 51 52


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 88.15 106.30


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 583 679


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 1.2 1.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 60 63


Agricultural raw materials 25 21


Fuels 11 11


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 5 6


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 69 64


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 53 49


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 11 10


9HJHWDEOHVTobacco, unmanufactured; tobacco refuse (121) 5 5


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 73


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6RXWKHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH&KLQD8QLWHG6WDWHV8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV 31/20/12/8/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3758 0.3632


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 4,213 5,814


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 33 17




151


BHUTAN


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 38,390 38,390


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 14 14


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 717 742


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 365 398


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 42 42


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 85 85


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 34 35


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 8.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.29 1.58


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,797 2,100


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 17.6 11.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 10 22


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 65 42


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 25 36


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 79 62


(OHFWULFFXUUHQW 63 40


&RSSHU 11 12


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHGOther crude minerals (278) 5 10


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 100


6RXWKHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ1LJHULD 97/1/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3203 0.3392


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 37 66


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


SOUTHERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


152


INDIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 3,287,260 3,287,260


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 55 60


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,205,625 1,236,687


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.7


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 472,580 498,687


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 25 25


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 57 56


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 32 33


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.9


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,251.82 1,441.48


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,038 1,151


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 5.6 7.6


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 19 24


Agricultural raw materials 4 7


Fuels 37 43


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 40 26


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 65 64


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 35 41


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHG 23 18


5LFH,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 7 5


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 54


&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV8QLWHG6WDWHV6LQJDSRUH 15/12/11/10/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1461 0.1839


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -3,518 -15,817


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 24 15




153


IRAN (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF)


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,745,150 1,745,150


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 28 30


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 74,462 76,424


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 25,226 27,059


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 18 18


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 26 24


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 46 49


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH -1.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 264.28 264.50


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 3,549 3,415


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ò


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 19.5 13.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 4 4


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 90 88


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 5 7


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 89 86


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 82 80


,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 5 3


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH 2 3


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 85


&KLQD6RXWKHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH-DSDQ.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI7XUNH\\ 37/19/12/11/7


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.7819 0.5854


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 4,715 5,671


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5


SOUTHERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


154


MALDIVES


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 300 300


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 23 23


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 326 338


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 153 167


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 42 42


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 15 13


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 39 38


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 1.68 2.15


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 5,155 6,230


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV t


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 7.3 9.3


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 73 91


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 25 7


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 3 2


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97 97


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 71 90


/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH 24 5


3HWUROHXPJDVHVRWKHUJDVHRXVK\\GURFDUERQVQHVFerrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel (282) 2 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 95


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ7KDLODQG6RXWKHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV&KLQD 52/17/14/8/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2827 0.7036


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 95 110


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 12 6




155


NEPAL


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 147,180 147,180


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 28 29


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 26,846 27,474


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.0


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 16,034 17,439


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 49 49


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 75 75


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 48 49


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.8


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 10.30 11.59


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 384 417


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 1.9 1.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 74 74


Agricultural raw materials 11 13


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 15 14


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 44 39


6SLFHVVegetables (054) 25 14


9HJHWDEOHVCrude vegetable materials, n.e.s. (292) 10 14


&UXGHYHJHWDEOHPDWHULDOVQHVSpices (075) 9 11


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 93


6RXWKHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV7XUNH\\ 85/5/2/1/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3235 0.1372


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 425 708


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 23 13


SOUTHERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


156


PAKISTAN


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 796,100 796,100


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 33 35


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 173,149 179,160


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.7


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 59,739 65,157


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 21 21


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 41 40


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 30 32


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.6


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 139.22 154.21


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 804 847


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*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 2.9 2.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 67 74


Agricultural raw materials 8 11


Fuels 20 7


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 5 8


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 67 45


5LFH 42 32


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 20 7


&RWWRQ 5 6


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 62


6RXWKHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG$UDE(PLUDWHV&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6DXGL$UDELD 26/12/12/7/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2147 0.1894


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,028 65


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 25 22




157


SRI LANKA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 65,610 65,610


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 40 43


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 20,759 21,098


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 8,607 8,865


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 32 33


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 47 46


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 37 37


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 33.25 40.86


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,602 1,921


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 6.2 5.3


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 73 76


Agricultural raw materials 10 8


Fuels – 1


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 17 15


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 65 65


7HDDQGPDWH 45 44


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHG 14 12


6SLFHVFishery products (03) 6 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 53


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ6RXWKHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH5XVVLDQ)HGHUDWLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV&KLQD 21/16/7/4/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2313 0.2001


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -371 -450


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 31 25


SOUTHERN ASIA






SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


160


0


20


40


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Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


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All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
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Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
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Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
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Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013


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161


BRUNEI DARUSSALAM


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 5,770 5,770


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 2 3


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 401 412


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 195 206


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 42 42


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 1 –


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG – –


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.8


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 9.85 10.47


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 24,589 25,057


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 68.2 70.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items – –


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 100 100


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold – –


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 100 100


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHGPetroleum oils, oils from bituminous materials, crude (333) 56 51


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 43 49


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHG 1 –


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 92


-DSDQ.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH$XVWUDOLD,QGLD 45/16/16/8/7


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5906 0.6570


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 473 512


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5


SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


162


CAMBODIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 181,040 181,040


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 31 33


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 14,365 14,865


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 7,973 8,479


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 50 50


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 62 61


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 51 51


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 6.9


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 8.69 10.67


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 605 705


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 5.1 7.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 26 49


Agricultural raw materials 30 31


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 44 20


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 58 53


1DWXUDOUXEEHUDQGVLPLODUJXPVLQSULPDU\\IRUPV 20 22


5LFHStone, sand and gravel (273) 19 18


9HJHWDEOHV Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 19 13


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 96


6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI8QLWHG6WDWHV 67/15/12/2/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3626 0.3254


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 641 1,036


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 32 16




163


INDONESIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 1,910,930 1,910,930


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 29 31


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 240,677 246,864


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 118,023 123,441


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 38 38


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 42 40


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 39 40


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 5.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 377.90 451.85


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,570 1,808


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 13.5 13.6


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 27 28


Agricultural raw materials 9 9


Fuels 47 51


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 17 12


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 48 52


&RDOZKHWKHURUQRWSXOYHUL]HGQRWDJJORPHUDWHG 19 20


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHG
other than "soft" (422)


16 16


)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGRWKHUWKDQVRIWNatural gas,
ZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG


13 16


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 79


&KLQD6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH-DSDQ,QGLD.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 21/21/18/10/9


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1254 0.1569


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -13,149 -17,351


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 20 9


SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


164


LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 236,800 236,800


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 10 11


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 6,396 6,646


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 3,169 3,414


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 50 49


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 75 74


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 52 52


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 8.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 3.99 5.02


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 624 742


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 18.4 19.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 11 9


Agricultural raw materials 20 24


Fuels 14 21


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 55 46


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 71 66


&RSSHU 29 25


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWVCopper ores and concentrates; copper mattes; cement copper (283) 24 21


(OHFWULFFXUUHQWForestry products (24+25) 18 20


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 99


6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH,QGLD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ-DSDQ$XVWUDOLD 81/7/6/3/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2958 0.2812


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 80 161


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 43 22




165


MALAYSIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 330,800 330,800


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 23 24


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 28,276 29,240


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 11,977 12,722


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 36 36


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 13 12


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 21 20


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 178.67 206.37


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,319 6,944


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV t


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 24.9 28.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 37 31


Agricultural raw materials 8 6


Fuels 49 55


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 7 8


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 55 58


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGRWKHUWKDQVRIW 21 21


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 19 20


)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGRWKHUWKDQVRIWPetroleum oils, oils from bituminous
materials, crude (333)


15 17


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 73


6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH-DSDQ&KLQD$XVWUDOLD,QGLD 27/19/16/6/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2185 0.1720


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -9,265 -10,721


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5


SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


166


MYANMAR


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 676,590 676,590


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 19 19


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 51,931 52,797


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 27,971 29,157


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 49 49


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 67 66


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 48 48


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 5.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 20.29 24.06


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 391 452


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 16.6 15.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 23 22


Agricultural raw materials 16 15


Fuels 42 43


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 18 21


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 71 72


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 41 42


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHG 16 18


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWV 14 12


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97


6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH,QGLD-DSDQ%DQJODGHVK.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 71/20/3/2/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2635 0.4040


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -1,008 -805


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 63 17




167


PHILIPPINES


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 300,000 300,000


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 41 42


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 93,444 96,707


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 38,719 41,664


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 39 39


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 35 33


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 24 24


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 131.14 155.33


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,403 1,579


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 3.6 4.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 51 48


Agricultural raw materials 4 5


Fuels 14 16


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 31 32


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 36 29


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGRWKHU
than "soft" (422)


14 11


)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGRWKHUWKDQqVRIWrCopper (682) 13 9


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 9 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 81


&KLQD6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH-DSDQ.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI8QLWHG6WDWHV 23/16/15/14/13


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.4278 0.2198


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 2,513 1,531


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 26 12


SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


168


SINGAPORE


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 710 710


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 1 1


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 5,079 5,303


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.3


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 2,809 2,948


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 42 42


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 LQƂQLWHVLPDO LQƂQLWHVLPDO


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG – –


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 172.10 188.87


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG t t


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 33,885 34,900


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 30.3 32.6


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 10 10


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels 77 80


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 12 8


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 82 83


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 75 78


$OFRKROLFEHYHUDJHVGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 5 3


(GLEOHSURGXFWVDQGSUHSDUDWLRQVQHVAlcoholic beverages (112) 2 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 83


6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH&KLQD$XVWUDOLD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ,QGLD 50/18/10/3/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2697 0.2707


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 2,644 3,522


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




169


THAILAND


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 513,120 513,120


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 41 43


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 66,402 66,785


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 39,404 40,446


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 46 46


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 49 46


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 45 45


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 225.69 248.27


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 3,399 3,705


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*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 16.2 16.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 47 45


Agricultural raw materials 16 17


Fuels 17 22


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 19 16


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 39 41


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 14 17


1DWXUDOUXEEHUDQGVLPLODUJXPVLQSULPDU\\IRUPVFishery products (03) 13 13


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWVNatural rubber and similar gums, in primary forms (231) 12 11


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 76


6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH&KLQD-DSDQ(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV 30/21/10/8/7


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1085 0.0791


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -15,722 -17,292


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 36 7


SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


170


TIMOR-LESTE


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 14,870 14,870


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 25 26


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,079 1,114


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 6.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 343 383


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 33 33


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 80 79


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 45 45


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 9.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 2.96 3.83


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,739 3,381


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 0.3 0.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 18 2


Agricultural raw materials 1 –


Fuels 80 98


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold – –


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97 100


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH 52 94


/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQHPetroleum oils, oils from bituminous materials, crude (333) 28 4


&RIIHHDQGFRIIHHVXEVWLWXWHV 17 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 100


6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI-DSDQ(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&DQDGD 63/25/10/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG n.a. 0.9355


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 73 210


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 45 29




171


VIET NAM


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 330,951 330,960


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 33 35


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 89,047 90,796


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 51,687 54,264


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 49 48


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 57 56


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 49 49


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 5.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 78.28 92.08


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 879 1,004


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 22.0 24.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 53 53


Agricultural raw materials 9 11


Fuels 34 33


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 4 3


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 54 52


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 23 24


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 19 19


5LFH 12 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 74


&KLQD6RXWK(DVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH-DSDQ(XURSHDQ8QLRQ8QLWHG6WDWHV 24/20/11/11/8


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2444 0.1274


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -6,472 -10,988


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 46 13


SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA






WESTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


174


0


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Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13


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All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
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Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013




175


BAHRAIN


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 760 760


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 11 11


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,252 1,318


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 711 769


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 19 20


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 1 1


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG – –


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.9


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 20.93 22.95


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 16,722 17,231


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 42.0 48.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 5 5


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 49 55


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 46 40


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 83 82


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 41 46


$OXPLQLXP 31 23


,URQRUHDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 11 13


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 62


:HVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ,QGLD.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI&KLQD 27/13/7/7/7


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.4289 0.3565


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 976 656


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


WESTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


176


IRAQ


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 435,240 435,240


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 18 18


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 30,962 32,778


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 7,452 8,394


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 18 18


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 6 5


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 51 52


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 7.8


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 48.36 61.38


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,562 1,818


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a.


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 39.6 58.3


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items – –


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Fuels 99 99


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 –


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 99 100


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 98 99


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 0.9 0.8


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 0.4 0.2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 85


8QLWHG6WDWHV,QGLD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ&KLQD.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 21/20/18/15/10


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.9553 0.9805


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 11,210 14,180


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 8 24




177


JORDAN


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 89,320 89,320


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 11 12


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 6,455 7,009


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,589 1,795


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 18 18


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 7 6


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 61 64


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.9


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 17.03 18.46


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,639 2,537


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 7.1 7.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 53 57


Agricultural raw materials 1 3


Fuels 3 2


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 43 38


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 56 53


&UXGHIHUWLOL]HUVH[FOXGLQJWKRVHRIGLYLVLRQ 25 27


9HJHWDEOHV 19 18


/LYHDQLPDOVRWKHUWKDQDQLPDOVRIGLYLVLRQGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 11 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 91


:HVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH,QGLD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ,QGRQHVLD(J\\SW 57/22/6/3/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1612 0.1564


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,497 2,316


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 6 5


WESTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


178


KUWAIT


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 17,820 17,820


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 9 9


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 2,992 3,250


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.7


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,357 1,478


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 24 24


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 1 1


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG – –


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.2


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 85.60 98.68


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 28,615 29,295


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 47.4 56.1


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items – –


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 99 99


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 98 99


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 74 79


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 18 16


/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH 6 4


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 76


.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI,QGLD&KLQD-DSDQ8QLWHG6WDWHV 18/16/16/14/12


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6394 0.7190


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 3,463 4,731


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 40 5




179


LEBANON


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 10,450 10,450


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 61 72


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 4,341 4,647


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 1.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,454 1,530


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 25 26


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 2 2


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 32 33


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 29.97 31.53


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 6,904 6,538


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 5.4 6.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 34 34


Agricultural raw materials 3 2


Fuels 1 8


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 62 56


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 54 46


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 33 26


3HDUOVDQGSUHFLRXVRUVHPLSUHFLRXVVWRQHVXQZRUNHGRUZRUNHG 11 11


1RQIHUURXVEDVHPHWDOZDVWHDQGVFUDSQHVFerrous waste, scrape; remelting ingots, iron, steel (282) 9 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 85


:HVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH6RXWK$IULFD6ZLW]HUODQG(XURSHDQ8QLRQ.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 41/17/12/11/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1257 0.1174


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,876 2,290


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5


WESTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


180


OMAN


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 309,500 309,500


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 5 5


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 2,803 3,314


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,216 1,337


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 18 18


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 26 24


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 7 7


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 42.95 47.18


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 15,324 12,989


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 48.0 54.1


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 4 4


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 92 89


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 5 7


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 91 89


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 71 62


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 15 18


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 5 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 84


&KLQD-DSDQ.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI:HVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH7KDLODQG 44/14/11/10/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.8021 0.5905


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,180 1,497


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




181


QATAR


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 11,610 11,610


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 6 6


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 1,750 2,051


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 1,315 1,446


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 12 12


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 1 1


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG – –


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.8


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 101.94 128.21


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG t t


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 58,259 59,119


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 46.7 64.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items – –


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 99 99


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 92 91


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHGPetroleum oils, oils from bituminous materials, crude (333) 46 48


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 38 35


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH 8 8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 84


-DSDQ.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI,QGLD&KLQD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ 31/21/12/11/10


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6034 0.5216


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 1,759 2,798


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


WESTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


182


SAUDI ARABIA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 2,149,690 2,149,690


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 81 81


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 27,258 28,288


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.0


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 9,557 10,385


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 15 16


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 5 4


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 6 5


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 435.99 517.53


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 15,995 17,952


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 39.4 46.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 2 1


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 98 98


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97 97


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 87 89


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 8 6


/LTXHƂHGSURSDQHDQGEXWDQH 3 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 74


&KLQD8QLWHG6WDWHV-DSDQ.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI(XURSHDQ8QLRQ 27/14/14/10/9


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.7233 0.7667


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 10,561 20,030


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5




183


SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 185,180 185,180


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 75 76


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 21,533 21,890


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 5,452 5,993


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 15 16


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 25 22


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 61 63


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH -15.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 36.08 30.51


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,676 1,393


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 13.5 4.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 42 66


Agricultural raw materials 2 2


Fuels 52 29


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 4 4


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 60 44


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOPetroleum oils, oils from bituminous materials, crude (333) 40 21


9HJHWDEOHVPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 12 13


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHGVegetables (054) 8 10


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97


:HVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH(XURSHDQ8QLRQ(J\\SW,QGLD/LE\\D 85/7/2/2/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6279 0.1495


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -104 -9


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


WESTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


184


TURKEY


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 783,560 783,560


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 50 50


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 72,138 73,997


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 26,531 27,866


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 29 29


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 30 28


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 53 54


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 565.10 650.00


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 7,834 8,674


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 3.4 4.7


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 48 42


Agricultural raw materials 2 2


Fuels 18 18


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 32 38


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 44 49


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 16 22


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOGold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) (971) 14 17


)UXLWVDQGQXWVH[FOXGLQJRLOQXWVIUHVKRUGULHG 14 10


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 75


(XURSHDQ8QLRQ:HVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH,UDQ,VODPLF5HSXEOLFRI&KLQD(J\\SW 27/25/12/6/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.0981 0.0690


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -4,471 -5,270


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5




185


UNITED ARAB EMIRATES


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 83,600 83,600


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 5 5


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 8,442 9,206


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.0


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 4,927 5,387


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 15 15


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 3 3


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG – –


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.7


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 229.85 204.45


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 24,219 24,593


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 49.6 72.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 6 5


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 69 75


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 25 20


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 77 73


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 57 51


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 11 11


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVPearls and precious or semiprecious stones, unworked
or worked (667)


9 11


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 70


&KLQD-DSDQ,QGLD.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI7KDLODQG 21/19/16/7/7


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5344 0.4230


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 4,865 6,230


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 5 5


WESTERN ASIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


186


YEMEN


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 527,970 527,970


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 45 45


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 22,763 23,852


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.9


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 6,459 7,313


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 26 26


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 36 33


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 40 41


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 23.60 21.64


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,037 886


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 23.2 22.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 8 8


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 88 89


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 4 2


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 87 88


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 72 52


1DWXUDOJDVZKHWKHURUQRWOLTXHƂHG 8 29


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 7 7


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 84


&KLQD7KDLODQG.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI:HVWHUQ$VLDLQWUDWUDGH,QGLD 35/15/14/10/10


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.8487 0.5661


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 2,148 3,038


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 29 26




OCEANIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


188


0


20


40


60


80


100


120


140


0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Commodity exports as a percentage of GDP, 2012/13


The size of the bubbles is proportional to Commodity dependence, 2012/13
Palau’s and Vanuatu’s bubbles are not visible on this graph as they are hidden by others’ bubbles


Nauru


Solomon Islands


Papua New Guinea


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Micronesia
(Federated States of)


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20


40


60


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0


20


40


60


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100


All food exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Agricultural raw materials exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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Fuel exports, as a percentage of commodity exports,
2012-2013


Minerals, ores and metals exports, as a percentage
of commodity exports, 2012-2013


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Commodity exports as a percentage of merchandise
exports, 2012-2013


All food import value as a percentage of commodity
import value, 2012-2013


Fi
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189


FIJI


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 18,270 18,270


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 23 23


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 861 875


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 2.8


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 365 376


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 32 33


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 35 34


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 21 22


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.1


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 3.02 3.19


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 3,508 3,622


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 18.6 22.6


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 68 58


Agricultural raw materials 7 6


Fuels 15 24


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 10 11


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 52 56


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLOFishery products (03) 23 24


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWVPetroleum oils or bituminous minerals > 70 % oil (334) 15 20


1RQDOFRKROLFEHYHUDJHVQHVSugar, molasses and honey (061) 14 12


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 81


2FHDQLDLQWUDWUDGH8QLWHG6WDWHV$XVWUDOLD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ-DSDQ 29/21/12/11/8


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.2462 0.2567


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -71 -73


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 7 5


OCEANIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


190


KIRIBATI


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 810 810


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 42 42


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 98 101


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.2


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 48 51


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 42 43


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 23 22


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 27 27


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 3.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.11 0.12


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 1,134 1,186


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 3.0 3.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 98 99


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 –


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 97 99


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 90 91


&RFRD)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGRWKHUWKDQVRIW 6 6


)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGRWKHUWKDQVRIWOres and concentrates of precious
metals; waste, scrap (289)


1 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 95


7KDLODQG-DSDQ&RORPELD1LJHULD&KLQD 66/12/8/6/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5727 0.8743


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 17 18


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 8 5




191


MARSHALL ISLANDS


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 180 180


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 72 72


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 52 53


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ n.a.


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 26 26


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 42 42


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 23 23


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 33 33


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.15 0.16


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,867 3,001


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ n.a.


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 3.4 6.2


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 70 86


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels 28 13


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 2 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 94 96


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 65 82


3HWUROHXPRLOVRUELWXPLQRXVPLQHUDOV!RLO 27 12


$QLPDOVRLOVDQGIDWV)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGRWKHUWKDQVRIW 2 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 83


7KDLODQG&KLQD8JDQGD8QLWHG6WDWHV9LHWQDP 36/26/9/8/4


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5226 0.8778


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -4 -11


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


OCEANIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


192


MICRONESIA (FEDERATED STATES OF)


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 700 700


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 31 31


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 103 104


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 51 51


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 41 41


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 24 22


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 25 25


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.25 0.26


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,378 2,488


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ


COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 9.2 9.9


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 99 98


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold – 1


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 100 99


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 99 98


)HUURXVZDVWHVFUDSHUHPHOWLQJLQJRWVLURQVWHHOCrude animal materials, n.e.s. (291) 0.3 0.6


1RQIHUURXVEDVHPHWDOZDVWHDQGVFUDSQHV 0.2 0.6


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 96


7KDLODQG&KLQD-DSDQ.RUHD5HSXEOLFRIWKH3KLOLSSLQHV 54/21/13/7/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.7162 0.9651


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 25 37


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




193


NAURU


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 20 20


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 20 20


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 10 10


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ n.a.


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 5 5


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 40 40


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 20 20


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG – –


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.04 0.06


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 4,060 5,784


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 54.9 65.6


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 2 1


Agricultural raw materials 1 –


Fuels 6 –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 91 99


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 98 100


&UXGHIHUWLOL]HUVH[FOXGLQJWKRVHRIGLYLVLRQ 91 98


1LFNHOResidual petroleum products, n.e.s., related materials (335) 6 0.8


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 1 0.7


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 99


.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI,QGLD1HZ=HDODQG$XVWUDOLD-DSDQ 41/20/18/15/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.7589 0.9363


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 3 11


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


OCEANIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


194


PALAU


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 460 460


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 11 11


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 20 21


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ n.a.


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 10 10


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 40 40


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 20 20


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 50 50


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.17 0.17


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 8,161 8,080


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 2.8 3.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 97 97


Agricultural raw materials – –


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 3 2


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 99 98


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 96 96


)HUURXVZDVWHVFUDSHUHPHOWLQJLQJRWVLURQVWHHO 2 0.8


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVAlcoholic beverages (112) 1 0.8


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 100


-DSDQ&KLQD8QLWHG6WDWHV(XURSHDQ8QLRQ2FHDQLDLQWUDWUDGH 95/2/1/1/1


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5324 0.9204


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 9 31


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




195


PAPUA NEW GUINEA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 462,840 462,840


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 2 3


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 6,859 7,167


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.1


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 3,025 3,285


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 48 48


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 70 68


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 56 56


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 6.49 8.20


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 947 1,120


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 55.8 37.0


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 19 19


Agricultural raw materials 8 9


Fuels 16 19


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 57 53


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 67 54


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHV 31 25


&RSSHURUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVFRSSHUPDWWHVFHPHQWFRSSHU 22 15


3HWUROHXPRLOVRLOVIURPELWXPLQRXVPDWHULDOVFUXGH 14 14


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 87


$XVWUDOLD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ-DSDQ&KLQD.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 46/15/14/9/3


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.3534 0.3162


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -156 -492


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


OCEANIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


196


SAMOA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 2,840 2,840


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 12 12


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 186 189


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.5


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 69 71


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 34 34


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 26 25


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 33 33


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 2.4


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.45 0.47


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,413 2,462


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 3.4 3.8


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 92 94


Agricultural raw materials 1 1


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 7 5


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 74 75


$OFRKROLFEHYHUDJHVFishery products (03) 40 43


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWVAlcoholic beverages (112) 21 26


)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGRWKHUWKDQVRIWVegetables (054) 13 6


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 87


2FHDQLDLQWUDWUDGH&RORPELD$XVWUDOLD1HZ=HDODQG7KDLODQG 65/6/6/5/5


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.6672 0.2667


FOOD SECURITY


$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 50 65


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 11 5




197


SOLOMON ISLANDS


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 28,900 28,900


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 4 4


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 526 550


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.4


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 217 238


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 38 39


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 70 69


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 46 47


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.5


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.52 0.63


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 985 1,121


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 23.7 38.1


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Î


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 25 18


Agricultural raw materials 74 67


Fuels – –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 1 15


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 91 89


)RUHVWU\\SURGXFWV 74 66


*ROGQRQPRQHWDU\\H[FOXGLQJJROGRUHVDQGFRQFHQWUDWHVFishery products (03) 10 14


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV)L[HGYHJHWDEOHIDWVDQGRLOVFUXGHUHƂQHGRUIUDFWLRQDWHGRWKHUWKDQVRIW 7 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 90


&KLQD$XVWUDOLD(XURSHDQ8QLRQ7KDLODQG.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI 60/15/10/2/2


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.5773 0.6209


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 21 3


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 25 13


OCEANIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


198


TONGA


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 750 750


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 41 43


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 104 105


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 4.0


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 42 42


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 43 43


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 26 26


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 45 36


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.27 0.28


9DOXHDGGHGE\\HFRQRPLFDFWLYLW\\DVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DJULFXOWXUHLQGXVWU\\VHUYLFHVDQG


&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,601 2,702


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ Ô


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 1.8 2.4


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 90 79


Agricultural raw materials 6 12


Fuels 2 –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 2 9


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 81 76


9HJHWDEOHVFishery products (03) 53 41


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWVVegetables (054) 23 26


&UXGHYHJHWDEOHPDWHULDOVQHVFruits and nuts (excluding oil nuts), fresh or dried (057) 5 9


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 84


1HZ=HDODQG.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI8QLWHG6WDWHV-DSDQ&KLQD 21/21/15/15/12


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.4049 0.2825


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 41 48


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.




199


TUVALU


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 30 30


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 60 60


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 10 10


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ n.a.


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 4 4


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 50 50


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 25 25


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG – –


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 1.3


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.03 0.03


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&RPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHLPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


5HDO*'3SHUFDSLWD86DQG 2,597 2,670


0'*3URSRUWLRQRISRSXODWLRQEHORZ333SHUGD\\VHOHFWHG\\HDUV n.a. n.a.


*LQLLQGH[SHUFHQWDJHODWHVWDYDLODEOH\\HDU n.a.


+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[UDQNDQGGLUHFWLRQRIFKDQJHLQUDQNLQJ n.a.


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&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIPHUFKDQGLVHH[SRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


&RPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI*'3DQG 0.3 0.5


Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ò


([SRUWVE\\FRPPRGLW\\JURXSDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG


All food items 61 94


Agricultural raw materials 14 2


Fuels 2 –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold 23 3


7KUHHOHDGLQJFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 78 99


)LVKHU\\SURGXFWV 49 94


$OXPLQLXP 20 3


1DWXUDOUXEEHUDQGVLPLODUJXPVLQSULPDU\\IRUPVCrude vegetable materials, n.e.s. (292) 9 2


)LYHOHDGLQJGHVWLQDWLRQPDUNHWVIRUFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\H[SRUWVDQG 100


-DSDQ.RUHD5HSXEOLFRI%UD]LO(XURSHDQ8QLRQ2FHDQLDLQWUDWUDGH 59/14/7/7/6


([SRUWFRQFHQWUDWLRQUDWLR+HUƂQGDKO+LUVFKPDQQLQGH[DQG 0.1509 0.6762


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$OOIRRGLPSRUWVYDOXHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIFRPPRGLW\\LPSRUWYDOXHPLOOLRQVRI86DQG


1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG 2 2


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 n.a. n.a.


OCEANIA




THE STATE OF COMMODITY DEPENDENCE 2014


200


VANUATU


GENERAL INFORMATION PAST PRESENT


&RXQWU\\DUHDVTXDUHNLORPHWUHVDQG 12,190 12,190


Agricultural area as a percentage of country area, 2010 and 2012 15 15


3RSXODWLRQLQKDELWDQWVDQG 236 247


7RWDOIHUWLOLW\\UDWHFKLOGUHQSHUZRPDQ 3.6


/DERXUIRUFHZRUNHUVDQG 105 114


:RPHQLQODERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIWRWDOODERXUIRUFHDQG 43 43


Labour force in agriculture as a percentage of total labour force, 2010 and 2013 36 35


:RPHQLQDJULFXOWXUHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRIODERXUIRUFHLQDJULFXOWXUHDQG 47 45


$QQXDOJURZWKUDWHRIUHDO*'3SHUFHQWDJH 4.0


&RQVWDQW*'3ELOOLRQVRI86DQG 0.50 0.54


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COMMODITY EXPORT DEPENDENCE


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Direction of commodity export dependence, 1995-2013 Ô


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All food items 96 96


Agricultural raw materials 3 3


Fuels 1 –


Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold – –


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(422)


2 2


0HDWRIERYLQHDQLPDOVIUHVKFKLOOHGRUIUR]HQCrude vegetable materials, n.e.s. (292) 2 2


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FOOD SECURITY


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1HWIRRGLPSRUWVPLOOLRQVRI86DQG -6 8


Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption, 1991 and 2013 11 7




2014


Printing at United Nations, Geneva – 1504437 (E) – April 2015 – 1024 – UNCTAD/SUC/2014/7




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