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This book contains data related to development and environment. Its main goal is to provide information to countries on the state of their environment and natural resources It contains more than 50 indicators for more than 200 countries critical to the post-2015 development dialogue. The chosen indicators are based on the Millennium Development Goals. Issues currently being discussed for SDGs and cover the three pillars of sustainability (economic, social, and environmental).





2013 THE LITTLE GREENDATA BOOK




© 2013 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank
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ISBN (paper): 978-0-8213-9814-2
ISBN (electronic): 978-0-8213-9815-9
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9814-2


The Little Green Data Book 2013 is a product of the Development
Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency
and the Environment Department of the World Bank.


Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, DC.




iiiThe Little Green Data Book 2013


Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv


Foreword. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v


Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii


Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1


World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2


East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3


Europe and Central Asia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4


Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5


Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6


South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7


Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8


Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


Low income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10


Middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12


Upper middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13


Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14


High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15


Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16


Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17


Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232


Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233


References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239


Contents




iv 2013 The Little Green Data Book


The Little Green Data Book 2013 is based on World Development Indicators
2013 and its online database. Defining, gathering, and disseminating
international statistics is a collective effort of many people and organizations.
The indicators presented in World Development Indicators are the fruit of
decades of work at many levels, from the field workers who administer
censuses and household surveys to the committees and working parties
of the national and international statistical agencies that develop the
nomenclature, classifications, and standards fundamental to the international
statistical system. Nongovernmental organizations have also made important
contributions. We are indebted to the World Development Indicators partners,
as detailed in World Development Indicators 2013.


The Little Green Data Book 2013 is the result of close collaboration between
the staff of the Development Data Group of the Development Economics
Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department
of the Sustainable Development Vice Presidency. Liu Cui, Mahyar Eshragh-
Tabary, Sonu Jain, Glenn-Marie Lange, Esther Naikal, Urvashi Narain, William
Prince, and Jomo Tariku contributed to its preparation. Azita Amjadi and
Alison Kwong coordinated the production of the book. Barton Matheson
Willse & Worthington typeset the book. The work was carried out under the
direction of Shaida Badiee and Juergen Voegele. Staff from The World Bank’s
Office of the Publisher oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.


Acknowledgments




vThe Little Green Data Book 2013


Foreword
Welcome to the Little Green Data Book 2013. For 13 years, we have been taking
the pulse of development and environment using more than 50 indicators
for more than 200 countries. Today, we believe that one of the indicators—
Adjusted Net Savings—is critical to the post-2015 development dialogue.


When leaders from around the world gathered in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012
for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
(Rio +20), one of the main outcomes was to launch a process to develop
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These goals could define the post-
2015 agenda, building on the Millennium Development Goals. Issues currently
being discussed for SDGs cover the three pillars of sustainability—economic,
social, and environmental.


Yet, many countries do not have the information they need on the state of
their environment and natural resources—whether in terms of GDP or from
other conventional indicators. Increasingly, they need a new generation of
metrics to monitor sustainable development at the macroeconomic level.


One of the key indicators in the Little Green Data Book, Adjusted Net Savings
(ANS), allows countries to do just that. Also known as genuine savings, ANS
shows whether a country is on the path to sustainable development (see
box on regional Adjusted Net Saving Rate on page vi). It monitors whether
depletion of natural capital, such as minerals or forests, is compensated
for by investment in other assets, such as human capital or infrastructure.
A positive ANS indicates that a country is adding to its overall wealth and
that economic growth is on a sustainable path. In resource-rich countries
in particular, macroeconomic indicators such as ANS can be a useful
complement to GDP, providing a more comprehensive lens on the long-term
sustainability of economic growth.


The World Bank has linked this approach to our core mission—ending poverty
and boosting shared prosperity. It also allows us to monitor our commitment to
intergenerational equity so that we are not using our resources today in a way
that compromises the quality of life and aspirations of our children tomorrow.


The Development Committee, a Joint Ministerial Committee of the Boards
of Governors of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, at
its April 2013 meeting discussed a new paper that defines the direction
of the World Bank Group. “We have committed, working closely with our
development partners, to moving beyond a reliance on GDP and promoting
wealth and natural capital accounting and making progress in the development
of measures of genuine savings . . .” says the Development Committee
paper, A Common Vision for the World Bank Group.


As we move toward 2015 and the deadline for the implementation of the
UN’s Millennium Development Goals approaches, we hope policy makers
will find indicators like the ANS useful for development and implementation
of their post-2015 development agendas.




vi 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Foreword


The Little Green Data Book is a result of close collaboration between the
World Bank’s Development Data Group within the Development Economics
Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department
of the Sustainable Development Vice Presidency. We welcome suggestions
on how to improve future editions and make them even more useful.


Juergen Voegle Shaida Badiee
Director Director
Agriculture and Environmental Services Development Data Group


Box 1. Adjusted net savings paths diverge


1980


35


30


25


20


15


10


5


0


–5


–0


1990


East Asia & Pacific
Latin America & Caribbean


South Asia
Europe & Central Asia


Sub-Saharan Africa


pe
rc


en
t o


f G
NI


2000 2010


Adjusted Net Saving Rate (share of GNI, %)


Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2013.


Savings lay the basis for building wealth and future growth. Adjusted net
savings (ANS) measures the real difference between production and consump-
tion, taking into account investments in human capital, depreciation of fixed
capital, depletion of natural resources, and damages caused by pollution.
The East Asia and Pacific region has maintained the highest savings rate
among developing regions since 1980, driven largely by China. South Asia
has displayed consistently strong savings rates, fluctuating between 10 and
20 percent since 1985, with India dominating the aggregate figure. Over the
past decades, Latin America’s rates have remained fairly constant, while
Eastern Europe and Central Asia are more variable. In Sub-Saharan Africa,
ANS has not only declined in recent years but dipped below zero, suggesting
unsustainable development and declining wealth.




viiThe Little Green Data Book 2013


The data in this book are for the most recent year available as noted in
the glossary.


• Growth rates are calculated as annual averages and represented as
percentages.


• Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income
economies only.


• Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those
specified in the glossary.


Symbols used:


.. indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot


be calculated because of missing data.


0 or 0.0 indicates zero or small enough that the number would round


to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.


$ indicates current U.S. dollars.


Lettered notes on country tables can be found in the notes page. Data are
shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for smaller
economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country (used
interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence or
official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which
the authorities report separate social or economic statistics.


The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used
to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For more
information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being
by 2015—please see the other books in the World Development Indicators
2013 family of products at data.worldbank.org/products/data-books.


Data notes






1The Little Green Data Book 2013


Regional tables
The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical


regions and may differ from common geographic usage.


East Asia and Pacific


American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic


People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia,


Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar,


Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands,


Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam.


Europe and Central Asia


Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,


Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former


Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania,


Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,


Uzbekistan.


Latin America and the Caribbean


Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,


Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,


Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico,


Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the


Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela.


Middle East and North Africa


Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq,


Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West


Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen.


South Asia


Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri


Lanka.


Sub-Saharan Africa


Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde,


Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, the Democratic Republic


of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon,


The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia,


Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia,


Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles,


Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland,


Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


9,514
8,340


52.0
2.2


37
..


765
3,708


31.0
0.1


12.3
3,086
3,776
6,286


11,275


178,323
0.5
7.9


10.0
284,300
150,398


1,851
9.9


2,975
67.0
15.9


4.7


6,115
9.2
70
88
80
96
63
46
79


41
..
..


51


23.1
13.1
4.2
2.8
0.6
0.0
0.4
0.3


10.0


2 2013 The Little Green Data Book


World
Population (millions) 6,974.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 129,710 GDP ($ billions) 70,020.4




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,248
3,884


48.6
3.6


48
..


610
5,050


29.7
-0.4
15.0


101,299
3.4
9.1
1.4


137,690
56,537


1,520
10.9


2,337
79.8
16.5


4.6


4,446
10.9


73
90
84
97
66
58
76


55
..
..


21


49.3
11.0


2.1
4.3
1.7
0.0
0.9
1.1


32.2


3The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 1,974.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 15,853 GDP ($ billions) 9,313.0


East Asia & Pacific




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


7,734
6,652


64.7
0.3


28
..


3,374
2,740


38.7
0.0
7.5


5,790
-2.9
-0.5
10.4


..


..


3,015
2.0


4,059
65.4
18.8


7.1


12,498
6.3
60
96
91
99
84
81
87


21
..
..


21


26.1
12.3


3.6
9.3
0.8
0.0
0.7
0.3
6.2


4 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 408.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 22,748 GDP ($ billions) 3,634.9


Europe & Central Asia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


8,574
7,648


79.1
2.0


37
..


3,448
3,838


46.8
0.4


20.2


19,009
0.1


11.8
13.1


15,100
39,997


1,312
16.7


1,973
39.0
53.7


2.7


22,810
2.0
68
94
81
98
79
59
84


28
..
..


19


21.1
12.2


5.0
4.5
1.9
0.0
0.2
0.3
6.8


5The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 589.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20,116 GDP ($ billions) 5,645.5


Latin America & Caribbean




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,866
3,285


58.9
2.5


23
..


2,627
2,475


2.4
–0.1
3.9


3,538
2.4


13.1
2.0


5,700
217


1,372
0.9


1,658
92.9


5.4
4.1


673
122.1


86
89
81
94
88
80
94


59
..
..


32


27.0
10.8
4.5


15.2
0.6
0.1
0.6
0.9
6.1


6 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 336.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 8,641 GDP ($ billions) 1,201.9


Middle East & North Africa




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,313
1,201
30.9


2.8


55
..


550
2,959


17.1
–0.3
5.9


13,219
2.3
8.1
1.7


15,440
10,343


519
26.7
555
80.6
14.0
1.4


1,197
51.6


91
90
88
96
38
28
60


62
..
..


62


33.5
9.2
2.8
2.8
1.0
0.6
0.8
0.6


21.6


7The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 1,656.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 4,771 GDP ($ billions) 2,296.0


South Asia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,258
1,022
36.5


3.8


44
..


334
1,361


27.8
0.5


11.7


6,383
1.8


16.0
5.8


17,980
27,808


683
58.2
553


65.2
18.7
0.9


4,455
3.2
84
61
48
83
31
23
42


41
..
..


109


18.4
10.9


3.7
10.4
2.2
0.5
0.5
0.4


–1.2


8 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 874.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23,589 GDP ($ billions) 1,266.0


Sub-Saharan Africa




9The Little Green Data Book 2013


For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion
for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each
economy in The Little Data Book is classified as low income, middle income,
or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred
to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not
intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar
development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final
stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect
development status. Note: Classifications are fixed during the World Bank’s
fiscal year (ending on June 30), thus countries remain in the categories in
which they are classified irrespective of any revisions to their per capita
income data.


Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,025 or less
in 2011.


Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than
$1,025 but less than $12,476. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-
income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $4,036.


High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,476 or more.


Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary
Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency:
Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland,
Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia,
and Spain.


Income group tables




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


571
521


28.0
3.5


39
..


308
2,034


25.7
0.6


10.0


11,563
4.0
4.9


..
15,120
25,818


363
66.2
242


32.0
45.3


0.3


5,125
4.5
90
65
57
86
37
32
47


54
..
..


95


25.2
7.7
3.0
1.4
2.0
1.2
0.3
0.5


15.2


10 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 816.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 16,079 GDP ($ billions) 475.8


Low income




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,148
3,692


49.6
2.6


38
..


802
3,549


33.3
0.1


12.5


137,675
1.2
9.3
7.2


176,790
109,084


1,310
12.7


1,823
72.9
20.5


3.5


5,819
9.5
78
90
84
96
59
45
75


46
..
..


46


35.1
11.4
3.3
5.8
1.5
0.1
0.7
0.7


18.2


11The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 5,022.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 79,639 GDP ($ billions) 23,040.8


Middle income




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,772
1,595


38.7
2.7


46
..


716
3,065


28.4
0.3
9.9


40,238
2.4


10.0
2.9


143,440
60,301


667
26.2
698
73.0
17.4
1.6


3,121
20.2


88
87
84
93
47
35
66


53
..
..


62


29.7
9.9
3.1
6.3
1.2
0.3
0.7
0.6


14.7


12 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 2,532.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20,067 GDP ($ billions) 4,792.8


Lower middle income




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


6,563
5,821


60.6
2.5


35
..


869
3,944


34.8
0.0


13.3


97,437
0.7
9.0
8.4


33,350
48,783


1,948
8.1


2,942
72.9
21.3
5.5


8,550
5.6
66
93
86
98
73
62
81


42
..
..


20


36.4
11.8
3.3
5.7
1.6
0.0
0.7
0.7


19.2


13The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 2,489.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 59,573 GDP ($ billions) 18,245.5


Upper middle income




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,652
3,251
46.6


2.7


38
..


731
3,291


32.0
0.2


12.0


149,238
1.5
9.0
7.2


191,910
134,902


1,210
14.4


1,661
72.0
20.9


3.1


5,722
8.9
79
86
79
95
56
43
73


47
..
..


56


34.9
11.3
3.3
5.7
1.5
0.1
0.7
0.7


18.2


14 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 5,839.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 95,718 GDP ($ billions) 23,543.3


Low and middle income




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


39,860
34,611


80.5
1.1


37
..


26,515
5,349


28.4
0.0


12.9


28,774
–1.7
1.8


16.5
81,970
15,496


5,000
4.4


9,415
62.0
11.2
11.4


8,195
10.3


41
100


98
100
100
99


100


22
..
..
6


17.9
13.9


4.6
1.4
0.2
0.0
0.2
0.1
6.6


15The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 1,135.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 33,991 GDP ($ billions) 46,606.1


High income




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


38,661
33,727


75.5
0.7


45
..


25,415
5,784


37.4
–0.3
17.0


4,023
–1.5
0.6


15.1
..
..


3,633
7.4


6,847
46.8
11.1


7.4


2,933
19.1


32
100
100
100
100
100
100


18
..
..
4


19.9
14.0
4.8
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1


10.3


16 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 332.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,552 GDP ($ billions) 13,079.9


Euro area




17The Little Green Data Book 2013


China


Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong


SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China.


Cyprus


GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area


controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus.


France


Data for Mayotte, to which a reference appeared in previous editions, are


included in data for France.


Georgia


GNI, GDP and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP and


population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia.


Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia


Data for each country are shown separately where available. However, some


indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro; these data


are noted in the tables. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from


1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory


under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution


1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29,


2009, and its data are shown where available.


Moldova


GNI, GDP and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP and


population exclude Transnistria.


Morocco


GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former


Spanish Sahara.


South Sudan and Sudan


South Sudan declared its independence on July 9, 2011. Data are shown


separately for South Sudan where available. However, data reported for


Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted.


Tanzania


GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland


Tanzania only.


For more information, see World Development Indicators 2013 or data.


worldbank.org.


Country tables




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


470 1,313 571
490 1,201 521
23.5 30.9 28.0


4.2 2.8 3.5


58 55 39
5.4 .. ..


.. 550 308
1,660 2,959 2,034


2.1 17.1 25.7
0.0 -0.3 0.6
0.4 5.9 10.0
11
14
5
2


1.0 13,219 11,563
-0.5 2.3 4.0


.. 8.1 4.9


.. 1.7 ..


.. 15,440 15,120


.. 10,343 25,818


.. 519 363


.. 26.7 66.2


.. 555 242


.. 80.6 32.0


.. 14.0 45.3
0.2 1.4 0.3


1,335 1,197 5,125
43.0 51.6 4.5


99 91 90
50 90 65
42 88 57
78 96 86
37 38 37
30 28 32
60 60 47


30 62 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


101 62 95


.. 33.5 25.2
7.8 9.2 7.7


.. 2.8 3.0
0.0 2.8 1.4
0.0 1.0 2.0
2.1 0.6 1.2
0.2 0.8 0.3
0.5 0.6 0.5


.. 21.6 15.2


18 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


South
Asia


group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 35.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 652 GDP ($ billions) 19.2


Afghanistan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,980 7,734 1,772
3,431 6,652 1,595
53.4 64.7 38.7


1.7 0.3 2.7


44 28 46
17.0 .. ..


2,144 3,374 716
4,459 2,740 3,065


28.3 38.7 28.4
-0.1 0.0 0.3
9.8 7.5 9.9


3
6


39
0


7.3 5,790 40,238
-3.0 -2.9 2.4
-4.2 -0.5 10.0
1.6 10.4 2.9


.. .. 143,440


.. .. 60,301


648 3,015 667
9.9 2.0 26.2


1,770 4,059 698
0.0 65.4 73.0


100.0 18.8 17.4
0.9 7.1 1.6


8,364 12,498 3,121
6.8 6.3 20.2
58 60 88
95 96 87
94 91 84
96 99 93
94 84 47
93 81 35
95 87 66


38 21 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


14 21 62


12.8 26.1 29.7
10.7 12.3 9.9
2.8 3.6 3.1
3.4 9.3 6.3
0.3 0.8 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.3 0.7 0.7
0.3 0.3 0.6
0.7 6.2 14.7


19The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 3.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 27 GDP ($ billions) 13.0


Albania




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,470 3,866 6,563
3,531 3,285 5,821


72.9 58.9 60.6
3.3 2.5 2.5


17 23 35
2.1 .. ..


2,254 2,627 869
1,515 2,475 3,944


0.6 2.4 34.8
0.6 -0.1 0.0
6.3 3.9 13.3
14
11
36
13


104 3,538 97,437
0.6 2.4 0.7
8.5 13.1 9.0


0.29 2.0 8.4
.. 5,700 33,350
.. 217 48,783


1,138 1,372 1,948
0.2 0.9 8.1


1,026 1,658 2,942
99.6 92.9 72.9


0.4 5.4 21.3
3.5 4.1 5.5


313 673 8,550
54.8 122.1 5.6


64 86 66
83 89 93
79 81 86
85 94 98
95 88 73
88 80 62
98 94 81


69 59 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


30 32 20


50.4 27.0 36.4
11.5 10.8 11.8
4.5 4.5 3.3


18.2 15.2 5.7
0.2 0.6 1.6
0.1 0.1 0.0
0.5 0.6 0.7
0.3 0.9 0.7


25.3 6.1 19.2


20 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 36.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,382 GDP ($ billions) 188.7


Algeria




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 4,248 6,563


.. 3,884 5,821
93.2 48.6 60.6


2.5 3.6 2.5


25 48 35
.. .. ..
.. 610 869
.. 5,050 3,944


88.4 29.7 34.8
0.2 –0.4 0.0
0.3 15.0 13.3


1
8
9
1


4.8 101,299 97,437
25.3 3.4 0.7


.. 9.1 9.0
17.0 1.4 8.4
220 137,690 33,350
0.52 56,537 48,783


.. 1,520 1,948


.. 10.9 8.1


.. 2,337 2,942


.. 79.8 72.9


.. 16.5 21.3


.. 4.6 5.5


.. 4,446 8,550


.. 10.9 5.6


.. 73 66


.. 90 93


.. 84 86


.. 97 98


.. 66 73


.. 58 62


.. 76 81


.. 55 42


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. 21 20


.. 49.3 36.4


.. 11.0 11.8


.. 2.1 3.3


.. 4.3 5.7


.. 1.7 1.6


.. 0.0 0.0


.. 0.9 0.7


.. 1.1 0.7


.. 32.2 19.2


21The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 70 Land area (sq. km) 200 GDP ($ millions) ..


American Samoa




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


41,750 39,860
.. 34,611


87.3 80.5
1.9 1.1


43 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


34.0 28.4
0.0 0.0
6.1 12.9


2
1
0
0


.. 28,774


.. –1.7


.. 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2
6.2 11.4


3,663 8,195
.. 10.3
.. 41


100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


18 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


.. 17.9
13.2 13.9


2.9 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0
0.1 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


22 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 86 Land area (sq. km) 470 GDP ($ billions) 3.7


Andorra




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,830 1,258 6,563
2,471 1,022 5,821
59.1 36.5 60.6
5.3 3.8 2.5


47 44 35
.. .. ..


162 334 869
694 1,361 3,944


46.8 27.8 34.8
0.2 0.5 0.0


12.4 11.7 13.3
15
25
39
33


263 6,383 97,437
3.3 1.8 0.7


.. 16.0 9.0
0.07 5.8 8.4


.. 17,980 33,350
312 27,808 48,783


716 683 1,948
56.2 58.2 8.1
248 553 2,942
32.7 65.2 72.9
67.3 18.7 21.3
1.4 0.9 5.5


7,544 4,455 8,550
0.4 3.2 5.6
33 84 66
51 61 93
38 48 86
60 83 98
58 31 73
19 23 62
85 42 81


58 41 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


158 109 20


22.8 18.4 36.4
12.5 10.9 11.8


3.5 3.7 3.3
35.0 10.4 5.7


0.0 2.2 1.6
0.0 0.5 0.0
0.2 0.5 0.7
1.8 0.4 0.7


–23.2 –1.2 19.2


23The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 19.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,247 GDP ($ billions) 104.3


Angola




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


11,940 8,574 6,563
.. 7,648 5,821


29.9 79.1 60.6
0.9 2.0 2.5


20 37 35
.. .. ..


2,850 3,448 869
2,000 3,838 3,944


22.3 46.8 34.8
0.2 0.4 0.0
7.0 20.2 13.3


2
1


18
4


2.3 19,009 97,437
4.7 0.1 0.7


.. 11.8 9.0
0.70 13.1 8.4
240 15,100 33,350
8.4 39,997 48,783


1,699 1,312 1,948
.. 16.7 8.1
.. 1,973 2,942
.. 39.0 72.9
.. 53.7 21.3


5.3 2.7 5.5


580 22,810 8,550
9.6 2.0 5.6
20 68 66


.. 94 93


.. 81 86
95 98 98


.. 79 73


.. 59 62
98 84 81


13 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
8 19 20


28.0 21.1 36.4
12.6 12.2 11.8
2.2 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
0.0 1.9 1.6


.. 0.0 0.0
0.3 0.2 0.7


.. 0.3 0.7


.. 6.8 19.2


24 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 90 Land area (sq. km) 440 GDP ($ billions) 1.1


Antigua and Barbuda




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


9,740 8,574 6,563
8,836 7,648 5,821


92.5 79.1 60.6
1.4 2.0 2.5


54 37 35
.. .. ..


10,959 3,448 869
4,672 3,838 3,944


10.7 46.8 34.8
0.8 0.4 0.0
5.5 20.2 13.3
38
50
37
36


796 19,009 97,437
1.7 0.1 0.7


11.9 11.8 9.0
1.1 13.1 8.4


.. 15,100 33,350


.. 39,997 48,783


1,847 1,312 1,948
3.3 16.7 8.1


2,904 1,973 2,942
65.7 39.0 72.9
26.8 53.7 21.3


4.4 2.7 5.5


6,771 22,810 8,550
11.8 2.0 5.6


66 68 66
97 94 93
80 81 86
98 98 98
90 79 73
77 59 62
91 84 81


57 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


14 19 20


22.9 21.1 36.4
12.4 12.2 11.8
6.0 5.0 3.3
4.3 4.5 5.7
0.5 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.4 0.2 0.7
1.5 0.3 0.7
9.8 6.8 19.2


25The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 40.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,737 GDP ($ billions) 446.0


Argentina




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,360 7,734 1,772
3,083 6,652 1,595


64.1 64.7 38.7
–0.9 0.3 2.7


60 28 46
8.9 .. ..


5,093 3,374 716
2,742 2,740 3,065


9.1 38.7 28.4
1.5 0.0 0.3
8.0 7.5 9.9


9
13


3
1


7.1 5,790 40,238
–5.7 –2.9 2.4
1.1 –0.5 10.0


.. 10.4 2.9


.. .. 143,440


.. .. 60,301


791 3,015 667
0.0 2.0 26.2


1,606 4,059 698
22.2 65.4 73.0
39.4 18.8 17.4


1.5 7.1 1.6


2,212 12,498 3,121
41.2 6.3 20.2


66 60 88
98 96 87
97 91 84
99 99 93
90 84 47
80 81 35
95 87 66


45 21 53
8 .. ..


17 .. ..
18 21 62


18.3 26.1 29.7
9.8 12.3 9.9
2.2 3.6 3.1
0.0 9.3 6.3
1.7 0.8 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.3 0.7 0.7
1.4 0.3 0.6
7.3 6.2 14.7


26 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 3.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28 GDP ($ billions) 10.2


Armenia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611
46.9 80.5


2.3 1.1


11 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


2.3 28.4
0.0 0.0
0.1 12.9


2
1


15
1


0.17 28,774
–4.3 –1.7


.. 1.8
0.0 16.5


<50 81,970
0.71 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2
21.5 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41
100 100
100 98
100 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9
5.5 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


27The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 108 Land area (sq. km) 180 GDP ($ millions) ..


Aruba




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


49,790 39,860
46,204 34,611


89.2 80.5
1.5 1.1


53 37
0.5 ..


35,165 26,515
2,097 5,349


19.3 28.4
0.4 0.0


10.6 12.9
55
51


102
46


237 28,774
–1.6 –1.7
8.7 1.8


28.3 16.5
48,960 81,970


9,910 15,496


5,653 5,000
4.2 4.4


10,286 9,415
91.1 62.0
5.2 11.2


18.4 11.4


22,039 8,195
4.6 10.3
74 41


100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


13 22
.. ..
.. ..
5 6


23.8 17.9
15.1 13.9
4.8 4.6
2.3 1.4
4.7 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.0 0.1
6.8 6.6


28 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 22.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 7,682 GDP ($ billions) 1,379.4


Australia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


48,170 39,860
42,291 34,611


67.7 80.5
0.6 1.1


35 37
1.4 ..


25,771 26,515
7,873 5,349


47.2 28.4
–0.1 0.0
22.9 12.9


3
9


11
10


2.5 28,774
–2.0 –1.7
–1.7 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


4,034 5,000
17.8 4.4


8,356 9,415
32.9 62.0
56.5 11.2


7.4 11.4


6,529 8,195
6.6 10.3


3 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


27 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


25.6 17.9
14.2 13.9
5.3 4.6
0.1 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2
0.2 0.1


16.2 6.6


29The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 8.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 82 GDP ($ billions) 417.7


Austria




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


5,290 7,734 6,563
3,275 6,652 5,821
53.6 64.7 60.6


1.2 0.3 2.5


58 28 35
29.5 .. ..


1,360 3,374 869
2,484 2,740 3,944


11.3 38.7 34.8
0.0 0.0 0.0
7.1 7.5 13.3


7
15
10
0


1.6 5,790 97,437
–15.9 –2.9 0.7
–4.0 –0.5 9.0


.. 10.4 8.4


.. .. 33,350


.. .. 48,783


1,307 3,015 1,948
0.0 2.0 8.1


1,603 4,059 2,942
81.6 65.4 72.9
18.4 18.8 21.3


5.5 7.1 5.5


885 12,498 8,550
150.5 6.3 5.6


76 60 66
80 96 93
71 91 86
88 99 98
82 84 73
78 81 62
86 87 81


27 21 42
3 .. ..


11 .. ..
45 21 20


51.6 26.1 36.4
12.8 12.3 11.8


3.4 3.6 3.3
33.8 9.3 5.7


0.1 0.8 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.8 0.7 0.7
0.4 0.3 0.7
7.1 6.2 19.2


30 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 9.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 83 GDP ($ billions) 63.4


Azerbaijan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


21,970 39,860
18,695 34,611


84.3 80.5
1.7 1.1


1 37
.. ..


44,812 26,515
4,410 5,349


51.4 28.4
0.0 0.0


13.7 12.9
6
6


29
5


10.4 28,774
1.5 –1.7


.. 1.8
0.41 16.5


3,150 81,970
875 15,496


2,156 5,000
.. 4.4
.. 9,415
.. 62.0
.. 11.2


7.6 11.4


58 8,195
.. 10.3
.. 41
.. 100
.. 98


98 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..
16 6


12.1 17.9
13.7 13.9
3.8 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


31The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 347 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 10 GDP ($ billions) 7.8


Bahamas, The




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


15,920 39,860
11,033 34,611


88.7 80.5
4.7 1.1


11 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


0.7 28.4
–3.6 0.0
1.3 12.9


3
3
8
0


9.9 28,774
1.0 –1.7


.. 1.8
0.65 16.5
570 81,970


0.65 15,496


7,754 5,000
0.0 4.4


9,814 9,415
100.0 62.0


0.0 11.2
20.7 11.4


3 8,195
8,935.0 10.3


45 41
.. 100
.. 98


100 100
.. 100
.. 99


100 100


44 22
.. ..
.. ..


10 6


34.4 17.9
14.2 13.9


3.0 4.6
18.1 1.4


0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.9 0.2
0.1 0.1
9.6 6.6


32 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 1.3 Land area (sq. km) 760 GDP ($ billions) 22.9


Bahrain




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


780 1,313 571
731 1,201 521


28.4 30.9 28.0
3.4 2.8 3.5


70 55 39
52.6 .. ..
535 550 308


4,191 2,959 2,034


11.1 17.1 25.7
0.2 –0.3 0.6
1.8 5.9 10.0
34
31
17
16


3,125 13,219 11,563
4.4 2.3 4.0


10.4 8.1 4.9
0.81 1.7 ..
<50 15,440 15,120


4,951 10,343 25,818


209 519 363
28.1 26.7 66.2
279 555 242


96.1 80.6 32.0
3.9 14.0 45.3
0.3 1.4 0.3


698 1,197 5,125
34.2 51.6 4.5


88 91 90
81 90 65
80 88 57
85 96 86
56 38 37
55 28 32
57 60 47


115 62 54
5 .. ..


10 .. ..
46 62 95


33.5 33.5 25.2
7.6 9.2 7.7
1.8 2.8 3.0
1.9 2.8 1.4
0.0 1.0 2.0
0.4 0.6 1.2
0.4 0.8 0.3
0.7 0.6 0.5


24.4 21.6 15.2


33The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


South
Asia


group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 150.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 130 GDP ($ billions) 111.9


Bangladesh




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


12,660 39,860
.. 34,611


44.4 80.5
1.7 1.1


35 37
.. ..
.. 26,515


3,444 5,349


19.4 28.4
0.0 0.0
0.1 12.9


3
2


20
2


1.8 28,774
–2.4 –1.7


.. 1.8
0.07 16.5


<100 81,970
0.04 15,496


1,476 5,000
.. 4.4
.. 9,415
.. 62.0
.. 11.2


5.8 11.4


292 8,195
76.1 10.3


33 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


35 22
.. ..
.. ..


20 6


17.2 17.9
12.4 13.9


7.4 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0
0.3 0.2
0.0 0.1


.. 6.6


34 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 274 Land area (sq. km) 430 GDP ($ billions) 3.7


Barbados




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


5,830 7,734 6,563
4,906 6,652 5,821


75.0 64.7 60.6
0.3 0.3 2.5


44 28 35
0.3 .. ..


6,247 3,374 869
3,250 2,740 3,944


42.7 38.7 34.8
–0.4 0.0 0.0
7.2 7.5 13.3


4
6
2
1


17.4 5,790 97,437
–4.6 –2.9 0.7
–0.1 –0.5 9.0


.. 10.4 8.4


.. .. 33,350


.. .. 48,783


2,922 3,015 1,948
6.2 2.0 8.1


3,564 4,059 2,942
99.2 65.4 72.9


0.1 18.8 21.3
6.3 7.1 5.5


3,927 12,498 8,550
11.7 6.3 5.6


19 60 66
100 96 93
99 91 86


100 99 98
93 84 73
97 81 62
91 87 81


6 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
6 21 20


27.2 26.1 36.4
11.5 12.3 11.8
4.4 3.6 3.3
1.4 9.3 5.7
0.0 0.8 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
1.1 0.7 0.7
0.0 0.3 0.7


17.6 6.2 19.2


35The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 9.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 203 GDP ($ billions) 55.1


Belarus




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


45,930 39,860
40,544 34,611


97.5 80.5
0.5 1.1


44 37
0.4 ..


.. 26,515
9,004 5,349


22.4 28.4
–0.2 0.0
13.8 12.9


2
4


11
0


22.5 28,774
–2.9 –1.7


–11.7 1.8
0.04 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


5,586 5,000
5.1 4.4


8,388 9,415
40.3 62.0


0.3 11.2
9.6 11.4


1,089 8,195
51.8 10.3


1 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


21 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


22.1 17.9
13.9 13.9


6.1 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.2 0.1


13.9 6.6


36 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 11.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 30 GDP ($ billions) 513.7


Belgium




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,710 8,574 1,772
3,275 7,648 1,595
44.8 79.1 38.7


2.7 2.0 2.7


7 37 46
.. .. ..


4,258 3,448 716
2,817 3,838 3,065


60.6 46.8 28.4
0.7 0.4 0.3


27.9 20.2 9.9
8
5


30
27


268 19,009 40,238
26.1 0.1 2.4
20.3 11.8 10.0
11.9 13.1 2.9


1,330 15,100 143,440
958 39,997 60,301


571 1,312 667
.. 16.7 26.2
.. 1,973 698
.. 39.0 73.0
.. 53.7 17.4


1.2 2.7 1.6


44,868 22,810 3,121
0.9 2.0 20.2
20 68 88
98 94 87
99 81 84
98 98 93
90 79 47
87 59 35
93 84 66


12 28 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


17 19 62


17.4 21.1 29.7
11.7 12.2 9.9
6.9 5.0 3.1
0.0 4.5 6.3
0.0 1.9 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.3 0.2 0.7
0.0 0.3 0.6


10.5 6.8 14.7


37The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 357 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23 GDP ($ billions) 1.4


Belize




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


780 1,258 571
728 1,022 521


44.9 36.5 28.0
4.3 3.8 3.5


30 44 39
.. .. ..


670 334 308
1,430 1,361 2,034


40.0 27.8 25.7
1.0 0.5 0.6


23.8 11.7 10.0
11
9


27
13


39.2 6,383 11,563
0.1 1.8 4.0


.. 16.0 4.9
0.0 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120
65.7 27,808 25,818


413 683 363
56.2 58.2 66.2


90 553 242
99.3 65.2 32.0


0.0 18.7 45.3
0.6 0.9 0.3


1,132 4,455 5,125
1.3 3.2 4.5
45 84 90
75 61 65
68 48 57
84 83 86
13 31 37


5 23 32
25 42 47


48 41 54
10 .. ..
9 .. ..


106 109 95


13.2 18.4 25.2
8.4 10.9 7.7
4.3 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.0 2.2 2.0
0.3 0.5 1.2
0.5 0.5 0.3
0.6 0.4 0.5
7.7 –1.2 15.2


38 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 9.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 113 GDP ($ billions) 7.3


Benin




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611
100.0 80.5


0.3 1.1


15 37
.. ..


32,356 26,515
.. 5,349


20.0 28.4
0.0 0.0
5.6 12.9


4
1


16
3


0.48 28,774
0.2 –1.7


.. 1.8
5.0 16.5
370 81,970
0.18 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2
7.2 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9
2.1 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


39The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 65 Land area (sq. km) 50 GDP ($ billions) 5.8


Bermuda




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,130 1,313 1,772
1,928 1,201 1,595


35.6 30.9 38.7
5.0 2.8 2.7


14 55 46
6.7 .. ..


463 550 716
2,705 2,959 3,065


84.9 17.1 28.4
–0.3 –0.3 0.3
28.3 5.9 9.9


27
18


3
2


0.24 13,219 40,238
–2.9 2.3 2.4
4.3 8.1 10.0


.. 1.7 2.9


.. 15,440 143,440


.. 10,343 60,301


354 519 667
.. 26.7 26.2
.. 555 698
.. 80.6 73.0
.. 14.0 17.4


0.6 1.4 1.6


105,653 1,197 3,121
0.4 51.6 20.2
94 91 88
96 90 87
94 88 84


100 96 93
44 38 47
29 28 35
73 60 66


20 62 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


54 62 62


.. 33.5 29.7
10.4 9.2 9.9
3.2 2.8 3.1
0.0 2.8 6.3
0.0 1.0 1.2
3.4 0.6 0.3
0.2 0.8 0.7
0.0 0.6 0.6


.. 21.6 14.7


40 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


South
Asia


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 738 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 38 GDP ($ billions) 1.7


Bhutan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,020 8,574 1,772
1,707 7,648 1,595
66.8 79.1 38.7


2.9 2.0 2.7


34 37 46
.. .. ..


723 3,448 716
2,365 3,838 3,065


52.5 46.8 28.4
0.5 0.4 0.3


18.5 20.2 9.9
20
53


0
73


7.6 19,009 40,238
–0.2 0.1 2.4
3.0 11.8 10.0


.. 13.1 2.9


.. 15,100 143,440


.. 39,997 60,301


737 1,312 667
24.4 16.7 26.2
616 1,973 698


66.0 39.0 73.0
31.7 53.7 17.4
1.5 2.7 1.6


30,085 22,810 3,121
0.7 2.0 20.2
57 68 88
88 94 87
71 81 84
96 98 93
27 79 47
10 59 35
35 84 66


57 28 53
20 .. ..
26 .. ..
51 19 62


27.2 21.1 29.7
10.3 12.2 9.9
5.2 5.0 3.1


10.0 4.5 6.3
4.7 1.9 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.5 0.2 0.7
1.0 0.3 0.6
5.9 6.8 14.7


41The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 10.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,083 GDP ($ billions) 23.9


Bolivia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,780 7,734 6,563
.. 6,652 5,821


48.3 64.7 60.6
0.3 0.3 2.5


42 28 35
.. .. ..


16,209 3,374 869
3,725 2,740 3,944


42.8 38.7 34.8
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.6 7.5 13.3


4
6


31
0


10.0 5,790 97,437
.. –2.9 0.7
.. –0.5 9.0


0.71 10.4 8.4
.. .. 33,350
.. .. 48,783


1,703 3,015 1,948
2.9 2.0 8.1


3,110 4,059 2,942
53.1 65.4 72.9
46.9 18.8 21.3


8.0 7.1 5.5


9,461 12,498 8,550
1.0 6.3 5.6


.. 60 66
99 96 93
98 91 86


100 99 98
95 84 73
92 81 62
99 87 81


21 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
8 21 20


12.9 26.1 36.4
10.8 12.3 11.8


.. 3.6 3.3
1.9 9.3 5.7
0.5 0.8 1.6


.. 0.0 0.0
1.3 0.7 0.7
0.2 0.3 0.7


.. 6.2 19.2


42 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 3.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 51 GDP ($ billions) 18.1


Bosnia and Herzegovina




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


7,470 1,258 6,563
7,157 1,022 5,821
61.6 36.5 60.6


3.7 3.8 2.5


46 44 35
0.0 .. ..


567 334 869
393 1,361 3,944


19.8 27.8 34.8
1.0 0.5 0.0


30.9 11.7 13.3
7


10
2
1


0.23 6,383 97,437
–7.8 1.8 0.7


.. 16.0 9.0


.. 5.8 8.4


.. 17,980 33,350


.. 27,808 48,783


1,128 683 1,948
21.5 58.2 8.1


1,586 553 2,942
100.0 65.2 72.9


0.0 18.7 21.3
2.2 0.9 5.5


1,182 4,455 8,550
8.1 3.2 5.6
41 84 66
96 61 93
92 48 86
99 83 98
62 31 73
41 23 62
75 42 81


64 41 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


26 109 20


28.1 18.4 36.4
11.9 10.9 11.8


7.6 3.7 3.3
0.2 10.4 5.7
2.9 2.2 1.6
0.0 0.5 0.0
0.2 0.5 0.7
0.3 0.4 0.7


20.4 –1.2 19.2


43The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 2.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 567 GDP ($ billions) 17.3


Botswana




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


10,720 8,574 6,563
10,363 7,648 5,821


84.6 79.1 60.6
1.9 2.0 2.5


33 37 35
1.6 .. ..


4,461 3,448 869
4,038 3,838 3,944


61.2 46.8 34.8
0.5 0.4 0.0


26.3 20.2 13.3
81


152
83


400


1,433 19,009 97,437
1.2 0.1 0.7


17.7 11.8 9.0
16.5 13.1 8.4


1,200 15,100 33,350
12,999 39,997 48,783


1,363 1,312 1,948
30.6 16.7 8.1


2,384 1,973 2,942
12.4 39.0 72.9
78.2 53.7 21.3


1.9 2.7 5.5


27,551 22,810 8,550
1.1 2.0 5.6
55 68 66
98 94 93
85 81 86


100 98 98
79 79 73
44 59 62
85 84 81


18 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


16 19 20


17.6 21.1 36.4
12.5 12.2 11.8


5.5 5.0 3.3
1.9 4.5 5.7
1.8 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2 0.7
0.2 0.3 0.7
6.6 6.8 19.2


44 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 196.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 8,459 GDP ($ billions) 2,476.7


Brazil




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


31,800 39,860
15,781 34,611


76.0 80.5
2.9 1.1


2 37
0.9 ..


80,337 26,515
591 5,349


71.8 28.4
0.4 0.0


44.0 12.9
34
24
7


98


2.6 28,774
–0.5 –1.7
23.8 1.8


1.4 16.5
210 81,970
173 15,496


8,308 5,000
0.0 4.4


8,759 9,415
100.0 62.0


0.0 11.2
23.7 11.4


20,939 8,195
1.1 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


44 22
.. ..
.. ..
7 6


50.7 17.9
12.7 13.9
2.0 4.6


29.9 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.6 0.2
0.1 0.1


10.1 6.6


45The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 406 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 5.3 GDP ($ billions) 16.4


Brunei Darussalam




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


6,640 7,734 6,563
5,949 6,652 5,821


73.1 64.7 60.6
–0.4 0.3 2.5


47 28 35
1.8 .. ..


9,739 3,374 869
3,910 2,740 3,944


36.7 38.7 34.8
–1.5 0.0 0.0
9.2 7.5 13.3


7
14
19


6


15.2 5,790 97,437
–7.5 –2.9 0.7
–1.7 –0.5 9.0
3.2 10.4 8.4


.. .. 33,350


.. .. 48,783


2,370 3,015 1,948
5.1 2.0 8.1


4,476 4,059 2,942
54.3 65.4 72.9
11.0 18.8 21.3
5.6 7.1 5.5


2,858 12,498 8,550
29.1 6.3 5.6


16 60 66
100 96 93
100 91 86
100 99 98
100 84 73
100 81 62
100 87 81


40 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


12 21 20


24.8 26.1 36.4
12.0 12.3 11.8


4.1 3.6 3.3
1.1 9.3 5.7
1.3 0.8 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.7 0.7 0.7
1.0 0.3 0.7


12.7 6.2 19.2


46 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 7.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 109 GDP ($ billions) 53.5


Bulgaria




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


580 1,258 571
516 1,022 521


26.5 36.5 28.0
6.0 3.8 3.5


43 44 39
.. .. ..
.. 334 308


995 1,361 2,034


20.4 27.8 25.7
1.0 0.5 0.6


14.2 11.7 10.0
9
9
4
3


15.3 6,383 11,563
3.7 1.8 4.0


20.0 16.0 4.9
.. 5.8 ..
.. 17,980 15,120
.. 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


737 4,455 5,125
7.9 3.2 4.5
70 84 90
79 61 65
73 48 57
95 83 86
17 31 37
6 23 32


50 42 47


65 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


146 109 95


15.6 18.4 25.2
8.0 10.9 7.7
3.4 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
6.4 2.2 2.0
1.4 0.5 1.2
0.1 0.5 0.3
0.8 0.4 0.5
5.5 –1.2 15.2


47The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 17.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 274 GDP ($ billions) 10.4


Burkina Faso




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


250 1,258 571
227 1,022 521
10.9 36.5 28.0


4.7 3.8 3.5


86 44 39
.. .. ..


86 334 308
1,326 1,361 2,034


6.6 27.8 25.7
1.4 0.5 0.6
4.8 11.7 10.0
11
12
17
3


10.7 6,383 11,563
–2.3 1.8 4.0
2.5 16.0 4.9


.. 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120


.. 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.0 0.9 0.3


1,173 4,455 5,125
2.9 3.2 4.5
77 84 90
72 61 65
71 48 57
83 83 86
46 31 37
46 23 32
49 42 47


24 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


139 109 95


1.7 18.4 25.2
6.8 10.9 7.7
8.7 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.9 2.2 2.0
8.8 0.5 1.2
0.1 0.5 0.3
0.1 0.4 0.5


–6.2 –1.2 15.2


48 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 8.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 26 GDP ($ billions) 2.3


Burundi




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


820 4,248 571
769 3,884 521
20.0 48.6 28.0


3.1 3.6 3.5


32 48 39
.. .. ..


442 610 308
2,925 5,050 2,034


56.5 29.7 25.7
1.3 –0.4 0.6


25.8 15.0 10.0
37
26
40
32


562 101,299 11,563
7.6 3.4 4.0


12.2 9.1 4.9
0.44 1.4 ..
<50 137,690 15,120
728 56,537 25,818


355 1,520 363
72.0 10.9 66.2
146 2,337 242
95.1 79.8 32.0


2.6 16.5 45.3
0.3 4.6 0.3


8,431 4,446 5,125
1.8 10.9 4.5
94 73 90
64 90 65
58 84 57
87 97 86
31 66 37
20 58 32
73 76 47


42 55 54
15 .. ..
20 .. ..
43 21 95


11.2 49.3 25.2
9.0 11.0 7.7
1.6 2.1 3.0
0.0 4.3 1.4
0.0 1.7 2.0
0.1 0.0 1.2
0.3 0.9 0.3
0.5 1.1 0.5
3.0 32.2 15.2


49The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 14.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 177 GDP ($ billions) 12.8


Cambodia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,210 1,258 1,772
1,065 1,022 1,595


52.1 36.5 38.7
3.7 3.8 2.7


20 44 46
.. .. ..


685 334 716
1,768 1,361 3,065


41.7 27.8 28.4
1.0 0.5 0.3
9.2 11.7 9.9
38
24


111
376


141 6,383 40,238
3.3 1.8 2.4


10.3 16.0 10.0
0.39 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440
1,962 27,808 60,301


363 683 667
62.3 58.2 26.2
271 553 698


26.8 65.2 73.0
72.2 18.7 17.4


0.3 0.9 1.6


13,629 4,455 3,121
0.4 3.2 20.2
76 84 88
77 61 87
52 48 84
95 83 93
49 31 47
36 23 35
58 42 66


59 41 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


127 109 62


12.4 18.4 29.7
9.1 10.9 9.9
3.1 3.7 3.1
5.2 10.4 6.3
0.2 2.2 1.2
0.0 0.5 0.3
0.2 0.5 0.7
0.7 0.4 0.6
0.8 –1.2 14.7


50 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 20.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 473 GDP ($ billions) 25.2


Cameroon




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


45,550 39,860
40,811 34,611


80.7 80.5
1.3 1.1


7 37
1.2 ..


50,579 26,515
3,527 5,349


34.1 28.4
0.0 0.0
7.5 12.9
11
16
35


1


1,039 28,774
–3.1 –1.7
6.7 1.8
1.2 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


7,380 5,000
4.8 4.4


15,137 9,415
24.2 62.0
57.8 11.2
15.2 11.4


82,647 8,195
1.6 10.3
12 41


100 100
99 98


100 100
100 100
99 99


100 100


15 22
.. ..
.. ..
6 6


20.0 17.9
14.5 13.9
4.5 4.6
2.3 1.4
0.7 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.3 0.2
0.0 0.1
6.7 6.6


51The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 34.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9,094 GDP ($ billions) 1,736.1


Canada




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,540 1,258 1,772
3,284 1,022 1,595


62.6 36.5 38.7
3.4 3.8 2.7


19 44 46
.. .. ..


3,335 334 716
178 1,361 3,065


21.0 27.8 28.4
–0.4 0.5 0.3
2.5 11.7 9.9


3
4


24
3


22.5 6,383 40,238
6.0 1.8 2.4


.. 16.0 10.0
0.0 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440


.. 27,808 60,301


213 683 667
.. 58.2 26.2
.. 553 698
.. 65.2 73.0
.. 18.7 17.4


0.6 0.9 1.6


599 4,455 3,121
7.3 3.2 20.2
91 84 88
88 61 87
85 48 84
90 83 93
61 31 47
43 23 35
73 42 66


.. 41 53


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
21 109 62


22.8 18.4 29.7
10.9 10.9 9.9
4.9 3.7 3.1
0.0 10.4 6.3
0.0 2.2 1.2
0.1 0.5 0.3
0.2 0.5 0.7


.. 0.4 0.6
16.7 –1.2 14.7


52 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 501 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 4.0 GDP ($ billions) 1.9


Cape Verde




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611
100.0 80.5


3.7 1.1


11 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


52.9 28.4
0.0 0.0
8.7 12.9


1
1


19
2


0.13 28,774
–8.7 –1.7


.. 1.8
1.2 16.5


230 81,970
78.3 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2
9.2 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41
96 100


.. 98
96 100
96 100


.. 99
96 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9


.. 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


53The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 57 Land area (sq. km) 240 GDP ($ millions) ..


Cayman Islands




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


480 1,258 571
450 1,022 521
39.1 36.5 28.0
2.3 3.8 3.5


8 44 39
.. .. ..


418 334 308
1,522 1,361 2,034


36.2 27.8 25.7
0.1 0.5 0.6


17.7 11.7 10.0
8


13
3


17


35.2 6,383 11,563
4.8 1.8 4.0
2.3 16.0 4.9


.. 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120


.. 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


31,425 4,455 5,125
0.0 3.2 4.5


1 84 90
67 61 65
51 48 57
92 83 86
34 31 37
28 23 32
43 42 47


35 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


164 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2
7.7 10.9 7.7
1.1 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.1 2.2 2.0
0.0 0.5 1.2
0.1 0.5 0.3
0.2 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2


54 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 4.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 623 GDP ($ billions) 2.2


Central African Republic




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


720 1,258 571
543 1,022 521
21.8 36.5 28.0
3.3 3.8 3.5


40 44 39
.. .. ..
.. 334 308


888 1,361 2,034


9.1 27.8 25.7
0.7 0.5 0.6
9.4 11.7 10.0
13
11
1
3


60.0 6,383 11,563
–0.7 1.8 4.0


.. 16.0 4.9


.. 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120


.. 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.0 0.9 0.3


1,301 4,455 5,125
2.4 3.2 4.5
52 84 90
51 61 65
44 48 57
70 83 86
13 31 37


6 23 32
30 42 47


83 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


169 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2
9.4 10.9 7.7
2.3 3.7 3.0


25.3 10.4 1.4
0.0 2.2 2.0
0.0 0.5 1.2
0.0 0.5 0.3
1.2 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2


55The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 11.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,259 GDP ($ billions) 10.6


Chad




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


67,960 39,860
.. 34,611


31.2 80.5
0.4 1.1


51 37
4.3 ..


.. 26,515


.. 5,349


4.2 28.4
.. 0.0


9.3 12.9
..
..
..
..


4.0 28,774
–0.2 –1.7
14.2 1.8
0.02 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9
14.5 13.9


.. 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


56 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 154 Land area (sq. km) 190 GDP ($ billions) 11.5


Channel Islands




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


12,280 8,574 6,563
10,103 7,648 5,821


89.1 79.1 60.6
1.6 2.0 2.5


21 37 35
5.6 .. ..


6,882 3,448 869
6,934 3,838 3,944


21.9 46.8 34.8
–0.2 0.4 0.0
16.6 20.2 13.3


20
33
20
34


4,436 19,009 97,437
–2.0 0.1 0.7
13.3 11.8 9.0


3.7 13.1 8.4
.. 15,100 33,350
.. 39,997 48,783


1,807 1,312 1,948
15.9 16.7 8.1


3,297 1,973 2,942
59.6 39.0 72.9
35.9 53.7 21.3


3.9 2.7 5.5


51,188 22,810 8,550
1.3 2.0 5.6
70 68 66
96 94 93
75 81 86
99 98 98
96 79 73
83 59 62
98 84 81


46 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
9 19 20


26.8 21.1 36.4
13.2 12.2 11.8


4.6 5.0 3.3
0.1 4.5 5.7


12.3 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2 0.7
0.5 0.3 0.7
5.4 6.8 19.2


57The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 17.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 744 GDP ($ billions) 248.6


Chile




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,940 4,248 6,563
4,503 3,884 5,821


50.5 48.6 60.6
3.9 3.6 2.5


56 48 35
10.3 .. ..
571 610 869


5,706 5,050 3,944


22.5 29.7 34.8
–1.6 –0.4 0.0
16.6 15.0 13.3


75
87


120
382


66,219 101,299 97,437
4.2 3.4 0.7
9.2 9.1 9.0
1.3 1.4 8.4


1,510 137,690 33,350
208 56,537 48,783


1,807 1,520 1,948
8.5 10.9 8.1


2,944 2,337 2,942
79.7 79.8 72.9
17.2 16.5 21.3
5.8 4.6 5.5


2,093 4,446 8,550
19.7 10.9 5.6


65 73 66
91 90 93
85 84 86
98 97 98
64 66 73
56 58 62
74 76 81


59 55 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


15 21 20


52.8 49.3 36.4
11.1 11.0 11.8
1.8 2.1 3.3
4.2 4.3 5.7
1.9 1.7 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
1.0 0.9 0.7
1.3 1.1 0.7


35.1 32.2 19.2


58 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 1,344.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9,327 GDP ($ billions) 7,318.5


China




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


6,070 8,574 6,563
5,251 7,648 5,821
75.3 79.1 60.6


2.1 2.0 2.5


39 37 35
.. .. ..


2,979 3,448 869
4,033 3,838 3,944


54.4 46.8 34.8
0.2 0.4 0.0


20.9 20.2 13.3
53


112
54


215


169 19,009 97,437
–1.6 0.1 0.7
10.4 11.8 9.0
15.5 13.1 8.4
940 15,100 33,350


4,079 39,997 48,783


696 1,312 1,948
10.3 16.7 8.1


1,012 1,973 2,942
27.9 39.0 72.9
71.1 53.7 21.3
1.6 2.7 5.5


45,006 22,810 8,550
0.6 2.0 5.6
39 68 66
92 94 93
72 81 86
99 98 98
77 79 73
63 59 62
82 84 81


19 28 42
6 .. ..


13 .. ..
18 19 20


20.0 21.1 36.4
12.0 12.2 11.8
3.9 5.0 3.3
9.7 4.5 5.7
0.8 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2 0.7
0.1 0.3 0.7
1.2 6.8 19.2


59The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 46.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,110 GDP ($ billions) 333.4


Colombia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


770 1,258 571
732 1,022 521
28.1 36.5 28.0


2.6 3.8 3.5


83 44 39
.. .. ..


551 334 308
1,411 1,361 2,034


1.4 27.8 25.7
9.3 0.5 0.6
0.0 11.7 10.0


5
9
6
4


25.1 6,383 11,563
3.5 1.8 4.0


.. 16.0 4.9
3.2 5.8 ..


430 17,980 15,120
1.2 27,808 25,818


60 683 363
.. 58.2 66.2
.. 553 242
.. 65.2 32.0
.. 18.7 45.3


0.2 0.9 0.3


1,592 4,455 5,125
0.8 3.2 4.5
47 84 90
95 61 65
97 48 57
91 83 86
36 31 37
30 23 32
50 42 47


30 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


79 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2
8.4 10.9 7.7
4.2 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.0 2.2 2.0
1.1 0.5 1.2
0.2 0.5 0.3
0.0 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2


60 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (thousands) 754 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1.9 GDP ($ millions) 610.4


Comoros




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


190 1,258 571
159 1,022 521


34.3 36.5 28.0
4.0 3.8 3.5


11 44 39
.. .. ..


179 334 308
766 1,361 2,034


67.9 27.8 25.7
0.2 0.5 0.6


10.0 11.7 10.0
30
35
83
85


239 6,383 11,563
1.8 1.8 4.0
7.1 16.0 4.9
4.4 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120
193 27,808 25,818


360 683 363
93.4 58.2 66.2


95 553 242
0.4 65.2 32.0


99.6 18.7 45.3
0.0 0.9 0.3


13,283 4,455 5,125
0.1 3.2 4.5
18 84 90
45 61 65
27 48 57
79 83 86
24 31 37
24 23 32
24 42 47


35 41 54
.. .. ..


16 .. ..
168 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2
7.2 10.9 7.7
2.4 3.7 3.0
3.0 10.4 1.4


15.0 2.2 2.0
0.0 0.5 1.2
0.2 0.5 0.3
0.6 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2


61The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 67.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,267 GDP ($ billions) 15.7


Congo, Dem. Rep.




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,250 1,258 1,772
469 1,022 1,595
63.6 36.5 38.7


3.4 3.8 2.7


31 44 46
.. .. ..


577 334 716
814 1,361 3,065


65.6 27.8 28.4
0.1 0.5 0.3
9.4 11.7 9.9
11
4


45
37


73.3 6,383 40,238
2.0 1.8 2.4


–5.8 16.0 10.0
32.8 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440
16.7 27,808 60,301


363 683 667
51.7 58.2 26.2
145 553 698
23.1 65.2 73.0
76.9 18.7 17.4


0.5 0.9 1.6


53,626 4,455 3,121
0.0 3.2 20.2


9 84 88
71 61 87
32 48 84
95 83 93
18 31 47
15 23 35
20 42 66


57 41 53
8 .. ..


14 .. ..
99 109 62


22.0 18.4 29.7
14.1 10.9 9.9
2.5 3.7 3.1


67.8 10.4 6.3
0.0 2.2 1.2
0.0 0.5 0.3
0.1 0.5 0.7
0.7 0.4 0.6


–50.1 –1.2 14.7


62 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 4.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 342 GDP ($ billions) 14.4


Congo, Rep.




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


7,640 8,574 6,563
7,413 7,648 5,821
64.6 79.1 60.6


3.2 2.0 2.5


37 37 35
1.5 .. ..


5,738 3,448 869
3,376 3,838 3,944


51.5 46.8 34.8
–0.9 0.4 0.0
20.9 20.2 13.3


9
22
50


113


48.3 19,009 97,437
0.5 0.1 0.7


20.3 11.8 9.0
12.2 13.1 8.4
970 15,100 33,350
418 39,997 48,783


998 1,312 1,948
17.3 16.7 8.1


1,855 1,973 2,942
6.7 39.0 72.9


75.8 53.7 21.3
1.8 2.7 5.5


23,780 22,810 8,550
2.4 2.0 5.6
53 68 66
97 94 93
91 81 86


100 98 98
95 79 73
96 59 62
95 84 81


27 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


10 19 20


15.1 21.1 36.4
12.0 12.2 11.8
6.2 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
0.0 1.9 1.6
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2 0.7
0.1 0.3 0.7
9.0 6.8 19.2


63The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 4.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 51 GDP ($ billions) 40.9


Costa Rica




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,090 1,258 1,772
986 1,022 1,595
51.3 36.5 38.7
3.5 3.8 2.7


64 44 46
.. .. ..


1,104 334 716
1,682 1,361 3,065


32.7 27.8 28.4
–0.2 0.5 0.3
22.6 11.7 9.9


23
20
45


104


75.1 6,383 40,238
–1.3 1.8 2.4
18.3 16.0 10.0
0.07 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440
99.6 27,808 60,301


485 683 667
75.7 58.2 26.2
210 553 698


71.2 65.2 73.0
27.0 18.7 17.4
0.3 0.9 1.6


3,813 4,455 3,121
1.8 3.2 20.2
43 84 88
80 61 87
68 48 84
91 83 93
24 31 47
11 23 35
36 42 66


30 41 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


115 109 62


13.3 18.4 29.7
9.3 10.9 9.9
4.3 3.7 3.1
3.6 10.4 6.3
0.9 2.2 1.2
0.0 0.5 0.3
0.2 0.5 0.7
0.4 0.4 0.6
4.1 –1.2 14.7


64 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 20.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 318 GDP ($ billions) 24.1


Côte d’Ivoire




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


13,540 39,860
11,785 34,611


57.8 80.5
–0.1 1.1


24 37
1.1 ..


16,096 26,515
5,228 5,349


34.4 28.4
–0.2 0.0
13.0 12.9


7
12
60


6


83.8 28,774
.. –1.7
.. 1.8


3.4 16.5
.. 81,970
.. 15,496


1,932 5,000
4.7 4.4


3,813 9,415
39.3 62.0
59.5 11.2


4.9 11.4


8,562 8,195
1.7 10.3


2 41
99 100
97 98


100 100
99 100
98 99
99 100


22 22
.. ..
.. ..
5 6


20.7 17.9
12.9 13.9


4.1 4.6
0.7 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.2 0.0
0.3 0.2
0.2 0.1


10.5 6.6


65The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 56 GDP ($ billions) 62.5


Croatia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


5,460 8,574 6,563
4,526 7,648 5,821


75.2 79.1 60.6
0.4 2.0 2.5


62 37 35
.. .. ..


3,903 3,448 869
2,619 3,838 3,944


27.3 46.8 34.8
–1.7 0.4 0.0
6.4 20.2 13.3
14
17
35


155


48.6 19,009 97,437
–9.1 0.1 0.7
5.4 11.8 9.0
4.4 13.1 8.4


3,020 15,100 33,350
4,944 39,997 48,783


975 1,312 1,948
11.6 16.7 8.1


1,299 1,973 2,942
52.6 39.0 72.9


0.6 53.7 21.3
2.8 2.7 5.5


3,387 22,810 8,550
19.8 2.0 5.6


75 68 66
94 94 93
89 81 86
96 98 98
91 79 73
81 59 62
94 84 81


15 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
6 19 20


.. 21.1 36.4
11.5 12.2 11.8
12.9 5.0 3.3


2.4 4.5 5.7
1.0 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.4 0.2 0.7
0.0 0.3 0.7


.. 6.8 19.2


66 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 11.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 106 GDP ($ billions) 60.8


Cuba




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611


.. 80.5


.. 1.1


.. 37


.. ..


.. 26,515


.. 5,349


.. 28.4


.. 0.0


.. 12.9
1
1
9
0


21.1 28,774
.. –1.7
.. 1.8
.. 16.5
.. 81,970
.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9


.. 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


67The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Curaçao
Population (thousands) 146 Land area (sq. km) 444 GDP ($ millions) ..




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


29,450 39,860
25,009 34,611


70.5 80.5
2.0 1.1


13 37
21.9 ..


7,927 26,515
1,887 5,349


18.8 28.4
–0.1 0.0
10.5 12.9


5
5


19
16


5.9 28,774
–3.6 –1.7
18.9 1.8
0.56 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


2,215 5,000
1.8 4.4


4,675 9,415
97.6 62.0
0.0 11.2
7.5 11.4


699 8,195
23.6 10.3


86 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


27 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


9.0 17.9
10.8 13.9
6.9 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.3 0.2
0.2 0.1
4.6 6.6


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 1.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9.2 GDP ($ billions) 24.7


Cyprus


68 2013 The Little Green Data Book




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


18,700 39,860
16,437 34,611


73.4 80.5
0.0 1.1


55 37
0.4 ..


6,423 26,515
5,422 5,349


34.4 28.4
–0.1 0.0
15.1 12.9


2
7
2
9


24.9 28,774
.. –1.7
.. 1.8
.. 16.5
.. 81,970
.. 15,496


4,193 5,000
6.0 4.4


6,321 9,415
60.2 62.0


3.3 11.2
10.3 11.4


1,253 8,195
12.9 10.3


2 41
100 100
100 98
100 100


98 100
97 99
99 100


16 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


23.3 17.9
13.9 13.9


4.2 4.6
0.6 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.5 0.2
0.0 0.1


12.5 6.6


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 10.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 77 GDP ($ billions) 217.0


Czech Republic


69The Little Green Data Book 2013




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


60,160 39,860
51,527 34,611


86.9 80.5
0.5 1.1


63 37
12.1 ..


53,407 26,515
5,907 5,349


12.9 28.4
–1.1 0.0
4.9 12.9


2
4


15
1


751 28,774
–3.4 –1.7
–0.9 1.8
3.2 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


3,470 5,000
18.6 4.4


6,327 9,415
66.1 62.0


0.1 11.2
8.3 11.4


1,077 8,195
11.0 10.3


36 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


15 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


22.9 17.9
14.1 13.9
8.1 4.6
1.9 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.1


14.9 6.6


70 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 5.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 42 GDP ($ billions) 333.6


Denmark




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,270 3,866 1,772
1,160 3,285 1,595


77.1 58.9 38.7
2.4 2.5 2.7


73 23 46
.. .. ..


80 2,627 716
2,000 2,475 3,065


0.2 2.4 28.4
0.0 –0.1 0.3
0.0 3.9 9.9


8
9


17
2


1.7 3,538 40,238
7.6 2.4 2.4


.. 13.1 10.0
0.24 2.0 2.9
450 5,700 143,440
10.0 217 60,301


170 1,372 667
.. 0.9 26.2
.. 1,658 698
.. 92.9 73.0
.. 5.4 17.4


0.6 4.1 1.6


331 673 3,121
6.3 122.1 20.2
16 86 88
88 89 87
54 81 84
99 94 93
50 88 47
10 80 35
63 94 66


28 59 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


90 32 62


33.7 27.0 29.7
9.4 10.8 9.9


.. 4.5 3.1
0.0 15.2 6.3
0.0 0.6 1.2
0.3 0.1 0.3
0.3 0.6 0.7
0.6 0.9 0.6


.. 6.1 14.7


71The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 906 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 23 GDP ($ billions) 1.0


Djibouti




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


7,030 8,574 6,563
6,179 7,648 5,821
67.2 79.1 60.6
–0.3 2.0 2.5


35 37 35
.. .. ..


5,913 3,448 869
2,288 3,838 3,944


59.2 46.8 34.8
0.6 0.4 0.0


21.7 20.2 13.3
3
3


19
9


0.70 19,009 97,437
1.8 0.1 0.7


.. 11.8 9.0
0.13 13.1 8.4


<100 15,100 33,350
0.10 39,997 48,783


628 1,312 1,948
.. 16.7 8.1
.. 1,973 2,942
.. 39.0 72.9
.. 53.7 21.3


1.9 2.7 5.5


.. 22,810 8,550


.. 2.0 5.6


.. 68 66
95 94 93
92 81 86
96 98 98
81 79 73
84 59 62
80 84 81


20 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


12 19 20


5.1 21.1 36.4
11.7 12.2 11.8
3.1 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
0.0 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2 0.7


.. 0.3 0.7
–3.7 6.8 19.2


72 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 68 Land area (sq. km) 750 GDP ($ millions) 484.1


Dominica




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


5,240 8,574 6,563
4,683 7,648 5,821


69.6 79.1 60.6
2.7 2.0 2.5


51 37 35
.. .. ..


5,480 3,448 869
2,972 3,838 3,944


40.8 46.8 34.8
0.0 0.4 0.0


22.2 20.2 13.3
6


14
22
29


15.9 19,009 97,437
–1.6 0.1 0.7
9.7 11.8 9.0


30.4 13.1 8.4
610 15,100 33,350
212 39,997 48,783


840 1,312 1,948
21.4 16.7 8.1


1,442 1,973 2,942
88.6 39.0 72.9
11.3 53.7 21.3


2.1 2.7 5.5


2,088 22,810 8,550
16.6 2.0 5.6


64 68 66
86 94 93
84 81 86
87 98 98
83 79 73
75 59 62
87 84 81


14 28 42
7 .. ..


15 .. ..
25 19 20


8.7 21.1 36.4
11.5 12.2 11.8
1.9 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
0.4 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.4 0.2 0.7
0.0 0.3 0.7


–1.7 6.8 19.2


73The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 10.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 48 GDP ($ billions) 55.6


Dominican Republic




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,200 8,574 6,563
3,203 7,648 5,821


67.4 79.1 60.6
2.7 2.0 2.5


30 37 35
12.6 .. ..


2,178 3,448 869
2,604 3,838 3,944


38.9 46.8 34.8
1.8 0.4 0.0


25.1 20.2 13.3
43
93
50


1,714


817 19,009 97,437
2.7 0.1 0.7
6.8 11.8 9.0


75.4 13.1 8.4
<50 15,100 33,350


1,583 39,997 48,783


836 1,312 1,948
5.3 16.7 8.1


1,055 1,973 2,942
48.4 39.0 72.9
48.8 53.7 21.3


2.1 2.7 5.5


29,456 22,810 8,550
3.5 2.0 5.6
92 68 66
94 94 93
89 81 86
96 98 98
92 79 73
84 59 62
96 84 81


19 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


23 19 20


23.2 21.1 36.4
11.0 12.2 11.8
1.4 5.0 3.3


16.4 4.5 5.7
0.0 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.4 0.2 0.7
0.0 0.3 0.7


–3.3 6.8 19.2


74 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 14.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 248 GDP ($ billions) 65.9


Ecuador




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,600 3,866 1,772
2,180 3,285 1,595
43.5 58.9 38.7


1.8 2.5 2.7


4 23 46
.. .. ..


3,364 2,627 716
7,247 2,475 3,065


0.1 2.4 28.4
–1.7 –0.1 0.3
5.9 3.9 9.9
18
10
40


2


1,362 3,538 40,238
1.9 2.4 2.4


14.1 13.1 10.0
9.3 2.0 2.9


3,800 5,700 143,440
5.1 217 60,301


903 1,372 667
2.1 0.9 26.2


1,608 1,658 698
90.1 92.9 73.0
8.9 5.4 17.4
2.7 4.1 1.6


22 673 3,121
3,794.4 122.1 20.2


86 86 88
99 89 87
99 81 84


100 94 93
95 88 47
93 80 35
97 94 66


78 59 53
8 .. ..
9 .. ..


21 32 62


17.3 27.0 29.7
10.4 10.8 9.9
4.4 4.5 3.1
8.7 15.2 6.3
0.3 0.6 1.2
0.1 0.1 0.3
0.8 0.6 0.7
0.7 0.9 0.6
0.7 6.1 14.7


75The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 82.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 995 GDP ($ billions) 229.5


Egypt, Arab Rep.




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,480 8,574 1,772
3,194 7,648 1,595
64.8 79.1 38.7


2.0 2.0 2.7


74 37 46
2.1 .. ..


2,674 3,448 716
2,492 3,838 3,065


13.6 46.8 28.4
1.5 0.4 0.3
0.8 20.2 9.9


5
6


14
23


59.2 19,009 40,238
9.2 0.1 2.4


10.2 11.8 10.0
3.1 13.1 2.9


.. 15,100 143,440
252 39,997 60,301


677 1,312 667
18.4 16.7 26.2
855 1,973 698
34.9 39.0 73.0
34.8 53.7 17.4


1.0 2.7 1.6


2,850 22,810 3,121
7.8 2.0 20.2
55 68 88
88 94 87
76 81 84
94 98 93
87 79 47
83 59 35
89 84 66


28 28 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


15 19 62


9.2 21.1 29.7
10.8 12.2 9.9


3.0 5.0 3.1
0.0 4.5 6.3
0.0 1.9 1.2
0.5 0.0 0.3
0.2 0.2 0.7
0.2 0.3 0.6
0.5 6.8 14.7


76 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 6.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 21 GDP ($ billions) 23.1


El Salvador




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


15,670 39,860
7,915 34,611
39.5 80.5


3.7 1.1


11 37
.. ..


981 26,515
.. 5,349


57.5 28.4
0.7 0.0


19.2 12.9
19


6
28
67


7.1 28,774
3.2 –1.7


.. 1.8
2.6 16.5


.. 81,970
253 15,496


2,732 5,000
.. 4.4
.. 9,415
.. 62.0
.. 11.2


7.1 11.4


36,100 8,195
0.1 10.3


6 41
51 100
42 98
66 100
89 100
87 99
92 100


6 22
.. ..
.. ..


118 6


.. 17.9
18.9 13.9


1.2 4.6
40.4 1.4


0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.3 0.2
0.0 0.1


.. 6.6


77The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (thousands) 720 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28 GDP ($ billions) 19.8


Country
data


High-
income
group


Equatorial Guinea




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


78 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 101 GDP ($ billions) 2.6


Eritrea


430 1,258 571
440 1,022 521
21.4 36.5 28.0
4.0 3.8 3.5


75 44 39
.. .. ..


66 334 308
592 1,361 2,034


15.1 27.8 25.7
0.3 0.5 0.6
5.0 11.7 10.0
10
14
19


4


2.6 6,383 11,563
.. 1.8 4.0
.. 16.0 4.9


0.0 5.8 ..
3,260 17,980 15,120


102 27,808 25,818


142 683 363
78.0 58.2 66.2


52 553 242
99.4 65.2 32.0


0.0 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


517 4,455 5,125
20.8 3.2 4.5


95 84 90
61 61 65
57 48 57
74 83 86
14 31 37
4 23 32


52 42 47


61 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


68 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2
7.7 10.9 7.7
1.7 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.0 2.2 2.0
0.0 0.5 1.2
0.2 0.5 0.3
0.3 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


15,260 39,860
13,314 34,611


69.5 80.5
–0.9 1.1


22 37
.. ..


4,531 26,515
2,596 5,349


52.1 28.4
0.1 0.0


20.4 12.9
1
5
5
0


81.7 28,774
–6.7 –1.7
–4.1 1.8
26.5 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


4,155 5,000
14.7 4.4


6,464 9,415
91.0 62.0
0.2 11.2


11.9 11.4


9,486 8,195
14.1 10.3


0 41
98 100
97 98
99 100
95 100
94 99
96 100


9 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


26.4 17.9
13.3 13.9


5.5 4.6
1.4 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.3 0.0
0.6 0.2
0.0 0.1


16.3 6.6


79The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 42 GDP ($ billions) 22.2


Estonia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


370 1,258 571
312 1,022 521
17.0 36.5 28.0
4.1 3.8 3.5


36 44 39
0.5 .. ..


229 334 308
1,761 1,361 2,034


12.2 27.8 25.7
1.1 0.5 0.6


18.4 11.7 10.0
33
26
14
25


24.1 6,383 11,563
7.8 1.8 4.0


–1.7 16.0 4.9
.. 5.8 ..
.. 17,980 15,120
.. 27,808 25,818


400 683 363
93.3 58.2 66.2


54 553 242
0.6 65.2 32.0


99.0 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


1,440 4,455 5,125
4.6 3.2 4.5
94 84 90
44 61 65
34 48 57
97 83 86
21 31 37
19 23 32
29 42 47


47 41 54
13 .. ..
18 .. ..
77 109 95


27.3 18.4 25.2
7.2 10.9 7.7
2.9 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.8 2.2 2.0
4.4 0.5 1.2
0.2 0.5 0.3
0.2 0.4 0.5


17.4 –1.2 15.2


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 84.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,000 GDP ($ billions) 30.2


Ethiopia


80 2013 The Little Green Data Book




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611
41.1 80.5
1.5 1.1


2 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


0.1 28.4
0.0 0.0


.. 12.9
4
1
8
0


415 28,774
1.3 –1.7
7.6 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2
14.6 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


11 22
.. ..
.. ..
.. 6


.. 17.9
13.3 13.9


.. 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0
0.2 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 49 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1.4 GDP ($ billions) 2.2


Faeroe Islands


81The Little Green Data Book 2013




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,720 4,248 1,772
3,763 3,884 1,595
52.2 48.6 38.7


1.9 3.6 2.7


23 48 46
.. .. ..


1,864 610 716
3,075 5,050 3,065


55.7 29.7 28.4
–0.3 –0.4 0.3
1.3 15.0 9.9


6
14
13
61


42.1 101,299 40,238
1.1 3.4 2.4


–10.3 9.1 10.0
0.06 1.4 2.9


10,020 137,690 143,440
425 56,537 60,301


627 1,520 667
.. 10.9 26.2
.. 2,337 698
.. 79.8 73.0
.. 16.5 17.4


1.0 4.6 1.6


32,876 4,446 3,121
0.3 10.9 20.2
61 73 88
98 90 87
95 84 84


100 97 93
83 66 47
71 58 35
94 76 66


20 55 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


16 21 62


6.3 49.3 29.7
11.1 11.0 9.9
6.0 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3
0.5 1.7 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.2 0.9 0.7
0.1 1.1 0.6
0.2 32.2 14.7


82 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 868 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 18 GDP ($ billions) 3.8


Fiji




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


47,760 39,860
42,089 34,611


83.7 80.5
0.6 1.1


8 37
0.6 ..


47,514 26,515
3,534 5,349


72.9 28.4
0.1 0.0
9.0 12.9


1
6
6
1


165 28,774
0.4 –1.7


–2.3 1.8
5.0 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


6,787 5,000
22.6 4.4


16,483 9,415
33.3 62.0
16.0 11.2
10.0 11.4


19,858 8,195
1.5 10.3


3 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


15 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


19.6 17.9
14.1 13.9
6.3 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.0 0.1


11.5 6.6


83The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 304 GDP ($ billions) 263.0


Finland




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


42,420 39,860
37,251 34,611


85.7 80.5
1.2 1.1


53 37
5.1 ..


57,973 26,515
6,859 5,349


29.2 28.4
–0.4 0.0
16.5 12.9


8
9


43
28


680 28,774
–2.0 –1.7
–0.6 1.8
21.3 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


4,031 5,000
6.0 4.4


7,729 9,415
9.9 62.0


11.0 11.2
5.6 11.4


3,057 8,195
15.8 10.3


12 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


12 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


17.5 17.9
13.7 13.9
5.3 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.1
9.0 6.6


84 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 65.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 548 GDP ($ billions) 2,773.0


France




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611
51.4 80.5
1.2 1.1


12 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


43.7 28.4
–4.0 0.0
0.4 12.9


1
33
27
47


15.8 28,774
5.5 –1.7


18.1 1.8
0.06 16.5


6,000 81,970
.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2
3.3 11.4


38,264 8,195
.. 10.3
.. 41


100 100
100 98
100 100


98 100
97 99
99 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9


.. 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


85The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 274 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 3.7 GDP ($ millions) ..


French Polynesia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


8,080 1,258 6,563
4,944 1,022 5,821


86.1 36.5 60.6
3.4 3.8 2.5


20 44 35
.. .. ..


1,908 334 869
1,698 1,361 3,944


85.4 27.8 34.8
0.0 0.5 0.0


15.1 11.7 13.3
14
5


61
119


32.2 6,383 97,437
2.3 1.8 0.7


23.2 16.0 9.0
7.3 5.8 8.4


.. 17,980 33,350
1,598 27,808 48,783


1,418 683 1,948
52.9 58.2 8.1


1,004 553 2,942
55.8 65.2 72.9
43.8 18.7 21.3


1.1 0.9 5.5


106,892 4,455 8,550
0.1 3.2 5.6
38 84 66
87 61 93
41 48 86
95 83 98
33 31 73
30 23 62
33 42 81


7 41 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


66 109 20


.. 18.4 36.4
13.9 10.9 11.8


3.1 3.7 3.3
34.7 10.4 5.7


0.1 2.2 1.6
0.0 0.5 0.0
0.1 0.5 0.7
0.0 0.4 0.7


.. –1.2 19.2


86 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 1.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 258 GDP ($ billions) 17.1


Gabon




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


500 1,258 571
446 1,022 521
57.2 36.5 28.0
4.8 3.8 3.5


61 44 39
.. .. ..


285 334 308
869 1,361 2,034


47.6 27.8 25.7
–0.4 0.5 0.6
1.5 11.7 10.0
10
10
23


4


45.0 6,383 11,563
3.6 1.8 4.0


–4.1 16.0 4.9
0.06 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120
581 27,808 25,818


84 683 363
.. 58.2 66.2
.. 553 242
.. 65.2 32.0
.. 18.7 45.3


0.3 0.9 0.3


1,689 4,455 5,125
2.4 3.2 4.5
28 84 90
89 61 65
85 48 57
92 83 86
68 31 37
65 23 32
70 42 47


60 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


101 109 95


12.6 18.4 25.2
8.0 10.9 7.7
3.1 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.0 2.2 2.0
0.7 0.5 1.2
0.4 0.5 0.3
0.5 0.4 0.5
6.1 –1.2 15.2


87The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 1.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 10 GDP ($ millions) 898.3


Gambia, The




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,860 7,734 1,772
2,768 6,652 1,595
52.9 64.7 38.7
–0.5 0.3 2.7


36 28 46
4.0 .. ..


2,045 3,374 716
2,201 2,740 3,065


39.4 38.7 28.4
0.1 0.0 0.3
3.7 7.5 9.9
10
11
9
0


27.1 5,790 40,238
–6.3 –2.9 2.4
0.3 –0.5 10.0


0.45 10.4 2.9
.. .. 143,440
.. .. 60,301


700 3,015 667
11.5 2.0 26.2


1,743 4,059 698
7.5 65.4 73.0


92.5 18.8 17.4
1.3 7.1 1.6


12,958 12,498 3,121
3.1 6.3 20.2
58 60 88
98 96 87
96 91 84


100 99 93
95 84 47
93 81 35
96 87 66


49 21 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


21 21 62


14.2 26.1 29.7
11.2 12.3 9.9
2.8 3.6 3.1
0.2 9.3 6.3
0.3 0.8 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.4 0.7 0.7
1.2 0.3 0.6
3.7 6.2 14.7


88 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 4.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 69 GDP ($ billions) 14.4


Georgia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


44,230 39,860
38,601 34,611


73.9 80.5
0.2 1.1


48 37
2.2 ..


32,866 26,515
6,461 5,349


31.8 28.4
0.0 0.0


42.4 12.9
5
7


23
14


273 28,774
–1.6 –1.7
–2.3 1.8
40.3 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


4,003 5,000
9.0 4.4


7,215 9,415
59.3 62.0


3.3 11.2
9.0 11.4


1,308 8,195
30.2 10.3


0 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


16 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


23.5 17.9
13.8 13.9


4.4 4.6
0.2 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.0 0.1


13.8 6.6


89The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 81.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 349 GDP ($ billions) 3,600.8


Germany




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,410 1,258 1,772
1,214 1,022 1,595
51.9 36.5 38.7
4.2 3.8 2.7


70 44 46
0.2 .. ..


.. 334 716
1,594 1,361 3,065


21.2 27.8 28.4
2.1 0.5 0.3


14.7 11.7 9.9
16
17
44


115


353 6,383 40,238
–0.8 1.8 2.4
20.8 16.0 10.0
0.01 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440
137 27,808 60,301


382 683 667
63.8 58.2 26.2
298 553 698
16.4 65.2 73.0
83.6 18.7 17.4


0.3 0.9 1.6


1,214 4,455 3,121
3.2 3.2 20.2
66 84 88
86 61 87
80 48 84
91 83 93
14 31 47
8 23 35


19 42 66


22 41 53
6 .. ..


20 .. ..
78 109 62


9.1 18.4 29.7
9.6 10.9 9.9
4.7 3.7 3.1
2.1 10.4 6.3
7.1 2.2 1.2
1.3 0.5 0.3
0.2 0.5 0.7
0.0 0.4 0.6


–6.6 –1.2 14.7


90 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower-
income
group


Population (millions) 25.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 228 GDP ($ billions) 39.2


Ghana




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


24,490 39,860
21,389 34,611


61.5 80.5
0.7 1.1


63 37
16.9 ..


.. 26,515
4,851 5,349


30.5 28.4
–0.8 0.0
16.2 12.9


10
12
74
55


214 28,774
–2.9 –1.7
13.7 1.8
2.6 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


2,440 5,000
3.9 4.4


5,242 9,415
81.4 62.0
13.0 11.2
8.4 11.4


5,133 8,195
16.3 10.3


89 41
100 100
99 98


100 100
98 100
97 99
99 100


27 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


5.5 17.9
13.7 13.9
3.2 4.6
0.3 1.4
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.4 0.1


–5.9 6.6


91The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Greece
Population (millions) 11.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 129 GDP ($ billions) 289.6




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


26,020 39,860
.. 34,611


84.7 80.5
0.4 1.1


1 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


0.0 28.4
0.0 0.0


40.5 12.9
7
1
7
0


214 28,774
1.9 –1.7


.. 1.8
36.3 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2
10.2 11.4


10,662,187 8,195
.. 10.3
.. 41


100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9
14.0 13.9


.. 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0
0.4 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


92 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (thousands) 57 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 410 GDP ($ billions) 1.3


Country
data


High-
income
group


Greenland




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


7,350 8,574 6,563
.. 7,648 5,821


39.2 79.1 60.6
1.2 2.0 2.5


32 37 35
2.0 .. ..


2,617 3,448 869
1,032 3,838 3,944


50.0 46.8 34.8
0.0 0.4 0.0
1.7 20.2 13.3


3
1


19
3


2.3 19,009 97,437
0.9 0.1 0.7


.. 11.8 9.0
0.02 13.1 8.4
150 15,100 33,350
1.4 39,997 48,783


784 1,312 1,948
.. 16.7 8.1
.. 1,973 2,942
.. 39.0 72.9
.. 53.7 21.3


2.4 2.7 5.5


.. 22,810 8,550


.. 2.0 5.6


.. 68 66


.. 94 93


.. 81 86
97 98 98
97 79 73
97 59 62
96 84 81


19 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


13 19 20


–5.9 21.1 36.4
12.1 12.2 11.8
3.8 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
0.0 1.9 1.6


.. 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2 0.7


.. 0.3 0.7


.. 6.8 19.2


93The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 105 Land area (sq. km) 340 GDP ($ millions) 816.1


Grenada




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611
93.2 80.5


1.6 1.1


33 37
.. ..
.. 26,515


2,421 5,349


47.9 28.4
0.0 0.0


26.4 12.9
2


14
9
3


0.42 28,774
–2.1 –1.7
–3.0 1.8
0.77 16.5
220 81,970
0.97 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
99 100
98 99
99 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9


.. 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


94 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 182 Land area (sq. km) 540 GDP ($ millions) ..


Guam




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,870 8,574 1,772
2,681 7,648 1,595
49.8 79.1 38.7


3.3 2.0 2.7


41 37 46
.. .. ..


2,823 3,448 716
1,987 3,838 3,065


33.6 46.8 28.4
1.4 0.4 0.3


30.6 20.2 9.9
16
14
25
73


41.2 19,009 40,238
5.1 0.1 2.4


16.3 11.8 10.0
12.5 13.1 2.9


.. 15,100 143,440
177 39,997 60,301


713 1,312 667
62.0 16.7 26.2
567 1,973 698
33.1 39.0 73.0
37.3 53.7 17.4
1.1 2.7 1.6


7,400 22,810 3,121
2.7 2.0 20.2
55 68 88
92 94 87
87 81 84
98 98 93
78 79 47
70 59 35
87 84 66


51 28 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


30 19 62


11.0 21.1 29.7
10.7 12.2 9.9
2.9 5.0 3.1
0.5 4.5 6.3
0.9 1.9 1.2
0.7 0.0 0.3
0.2 0.2 0.7
0.2 0.3 0.6
0.7 6.8 14.7


95The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 14.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 107 GDP ($ billions) 46.9


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Guatemala




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


430 1,258 571
350 1,022 521
35.5 36.5 28.0


3.9 3.8 3.5


58 44 39
.. .. ..


237 334 308
1,379 1,361 2,034


26.5 27.8 25.7
0.5 0.5 0.6
6.8 11.7 10.0
21
17
66
22


115 6,383 11,563
4.7 1.8 4.0


15.3 16.0 4.9
0.0 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120
2,033 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


22,110 4,455 5,125
0.7 3.2 4.5
84 84 90
74 61 65
65 48 57
90 83 86
18 31 37
11 23 32
32 42 47


55 41 54
8 .. ..


16 .. ..
126 109 95


–7.2 18.4 25.2
8.5 10.9 7.7
2.3 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4


12.0 2.2 2.0
2.3 0.5 1.2
0.2 0.5 0.3
0.7 0.4 0.5


–28.4 –1.2 15.2


96 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 10.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 246 GDP ($ billions) 5.1


Guinea




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


600 1,258 571
572 1,022 521


43.9 36.5 28.0
4.1 3.8 3.5


58 44 39
.. .. ..
.. 334 308


1,340 1,361 2,034


71.6 27.8 25.7
0.5 0.5 0.6


16.1 11.7 10.0
12


9
31
4


6.8 6,383 11,563
1.1 1.8 4.0


.. 16.0 4.9
45.8 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120
2,982 27,808 25,818


67 683 363
.. 58.2 66.2
.. 553 242
.. 65.2 32.0
.. 18.7 45.3


0.2 0.9 0.3


10,342 4,455 5,125
1.1 3.2 4.5
82 84 90
64 61 65
53 48 57
91 83 86
20 31 37


9 23 32
44 42 47


48 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


161 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2
8.0 10.9 7.7
2.3 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.0 2.2 2.0
0.5 0.5 1.2
0.3 0.5 0.3
1.2 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2


97The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 1.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28 GDP ($ millions) 967.8


Guinea-Bissau




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,900 8,574 1,772
2,686 7,648 1,595


28.4 79.1 38.7
0.0 2.0 2.7


9 37 46
.. .. ..


3,483 3,448 716
4,741 3,838 3,065


77.2 46.8 28.4
0.0 0.4 0.3
5.0 20.2 9.9
10
13
28
21


43.4 19,009 40,238
0.8 0.1 2.4
8.2 11.8 10.0
0.0 13.1 2.9


.. 15,100 143,440
396 39,997 60,301


667 1,312 667
.. 16.7 26.2
.. 1,973 698
.. 39.0 73.0
.. 53.7 17.4


2.1 2.7 1.6


318,766 22,810 3,121
0.7 2.0 20.2
98 68 88
94 94 87
93 81 84
98 98 93
84 79 47
82 59 35
88 84 66


20 28 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


36 19 62


14.4 21.1 29.7
10.4 12.2 9.9
3.4 5.0 3.1
0.0 4.5 6.3


10.5 1.9 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.5 0.2 0.7
0.1 0.3 0.6


–1.3 6.8 14.7


98 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 756 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 197 GDP ($ billions) 2.6


Guyana




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


700 8,574 571
666 7,648 521


53.3 79.1 28.0
4.7 2.0 3.5


64 37 39
5.4 .. ..


.. 3,448 308
949 3,838 2,034


3.6 46.8 25.7
0.8 0.4 0.6
0.3 20.2 10.0


5
13
21
29


17.1 19,009 11,563
5.7 0.1 4.0


.. 11.8 4.9
0.0 13.1 ..


450 15,100 15,120
136 39,997 25,818


229 1,312 363
69.8 16.7 66.2


24 1,973 242
69.8 39.0 32.0
30.2 53.7 45.3


0.2 2.7 0.3


1,285 22,810 5,125
9.2 2.0 4.5
78 68 90
69 94 65
51 81 57
85 98 86
17 79 37
10 59 32
24 84 47


35 28 54
28 .. ..
24 .. ..
70 19 95


24.5 21.1 25.2
8.2 12.2 7.7
1.5 5.0 3.0
0.0 4.5 1.4
0.0 1.9 2.0
0.6 0.0 1.2
0.2 0.2 0.3
0.5 0.3 0.5


16.4 6.8 15.2


99The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 10.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28 GDP ($ billions) 7.3


Haiti




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,980 8,574 1,772
1,889 7,648 1,595


52.2 79.1 38.7
3.4 2.0 2.7


29 37 46
.. .. ..


2,163 3,448 716
1,233 3,838 3,065


45.3 46.8 28.4
2.1 0.4 0.3


18.2 20.2 9.9
7


11
28


107


46.1 19,009 40,238
–2.7 0.1 2.4
12.0 11.8 10.0


1.9 13.1 2.9
810 15,100 143,440
628 39,997 60,301


601 1,312 667
43.0 16.7 26.2
671 1,973 698


53.9 39.0 73.0
44.0 53.7 17.4


1.0 2.7 1.6


12,371 22,810 3,121
1.2 2.0 20.2
58 68 88
87 94 87
79 81 84
95 98 93
77 79 47
69 59 35
85 84 66


34 28 53
17 .. ..
16 .. ..
21 19 62


18.9 21.1 29.7
10.4 12.2 9.9
3.5 5.0 3.1
0.0 4.5 6.3
0.6 1.9 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.4 0.2 0.7
0.2 0.3 0.6


10.8 6.8 14.7


100 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 7.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 112 GDP ($ billions) 17.4


Honduras




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


36,010 39,860
31,588 34,611


100.0 80.5
1.0 1.1


.. 37


.. ..


.. 26,515


.. 5,349


.. 28.4


.. 0.0
41.8 12.9


2
20
13


6


174 28,774
–1.3 –1.7
–5.1 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


1,951 5,000
0.4 4.4


5,923 9,415
100.0 62.0


0.0 11.2
5.3 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


28.4 17.9
13.2 13.9


3.1 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2


.. 0.1
18.1 6.6


101The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 7.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1.0 GDP ($ billions) 248.6


Hong Kong SAR, China




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


12,730 39,860
11,364 34,611


69.4 80.5
0.1 1.1


59 37
1.8 ..


8,522 26,515
5,099 5,349


22.5 28.4
–0.6 0.0
5.1 12.9


2
10
9
9


22.6 28,774
–3.9 –1.7
–0.6 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


2,567 5,000
7.3 4.4


3,876 9,415
49.3 62.0


0.5 11.2
4.9 11.4


602 8,195
93.2 10.3


6 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


15 22
.. ..
.. ..
6 6


22.0 17.9
13.2 13.9


4.9 4.6
0.5 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.3 0.2
0.0 0.1


12.9 6.6


102 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 10.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 91 GDP ($ billions) 140.0


Hungary




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


34,820 39,860
31,219 34,611


93.7 80.5
1.2 1.1


16 37
.. ..


56,880 26,515
.. 5,349


0.3 28.4
–5.0 0.0
19.7 12.9


6
1


12
0


1,160 28,774
–1.3 –1.7
3.0 1.8
3.9 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


16,882 5,000
0.0 4.4


51,440 9,415
0.0 62.0


73.8 11.2
6.4 11.4


532,892 8,195
0.1 10.3
42 41


100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


18 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


8.6 17.9
16.5 13.9


9.0 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2
0.1 0.1
0.8 6.6


103The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 319 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 100a GDP ($ billions) 14.0


Iceland




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,420 1,313 1,772
1,283 1,201 1,595


31.3 30.9 38.7
2.6 2.8 2.7


60 55 46
35.2 .. ..
523 550 716


2,883 2,959 3,065


23.1 17.1 28.4
–0.5 –0.3 0.3
5.0 5.9 9.9
94
80


212
300


8,879 13,219 40,238
2.0 2.3 2.4
7.4 8.1 10.0
1.7 1.7 2.9


5,790 15,440 143,440
4,326 10,343 60,301


566 519 667
24.6 26.7 26.2
616 555 698


83.1 80.6 73.0
11.9 14.0 17.4
1.6 1.4 1.6


1,165 1,197 3,121
52.6 51.6 20.2


90 91 88
92 90 87
90 88 84
97 96 93
34 38 47
23 28 35
58 60 66


52 62 53
9 .. ..
9 .. ..


61 62 62


35.0 33.5 29.7
9.3 9.2 9.9
3.1 2.8 3.1
3.1 2.8 6.3
1.3 1.0 1.2
0.5 0.6 0.3
0.9 0.8 0.7
0.6 0.6 0.6


22.5 21.6 14.7


104 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


South
Asia


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 1,241.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,973 GDP ($ billions) 1,872.8


India




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,940 4,248 1,772
2,784 3,884 1,595


50.7 48.6 38.7
3.7 3.6 2.7


30 48 46
.. .. ..


753 610 716
4,886 5,050 3,065


51.7 29.7 28.4
0.5 –0.4 0.3


14.1 15.0 9.9
184
122
141
385


13,651 101,299 40,238
3.7 3.4 2.4


13.1 9.1 10.0
2.0 1.4 2.9


51,020 137,690 143,440
31,894 56,537 60,301


867 1,520 667
26.0 10.9 26.2
641 2,337 698


84.0 79.8 73.0
10.4 16.5 17.4
1.9 4.6 1.6


8,332 4,446 3,121
5.6 10.9 20.2
82 73 88
82 90 87
74 84 84
92 97 93
54 66 47
39 58 35
73 76 66


60 55 53
.. .. ..


14 .. ..
32 21 62


32.8 49.3 29.7
10.7 11.0 9.9
2.7 2.1 3.1
6.2 4.3 6.3
1.1 1.7 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.4 0.9 0.7
0.6 1.1 0.6


16.5 32.2 14.7


105The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 242.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,812 GDP ($ billions) 846.8


Indonesia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,520 3,866 6,563
3,106 3,285 5,821
69.1 58.9 60.6


2.4 2.5 2.5


30 23 35
19.0 .. ..


3,104 2,627 869
2,469 2,475 3,944


6.8 2.4 34.8
0.0 –0.1 0.0
7.1 3.9 13.3
16
22
30


2


735 3,538 97,437
3.4 2.4 0.7


11.1 13.1 9.0
1.7 2.0 8.4


700 5,700 33,350
192 217 48,783


2,817 1,372 1,948
0.1 0.9 8.1


2,652 1,658 2,942
95.8 92.9 72.9


4.1 5.4 21.3
8.2 4.1 5.5


1,718 673 8,550
72.6 122.1 5.6


92 86 66
96 89 93
92 81 86
97 94 98


100 88 73
100 80 62
100 94 81


56 59 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


25 32 20


.. 27.0 36.4
11.3 10.8 11.8


4.1 4.5 3.3
19.1 15.2 5.7
0.6 0.6 1.6
0.0 0.1 0.0
1.3 0.6 0.7
0.8 0.9 0.7


.. 6.1 19.2


106 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 74.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,629 GDP ($ billions) 331.0


Iran, Islamic Rep.




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,640 3,866 1,772
1,311 3,285 1,595
66.5 58.9 38.7


2.6 2.5 2.7


19 23 46
.. .. ..
.. 2,627 716


1,799 2,475 3,065


1.9 2.4 28.4
–0.1 –0.1 0.3
0.1 3.9 9.9
13
16
11
1


51.8 3,538 40,238
1.6 2.4 2.4


12.9 13.1 10.0
0.0 2.0 2.9


.. 5,700 143,440


.. 217 60,301


1,180 1,372 667
0.1 0.9 26.2


1,183 1,658 698
90.5 92.9 73.0


9.5 5.4 17.4
3.5 4.1 1.6


1,068 673 3,121
187.5 122.1 20.2


79 86 88
79 89 87
56 81 84
91 94 93
73 88 47
67 80 35
76 94 66


88 59 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


38 32 62


.. 27.0 29.7
10.8 10.8 9.9


.. 4.5 3.1
50.6 15.2 6.3


0.0 0.6 1.2
0.0 0.1 0.3
0.9 0.6 0.7
3.5 0.9 0.6


.. 6.1 14.7


107The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 33.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 434 GDP ($ billions) 115.4


Iraq




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


39,150 39,860
32,178 34,611


62.2 80.5
1.7 1.1


66 37
.. ..


13,931 26,515
8,440 5,349


10.9 28.4
–1.5 0.0
1.8 12.9


5
3


21
1


288 28,774
–0.1 –1.7
2.4 1.8


0.18 16.5
.. 81,970
.. 15,496


3,218 5,000
2.6 4.4


6,025 9,415
79.0 62.0


2.1 11.2
9.3 11.4


10,707 8,195
1.6 10.3
10 41


100 100
100 98
100 100
99 100
98 99


100 100


13 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


17.1 17.9
17.2 13.9
5.9 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.0 0.1
5.5 6.6


108 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 4.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 69 GDP ($ billions) 217.3


Ireland




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


48,910 39,860
.. 34,611


50.6 80.5
0.7 1.1


75 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


6.1 28.4
0.0 0.0


.. 12.9
0
0
2
0


6.8 28,774
2.5 –1.7


.. 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9
12.8 13.9


.. 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


109The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 83 Land area (sq. km) 570 GDP ($ billions) 4.1


Isle of Man




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


28,930 39,860
26,158 34,611


91.9 80.5
2.5 1.1


24 37
31.8 ..


.. 26,515
3,407 5,349


7.1 28.4
–0.1 0.0
17.8 12.9


15
14
36


0


22.8 28,774
–5.6 –1.7
1.5 1.8


0.45 16.5
<10 81,970


.. 15,496


3,005 5,000
0.1 4.4


6,856 9,415
99.7 62.0
0.0 11.2
9.0 11.4


97 8,195
260.5 10.3


58 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


21 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


15.1 17.9
13.9 13.9


5.6 4.6
0.2 1.4
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.1 0.1
6.2 6.6


110 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 7.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 22 GDP ($ billions) 242.9


Country
data


High-
income
group


Israel




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


35,320 39,860
30,844 34,611


68.4 80.5
0.4 1.1


47 37
16.9 ..


31,254 26,515
5,682 5,349


31.4 28.4
–0.9 0.0
15.1 12.9


7
10
46
62


378 28,774
–2.5 –1.7
0.2 1.8


17.4 16.5
.. 81,970
.. 15,496


2,815 5,000
5.1 4.4


5,384 9,415
73.3 62.0
17.1 11.2
6.7 11.4


3,005 8,195
24.9 10.3


44 41
100 100
100 98
100 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


21 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


16.5 17.9
13.8 13.9


4.4 4.6
0.1 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.1 0.1
6.8 6.6


111The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 60.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 294 GDP ($ billions) 2,194.0


Country
data


High-
income
group


Italy




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 8,574 6,563
4,489 7,648 5,821


52.1 79.1 60.6
0.8 2.0 2.5


41 37 35
.. .. ..


3,016 3,448 869
1,270 3,838 3,944


31.1 46.8 34.8
0.1 0.4 0.0


18.9 20.2 13.3
5


10
22


206


16.3 19,009 97,437
0.5 0.1 0.7


–5.0 11.8 9.0
4.2 13.1 8.4


1,240 15,100 33,350
97.5 39,997 48,783


1,131 1,312 1,948
14.6 16.7 8.1


1,223 1,973 2,942
93.6 39.0 72.9


3.6 53.7 21.3
3.2 2.7 5.5


3,475 22,810 8,550
6.2 2.0 5.6
34 68 66
93 94 93
88 81 86
98 98 98
80 79 73
82 59 62
78 84 81


27 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


18 19 20


8.7 21.1 36.4
11.5 12.2 11.8
5.8 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
1.1 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.7 0.2 0.7
0.1 0.3 0.7
1.1 6.8 19.2


112 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 2.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 11 GDP ($ billions) 14.4


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Jamaica




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


44,900 39,860
40,800 34,611


91.1 80.5
0.9 1.1


13 37
34.5 ..


40,385 26,515
4,911 5,349


68.6 28.4
0.0 0.0


16.5 12.9
27
40
65


7


4,756 28,774
–4.3 –1.7
–1.9 1.8
5.5 16.5


2,900 81,970
7.4 15,496


3,898 5,000
1.4 4.4


8,394 9,415
61.8 62.0


7.4 11.2
8.6 11.4


3,364 8,195
20.9 10.3


63 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


24 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


21.1 17.9
13.7 13.9
3.2 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2
0.3 0.1


10.1 6.6


113The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 127.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 365 GDP ($ billions) 5,867.2


Country
data


High-
income
group


Japan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,380 3,866 6,563
4,050 3,285 5,821


82.7 58.9 60.6
3.8 2.5 2.5


11 23 35
9.6 .. ..


3,760 2,627 869
812 2,475 3,944


1.1 2.4 34.8
0.0 –0.1 0.0
1.9 3.9 13.3
13
10
13


1


1.1 3,538 97,437
1.7 2.4 0.7


11.4 13.1 9.0
30.0 2.0 8.4
<50 5,700 33,350


.. 217 48,783


1,191 1,372 1,948
0.1 0.9 8.1


2,226 1,658 2,942
99.5 92.9 72.9


0.4 5.4 21.3
3.8 4.1 5.5


110 673 8,550
138.0 122.1 5.6


65 86 66
97 89 93
92 81 86
98 94 98
98 88 73
98 80 62
98 94 81


30 59 42
1 .. ..


16 .. ..
21 32 20


13.5 27.0 36.4
10.9 10.8 11.8


5.6 4.5 3.3
0.0 15.2 5.7
1.7 0.6 1.6
0.0 0.1 0.0
0.7 0.6 0.7
0.2 0.9 0.7
5.6 6.1 19.2


114 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 6.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 89 GDP ($ billions) 28.8


Jordan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


8,260 7,734 6,563
5,654 6,652 5,821


53.6 64.7 60.6
–0.2 0.3 2.5


77 28 35
.. .. ..


2,275 3,374 869
1,687 2,740 3,944


1.2 38.7 34.8
0.2 0.0 0.0
2.5 7.5 13.3
16
22
15
17


43.3 5,790 97,437
–2.8 –2.9 0.7


–15.9 –0.5 9.0
.. 10.4 8.4
.. .. 33,350
.. .. 48,783


4,595 3,015 1,948
0.1 2.0 8.1


4,728 4,059 2,942
90.3 65.4 72.9


9.7 18.8 21.3
14.0 7.1 5.5


3,886 12,498 8,550
32.9 6.3 5.6


66 60 66
95 96 93
90 91 86
99 99 98
97 84 73
98 81 62
97 87 81


18 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


28 21 20


34.6 26.1 36.4
14.1 12.3 11.8
4.4 3.6 3.3


26.0 9.3 5.7
2.0 0.8 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
1.2 0.7 0.7
0.3 0.3 0.7


–4.6 6.2 19.2


115The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 16.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,700 GDP ($ billions) 188.0


Kazakhstan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


820 1,258 571
745 1,022 521


24.0 36.5 28.0
4.4 3.8 3.5


48 44 39
0.0 .. ..


350 334 308
1,514 1,361 2,034


6.1 27.8 25.7
0.3 0.5 0.6


11.8 11.7 10.0
28
34
68


128


204 6,383 11,563
–0.5 1.8 4.0
14.7 16.0 4.9
10.5 5.8 ..
630 17,980 15,120
610 27,808 25,818


483 683 363
72.8 58.2 66.2
156 553 242


30.5 65.2 32.0
45.7 18.7 45.3
0.3 0.9 0.3


497 4,455 5,125
13.2 3.2 4.5


79 84 90
59 61 65
52 48 57
82 83 86
32 31 37
32 23 32
32 42 47


30 41 54
8 .. ..


17 .. ..
73 109 95


13.5 18.4 25.2
6.7 10.9 7.7
5.9 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.1 2.2 2.0
1.1 0.5 1.2
0.3 0.5 0.3
0.1 0.4 0.5


11.2 –1.2 15.2


116 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 41.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 569 GDP ($ billions) 33.6


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Kenya




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,030 4,248 1,772
.. 3,884 1,595


43.9 48.6 38.7
2.7 3.6 2.7


42 48 46
.. .. ..


1,327 610 716
.. 5,050 3,065


15.0 29.7 28.4
0.0 –0.4 0.3


23.2 15.0 9.9
1
6


11
0


69.6 101,299 40,238
4.3 3.4 2.4


–0.8 9.1 10.0
22.6 1.4 2.9


2,940 137,690 143,440
2.6 56,537 60,301


116 1,520 667
.. 10.9 26.2
.. 2,337 698
.. 79.8 73.0
.. 16.5 17.4


0.5 4.6 1.6


.. 4,446 3,121


.. 10.9 20.2


.. 73 88
63 90 87
53 84 84
77 97 93
34 66 47
22 58 35
49 76 66


.. 55 53


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
47 21 62


.. 49.3 29.7
6.6 11.0 9.9


.. 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3
0.0 1.7 1.2


.. 0.0 0.3
0.1 0.9 0.7


.. 1.1 0.6


.. 32.2 14.7


117The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 101 Land area (sq. km) 810 GDP ($ millions) 166.7


Kiribati




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 4,248 571


.. 3,884 521
60.3 48.6 28.0


1.1 3.6 3.5


21 48 39
.. .. ..
.. 610 308


3,749 5,050 2,034


46.0 29.7 25.7
2.0 –0.4 0.6
5.9 15.0 10.0


9
25
14
6


713 101,299 11,563
–4.0 3.4 4.0
–2.7 9.1 4.9
0.11 1.4 ..


.. 137,690 15,120


.. 56,537 25,818


761 1,520 363
5.7 10.9 66.2


749 2,337 242
38.1 79.8 32.0
61.9 16.5 45.3


3.1 4.6 0.3


2,740 4,446 5,125
12.9 10.9 4.5


76 73 90
98 90 65
97 84 57
99 97 86
80 66 37
71 58 32
86 76 47


52 55 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


33 21 95


.. 49.3 25.2


.. 11.0 7.7


.. 2.1 3.0


.. 4.3 1.4


.. 1.7 2.0


.. 0.0 1.2


.. 0.9 0.3
0.6 1.1 0.5


.. 32.2 15.2


118 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 24.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 120 GDP ($ millions) ..


Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


20,870 39,860
19,551 34,611


83.2 80.5
1.3 1.1


18 37
51.6 ..


20,559 26,515
7,038 5,349


64.0 28.4
0.1 0.0
2.4 12.9


9
29
19


4


3,261 28,774
–1.6 –1.7
3.1 1.8
3.9 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


5,060 5,000
1.4 4.4


9,744 9,415
68.7 62.0


0.7 11.2
10.4 11.4


1,303 8,195
39.3 10.3


62 41
98 100
88 98


100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


30 22
.. ..
.. ..
5 6


31.4 17.9
13.0 13.9
4.2 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.4 0.2
0.4 0.1


21.8 6.6


119The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 49.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 97 GDP ($ billions) 1,116.2


Korea, Rep.




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,510 7,734 1,772
.. 6,652 1,595
.. 64.7 38.7
.. 0.3 2.7


52 28 46
.. .. ..
.. 3,374 716
.. 2,740 3,065


.. 38.7 28.4


.. 0.0 0.3


.. 7.5 9.9


..


..


..


..


.. 5,790 40,238


.. –2.9 2.4


.. –0.5 10.0


.. 10.4 2.9


.. .. 143,440


.. .. 60,301


1,372 3,015 667
9.7 2.0 26.2


2,650 4,059 698
97.0 65.4 73.0
3.0 18.8 17.4


.. 7.1 1.6


.. 12,498 3,121


.. 6.3 20.2


.. 60 88


.. 96 87


.. 91 84


.. 99 93


.. 84 47


.. 81 35


.. 87 66


.. 21 53


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. 21 62


.. 26.1 29.7
10.2 12.3 9.9


.. 3.6 3.1
0.0 9.3 6.3
1.8 0.8 1.2


.. 0.0 0.3


.. 0.7 0.7


.. 0.3 0.6


.. 6.2 14.7


120 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 1.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 11 GDP ($ billions) 6.5


Kosovo




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


48,900 39,860
30,970 34,611


98.3 80.5
1.4 1.1


9 37
.. ..
.. 26,515


8,648 5,349


0.4 28.4
–2.6 0.0
1.6 12.9


6
8


11
0


4.9 28,774
0.0 –1.7


.. 1.8
0.01 16.5
110 81,970


0.05 15,496


12,204 5,000
0.0 4.4


18,320 9,415
100.0 62.0


0.0 11.2
30.3 11.4


0 8,195
.. 10.3


54 41
99 100
99 98
99 100


100 100
100 99
100 100


91 22
.. ..
.. ..


11 6


45.8 17.9
6.5 13.9
3.2 4.6


29.3 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.4 0.2
0.5 0.1


12.2 6.6


121The Little Green Data Book 2013


Kuwait
Population (millions) 2.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 18 GDP ($ billions) 176.6


Country
data


High-
income
group




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


900 7,734 571
829 6,652 521
35.4 64.7 28.0


0.8 0.3 3.5


55 28 39
9.4 .. ..


1,022 3,374 308
2,603 2,740 2,034


5.1 38.7 25.7
–1.1 0.0 0.6
6.9 7.5 10.0


6
12


3
14


0.42 5,790 11,563
–11.2 –2.9 4.0
–4.2 –0.5 4.9


.. 10.4 ..


.. .. 15,120


.. .. 25,818


536 3,015 363
0.1 2.0 66.2


1,375 4,059 242
9.0 65.4 32.0


91.0 18.8 45.3
1.2 7.1 0.3


8,873 12,498 5,125
20.6 6.3 4.5


94 60 90
90 96 65
85 91 57
99 99 86
93 84 37
93 81 32
94 87 47


35 21 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


31 21 95


19.9 26.1 25.2
9.7 12.3 7.7
6.0 3.6 3.0
0.7 9.3 1.4
9.0 0.8 2.0
0.0 0.0 1.2
0.9 0.7 0.3
0.4 0.3 0.5
5.1 6.2 15.2


122 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 5.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 192 GDP ($ billions) 6.2


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Low-
income
group


Kyrgyz Republic




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,130 4,248 1,772
973 3,884 1,595


34.2 48.6 38.7
5.7 3.6 2.7


10 48 46
.. .. ..


456 610 716
4,045 5,050 3,065


67.9 29.7 28.4
0.5 –0.4 0.3


16.6 15.0 9.9
45
24
54
24


117 101,299 40,238
2.6 3.4 2.4


10.8 9.1 10.0
.. 1.4 2.9
.. 137,690 143,440
.. 56,537 60,301


.. 1,520 667


.. 10.9 26.2


.. 2,337 698


.. 79.8 73.0


.. 16.5 17.4
0.3 4.6 1.6


30,280 4,446 3,121
2.2 10.9 20.2
93 73 88
67 90 87
62 84 84
77 97 93
63 66 47
50 58 35
89 76 66


45 55 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


42 21 62


17.7 49.3 29.7
9.8 11.0 9.9
1.1 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3


10.5 1.7 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.2 0.9 0.7
0.8 1.1 0.6


–2.6 32.2 14.7


123The Little Green Data Book 2013


Lao PDR
Country


data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 6.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 231 GDP ($ billions) 8.3




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


13,320 7,734 6,563
12,053 6,652 5,821


67.7 64.7 60.6
–1.3 0.3 2.5


29 28 35
0.1 .. ..


3,837 3,374 869
2,748 2,740 3,944


54.1 38.7 34.8
–0.3 0.0 0.0
18.0 7.5 13.3


1
6
6
0


156 5,790 97,437
–5.0 –2.9 0.7
–6.5 –0.5 9.0
6.7 10.4 8.4


.. .. 33,350


.. .. 48,783


1,971 3,015 1,948
29.3 2.0 8.1


3,026 4,059 2,942
45.1 65.4 72.9
53.1 18.8 21.3


3.0 7.1 5.5


8,133 12,498 8,550
2.5 6.3 5.6
12 60 66
99 96 93
96 91 86


100 99 98
78 84 73
71 81 62
82 87 81


12 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
8 21 20


25.9 26.1 36.4
12.3 12.3 11.8


5.6 3.6 3.3
0.0 9.3 5.7
0.0 0.8 1.6
0.5 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.7 0.7
0.0 0.3 0.7


18.5 6.2 19.2


124 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 2.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 62 GDP ($ billions) 28.3


Latvia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


9,140 3,866 6,563
8,207 3,285 5,821


87.2 58.9 60.6
2.0 2.5 2.5


62 23 35
20.2 .. ..


44,019 2,627 869
2,802 2,475 3,944


13.4 2.4 34.8
–0.4 –0.1 0.0
0.5 3.9 13.3
10
9


22
1


5.1 3,538 97,437
4.8 2.4 0.7


14.1 13.1 9.0
0.11 2.0 8.4


.. 5,700 33,350


.. 217 48,783


1,526 1,372 1,948
1.9 0.9 8.1


3,569 1,658 2,942
94.7 92.9 72.9
5.3 5.4 21.3
5.0 4.1 5.5


1,127 673 8,550
27.3 122.1 5.6


60 86 66
100 89 93
100 81 86
100 94 98


98 88 73
87 80 62


100 94 81


25 59 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
9 32 20


11.6 27.0 36.4
12.0 10.8 11.8


1.6 4.5 3.3
0.0 15.2 5.7
0.0 0.6 1.6
0.0 0.1 0.0
0.4 0.6 0.7
0.1 0.9 0.7
0.7 6.1 19.2


125The Little Green Data Book 2013


Lebanon
Country


data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 4.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 10 GDP ($ billions) 40.1




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,210 1,258 1,772
1,222 1,022 1,595


27.6 36.5 38.7
4.6 3.8 2.7


76 44 46
.. .. ..


200 334 716
664 1,361 3,065


1.5 27.8 28.4
–0.5 0.5 0.3
0.5 11.7 9.9


2
7
1
4


0.35 6,383 40,238
7.4 1.8 2.4


13.8 16.0 10.0
.. 5.8 2.9
.. 17,980 143,440
.. 27,808 60,301


9 683 667
.. 58.2 26.2
.. 553 698
.. 65.2 73.0
.. 18.7 17.4
.. 0.9 1.6


2,384 4,455 3,121
1.0 3.2 20.2
20 84 88
78 61 87
73 48 84
91 83 93
26 31 47
24 23 35
32 42 66


38 41 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


86 109 62


12.5 18.4 29.7
7.3 10.9 9.9
9.7 3.7 3.1
0.0 10.4 6.3
0.0 2.2 1.2
1.0 0.5 0.3


.. 0.5 0.7
0.1 0.4 0.6


.. –1.2 14.7


126 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 2.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 30 GDP ($ billions) 2.4


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Lesotho




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


330 1,258 571
303 1,022 521


48.2 36.5 28.0
3.9 3.8 3.5


27 44 39
.. .. ..


716 334 308
1,200 1,361 2,034


44.6 27.8 25.7
0.7 0.5 0.6
1.8 11.7 10.0
18
13
53
47


8.0 6,383 11,563
1.0 1.8 4.0


.. 16.0 4.9
0.0 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120
109 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


48,443 4,455 5,125
0.1 3.2 4.5
34 84 90
73 61 65
60 48 57
88 83 86
18 31 37


7 23 32
29 42 47


31 41 54
9 .. ..


20 .. ..
78 109 95


32.9 18.4 25.2
7.9 10.9 7.7
3.1 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
1.8 2.2 2.0
2.9 0.5 1.2
0.5 0.5 0.3
0.4 0.4 0.5


22.6 –1.2 15.2


127The Little Green Data Book 2013


Liberia
Country


data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 4.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 96 GDP ($ billions) 1.5




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


12,320 3,866 6,563
5,845 3,285 5,821


77.7 58.9 60.6
2.0 2.5 2.5


9 23 35
.. .. ..
.. 2,627 869


614 2,475 3,944


0.1 2.4 34.8
0.0 –0.1 0.0
0.1 3.9 13.3
12


4
24
3


30.2 3,538 97,437
0.9 2.4 0.7
6.0 13.1 9.0


0.05 2.0 8.4
.. 5,700 33,350
.. 217 48,783


3,013 1,372 1,948
0.9 0.9 8.1


4,270 1,658 2,942
100.0 92.9 72.9


0.0 5.4 21.3
10.0 4.1 5.5


109 673 8,550
618.0 122.1 5.6


83 86 66
.. 89 93
.. 81 86
.. 94 98


97 88 73
96 80 62
97 94 81


65 59 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


16 32 20


66.8 27.0 36.4
12.0 10.8 11.8


.. 4.5 3.3
29.0 15.2 5.7


0.0 0.6 1.6
0.0 0.1 0.0
0.7 0.6 0.7
1.4 0.9 0.7


.. 6.1 19.2


128 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 6.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,760 GDP ($ billions) 62.4


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Libya




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


137,070 39,860
.. 34,611


14.4 80.5
0.3 1.1


41 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


43.1 28.4
0.0 0.0


42.4 12.9
0
0
0
0


.. 28,774


.. –1.7


.. 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


24 22
.. ..
.. ..
2 6


.. 17.9
13.3 13.9


2.4 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


129The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (thousands) 36 Land area (sq. km) 160 GDP ($ billions) 4.8


Country
data


High-
income
group


Liechtenstein




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


12,980 7,734 6,563
11,775 6,652 5,821


67.1 64.7 60.6
–1.0 0.3 2.5


45 28 35
.. .. ..


5,996 3,374 869
3,030 2,740 3,944


34.6 38.7 34.8
–0.7 0.0 0.0
14.5 7.5 13.3


3
6
6
1


142 5,790 97,437
–4.1 –2.9 0.7
–1.7 –0.5 9.0
10.7 10.4 8.4


.. .. 33,350


.. .. 48,783


2,107 3,015 1,948
14.3 2.0 8.1


3,271 4,059 2,942
76.8 65.4 72.9
10.8 18.8 21.3
3.8 7.1 5.5


5,135 12,498 8,550
15.3 6.3 5.6


3 60 66
92 96 93
81 91 86
98 99 98
86 84 73
69 81 62
95 87 81


16 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
6 21 20


18.1 26.1 36.4
12.8 12.3 11.8


5.4 3.6 3.3
0.1 9.3 5.7
0.0 0.8 1.6
0.6 0.0 0.0
0.3 0.7 0.7
0.1 0.3 0.7
9.6 6.2 19.2


130 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 3.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 63 GDP ($ billions) 42.7


Lithuania




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


77,390 39,860
64,847 34,611


85.4 80.5
1.7 1.1


51 37
.. ..


25,431 26,515
5,193 5,349


33.5 28.4
0.0 0.0


20.0 12.9
0
1
1
0


.. 28,774


.. –1.7


.. 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


8,343 5,000
3.7 4.4


16,834 9,415
90.3 62.0


3.3 11.2
20.4 11.4


1,930 8,195
6.0 10.3


0 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


12 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


30.5 17.9
21.3 13.9
3.5 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.0 0.1


12.4 6.6


131The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 518 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2.6 GDP ($ billions) 59.2


Luxembourg




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


45,460 39,860
.. 34,611


100.0 80.5
2.1 1.1


.. 37


.. ..


.. 26,515


.. 5,349


.. 28.4


.. 0.0


.. 12.9
0
4
5
0


1.5 28,774
–2.6 –1.7


.. 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2
2.8 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


62.6 17.9
1.8 13.9
2.8 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0
0.1 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


132 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 556 Land area (sq. km) 28 GDP ($ billions) 36.4


Macao SAR, China




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,810 7,734 6,563
4,221 6,652 5,821


59.3 64.7 60.6
0.5 0.3 2.5


44 28 35
7.4 .. ..


6,430 3,374 869
3,502 2,740 3,944


39.8 38.7 34.8
–0.4 0.0 0.0
4.9 7.5 13.3


5
11
13


0


1.6 5,790 97,437
.. –2.9 0.7
.. –0.5 9.0
.. 10.4 8.4
.. .. 33,350
.. .. 48,783


1,402 3,015 1,948
7.1 2.0 8.1


3,591 4,059 2,942
66.5 65.4 72.9
33.5 18.8 21.3


5.5 7.1 5.5


2,616 12,498 8,550
19.0 6.3 5.6


12 60 66
100 96 93
99 91 86


100 99 98
88 84 73
82 81 62
92 87 81


17 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


10 21 20


26.1 26.1 36.4
11.1 12.3 11.8
4.9 3.6 3.3
0.9 9.3 5.7
2.9 0.8 1.6
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.9 0.7 0.7
0.1 0.3 0.7


14.9 6.2 19.2


133The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 2.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 25 GDP ($ billions) 10.4


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Macedonia, FYR




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


430 1,258 571
409 1,022 521
32.6 36.5 28.0


4.6 3.8 3.5


71 44 39
2.2 .. ..
187 334 308


2,503 1,361 2,034


21.5 27.8 25.7
0.4 0.5 0.6
3.1 11.7 10.0
65
35
86


358


138 6,383 11,563
1.0 1.8 4.0


18.9 16.0 4.9
0.12 5.8 ..


2,230 17,980 15,120
2,991 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


15,810 4,455 5,125
4.4 3.2 4.5
97 84 90
46 61 65
34 48 57
74 83 86
15 31 37
12 23 32
21 42 47


28 41 54
3 .. ..
8 .. ..


62 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2
7.7 10.9 7.7
2.7 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
2.5 2.2 2.0
0.2 0.5 1.2
0.1 0.5 0.3
0.1 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2


134 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 21.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 582 GDP ($ billions) 9.9


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Madagascar




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


360 1,258 571
324 1,022 521
15.7 36.5 28.0
3.8 3.8 3.5


59 44 39
0.5 .. ..
172 334 308


2,094 1,361 2,034


34.0 27.8 25.7
1.0 0.5 0.6


15.0 11.7 10.0
7


15
101


16


85.8 6,383 11,563
0.5 1.8 4.0


14.6 16.0 4.9
.. 5.8 ..
.. 17,980 15,120
.. 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


1,049 4,455 5,125
6.0 3.2 4.5
84 84 90
83 61 65
80 48 57
95 83 86
51 31 37
51 23 32
49 42 47


29 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


83 109 95


13.9 18.4 25.2
7.4 10.9 7.7
5.3 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.0 2.2 2.0
1.7 0.5 1.2
0.2 0.5 0.3
0.1 0.4 0.5
9.7 –1.2 15.2


135The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 15.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 94 GDP ($ billions) 5.6


Malawi




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


8,770 4,248 6,563
7,932 3,884 5,821


72.7 48.6 60.6
4.0 3.6 2.5


24 48 35
.. .. ..


7,170 610 869
3,920 5,050 3,944


62.0 29.7 34.8
0.5 –0.4 0.0


18.1 15.0 13.3
70
45
68


676


1,909 101,299 97,437
1.8 3.4 0.7


11.6 9.1 9.0
2.0 1.4 8.4


3,600 137,690 33,350
7,097 56,537 48,783


2,558 1,520 1,948
4.7 10.9 8.1


4,117 2,337 2,942
93.8 79.8 72.9


5.2 16.5 21.3
7.1 4.6 5.5


20,098 4,446 8,550
2.3 10.9 5.6
34 73 66


100 90 93
99 84 86


100 97 98
96 66 73
95 58 62
96 76 81


18 55 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
7 21 20


35.5 49.3 36.4
12.2 11.0 11.8


4.1 2.1 3.3
6.1 4.3 5.7
0.1 1.7 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.6 0.9 0.7
0.0 1.1 0.7


20.5 32.2 19.2


136 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 28.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 329 GDP ($ billions) 287.9


Malaysia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


5,720 1,313 6,563
4,640 1,201 5,821


41.1 30.9 60.6
4.0 2.8 2.5


23 55 35
.. .. ..


2,490 550 869
2,508 2,959 3,944


3.0 17.1 34.8
0.0 –0.3 0.0


.. 5.9 13.3
2
0


18
0


121 13,219 97,437
2.0 2.3 0.7


.. 8.1 9.0


.. 1.7 8.4
8,920 15,440 33,350


.. 10,343 48,783


985 519 1,948
.. 26.7 8.1
.. 555 2,942
.. 80.6 72.9
.. 14.0 21.3


3.3 1.4 5.5


94 1,197 8,550
19.7 51.6 5.6


0 91 66
98 90 93
97 88 86


100 96 98
97 38 73
97 28 62
98 60 81


28 62 42
7 .. ..
5 .. ..


11 62 20


.. 33.5 36.4
13.5 9.2 11.8


5.0 2.8 3.3
0.0 2.8 5.7
0.0 1.0 1.6
0.0 0.6 0.0
0.5 0.8 0.7
0.2 0.6 0.7


.. 21.6 19.2


137The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


South
Asia


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 320 Land area (sq. km) 300 GDP ($ billions) 2.1


Maldives




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


610 1,258 571
532 1,022 521
34.9 36.5 28.0


4.8 3.8 3.5


34 44 39
.. .. ..


511 334 308
996 1,361 2,034


10.2 27.8 25.7
0.6 0.5 0.6
2.4 11.7 10.0
12
13


2
7


110 6,383 11,563
2.1 1.8 4.0


27.3 16.0 4.9
.. 5.8 ..
.. 17,980 15,120
.. 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.0 0.9 0.3


3,788 4,455 5,125
10.9 3.2 4.5


90 84 90
64 61 65
51 48 57
87 83 86
22 31 37
14 23 32
35 42 47


111 41 54
6 .. ..


13 .. ..
176 109 95


8.9 18.4 25.2
8.5 10.9 7.7
3.9 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
9.8 2.2 2.0
0.0 0.5 1.2
0.1 0.5 0.3
1.3 0.4 0.5


–5.2 –1.2 15.2


138 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 15.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,220 GDP ($ billions) 10.8


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Mali




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


18,620 39,860
.. 34,611


94.8 80.5
1.0 1.1


32 37
34.0 ..


38,898 26,515
5,302 5,349


0.9 28.4
0.0 0.0


17.3 12.9
3
3


17
4


4.1 28,774
4.3 –1.7


36.8 1.8
0.40 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


2,013 5,000
0.0 4.4


4,151 9,415
100.0 62.0


0.0 11.2
6.0 11.4


121 8,195
106.7 10.3


35 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..
6 6


10.3 17.9
14.6 13.9
5.6 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0
0.3 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


139The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 416 Land area (sq. km) 320 GDP ($ billions) 8.9


Malta




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,910 4,248 1,772
.. 3,884 1,595


71.8 48.6 38.7
1.2 3.6 2.7


72 48 46
.. .. ..
.. 610 716
.. 5,050 3,065


70.2 29.7 28.4
0.0 –0.4 0.3
3.1 15.0 9.9


2
4


12
0


93.2 101,299 40,238
30.0 3.4 2.4


.. 9.1 10.0
0.61 1.4 2.9


6,110 137,690 143,440
.. 56,537 60,301


610 1,520 667
.. 10.9 26.2
.. 2,337 698
.. 79.8 73.0
.. 16.5 17.4


1.9 4.6 1.6


.. 4,446 3,121


.. 10.9 20.2


.. 73 88
94 90 87
99 84 84
92 97 93
75 66 47
53 58 35
83 76 66


.. 55 53


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
26 21 62


.. 49.3 29.7
8.3 11.0 9.9
6.5 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3
0.0 1.7 1.2


.. 0.0 0.3
0.4 0.9 0.7


.. 1.1 0.6


.. 32.2 14.7


140 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 55 Land area (sq. km) 180 GDP ($ millions) 173.7


Marshall Islands




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,030 1,258 571
586 1,022 521
41.5 36.5 28.0
2.9 3.8 3.5


39 44 39
.. .. ..


773 334 308
1,395 1,361 2,034


0.2 27.8 25.7
2.7 0.5 0.6
0.5 11.7 10.0
16
13
32


0


372 6,383 11,563
8.6 1.8 4.0


.. 16.0 4.9
32.1 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120
1.4 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.6 0.9 0.3


113 4,455 5,125
400.3 3.2 4.5


94 84 90
50 61 65
48 48 57
52 83 86
26 31 37


9 23 32
51 42 47


68 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


112 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2
9.3 10.9 7.7
3.8 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4


38.8 2.2 2.0
0.4 0.5 1.2
0.4 0.5 0.3
0.6 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2


141The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 3.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,031 GDP ($ billions) 4.2


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Mauritania




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


8,040 1,258 6,563
7,674 1,022 5,821
41.8 36.5 60.6


0.7 3.8 2.5


44 44 35
22.5 .. ..


6,013 334 869
7,442 1,361 3,944


17.3 27.8 34.8
1.0 0.5 0.0
4.5 11.7 13.3


6
11
15
88


5.5 6,383 97,437
–4.8 1.8 0.7
9.6 16.0 9.0


0.28 5.8 8.4
870 17,980 33,350
1.2 27,808 48,783


947 683 1,948
.. 58.2 8.1
.. 553 2,942
.. 65.2 72.9
.. 18.7 21.3


3.0 0.9 5.5


2,139 4,455 8,550
26.4 3.2 5.6


68 84 66
99 61 93
99 48 86


100 83 98
89 31 73
88 23 62
91 42 81


16 41 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


15 109 20


13.8 18.4 36.4
11.8 10.9 11.8


3.1 3.7 3.3
0.0 10.4 5.7
0.0 2.2 1.6
0.0 0.5 0.0
0.3 0.5 0.7
0.0 0.4 0.7
4.8 –1.2 19.2


142 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2.0 GDP ($ billions) 11.3


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Mauritius




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


9,420 8,574 6,563
8,220 7,648 5,821


78.1 79.1 60.6
1.9 2.0 2.5


53 37 35
6.3 .. ..


3,196 3,448 869
3,241 3,838 3,944


33.3 46.8 34.8
0.3 0.4 0.0


11.1 20.2 13.3
100


61
152
196


1,709 19,009 97,437
0.5 0.1 0.7
9.0 11.8 9.0


16.7 13.1 8.4
1,780 15,100 33,350
6,557 39,997 48,783


1,570 1,312 1,948
4.7 16.7 8.1


1,990 1,973 2,942
80.2 39.0 72.9
13.7 53.7 21.3
4.0 2.7 5.5


3,563 22,810 8,550
19.5 2.0 5.6


77 68 66
96 94 93
91 81 86
97 98 98
85 79 73
79 59 62
87 84 81


30 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


16 19 20


26.4 21.1 36.4
11.8 12.2 11.8
5.2 5.0 3.3
6.2 4.5 5.7
0.8 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.3 0.2 0.7
0.3 0.3 0.7


12.1 6.8 19.2


143The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 114.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,944 GDP ($ billions) 1,153.3


Mexico




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,860 4,248 1,772
.. 3,884 1,595


22.6 48.6 38.7
0.1 3.6 2.7


31 48 46
.. .. ..
.. 610 716


1,624 5,050 3,065


91.7 29.7 28.4
0.0 –0.4 0.3
4.0 15.0 9.9


7
10
20


3


36.3 101,299 40,238
13.9 3.4 2.4


.. 9.1 10.0
0.06 1.4 2.9


4,340 137,690 143,440
87.0 56,537 60,301


.. 1,520 667


.. 10.9 26.2


.. 2,337 698


.. 79.8 73.0


.. 16.5 17.4
0.6 4.6 1.6


.. 4,446 3,121


.. 10.9 20.2


.. 73 88
94 90 87
94 84 84
95 97 93
25 66 47
15 58 35
61 76 66


.. 55 53


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
42 21 62


.. 49.3 29.7
9.7 11.0 9.9


.. 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3
0.0 1.7 1.2


.. 0.0 0.3
0.1 0.9 0.7


.. 1.1 0.6


.. 32.2 14.7


144 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (thousands) 112 Land area (sq. km) 700 GDP ($ millions) 310.3


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Micronesia, Fed. Sts.




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,980 7,734 1,772
1,934 6,652 1,595


47.7 64.7 38.7
–0.1 0.3 2.7


75 28 46
9.2 .. ..


1,791 3,374 716
2,866 2,740 3,065


11.9 38.7 28.4
–1.8 0.0 0.3
1.4 7.5 9.9


4
8
8
2


9.4 5,790 40,238
–16.7 –2.9 2.4


1.3 –0.5 10.0
.. 10.4 2.9
.. .. 143,440
.. .. 60,301


731 3,015 667
3.2 2.0 26.2


1,049 4,059 698
97.8 65.4 73.0
2.2 18.8 17.4
1.3 7.1 1.6


281 12,498 3,121
191.5 6.3 20.2


40 60 88
96 96 87
93 91 84
99 99 93
85 84 47
82 81 35
89 87 66


36 21 53
7 .. ..
7 .. ..


16 21 62


12.1 26.1 29.7
8.9 12.3 9.9
7.7 3.6 3.1
0.1 9.3 6.3
0.0 0.8 1.2
0.1 0.0 0.3
0.5 0.7 0.7
1.1 0.3 0.6
9.1 6.2 14.7


145The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 3.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 33 GDP ($ billions) 7.0


Moldova




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


188,800 39,860
.. 34,611


100.0 80.5
0.7 1.1


.. 37


.. ..


.. 26,515


.. 5,349


0.0 28.4
0.0 0.0


23.7 12.9
2
0


11
0


0.00 28,774
–3.2 –1.7


.. 1.8
100.0 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3
0 41


100 100
.. 98


100 100
100 100


.. 99
100 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..
4 6


.. 17.9
14.4 13.9
1.2 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


146 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 35 Land area (sq. km) 2.0 GDP ($ billions) 6.1


Monaco




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,310 4,248 1,772
1,594 3,884 1,595
68.5 48.6 38.7


2.0 3.6 2.7


73 48 46
.. .. ..


1,530 610 716
1,485 5,050 3,065


7.0 29.7 28.4
0.7 –0.4 0.3


13.4 15.0 9.9
11
20


2
0


0.08 101,299 40,238
–2.1 3.4 2.4


.. 9.1 10.0


.. 1.4 2.9


.. 137,690 143,440


.. 56,537 60,301


1,189 1,520 667
4.5 10.9 26.2


1,530 2,337 698
100.0 79.8 73.0


0.0 16.5 17.4
5.3 4.6 1.6


12,428 4,446 3,121
1.2 10.9 20.2
53 73 88
82 90 87
53 84 84


100 97 93
51 66 47
29 58 35
64 76 66


96 55 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


31 21 62


34.4 49.3 29.7
11.4 11.0 9.9
5.1 2.1 3.1


20.2 4.3 6.3
12.0 1.7 1.2


0.0 0.0 0.3
1.4 0.9 0.7
2.5 1.1 0.6


–8.1 32.2 14.7


147The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 2.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,554 GDP ($ billions) 8.8


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Mongolia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


7,140 7,734 6,563
.. 6,652 5,821


63.3 64.7 60.6
1.5 0.3 2.5


38 28 35
.. .. ..


3,078 3,374 869
3,666 2,740 3,944


40.4 38.7 34.8
0.0 0.0 0.0


13.3 7.5 13.3
6


12
25


2


2.3 5,790 97,437
.. –2.9 0.7
.. –0.5 9.0


0.85 10.4 8.4
.. .. 33,350
.. .. 48,783


1,303 3,015 1,948
3.1 2.0 8.1


5,547 4,059 2,942
30.5 65.4 72.9
66.0 18.8 21.3


4.8 7.1 5.5


.. 12,498 8,550


.. 6.3 5.6
1 60 66


98 96 93
96 91 86
99 99 98
90 84 73
87 81 62
92 87 81


.. 21 42


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
7 21 20


.. 26.1 36.4
11.2 12.3 11.8


.. 3.6 3.3
0.0 9.3 5.7
0.0 0.8 1.6


.. 0.0 0.0
0.7 0.7 0.7


.. 0.3 0.7


.. 6.2 19.2


148 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 632 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 13 GDP ($ billions) 4.5


Montenegro




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,970 3,866 1,772
2,616 3,285 1,595


57.0 58.9 38.7
2.0 2.5 2.7


67 23 46
4.6 .. ..


3,451 2,627 716
1,407 2,475 3,065


11.5 2.4 28.4
–0.2 –0.1 0.3
1.5 3.9 9.9
17
11
45
29


966 3,538 40,238
2.5 2.4 2.4
6.0 13.1 10.0
1.3 2.0 2.9


.. 5,700 143,440


.. 217 60,301


517 1,372 667
2.9 0.9 26.2
781 1,658 698
81.5 92.9 73.0
15.5 5.4 17.4


1.5 4.1 1.6


899 673 3,121
43.5 122.1 20.2


87 86 88
83 89 87
61 81 84
98 94 93
70 88 47
52 80 35
83 94 66


23 59 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


33 32 62


28.5 27.0 29.7
10.4 10.8 9.9
5.2 4.5 3.1
0.0 15.2 6.3
2.6 0.6 1.2
0.0 0.1 0.3
0.4 0.6 0.7
0.1 0.9 0.6


20.1 6.1 14.7


149The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 32.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 446 GDP ($ billions) 100.2


Morocco




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


460 1,258 571
468 1,022 521
31.2 36.5 28.0


4.6 3.8 3.5


63 44 39
.. .. ..


231 334 308
1,110 1,361 2,034


49.4 27.8 25.7
0.5 0.5 0.6


15.8 11.7 10.0
12
26
54
42


190 6,383 11,563
8.2 1.8 4.0


20.8 16.0 4.9
3.3 5.8 ..


1,860 17,980 15,120
2,909 27,808 25,818


436 683 363
81.6 58.2 66.2
444 553 242
0.1 65.2 32.0


99.9 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


4,191 4,455 5,125
0.7 3.2 4.5
74 84 90
47 61 65
29 48 57
77 83 86
18 31 37


5 23 32
38 42 47


22 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


103 109 95


12.6 18.4 25.2
7.9 10.9 7.7
4.0 3.7 3.0
2.7 10.4 1.4
0.1 2.2 2.0
0.0 0.5 1.2
0.2 0.5 0.3
0.1 0.4 0.5
5.6 –1.2 15.2


150 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 23.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 786 GDP ($ billions) 12.8


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Mozambique




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 4,248 571


.. 3,884 521
32.7 48.6 28.0
2.3 3.6 3.5


19 48 39
24.8 .. ..


.. 610 308
3,880 5,050 2,034


48.2 29.7 25.7
0.9 –0.4 0.6
6.3 15.0 10.0
46
44
41
39


4,150 101,299 11,563
7.5 3.4 4.0


25.4 9.1 4.9
0.31 1.4 ..


1,870 137,690 15,120
5,029 56,537 25,818


292 1,520 363
75.3 10.9 66.2
131 2,337 242


32.3 79.8 32.0
67.7 16.5 45.3
0.2 4.6 0.3


20,750 4,446 5,125
3.3 10.9 4.5
89 73 90
83 90 65
78 84 57
93 97 86
76 66 37
73 58 32
83 76 47


40 55 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


62 21 95


.. 49.3 25.2


.. 11.0 7.7
0.8 2.1 3.0


.. 4.3 1.4


.. 1.7 2.0


.. 0.0 1.2


.. 0.9 0.3
0.5 1.1 0.5


.. 32.2 15.2


151The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 48.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 653 GDP ($ millions) ..


Myanmar




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,700 1,258 6,563
4,513 1,022 5,821
38.4 36.5 60.6


3.9 3.8 2.5


47 44 35
.. .. ..


1,493 334 869
354 1,361 3,944


8.8 27.8 34.8
1.0 0.5 0.0


14.9 11.7 13.3
12
26
28
25


415 6,383 97,437
2.1 1.8 0.7


17.2 16.0 9.0
8.2 5.8 8.4


.. 17,980 33,350


.. 27,808 48,783


702 683 1,948
13.0 58.2 8.1


1,479 553 2,942
15.1 65.2 72.9
84.9 18.7 21.3


1.6 0.9 5.5


2,651 4,455 8,550
4.9 3.2 5.6
71 84 66
93 61 93
90 48 86
99 83 98
32 31 73
17 23 62
57 42 81


42 41 42
4 .. ..


12 .. ..
42 109 20


19.4 18.4 36.4
11.5 10.9 11.8
8.0 3.7 3.3
0.0 10.4 5.7
1.0 2.2 1.6
0.0 0.5 0.0
0.3 0.5 0.7
0.0 0.4 0.7


14.5 –1.2 19.2


152 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 2.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 823 GDP ($ billions) 12.5


Namibia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


540 1,313 571
559 1,201 521
17.0 30.9 28.0
5.3 2.8 3.5


30 55 39
27.4 .. ..
244 550 308


2,481 2,959 2,034


25.4 17.1 25.7
0.7 –0.3 0.6


17.0 5.9 10.0
31
33


7
2


52.5 13,219 11,563
6.9 2.3 4.0
5.9 8.1 4.9


.. 1.7 ..


.. 15,440 15,120


.. 10,343 25,818


341 519 363
85.1 26.7 66.2


93 555 242
0.1 80.6 32.0


99.9 14.0 45.3
0.1 1.4 0.3


6,501 1,197 5,125
4.9 51.6 4.5
98 91 90
89 90 65
88 88 57
93 96 86
31 38 37
27 28 32
48 60 47


27 62 54
8 .. ..


12 .. ..
48 62 95


34.0 33.5 25.2
8.0 9.2 7.7
4.2 2.8 3.0
0.0 2.8 1.4
0.0 1.0 2.0
2.2 0.6 1.2
0.1 0.8 0.3
0.0 0.6 0.5


27.8 21.6 15.2


153The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


South
Asia


group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 30.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 143 GDP ($ billions) 18.9


Nepal




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


49,660 39,860
42,750 34,611


83.1 80.5
1.4 1.1


56 37
10.6 ..


47,805 26,515
7,801 5,349


10.8 28.4
–0.1 0.0
12.4 12.9


3
4


13
0


413 28,774
–0.4 –1.7
–4.0 1.8
22.1 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


5,021 5,000
4.2 4.4


7,010 9,415
85.7 62.0


0.1 11.2
10.3 11.4


659 8,195
96.5 10.3


1 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


30 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


25.9 17.9
14.6 13.9


4.7 4.6
0.8 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.4 0.1


14.7 6.6


154 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 16.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 34 GDP ($ billions) 836.1


Netherlands




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611
61.8 80.5


2.1 1.1


14 37
.. ..
.. 26,515


2,732 5,349


45.9 28.4
0.0 0.0


60.2 12.9
9


15
30


230


5.4 28,774
–1.1 –1.7
4.4 1.8


17.7 16.5
5,980 81,970


227 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2
12.1 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


48 22
.. ..
.. ..
.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9


.. 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


155The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (thousands) 254 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 18 GDP ($ millions) ..


Country
data


High-
income
group


New Caledonia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


29,140 39,860
26,828 34,611


86.2 80.5
1.4 1.1


43 37
.. ..


26,556 26,515
6,951 5,349


31.4 28.4
0.0 0.0


26.2 12.9
9


70
23
19


545 28,774
1.0 –1.7
7.0 1.8


10.8 16.5
.. 81,970


261 15,496


4,166 5,000
6.5 4.4


9,566 9,415
26.6 62.0
55.1 11.2


7.4 11.4


74,230 8,195
1.5 10.3
74 41


100 100
100 98
100 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


11 22
.. ..
.. ..
6 6


19.3 17.9
13.9 13.9


7.2 4.6
0.7 1.4
0.4 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.0 0.1


11.2 6.6


156 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 4.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 263 GDP ($ billions) 159.7


Country
data


High-
income
group


New Zealand




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,510 8,574 1,772
1,384 7,648 1,595


57.6 79.1 38.7
2.1 2.0 2.7


43 37 46
.. .. ..


3,760 3,448 716
2,143 3,838 3,065


25.3 46.8 28.4
2.0 0.4 0.3


36.7 20.2 9.9
6


14
31
39


46.7 19,009 40,238
11.6 0.1 2.4
29.1 11.8 10.0
37.2 13.1 2.9
710 15,100 143,440
671 39,997 60,301


542 1,312 667
45.2 16.7 26.2
473 1,973 698


63.0 39.0 73.0
13.8 53.7 17.4


0.8 2.7 1.6


32,318 22,810 3,121
0.7 2.0 20.2
84 68 88
85 94 87
68 81 84
98 98 93
52 79 47
37 59 35
63 84 66


21 28 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


26 19 62


19.4 21.1 29.7
9.5 12.2 9.9
3.0 5.0 3.1
0.0 4.5 6.3
0.7 1.9 1.2
0.5 0.0 0.3
0.4 0.2 0.7
0.0 0.3 0.6


11.2 6.8 14.7


157The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 5.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 120 GDP ($ billions) 9.3


Nicaragua




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


360 1,258 571
350 1,022 521
17.9 36.5 28.0
4.2 3.8 3.5


35 44 39
0.2 .. ..


.. 334 308
378 1,361 2,034


0.9 27.8 25.7
1.0 0.5 0.6
7.1 11.7 10.0
12


9
4
2


53.3 6,383 11,563
14.1 1.8 4.0
4.2 16.0 4.9


.. 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120


.. 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


218 4,455 5,125
67.5 3.2 4.5


88 84 90
49 61 65
39 48 57


100 83 86
9 31 37
4 23 32


34 42 47


96 41 54
14 .. ..
21 .. ..


125 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2
3.9 10.9 7.7
3.5 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.4 2.2 2.0
1.4 0.5 1.2
0.1 0.5 0.3
1.6 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2


158 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 16.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,267 GDP ($ billions) 6.0


Niger




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,280 1,258 1,772
889 1,022 1,595
49.6 36.5 38.7


4.1 3.8 2.7


84 44 46
.. .. ..
.. 334 716


1,331 1,361 3,065


9.5 27.8 28.4
3.7 0.5 0.3


12.8 11.7 9.9
26
18
59


167


857 6,383 40,238
3.5 1.8 2.4


17.6 16.0 10.0
0.16 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440
7,356 27,808 60,301


714 683 667
83.9 58.2 26.2
136 553 698
75.6 65.2 73.0
24.4 18.7 17.4
0.5 0.9 1.6


1,360 4,455 3,121
4.7 3.2 20.2
53 84 88
58 61 87
43 48 84
74 83 93
31 31 47
27 23 35
35 42 66


38 41 53
3 .. ..


10 .. ..
124 109 62


.. 18.4 29.7
10.2 10.9 9.9
0.9 3.7 3.1


24.2 10.4 6.3
0.0 2.2 1.2
0.2 0.5 0.3
0.4 0.5 0.7
0.5 0.4 0.6


.. –1.2 14.7


159The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 162.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 911 GDP ($ billions) 244.0


Nigeria




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611
91.5 80.5


1.7 1.1


7 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


65.5 28.4
0.5 0.0


12.8 12.9
5


15
12


4


0.25 28,774
1.2 –1.7


.. 1.8
28.7 16.5
<50 81,970
0.07 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41
98 100
97 98
98 100
94 100
96 99
94 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9


.. 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


160 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (thousands) 61 Land area (sq. km) 460 GDP ($ millions) ..


Country
data


High-
income
group


Northern Mariana Islands




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


88,870 39,860
75,531 34,611


79.4 80.5
1.2 1.1


3 37
4.3 ..


46,480 26,515
3,226 5,349


33.3 28.4
–0.8 0.0
14.6 12.9


7
4


19
2


3,573 28,774
1.4 –1.7


10.1 1.8
2.4 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


6,637 5,000
5.1 4.4


25,175 9,415
4.0 62.0


94.7 11.2
9.7 11.4


77,124 8,195
0.8 10.3
29 41


100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


16 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


37.0 17.9
13.8 13.9


6.6 4.6
10.5 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.1


19.2 6.6


161The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 5.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 304 GDP ($ billions) 485.8


Norway




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


19,260 39,860
10,846 34,611


73.4 80.5
2.5 1.1


6 37
4.0 ..


.. 26,515
10,269 5,349


0.0 28.4
0.0 0.0


10.7 12.9
9


10
27
6


159 28,774
1.3 –1.7


.. 1.8
1.3 16.5


530 81,970
10.9 15,496


7,188 5,000
0.0 4.4


5,933 9,415
100.0 62.0


0.0 11.2
15.2 11.4


492 8,195
94.4 10.3


88 41
89 100
78 98
93 100
99 100
95 99


100 100


95 22
.. ..
.. ..
9 6


39.7 17.9
13.7 13.9
4.2 4.6


31.1 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.6 0.2
0.0 0.1


–8.1 6.6


162 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 2.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 310 GDP ($ billions) 71.8


Oman




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,120 1,313 1,772
1,105 1,201 1,595
36.2 30.9 38.7


3.0 2.8 2.7


34 55 46
70.2 .. ..
951 550 716


2,718 2,959 3,065


2.1 17.1 28.4
2.2 –0.3 0.3


10.1 5.9 9.9
23
29
35


2


595 13,219 40,238
–0.2 2.3 2.4
13.4 8.1 10.0


1.8 1.7 2.9
.. 15,440 143,440


977 10,343 60,301


487 519 667
34.1 26.7 26.2
457 555 698
62.7 80.6 73.0
33.7 14.0 17.4
0.9 1.4 1.6


311 1,197 3,121
333.6 51.6 20.2


94 91 88
92 90 87
89 88 84
96 96 93
48 38 47
34 28 35
72 60 66


91 62 53
14 .. ..
22 .. ..
72 62 62


19.5 33.5 29.7
8.5 9.2 9.9
1.6 2.8 3.1
2.0 2.8 6.3
0.1 1.0 1.2
0.6 0.6 0.3
0.6 0.8 0.7
1.0 0.6 0.6
8.3 21.6 14.7


163The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


South
Asia


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 176.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 771 GDP ($ billions) 210.2


Pakistan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


6,510 4,248 6,563
.. 3,884 5,821


84.1 48.6 60.6
2.4 3.6 2.5


11 48 35
.. .. ..
.. 610 869
.. 5,050 3,944


87.6 29.7 34.8
–0.2 –0.4 0.0
2.0 15.0 13.3


4
4


15
3


1.0 101,299 97,437
–0.3 3.4 0.7
12.5 9.1 9.0
5.3 1.4 8.4


1,150 137,690 33,350
48.5 56,537 48,783


.. 1,520 1,948


.. 10.9 8.1


.. 2,337 2,942


.. 79.8 72.9


.. 16.5 21.3
10.3 4.6 5.5


.. 4,446 8,550


.. 10.9 5.6


.. 73 66
85 90 93
96 84 86
83 97 98


100 66 73
100 58 62
100 76 81


.. 55 42


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
19 21 20


.. 49.3 36.4
14.4 11.0 11.8


.. 2.1 3.3
0.0 4.3 5.7
0.0 1.7 1.6


.. 0.0 0.0
1.2 0.9 0.7


.. 1.1 0.7


.. 32.2 19.2


164 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 21 Land area (sq. km) 460 GDP ($ millions) 165.5


Palau




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


7,470 8,574 6,563
6,077 7,648 5,821
75.2 79.1 60.6


3.4 2.0 2.5


30 37 35
.. .. ..


3,488 3,448 869
2,569 3,838 3,944


43.6 46.8 34.8
0.4 0.4 0.0


18.7 20.2 13.3
15
19
41


191


165 19,009 97,437
0.9 0.1 0.7
3.7 11.8 9.0
4.0 13.1 8.4


720 15,100 33,350
1,744 39,997 48,783


1,073 1,312 1,948
12.8 16.7 8.1


1,832 1,973 2,942
43.0 39.0 72.9
56.0 53.7 21.3


2.3 2.7 5.5


41,275 22,810 8,550
0.3 2.0 5.6
51 68 66
93 94 93
83 81 86
97 98 98
69 79 73
51 59 62
75 84 81


45 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


20 19 20


19.1 21.1 36.4
12.4 12.2 11.8
3.5 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
0.5 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.3 0.2 0.7
0.3 0.3 0.7
9.1 6.8 19.2


165The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 3.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 74 GDP ($ billions) 26.8


Panama




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,480 4,248 1,772
1,186 3,884 1,595
12.5 48.6 38.7


1.6 3.6 2.7


3 48 46
.. .. ..


688 610 716
4,457 5,050 3,065


63.1 29.7 28.4
0.5 –0.4 0.3
3.1 15.0 9.9
39
37
45


142


187 101,299 40,238
9.7 3.4 2.4


29.6 9.1 10.0
0.32 1.4 2.9


13,840 137,690 143,440
4,265 56,537 60,301


.. 1,520 667


.. 10.9 26.2


.. 2,337 698


.. 79.8 73.0


.. 16.5 17.4
0.5 4.6 1.6


114,203 4,446 3,121
0.0 10.9 20.2


0 73 88
40 90 87
33 84 84
87 97 93
45 66 47
41 58 35
71 76 66


16 55 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


58 21 62


20.8 49.3 29.7
9.9 11.0 9.9


.. 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3


23.1 1.7 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.3 0.9 0.7
0.0 1.1 0.6


.. 32.2 14.7


166 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 7.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 453 GDP ($ billions) 12.9


Papua New Guinea




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,020 8,574 1,772
3,174 7,648 1,595
61.9 79.1 38.7
3.2 2.0 2.7


53 37 46
.. .. ..


2,784 3,448 716
3,480 3,838 3,065


43.8 46.8 28.4
1.0 0.4 0.3
5.4 20.2 9.9


8
28


0
10


21.9 19,009 40,238
1.5 0.1 2.4


23.3 11.8 10.0
.. 13.1 2.9
.. 15,100 143,440
.. 39,997 60,301


742 1,312 667
48.1 16.7 26.2


1,134 1,973 698
0.0 39.0 73.0


100.0 53.7 17.4
0.7 2.7 1.6


14,311 22,810 3,121
0.5 2.0 20.2
71 68 88
86 94 87
66 81 84
99 98 93
71 79 47
40 59 35
90 84 66


64 28 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


22 19 62


10.8 21.1 29.7
10.7 12.2 9.9
3.7 5.0 3.1
0.0 4.5 6.3
0.0 1.9 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.2 0.2 0.7
1.0 0.3 0.6
2.6 6.8 14.7


167The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 6.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 397 GDP ($ billions) 23.8


Paraguay




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


5,150 8,574 6,563
4,329 7,648 5,821


77.2 79.1 60.6
2.0 2.0 2.5


17 37 35
.. .. ..


1,665 3,448 869
3,899 3,838 3,944


53.0 46.8 34.8
0.2 0.4 0.0


13.6 20.2 13.3
54


124
20


270


8,346 19,009 97,437
0.9 0.1 0.7


14.6 11.8 9.0
2.8 13.1 8.4


.. 15,100 33,350
53.1 39,997 48,783


667 1,312 1,948
16.3 16.7 8.1


1,106 1,973 2,942
42.1 39.0 72.9
55.8 53.7 21.3


1.6 2.7 5.5


54,966 22,810 8,550
1.2 2.0 5.6
85 68 66
85 94 93
65 81 86
91 98 98
71 79 73
37 59 62
81 84 81


42 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


18 19 20


25.4 21.1 36.4
12.2 12.2 11.8


2.3 5.0 3.3
2.0 4.5 5.7
7.9 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2 0.7
0.4 0.3 0.7
5.0 6.8 19.2


168 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 29.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,280 GDP ($ billions) 176.9


Peru




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,210 4,248 1,772
2,084 3,884 1,595
48.9 48.6 38.7


2.1 3.6 2.7


41 48 46
9.4 .. ..


1,143 610 716
3,341 5,050 3,065


25.9 29.7 28.4
–0.7 –0.4 0.3
10.9 15.0 9.9


38
74
73


212


4,975 101,299 40,238
1.2 3.4 2.4
6.7 9.1 10.0
2.5 1.4 2.9


25,060 137,690 143,440
2,565 56,537 60,301


434 1,520 667
17.0 10.9 26.2
643 2,337 698
73.7 79.8 73.0
11.5 16.5 17.4


0.7 4.6 1.6


5,050 4,446 3,121
17.0 10.9 20.2


82 73 88
92 90 87
92 84 84
93 97 93
74 66 47
69 58 35
79 76 66


17 55 53
5 .. ..
9 .. ..


25 21 62


25.0 49.3 29.7
9.8 11.0 9.9
2.4 2.1 3.1
0.5 4.3 6.3
2.1 1.7 1.2
0.1 0.0 0.3
0.3 0.9 0.7
0.0 1.1 0.6


14.6 32.2 14.7


169The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 94.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 298 GDP ($ billions) 224.8


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Philippines




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


12,380 39,860
10,975 34,611


60.9 80.5
0.0 1.1


49 37
0.4 ..


2,994 26,515
3,358 5,349


30.8 28.4
–0.3 0.0
22.4 12.9


5
8
7
9


221 28,774
–4.0 –1.7
0.5 1.8
4.1 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


2,657 5,000
7.5 4.4


3,783 9,415
92.9 62.0


1.9 11.2
7.8 11.4


1,391 8,195
22.3 10.3


10 41
.. 100
.. 98


100 100
90 100
80 99
96 100


33 22
.. ..
.. ..
6 6


17.6 17.9
12.8 13.9


5.0 4.6
1.1 1.4
0.5 0.2
0.1 0.0
0.5 0.2
0.4 0.1
9.2 6.6


170 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 38.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 304 GDP ($ billions) 514.5


Poland




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


21,370 39,860
17,468 34,611


61.0 80.5
1.4 1.1


40 37
12.7 ..


7,019 26,515
3,459 5,349


37.8 28.4
–0.1 0.0
8.3 12.9
11
9


54
68


225 28,774
–2.0 –1.7
3.0 1.8
3.1 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


2,213 5,000
13.5 4.4


4,929 9,415
46.6 62.0
30.1 11.2
5.4 11.4


3,600 8,195
22.3 10.3


73 41
99 100


100 98
99 100


100 100
100 99
100 100


18 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


12.2 17.9
19.2 13.9


5.7 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.0 0.1


–1.7 6.6


171The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 10.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 91 GDP ($ billions) 237.4


Portugal




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


16,560 39,860
.. 34,611


98.9 80.5
1.7 1.1


21 37
8.6 ..


.. 26,515
1,952 5,349


63.2 28.4
–1.8 0.0
10.1 12.9


3
8


20
51


1.5 28,774
–1.4 –1.7
–7.9 1.8
1.6 16.5


480 81,970
73.9 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


1,915 8,195
14.0 10.3


7 41
.. 100
.. 98
.. 100
.. 100
.. 99
.. 100


15 22
.. ..
.. ..
.. 6


.. 17.9
20.2 13.9


.. 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


172 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 3.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 8.9 GDP ($ billions) 96.3


Country
data


High-
income
group


Puerto Rico




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


80,440 39,860
.. 34,611


98.8 80.5
6.8 1.1


6 37
.. ..
.. 26,515


6,050 5,349


0.0 28.4
0.0 0.0
2.5 12.9


3
4


11
0


13.0 28,774
4.0 –1.7


.. 1.8
0.25 16.5
700 81,970
12.3 15,496


12,799 5,000
0.0 4.4


14,997 9,415
100.0 62.0


0.0 11.2
44.0 11.4


30 8,195
792.9 10.3


59 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


20 22
.. ..
.. ..
8 6


.. 17.9
15.4 13.9
1.9 4.6


18.3 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0
0.5 0.2
0.0 0.1


.. 6.6


173The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 1.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 12 GDP ($ billions) 173.0


Qatar




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


8,140 7,734 6,563
7,558 6,652 5,821
52.8 64.7 60.6
–0.4 0.3 2.5


61 28 35
0.7 .. ..


6,818 3,374 869
3,993 2,740 3,944


28.7 38.7 34.8
–0.3 0.0 0.0


7.1 7.5 13.3
7


14
19


5


11.6 5,790 97,437
–14.7 –2.9 0.7
–6.6 –0.5 9.0
33.3 10.4 8.4


.. .. 33,350


.. .. 48,783


1,632 3,015 1,948
11.8 2.0 8.1


2,392 4,059 2,942
47.6 65.4 72.9
32.4 18.8 21.3


3.7 7.1 5.5


1,978 12,498 8,550
16.3 6.3 5.6


17 60 66
89 96 93
76 91 86
99 99 98
73 84 73
54 81 62
88 87 81


11 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


13 21 20


25.1 26.1 36.4
11.9 12.3 11.8
3.4 3.6 3.3
1.8 9.3 5.7
0.0 0.8 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.4 0.7 0.7
0.0 0.3 0.7


14.4 6.2 19.2


174 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 21.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 230 GDP ($ billions) 189.8


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Romania




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


10,650 7,734 6,563
9,179 6,652 5,821
73.8 64.7 60.6
–0.1 0.3 2.5


13 28 35
2.0 .. ..


3,281 3,374 869
2,262 2,740 3,944


49.4 38.7 34.8
0.0 0.0 0.0
9.1 7.5 13.3
31
52
36


8


4,391 5,790 97,437
–2.6 –2.9 0.7
–3.3 –0.5 9.0
10.8 10.4 8.4


.. .. 33,350


.. .. 48,783


4,927 3,015 1,948
1.0 2.0 8.1


6,431 4,059 2,942
67.1 65.4 72.9
16.1 18.8 21.3
11.1 7.1 5.5


30,169 12,498 8,550
1.5 6.3 5.6
20 60 66
97 96 93
92 91 86
99 99 98
70 84 73
59 81 62
74 87 81


15 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


12 21 20


31.4 26.1 36.4
12.7 12.3 11.8
3.5 3.6 3.3


13.2 9.3 5.7
1.1 0.8 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.7 0.7 0.7
0.1 0.3 0.7
7.1 6.2 19.2


175The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 143.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 16,377 GDP ($ billions) 1,857.8


Russian Federation




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


570 1,258 571
515 1,022 521
19.1 36.5 28.0
8.1 3.8 3.5


78 44 39
.. .. ..


257 334 308
1,950 1,361 2,034


18.0 27.8 25.7
–2.4 0.5 0.6
10.0 11.7 10.0


20
14
9
5


17.8 6,383 11,563
9.9 1.8 4.0
6.6 16.0 4.9


.. 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120


.. 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


868 4,455 5,125
1.6 3.2 4.5
68 84 90
65 61 65
63 48 57
76 83 86
55 31 37
56 23 32
52 42 47


21 41 54
15 .. ..
14 .. ..
54 109 95


11.4 18.4 25.2
8.0 10.9 7.7
4.2 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.1 2.2 2.0
2.8 0.5 1.2
0.1 0.5 0.3
0.1 0.4 0.5
4.5 –1.2 15.2


176 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 10.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 25 GDP ($ billions) 6.4


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Rwanda




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,160 4,248 1,772
2,948 3,884 1,595


19.9 48.6 38.7
0.3 3.6 2.7


12 48 46
.. .. ..


1,718 610 716
.. 5,050 3,065


60.4 29.7 28.4
0.0 –0.4 0.3
3.4 15.0 9.9


2
6


13
2


11.8 101,299 40,238
10.3 3.4 2.4


.. 9.1 10.0
0.55 1.4 2.9
490 137,690 143,440
3.7 56,537 60,301


320 1,520 667
.. 10.9 26.2
.. 2,337 698
.. 79.8 73.0
.. 16.5 17.4


0.9 4.6 1.6


.. 4,446 3,121


.. 10.9 20.2


.. 73 88
96 90 87
96 84 84
96 97 93
98 66 47
98 58 35
98 76 66


.. 55 53


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
19 21 62


.. 49.3 29.7
11.0 11.0 9.9
4.4 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3
0.0 1.7 1.2
0.3 0.0 0.3
0.2 0.9 0.7


.. 1.1 0.6


.. 32.2 14.7


177The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 184 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2.8 GDP ($ millions) 640.9


Samoa




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


50,400 39,860
.. 34,611


94.1 80.5
1.5 1.1


17 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


0.0 28.4
0.0 0.0


.. 12.9
0
0
0
0


.. 28,774


.. –1.7


.. 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


8 22
.. ..
.. ..
2 6


.. 17.9
15.3 13.9


.. 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


178 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 32 Land area (sq. km) 60 GDP ($ billions) 1.9


San Marino




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,350 1,258 1,772
1,328 1,022 1,595


62.7 36.5 38.7
3.5 3.8 2.7


51 44 46
.. .. ..
.. 334 716


3,000 1,361 3,065


28.1 27.8 28.4
0.0 0.5 0.3


.. 11.7 9.9
5


13
14
34


3.9 6,383 40,238
0.1 1.8 2.4


.. 16.0 10.0


.. 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440
1.4 27,808 60,301


280 683 667
.. 58.2 26.2
.. 553 698
.. 65.2 73.0
.. 18.7 17.4


0.8 0.9 1.6


12,936 4,455 3,121
0.3 3.2 20.2


.. 84 88
89 61 87
88 48 84
89 83 93
26 31 47
19 23 35
30 42 66


28 41 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


89 109 62


.. 18.4 29.7
9.2 10.9 9.9


.. 3.7 3.1
0.0 10.4 6.3
0.0 2.2 1.2
0.7 0.5 0.3
0.5 0.5 0.7
0.2 0.4 0.6


.. –1.2 14.7


179The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 169 Land area (sq. km) 960 GDP ($ millions) 248.3


São Tomé and Príncipe




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


17,820 39,860
10,722 34,611


82.3 80.5
3.0 1.1


81 37
.. ..


20,233 26,515
5,611 5,349


0.5 28.4
0.0 0.0


31.3 12.9
9


15
24
3


91.2 28,774
2.2 –1.7


13.2 1.8
3.4 16.5


6,660 81,970
204 15,496


6,168 5,000
0.0 4.4


7,967 9,415
100.0 62.0


0.0 11.2
16.1 11.4


85 8,195
986.3 10.3


88 41
.. 100
.. 98


97 100
.. 100
.. 99


100 100


96 22
.. ..
.. ..
9 6


46.0 17.9
12.7 13.9


7.2 4.6
36.0 1.4


0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.6 0.2
1.0 0.1
2.8 6.6


180 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 28.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,150 GDP ($ billions) 576.8


Saudi Arabia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,070 1,258 1,772
990 1,022 1,595
42.6 36.5 38.7


3.1 3.8 2.7


49 44 46
0.7 .. ..


233 334 716
966 1,361 3,065


43.8 27.8 28.4
0.5 0.5 0.3


24.1 11.7 9.9
16
13
45


9


427 6,383 40,238
1.5 1.8 2.4


20.2 16.0 10.0
12.4 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440
1,279 27,808 60,301


272 683 667
46.3 58.2 26.2
195 553 698


88.1 65.2 73.0
8.4 18.7 17.4
0.4 0.9 1.6


2,021 4,455 3,121
8.6 3.2 20.2
93 84 88
72 61 87
56 48 84
93 83 93
52 31 47
39 23 35
70 42 66


77 41 53
13 .. ..
22 .. ..
65 109 62


22.0 18.4 29.7
8.9 10.9 9.9
5.2 3.7 3.1
0.0 10.4 6.3
1.6 2.2 1.2
0.0 0.5 0.3
0.3 0.5 0.7
0.7 0.4 0.6


17.3 –1.2 14.7


181The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 12.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 193 GDP ($ billions) 14.3


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Senegal




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


5,690 7,734 6,563
.. 6,652 5,821


56.4 64.7 60.6
0.3 0.3 2.5


58 28 35
0.7 .. ..


2,057 3,374 869
4,753 2,740 3,944


31.6 38.7 34.8
–1.0 0.0 0.0
6.0 7.5 13.3


6
11
11
3


13.0 5,790 97,437
.. –2.9 0.7
.. –0.5 9.0
.. 10.4 8.4
.. .. 33,350
.. .. 48,783


2,141 3,015 1,948
6.6 2.0 8.1


4,359 4,059 2,942
68.2 65.4 72.9
31.8 18.8 21.3
6.3 7.1 5.5


1,158 12,498 8,550
49.0 6.3 5.6


2 60 66
99 96 93
98 91 86
99 99 98
92 84 73
88 81 62
96 87 81


.. 21 42


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
7 21 20


16.9 26.1 36.4
11.6 12.3 11.8
5.0 3.6 3.3
2.4 9.3 5.7
0.2 0.8 1.6


.. 0.0 0.0
0.9 0.7 0.7


.. 0.3 0.7


.. 6.2 19.2


182 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 7.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 87 GDP ($ billions) 45.8


Serbia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


11,270 1,258 6,563
10,224 1,022 5,821


53.6 36.5 60.6
1.4 3.8 2.5


7 44 35
.. .. ..


455 334 869
.. 1,361 3,944


88.5 27.8 34.8
0.0 0.5 0.0


42.0 11.7 13.3
5


10
18
55


75.4 6,383 97,437
13.3 1.8 0.7


.. 16.0 9.0
0.51 5.8 8.4


1,690 17,980 33,350
32.3 27,808 48,783


2,411 683 1,948
.. 58.2 8.1
.. 553 2,942
.. 65.2 72.9
.. 18.7 21.3


8.4 0.9 5.5


.. 4,455 8,550


.. 3.2 5.6
7 84 66
.. 61 93
.. 48 86


100 83 98
.. 31 73
.. 23 62


98 42 81


.. 41 42


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
14 109 20


.. 18.4 36.4
12.8 10.9 11.8


4.6 3.7 3.3
0.0 10.4 5.7
0.0 2.2 1.6
0.0 0.5 0.0
0.6 0.5 0.7


.. 0.4 0.7


.. –1.2 19.2


183The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (thousands) 86 Land area (sq. km) 460 GDP ($ billions) 1.1


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Seychelles




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


460 1,258 571
389 1,022 521
39.3 36.5 28.0


2.8 3.8 3.5


48 44 39
.. .. ..
.. 334 308


1,669 1,361 2,034


37.8 27.8 25.7
0.7 0.5 0.6
4.9 11.7 10.0
17
13
47
48


199 6,383 11,563
6.2 1.8 4.0
3.9 16.0 4.9
0.0 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120
1,049 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.2 0.9 0.3


26,678 4,455 5,125
0.3 3.2 4.5
71 84 90
55 61 65
35 48 57
87 83 86
13 31 37


6 23 32
23 42 47


36 41 54
7 .. ..


13 .. ..
185 109 95


9.9 18.4 25.2
4.0 10.9 7.7
3.4 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.7 2.2 2.0
1.1 0.5 1.2
1.1 0.5 0.3
1.0 0.4 0.5


–6.0 –1.2 15.2


184 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 6.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 72 GDP ($ billions) 3.0


Sierra Leone




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


42,930 39,860
38,731 34,611
100.0 80.5


2.5 1.1


1 37
.. ..


29,706 26,515
.. 5,349


3.3 28.4
0.0 0.0
5.4 12.9
11
15
25
57


5.6 28,774
–8.9 –1.7
3.7 1.8
1.4 16.5


<100 81,970
4.6 15,496


6,456 5,000
1.2 4.4


8,307 9,415
97.4 62.0
0.0 11.2
6.4 11.4


116 8,195
31.7 10.3


4 41
100 100


.. 98
100 100
100 100


.. 99
100 100


23 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


47.4 17.9
14.4 13.9
3.0 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2
0.4 0.1


35.7 6.6


185The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (millions) 5.2 Land area (sq. km) 700 GDP ($ billions) 239.7


Country
data


High-
income
group


Singapore




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611


.. 80.5


.. 1.1


.. 37


.. ..


.. 26,515


.. 5,349


.. 28.4


.. 0.0


.. 12.9
0
1
1
0


0.18 28,774
.. –1.7
.. 1.8
.. 16.5
.. 81,970
.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9


.. 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


186 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (thousands) 37 Land area (sq. km) 34 GDP ($ millions) ..


Country
data


High-
income
group


Sint Maarten (Dutch part)




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


16,190 39,860
14,127 34,611


54.8 80.5
–0.1 1.1


40 37
0.7 ..


9,924 26,515
4,942 5,349


40.2 28.4
–0.1 0.0
23.2 12.9


3
8
5
6


2.7 28,774
.. –1.7
.. 1.8
.. 16.5
.. 81,970
.. 15,496


3,280 5,000
5.4 4.4


5,164 9,415
25.1 62.0
19.1 11.2
6.3 11.4


2,334 8,195
5.5 10.3


3 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
99 99


100 100


13 22
.. ..
.. ..
8 6


17.8 17.9
13.8 13.9


3.9 4.6
0.1 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.3 0.0
0.3 0.2
0.0 0.1
7.2 6.6


187The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 5.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 48 GDP ($ billions) 96.0


Slovak Republic




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


23,600 39,860
20,483 34,611


49.9 80.5
0.1 1.1


23 37
0.9 ..


76,633 26,515
6,372 5,349


62.3 28.4
–0.2 0.0
13.2 12.9


4
5


29
7


2.3 28,774
.. –1.7
.. 1.8


0.68 16.5
.. 81,970
.. 15,496


3,520 5,000
9.3 4.4


6,521 9,415
36.0 62.0
27.8 11.2
7.5 11.4


9,095 8,195
5.0 10.3


0 41
99 100
99 98


100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


26 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


21.8 17.9
13.4 13.9


5.4 4.6
0.1 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.2 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.1 0.1


13.1 6.6


188 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 2.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 20 GDP ($ billions) 49.5


Country
data


High-
income
group


Slovenia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,110 4,248 1,772
894 3,884 1,595
20.5 48.6 38.7


4.7 3.6 2.7


3 48 46
.. .. ..


1,777 610 716
4,211 5,050 3,065


78.9 29.7 28.4
0.2 –0.4 0.3
0.1 15.0 9.9
20
20
18
16


58.9 101,299 40,238
1.0 3.4 2.4


42.1 9.1 10.0
0.12 1.4 2.9


5,750 137,690 143,440
603 56,537 60,301


129 1,520 667
.. 10.9 26.2
.. 2,337 698
.. 79.8 73.0
.. 16.5 17.4


0.4 4.6 1.6


80,939 4,446 3,121
.. 10.9 20.2
.. 73 88


70 90 87
65 84 84
94 97 93
32 66 47
18 58 35
98 76 66


31 55 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


22 21 62


10.2 49.3 29.7
11.5 11.0 9.9
3.8 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3
0.0 1.7 1.2


15.1 0.0 0.3
0.3 0.9 0.7
0.1 1.1 0.6


–7.6 32.2 14.7


189The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 552 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 28 GDP ($ millions) 838.0


Solomon Islands




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 1,258 571


.. 1,022 521
37.8 36.5 28.0
2.9 3.8 3.5


70 44 39
.. .. ..
.. 334 308


466 1,361 2,034


10.6 27.8 25.7
1.1 0.5 0.6
0.6 11.7 10.0
15
14
28
23


30.0 6,383 11,563
1.3 1.8 4.0


.. 16.0 4.9
0.0 5.8 ..
710 17,980 15,120


48.0 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


628 4,455 5,125
55.0 3.2 4.5


99 84 90
29 61 65


7 48 57
66 83 86
23 31 37


6 23 32
52 42 47


26 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


180 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2


.. 10.9 7.7


.. 3.7 3.0


.. 10.4 1.4


.. 2.2 2.0


.. 0.5 1.2


.. 0.5 0.3
0.4 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2


190 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 9.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 627 GDP ($ millions) ..


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Somalia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


6,960 1,258 6,563
6,333 1,022 5,821


62.0 36.5 60.6
2.6 3.8 2.5


79 44 35
1.7 .. ..


4,097 334 869
4,024 1,361 3,944


7.6 27.8 34.8
0.0 0.5 0.0
6.9 11.7 13.3
24
41
85
67


545 6,383 97,437
–0.1 1.8 0.7
2.8 16.0 9.0
6.5 5.8 8.4


.. 17,980 33,350
30.5 27,808 48,783


2,738 683 1,948
10.5 58.2 8.1


4,803 553 2,942
94.3 65.2 72.9


0.8 18.7 21.3
10.1 0.9 5.5


886 4,455 8,550
27.9 3.2 5.6


63 84 66
91 61 93
79 48 86
99 83 98
79 31 73
67 23 62
86 42 81


18 41 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


47 109 20


16.8 18.4 36.4
13.0 10.9 11.8


5.4 3.7 3.3
3.6 10.4 5.7
2.9 2.2 1.6
0.2 0.5 0.0
0.9 0.5 0.7
0.1 0.4 0.7
1.5 –1.2 19.2


191The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 50.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 1,213 GDP ($ billions) 408.2


South Africa




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 1,258 1,772


.. 1,022 1,595
18.1 36.5 38.7
4.0 3.8 2.7


.. 44 46


.. .. ..


.. 334 716


.. 1,361 3,065


.. 27.8 28.4


.. 0.5 0.3


.. 11.7 9.9
0


14
..
..


.. 6,383 40,238


.. 1.8 2.4


.. 16.0 10.0


.. 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440


.. 27,808 60,301


.. 683 667


.. 58.2 26.2


.. 553 698


.. 65.2 73.0


.. 18.7 17.4


.. 0.9 1.6


.. 4,455 3,121


.. 3.2 20.2


.. 84 88


.. 61 87


.. 48 84


.. 83 93


.. 31 47


.. 23 35


.. 42 66


.. 41 53


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
121 109 62


.. 18.4 29.7


.. 10.9 9.9


.. 3.7 3.1


.. 10.4 6.3


.. 2.2 1.2


.. 0.5 0.3


.. 0.5 0.7


.. 0.4 0.6


.. –1.2 14.7


192 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 10.3 Land area (sq. km) .. GDP ($ billions) 19.2


South Sudan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


30,930 39,860
26,987 34,611


77.4 80.5
1.0 1.1


55 37
12.0 ..


22,035 26,515
3,658 5,349


36.8 28.4
–0.7 0.0
8.6 12.9
16
12
70


205


1,266 28,774
–0.6 –1.7
1.4 1.8
3.5 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


2,773 5,000
5.3 4.4


6,155 9,415
46.5 62.0
14.1 11.2
6.3 11.4


2,408 8,195
29.2 10.3


61 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


24 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


18.5 17.9
13.8 13.9


4.6 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.2 0.1
8.9 6.6


193The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 46.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 499 GDP ($ billions) 1,476.9


Spain




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,580 1,313 1,772
2,509 1,201 1,595


15.1 30.9 38.7
0.4 2.8 2.7


42 55 46
.. .. ..


978 550 716
3,503 2,959 3,065


29.4 17.1 28.4
1.1 –0.3 0.3


21.5 5.9 9.9
29
15
44


283


445 13,219 40,238
4.1 2.3 2.4


12.4 8.1 10.0
1.1 1.7 2.9


680 15,440 143,440
88.8 10,343 60,301


478 519 667
51.2 26.7 26.2
449 555 698
47.5 80.6 73.0
52.3 14.0 17.4


0.6 1.4 1.6


2,530 1,197 3,121
24.5 51.6 20.2


87 91 88
91 90 87
90 88 84
99 96 93
92 38 47
93 28 35
88 60 66


65 62 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


12 62 62


22.4 33.5 29.7
10.3 9.2 9.9


1.7 2.8 3.1
0.0 2.8 6.3
0.0 1.0 1.2
0.3 0.6 0.3
0.2 0.8 0.7
0.2 0.6 0.6


13.2 21.6 14.7


194 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


South
Asia


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 20.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 63 GDP ($ billions) 59.2


Sri Lanka




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


12,610 39,860
.. 34,611


32.0 80.5
0.7 1.1


23 37
13.3 ..


1,517 26,515
.. 5,349


42.3 28.4
0.0 0.0
3.6 12.9


2
1


19
2


31.0 28,774
20.5 –1.7
–5.1 1.8
0.53 16.5
180 81,970


0.68 15,496


1,645 5,000
.. 4.4
.. 9,415
.. 62.0
.. 11.2


5.0 11.4


452 8,195
.. 10.3
.. 41


99 100
99 98
99 100
96 100
96 99
96 100


15 22
.. ..
.. ..
7 6


24.5 17.9
12.9 13.9


3.5 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0
0.3 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


195The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (thousands) 53 Land area (sq. km) 260 GDP ($ millions) 697.3


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


High-
income
group


St. Kitts and Nevis




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


6,820 8,574 6,563
.. 7,648 5,821


17.6 79.1 60.6
–1.1 2.0 2.5


18 37 35
.. .. ..


1,433 3,448 869
.. 3,838 3,944


77.0 46.8 34.8
–0.1 0.4 0.0
14.3 20.2 13.3


2
5


20
5


2.0 19,009 97,437
3.5 0.1 0.7
5.4 11.8 9.0


0.06 13.1 8.4
160 15,100 33,350
1.9 39,997 48,783


760 1,312 1,948
.. 16.7 8.1
.. 1,973 2,942
.. 39.0 72.9
.. 53.7 21.3


2.2 2.7 5.5


.. 22,810 8,550


.. 2.0 5.6


.. 68 66
96 94 93
95 81 86
98 98 98
65 79 73
63 59 62
71 84 81


31 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


16 19 20


12.2 21.1 36.4
11.8 12.2 11.8
4.5 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
0.0 1.9 1.6


.. 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2 0.7
0.0 0.3 0.7


.. 6.8 19.2


196 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (thousands) 176 Land area (sq. km) 610 GDP ($ billions) 1.3


St. Lucia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611


.. 80.5


.. 1.1


.. 37


.. ..


.. 26,515


.. 5,349


.. 28.4
0.0 0.0


.. 12.9
1
0
5
2


0.20 28,774
.. –1.7
.. 1.8
.. 16.5
.. 81,970
.. 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9


.. 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


197The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (thousands) 31 Land area (sq. km) 54 GDP ($ millions) ..


Country
data


High-
income
group


St. Martin (French part)




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


6,070 8,574 6,563
5,421 7,648 5,821
49.3 79.1 60.6


0.9 2.0 2.5


26 37 35
.. .. ..


2,299 3,448 869
5,297 3,838 3,944


68.7 46.8 34.8
–0.3 0.4 0.0
10.9 20.2 13.3


2
2


20
4


76.6 19,009 97,437
10.7 0.1 0.7


.. 11.8 9.0
0.61 13.1 8.4
140 15,100 33,350


0.90 39,997 48,783


642 1,312 1,948
.. 16.7 8.1
.. 1,973 2,942
.. 39.0 72.9
.. 53.7 21.3


1.8 2.7 5.5


.. 22,810 8,550


.. 2.0 5.6


.. 68 66


.. 94 93


.. 81 86


.. 98 98


.. 79 73
96 59 62


.. 84 81


22 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


21 19 20


–4.9 21.1 36.4
11.6 12.2 11.8
4.5 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
0.0 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2 0.7
0.1 0.3 0.7


–12.2 6.8 19.2


198 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (thousands) 109 Land area (sq. km) 390 GDP ($ millions) 688.0


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


St. Vincent and Grenadines




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


199The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 34.3b Land area (1,000 sq. km) 2,376 GDP ($ billions) 64.1c


Sudan


1,310 1,258 1,772
1,044 1,022 1,595
33.2 36.5 38.7


3.2 3.8 2.7


57 44 46
1.0 .. ..


1,015 334 716
452 1,361 3,065


29.4 27.8 28.4
0.1 0.5 0.3
4.2 11.7 9.9
15
17
20
17


73.2 6,383 40,238
3.9 1.8 2.4


11.3 16.0 10.0
0.05 5.8 2.9


2,720 17,980 143,440
9.8 27,808 60,301


371 683 667
68.7 58.2 26.2
141 553 698


51.0 65.2 73.0
49.0 18.7 17.4
0.3 0.9 1.6


672 4,455 3,121
123.8 3.2 20.2


97 84 88
58 61 87
52 48 84
67 83 93
26 31 47
14 23 35
44 42 66


137 41 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


86 109 62


22.8 18.4 29.7
10.5 10.9 9.9
0.9 3.7 3.1
9.7 10.4 6.3
0.1 2.2 1.2
0.0 0.5 0.3
0.2 0.5 0.7
0.9 0.4 0.6
0.1 –1.2 14.7


c


b
b




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


7,840 8,574 6,563
6,037 7,648 5,821


69.7 79.1 60.6
2.0 2.0 2.5


1 37 35
.. .. ..


4,048 3,448 869
4,133 3,838 3,944


94.6 46.8 34.8
0.0 0.4 0.0


11.6 20.2 13.3
8
7


26
26


34.5 19,009 97,437
8.3 0.1 0.7


.. 11.8 9.0
22.9 13.1 8.4


.. 15,100 33,350
510 39,997 48,783


1,400 1,312 1,948
.. 16.7 8.1
.. 1,973 2,942
.. 39.0 72.9
.. 53.7 21.3


4.8 2.7 5.5


166,220 22,810 8,550
0.8 2.0 5.6
93 68 66
92 94 93
81 81 86
97 98 98
83 79 73
66 59 62
90 84 81


19 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


30 19 20


.. 21.1 36.4
12.4 12.2 11.8


.. 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
8.5 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.5 0.2 0.7
0.1 0.3 0.7


.. 6.8 19.2


200 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (thousands) 529 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 156 GDP ($ billions) 4.3


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Suriname




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,470 1,258 1,772
3,348 1,022 1,595


21.3 36.5 38.7
0.7 3.8 2.7


71 44 46
.. .. ..


1,213 334 716
1,148 1,361 3,065


33.0 27.8 28.4
–0.8 0.5 0.3
3.0 11.7 9.9


6
11
4
3


0.29 6,383 40,238
0.4 1.8 2.4
7.8 16.0 10.0


.. 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440


.. 27,808 60,301


415 683 667
.. 58.2 26.2
.. 553 698
.. 65.2 73.0
.. 18.7 17.4


1.0 0.9 1.6


2,472 4,455 3,121
39.5 3.2 20.2


97 84 88
71 61 87
65 48 84
91 83 93
57 31 47
55 23 35
64 42 66


29 41 53
8 .. ..


13 .. ..
104 109 62


–0.5 18.4 29.7
10.8 10.9 9.9
6.9 3.7 3.1
0.0 10.4 6.3
0.0 2.2 1.2
0.0 0.5 0.3
0.2 0.5 0.7
0.0 0.4 0.6


–5.1 –1.2 14.7


201The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 1.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 17 GDP ($ billions) 4.1


Swaziland




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


53,170 39,860
50,463 34,611


85.2 80.5
0.6 1.1


7 37
2.0 ..


51,585 26,515
4,716 5,349


68.7 28.4
–0.3 0.0
10.9 12.9


1
4


12
4


195 28,774
–1.5 –1.7
1.9 1.8
5.3 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


5,468 5,000
23.2 4.4


14,939 9,415
4.5 62.0


44.7 11.2
4.7 11.4


18,097 8,195
1.5 10.3


4 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


10 22
.. ..
.. ..
3 6


25.8 17.9
12.7 13.9
6.2 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.4 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.1


18.7 6.6


202 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 9.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 410 GDP ($ billions) 539.7


Country
data


High-
income
group


Sweden




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


76,350 39,860
73,014 34,611


73.7 80.5
0.8 1.1


38 37
2.4 ..


.. 26,515
6,680 5,349


31.1 28.4
–0.4 0.0
24.9 12.9


2
3
9
2


2.9 28,774
–3.0 –1.7
0.8 1.8


.. 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


3,349 5,000
8.9 4.4


8,175 9,415
1.7 62.0


54.6 11.2
5.4 11.4


5,106 8,195
6.5 10.3


2 41
100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


20 22
.. ..
.. ..
4 6


31.3 17.9
14.5 13.9
5.3 4.6
0.0 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.2
0.1 0.1


21.9 6.6


203The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 7.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 40 GDP ($ billions) 659.3


Switzerland




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,750 3,866 1,772
2,134 3,285 1,595
56.1 58.9 38.7


3.1 2.5 2.7


75 23 46
10.1 .. ..


.. 2,627 716
1,680 2,475 3,065


2.7 2.4 28.4
–1.3 –0.1 0.3
0.6 3.9 9.9
16
15
34


2


12.9 3,538 40,238
2.3 2.4 2.4
5.3 13.1 10.0


0.63 2.0 2.9
.. 5,700 143,440
.. 217 60,301


1,063 1,372 667
0.0 0.9 26.2


1,905 1,658 698
94.4 92.9 73.0


5.6 5.4 17.4
3.3 4.1 1.6


343 673 3,121
235.0 122.1 20.2


88 86 88
90 89 87
86 81 84
93 94 93
95 88 47
93 80 35
96 94 66


54 59 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


15 32 62


17.4 27.0 29.7
10.5 10.8 9.9


2.6 4.5 3.1
13.2 15.2 6.3


0.1 0.6 1.2
0.0 0.1 0.3
0.9 0.6 0.7
1.0 0.9 0.6


–5.7 6.1 14.7


204 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 20.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 184 GDP ($ billions) 59.1


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Syrian Arab Republic




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


870 7,734 571
832 6,652 521
26.6 64.7 28.0


0.5 0.3 3.5


35 28 39
14.8 .. ..
600 3,374 308


2,519 2,740 2,034


2.9 38.7 25.7
0.0 0.0 0.6
4.1 7.5 10.0


8
12


5
13


0.70 5,790 11,563
–2.7 –2.9 4.0
–8.7 –0.5 4.9


.. 10.4 ..


.. .. 15,120


.. .. 25,818


336 3,015 363
0.0 2.0 66.2


2,004 4,059 242
3.4 65.4 32.0


96.6 18.8 45.3
0.4 7.1 0.3


9,096 12,498 5,125
18.1 6.3 4.5


91 60 90
64 96 65
54 91 57
92 99 86
94 84 37
94 81 32
95 87 47


29 21 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


63 21 95


23.5 26.1 25.2
8.7 12.3 7.7
3.2 3.6 3.0
0.4 9.3 1.4
0.7 0.8 2.0
0.0 0.0 1.2
0.5 0.7 0.3
0.2 0.3 0.5


16.1 6.2 15.2


205The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 7.0 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 140 GDP ($ billions) 6.5


Tajikistan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


540 1,258 571
462 1,022 521
26.7 36.5 28.0
4.5 3.8 3.5


42 44 39
.. .. ..


291 334 308
1,361 1,361 2,034


37.3 27.8 25.7
1.1 0.5 0.6


27.5 11.7 10.0
35
44


175
295


351 6,383 11,563
–0.9 1.8 4.0
8.2 16.0 4.9


10.0 5.8 ..
3,580 17,980 15,120
1,287 27,808 25,818


448 683 363
88.4 58.2 66.2


78 553 242
42.0 65.2 32.0
58.0 18.7 45.3


0.2 0.9 0.3


1,817 4,455 5,125
6.2 3.2 4.5
89 84 90
53 61 65
44 48 57
79 83 86
10 31 37
7 23 32


20 42 47


19 41 54
4 .. ..


15 .. ..
68 109 95


20.6 18.4 25.2
7.8 10.9 7.7
2.4 3.7 3.0
0.3 10.4 1.4
4.0 2.2 2.0
0.0 0.5 1.2
0.3 0.5 0.3
0.0 0.4 0.5


10.5 –1.2 15.2


206 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 46.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 886 GDP ($ billions) 23.9


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Tanzania




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,440 4,248 6,563
4,098 3,884 5,821


34.1 48.6 60.6
1.6 3.6 2.5


41 48 35
.. .. ..


743 610 869
3,065 5,050 3,944


37.2 29.7 34.8
0.0 –0.4 0.0


20.1 15.0 13.3
57
47
96


116


2,870 101,299 97,437
–1.4 3.4 0.7
6.1 9.1 9.0
4.4 1.4 8.4


2,130 137,690 33,350
2,484 56,537 48,783


1,699 1,520 1,948
19.2 10.9 8.1


2,243 2,337 2,942
94.4 79.8 72.9


3.5 16.5 21.3
4.0 4.6 5.5


3,229 4,446 8,550
25.5 10.9 5.6


90 73 66
96 90 93
95 84 86
97 97 98
96 66 73
96 58 62
95 76 81


53 55 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


12 21 20


32.3 49.3 36.4
11.3 11.0 11.8


4.1 2.1 3.3
3.3 4.3 5.7
0.1 1.7 1.6
0.1 0.0 0.0
0.7 0.9 0.7
0.3 1.1 0.7


20.8 32.2 19.2


207The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 69.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 511 GDP ($ billions) 345.7


Thailand




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,730 4,248 1,772
.. 3,884 1,595


28.3 48.6 38.7
3.6 3.6 2.7


24 48 46
.. .. ..
.. 610 716


2,252 5,050 3,065


49.1 29.7 28.4
1.4 –0.4 0.3
6.1 15.0 9.9


4
7
5
1


4.7 101,299 40,238
.. 3.4 2.4
.. 9.1 10.0


6.7 1.4 2.9
.. 137,690 143,440


18.0 56,537 60,301


58 1,520 667
.. 10.9 26.2
.. 2,337 698
.. 79.8 73.0
.. 16.5 17.4


0.2 4.6 1.6


6,986 4,446 3,121
14.3 10.9 20.2


91 73 88
69 90 87
60 84 84
91 97 93
47 66 47
37 58 35
73 76 66


.. 55 53
2 .. ..


16 .. ..
54 21 62


.. 49.3 29.7
2.3 11.0 9.9
3.3 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3
0.0 1.7 1.2


.. 0.0 0.3
0.1 0.9 0.7


.. 1.1 0.6


.. 32.2 14.7


208 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 1.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 15 GDP ($ billions) 1.1


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Timor-Leste




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


570 1,258 571
515 1,022 521


38.0 36.5 28.0
3.8 3.8 3.5


68 44 39
.. .. ..


364 334 308
1,226 1,361 2,034


4.9 27.8 25.7
5.1 0.5 0.6


11.3 11.7 10.0
11
9


23
10


24.1 6,383 11,563
2.0 1.8 4.0


–0.5 16.0 4.9
0.0 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120
10.9 27,808 25,818


446 683 363
82.7 58.2 66.2
107 553 242


23.8 65.2 32.0
74.6 18.7 45.3
0.3 0.9 0.3


1,868 4,455 5,125
1.5 3.2 4.5
45 84 90
61 61 65
40 48 57
89 83 86
13 31 37


3 23 32
26 42 47


27 41 54
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


110 109 95


12.3 18.4 25.2
8.0 10.9 7.7
4.4 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
1.9 2.2 2.0
1.8 0.5 1.2
0.3 0.5 0.3
0.1 0.4 0.5
5.3 –1.2 15.2


209The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 6.2 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 54 GDP ($ billions) 3.6


Togo




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,820 4,248 1,772
3,804 3,884 1,595


23.5 48.6 38.7
0.6 3.6 2.7


43 48 46
.. .. ..


3,278 610 716
.. 5,050 3,065


12.5 29.7 28.4
0.0 –0.4 0.3


14.5 15.0 9.9
2
5


12
2


2.1 101,299 40,238
1.2 3.4 2.4


.. 9.1 10.0
9.4 1.4 2.9


1,500 137,690 143,440
3.4 56,537 60,301


567 1,520 667
.. 10.9 26.2
.. 2,337 698
.. 79.8 73.0
.. 16.5 17.4


1.7 4.6 1.6


.. 4,446 3,121


.. 10.9 20.2


.. 73 88
100 90 87
100 84 84
100 97 93


96 66 47
96 58 35
98 76 66


.. 55 53


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
15 21 62


3.8 49.3 29.7
10.4 11.0 9.9
3.0 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3
0.0 1.7 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.3 0.9 0.7


.. 1.1 0.6


.. 32.2 14.7


210 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (thousands) 105 Land area (sq. km) 720 GDP ($ millions) 433.9


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Tonga




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


15,840 39,860
8,278 34,611


13.7 80.5
2.7 1.1


11 37
.. ..


1,835 26,515
3,416 5,349


44.0 28.4
0.3 0.0


31.2 12.9
2
4


25
1


13.9 28,774
0.6 –1.7
5.2 1.8
2.8 16.5


<100 81,970
65.7 15,496


15,913 5,000
0.1 4.4


5,894 9,415
100.0 62.0


0.0 11.2
35.8 11.4


2,852 8,195
6.0 10.3


9 41
94 100
93 98
98 100
92 100
92 99
92 100


97 22
.. ..
.. ..


28 6


35.6 17.9
13.2 13.9


4.0 4.6
30.9 1.4


0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
1.5 0.2
0.3 0.1


–24.6 6.6


211The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 1.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 5.1 GDP ($ billions) 22.5


Trinidad and Tobago




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,020 3,866 6,563
3,451 3,285 5,821
66.3 58.9 60.6


1.9 2.5 2.5


65 23 35
3.8 .. ..


3,160 2,627 869
1,712 2,475 3,944


6.6 2.4 34.8
–1.9 –0.1 0.0
1.3 3.9 13.3
13


7
35


6


111 3,538 97,437
0.7 2.4 0.7


10.4 13.1 9.0
1.2 2.0 8.4


.. 5,700 33,350


.. 217 48,783


913 1,372 1,948
14.0 0.9 8.1


1,350 1,658 2,942
98.8 92.9 72.9


0.3 5.4 21.3
2.4 4.1 5.5


393 673 8,550
67.9 122.1 5.6


76 86 66
94 89 93
84 81 86
99 94 98
85 88 73
64 80 62
96 94 81


23 59 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


16 32 20


16.8 27.0 36.4
11.3 10.8 11.8
6.0 4.5 3.3
4.0 15.2 5.7
1.1 0.6 1.6
0.1 0.1 0.0
0.4 0.6 0.7
0.2 0.9 0.7
5.7 6.1 19.2


212 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 10.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 155 GDP ($ billions) 46.4


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Tunisia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


10,410 7,734 6,563
9,104 6,652 5,821


71.4 64.7 60.6
2.4 0.3 2.5


50 28 35
13.6 .. ..


4,035 3,374 869
2,958 2,740 3,944


14.9 38.7 34.8
–1.1 0.0 0.0
1.9 7.5 13.3
17
16
70


7


704 5,790 97,437
1.5 –2.9 0.7


18.1 –0.5 9.0
2.4 10.4 8.4


.. .. 33,350


.. .. 48,783


1,445 3,015 1,948
4.3 2.0 8.1


2,477 4,059 2,942
73.6 65.4 72.9
24.5 18.8 21.3
3.9 7.1 5.5


3,083 12,498 8,550
17.7 6.3 5.6


74 60 66
100 96 93
99 91 86


100 99 98
90 84 73
75 81 62
97 87 81


35 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


15 21 20


14.3 26.1 36.4
12.1 12.3 11.8
2.6 3.6 3.3
0.3 9.3 5.7
0.2 0.8 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.3 0.7 0.7
0.9 0.3 0.7
3.1 6.2 19.2


213The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 73.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 770 GDP ($ billions) 775.0


Turkey




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,800 7,734 6,563
.. 6,652 5,821


48.7 64.7 60.6
1.9 0.3 2.5


69 28 35
.. .. ..


2,156 3,374 869
3,564 2,740 3,944


8.8 38.7 34.8
0.0 0.0 0.0
3.0 7.5 13.3


9
16
11
4


15.0 5,790 97,437
–4.8 –2.9 0.7


–21.0 –0.5 9.0
.. 10.4 8.4
.. .. 33,350
.. .. 48,783


4,226 3,015 1,948
0.0 2.0 8.1


2,403 4,059 2,942
100.0 65.4 72.9


0.0 18.8 21.3
9.7 7.1 5.5


275 12,498 8,550
1,989.3 6.3 5.6


94 60 66
84 96 93
72 91 86
97 99 98
98 84 73
97 81 62
99 87 81


36 21 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


53 21 20


.. 26.1 36.4
12.0 12.3 11.8


.. 3.6 3.3
34.9 9.3 5.7


0.0 0.8 1.6
.. 0.0 0.0


2.1 0.7 0.7
0.6 0.3 0.7


.. 6.2 19.2


214 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 5.1 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 470 GDP ($ billions) 28.1


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Turkmenistan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611
93.7 80.5
6.9 1.1


1 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


36.2 28.4
0.0 0.0


42.9 12.9
2
2


18
7


3.8 28,774
0.1 –1.7


.. 1.8
0.95 16.5
730 81,970
236 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2
4.3 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41
100 100
100 98
100 100


.. 100


.. 99
98 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9


.. 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


215The Little Green Data Book 2013


Population (thousands) 39 Land area (sq. km) 950 GDP ($ millions) ..


Country
data


High-
income
group


Turks and Caicos Islands




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


4,950 4,248 6,563
.. 3,884 5,821


50.6 48.6 60.6
1.5 3.6 2.5


60 48 35
.. .. ..


2,764 610 869
.. 5,050 3,944


33.3 29.7 34.8
0.0 –0.4 0.0
0.4 15.0 13.3


2
1


10
0


8.3 101,299 97,437
14.1 3.4 0.7


.. 9.1 9.0
0.19 1.4 8.4
710 137,690 33,350


0.40 56,537 48,783


.. 1,520 1,948


.. 10.9 8.1


.. 2,337 2,942


.. 79.8 72.9


.. 16.5 21.3


.. 4.6 5.5


.. 4,446 8,550


.. 10.9 5.6


.. 73 66
98 90 93
97 84 86
98 97 98
85 66 73
81 58 62
88 76 81


.. 55 42


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
30 21 20


.. 49.3 36.4
6.8 11.0 11.8


.. 2.1 3.3
0.0 4.3 5.7
0.0 1.7 1.6


.. 0.0 0.0


.. 0.9 0.7


.. 1.1 0.7


.. 32.2 19.2


216 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (thousands) 10 Land area (sq. km) 30 GDP ($ millions) 35.8


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Tuvalu




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


510 1,258 571
415 1,022 521


15.6 36.5 28.0
4.8 3.8 3.5


70 44 39
.. .. ..


200 334 308
2,099 1,361 2,034


14.5 27.8 25.7
2.6 0.5 0.6


10.3 11.7 10.0
22
22
61
37


523 6,383 11,563
2.8 1.8 4.0


42.3 16.0 4.9
.. 5.8 ..
.. 17,980 15,120
.. 27,808 25,818


.. 683 363


.. 58.2 66.2


.. 553 242


.. 65.2 32.0


.. 18.7 45.3
0.1 0.9 0.3


1,130 4,455 5,125
0.8 3.2 4.5
38 84 90
72 61 65
68 48 57
95 83 86
34 31 37
34 23 32
34 42 47


10 41 54
23 .. ..
26 .. ..
90 109 95


21.3 18.4 25.2
7.8 10.9 7.7
3.0 3.7 3.0
0.0 10.4 1.4
0.0 2.2 2.0
5.0 0.5 1.2
0.2 0.5 0.3
0.0 0.4 0.5


11.2 –1.2 15.2


217The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 34.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 200 GDP ($ billions) 16.8


Uganda




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


3,130 7,734 1,772
3,016 6,652 1,595
68.9 64.7 38.7
–0.5 0.3 2.7


71 28 46
5.3 .. ..


3,039 3,374 716
3,754 2,740 3,065


16.8 38.7 28.4
–0.2 0.0 0.3
3.5 7.5 9.9
11
14
21
17


204 5,790 40,238
–7.2 –2.9 2.4
–5.7 –0.5 10.0
4.9 10.4 2.9


.. .. 143,440


.. .. 60,301


2,845 3,015 667
1.1 2.0 26.2


3,550 4,059 698
45.6 65.4 73.0


7.0 18.8 17.4
5.9 7.1 1.6


1,162 12,498 3,121
72.5 6.3 20.2


51 60 88
98 96 87
98 91 84
98 99 93
94 84 47
89 81 35
96 87 66


15 21 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


10 21 62


16.4 26.1 29.7
10.7 12.3 9.9
5.9 3.6 3.1
3.9 9.3 6.3
0.0 0.8 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
1.5 0.7 0.7
0.1 0.3 0.6
6.1 6.2 14.7


218 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 45.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 579 GDP ($ billions) 165.2


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Ukraine




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


40,760 39,860
.. 34,611


84.3 80.5
7.3 1.1


5 37
19.1 ..


.. 26,515
2,625 5,349


3.8 28.4
–0.2 0.0
5.6 12.9


7
9


13
0


75.3 28,774
–1.1 –1.7


.. 1.8
2.6 16.5


1,190 81,970
68.2 15,496


8,271 5,000
0.0 4.4


11,044 9,415
100.0 62.0


0.0 11.2
22.6 11.4


19 8,195
2,665.3 10.3


83 41
100 100
100 98
100 100


98 100
95 99
98 100


89 22
.. ..
.. ..
7 6


.. 17.9
14.1 13.9


.. 4.6
15.1 1.4
0.0 0.2


.. 0.0
0.3 0.2
0.6 0.1


.. 6.6


219The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 7.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 84 GDP ($ billions) 360.2


United Arab Emirates




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


37,780 39,860
33,456 34,611


79.6 80.5
0.5 1.1


71 37
.. ..
.. 26,515


6,985 5,349


11.9 28.4
–0.3 0.0
26.4 12.9


5
4


43
11


782 28,774
–1.2 –1.7
6.2 1.8
5.7 16.5


.. 81,970


.. 15,496


3,252 5,000
2.9 4.4


5,733 9,415
76.4 62.0


1.0 11.2
7.7 11.4


2,311 8,195
9.0 10.3
10 41


100 100
100 98
100 100
100 100
100 99
100 100


13 22
.. ..
.. ..
5 6


12.7 17.9
13.7 13.9
5.1 4.6
1.3 1.4
0.0 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.2 0.2
0.0 0.1
2.7 6.6


220 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 62.7 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 242 GDP ($ billions) 2,445.4


Country
data


High-
income
group


United Kingdom




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


48,620 39,860
41,448 34,611


82.4 80.5
1.5 1.1


45 37
.. ..


51,370 26,515
6,818 5,349


33.3 28.4
–0.1 0.0
12.4 12.9


36
79


185
232


5,560 28,774
–0.4 –1.7
1.1 1.8


28.6 16.5
1,250 81,970
3,030 15,496


7,164 5,000
4.1 4.4


13,394 9,415
70.3 62.0


6.0 11.2
17.3 11.4


9,044 8,195
17.0 10.3


40 41
99 100
94 98


100 100
100 100
99 99


100 100


18 22
.. ..
.. ..
8 6


11.5 17.9
13.9 13.9


4.8 4.6
1.0 1.4
0.1 0.2
0.0 0.0
0.3 0.2
0.1 0.1
0.9 6.6


221The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (millions) 311.6 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 9,147 GDP ($ billions) 14,991.3


United States




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


11,860 8,574 6,563
11,669 7,648 5,821


92.5 79.1 60.6
0.6 2.0 2.5


82 37 35
1.4 .. ..


9,064 3,448 869
4,587 3,838 3,944


10.2 46.8 34.8
–2.1 0.4 0.0
0.3 20.2 13.3
11
24
36


0


89.1 19,009 97,437
–0.1 0.1 0.7
16.8 11.8 9.0
0.33 13.1 8.4


.. 15,100 33,350


.. 39,997 48,783


1,241 1,312 1,948
30.9 16.7 8.1


2,763 1,973 2,942
11.0 39.0 72.9
80.2 53.7 21.3


2.4 2.7 5.5


17,515 22,810 8,550
6.2 2.0 5.6
87 68 66


100 94 93
100 81 86
100 98 98
100 79 73
99 59 62


100 84 81


112 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


10 19 20


17.0 21.1 36.4
12.8 12.2 11.8


2.3 5.0 3.3
0.0 4.5 5.7
0.1 1.9 1.6
0.4 0.0 0.0
0.1 0.2 0.7
1.8 0.3 0.7
4.1 6.8 19.2


222 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 3.4 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 175 GDP ($ billions) 46.7


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Uruguay




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,510 7,734 1,772
1,182 6,652 1,595
36.2 64.7 38.7


1.2 0.3 2.7


63 28 46
.. .. ..


2,904 3,374 716
4,771 2,740 3,065


7.7 38.7 28.4
–0.2 0.0 0.3
2.3 7.5 9.9
10
16
7


17


10.7 5,790 40,238
–0.9 –2.9 2.4
–5.5 –0.5 10.0


.. 10.4 2.9


.. .. 143,440


.. .. 60,301


1,533 3,015 667
0.0 2.0 26.2


1,648 4,059 698
79.0 65.4 73.0
21.0 18.8 17.4
4.2 7.1 1.6


557 12,498 3,121
342.7 6.3 20.2


90 60 88
87 96 87
81 91 84
98 99 93


100 84 47
100 81 35
100 87 66


31 21 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


49 21 62


.. 26.1 29.7
8.9 12.3 9.9
9.4 3.6 3.1


11.4 9.3 6.3
6.1 0.8 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
2.5 0.7 0.7
0.3 0.3 0.6


.. 6.2 14.7


223The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Europe &
Central


Asia
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 29.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 425 GDP ($ billions) 45.4


Uzbekistan




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


2,730 4,248 1,772
2,695 3,884 1,595


24.9 48.6 38.7
3.8 3.6 2.7


15 48 46
.. .. ..


2,164 610 716
559 5,050 3,065


36.1 29.7 28.4
0.0 –0.4 0.3
4.3 15.0 9.9


8
9


15
8


56.4 101,299 40,238
1.4 3.4 2.4


.. 9.1 10.0
0.05 1.4 2.9


4,110 137,690 143,440
20.5 56,537 60,301


157 1,520 667
.. 10.9 26.2
.. 2,337 698
.. 79.8 73.0
.. 16.5 17.4


0.5 4.6 1.6


.. 4,446 3,121


.. 10.9 20.2


.. 73 88
90 90 87
87 84 84
98 97 93
57 66 47
54 58 35
64 76 66


14 55 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


13 21 62


19.6 49.3 29.7
10.5 11.0 9.9
5.2 2.1 3.1
0.0 4.3 6.3
0.0 1.7 1.2
0.0 0.0 0.3
0.1 0.9 0.7
0.0 1.1 0.6


14.3 32.2 14.7


224 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (thousands) 246 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 12 GDP ($ millions) 760.0


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Vanuatu




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


11,820 8,574 6,563
7,045 7,648 5,821
93.5 79.1 60.6


2.4 2.0 2.5


24 37 35
.. .. ..


8,447 3,448 869
3,601 3,838 3,944


52.1 46.8 34.8
0.6 0.4 0.0


53.8 20.2 13.3
32
40
37
68


248 19,009 97,437
–1.8 0.1 0.7
17.4 11.8 9.0
15.3 13.1 8.4
480 15,100 33,350


3,569 39,997 48,783


2,669 1,312 1,948
1.2 16.7 8.1


3,287 1,973 2,942
35.1 39.0 72.9
64.9 53.7 21.3


6.5 2.7 5.5


24,674 22,810 8,550
1.3 2.0 5.6
44 68 66
93 94 93
75 81 86
94 98 98
91 79 73
57 59 62
94 84 81


10 28 42
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


15 19 20


31.4 21.1 36.4
12.3 12.2 11.8


3.6 5.0 3.3
20.2 4.5 5.7


0.6 1.9 1.6
0.0 0.0 0.0
0.5 0.2 0.7
0.0 0.3 0.7
1.4 6.8 19.2


225The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Latin
America &
Caribbean


group


Upper
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 29.3 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 882 GDP ($ billions) 316.5


Venezuela, RB




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,270 4,248 1,772
1,083 3,884 1,595


31.0 48.6 38.7
3.4 3.6 2.7


35 48 46
.. .. ..


378 610 716
5,383 5,050 3,065


45.0 29.7 28.4
–1.6 –0.4 0.3
6.2 15.0 9.9
54
45
73


141


5,555 101,299 40,238
5.7 3.4 2.4


15.0 9.1 10.0
1.7 1.4 2.9


1,270 137,690 143,440
1,056 56,537 60,301


681 1,520 667
24.8 10.9 26.2


1,035 2,337 698
70.9 79.8 73.0
29.0 16.5 17.4


1.7 4.6 1.6


4,092 4,446 3,121
22.8 10.9 20.2


95 73 88
95 90 87
93 84 84
99 97 93
76 66 47
68 58 35
94 76 66


54 55 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


22 21 62


34.7 49.3 29.7
9.6 11.0 9.9
2.8 2.1 3.1
9.1 4.3 6.3
0.4 1.7 1.2
0.2 0.0 0.3
0.9 0.9 0.7
0.6 1.1 0.6


16.8 32.2 14.7


226 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 87.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 310 GDP ($ billions) 123.6


Country
data


East Asia
& Pacific


group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Vietnam




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 39,860


.. 34,611
95.4 80.5


0.7 1.1


11 37
.. ..
.. 26,515
.. 5,349


57.4 28.4
0.8 0.0


15.2 12.9
2
1


15
12


0.82 28,774
0.8 –1.7


.. 1.8
0.64 16.5
200 81,970
2.6 15,496


.. 5,000


.. 4.4


.. 9,415


.. 62.0


.. 11.2


.. 11.4


.. 8,195


.. 10.3


.. 41


.. 100


.. 98


.. 100


.. 100


.. 99


.. 100


.. 22


.. ..


.. ..


.. 6


.. 17.9


.. 13.9


.. 4.6


.. 1.4


.. 0.2


.. 0.0


.. 0.2


.. 0.1


.. 6.6


227The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


High-
income
group


Population (thousands) 110 Land area (sq. km) 350 GDP ($ millions) ..


Virgin Islands (U.S.)




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


.. 3,866 1,772


.. 3,285 1,595
74.4 58.9 38.7
3.7 2.5 2.7


43 23 46
4.9 .. ..


.. 2,627 716
1,536 2,475 3,065


1.5 2.4 28.4
–0.1 –0.1 0.3
0.6 3.9 9.9


3
10
0
0


.. 3,538 40,238


.. 2.4 2.4


.. 13.1 10.0


.. 2.0 2.9


.. 5,700 143,440


.. 217 60,301


.. 1,372 667


.. 0.9 26.2


.. 1,658 698


.. 92.9 73.0


.. 5.4 17.4
0.6 4.1 1.6


207 673 3,121
51.5 122.1 20.2


45 86 88
85 89 87
81 81 84
86 94 93
92 88 47
92 80 35
92 94 66


.. 59 53


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
22 32 62


.. 27.0 29.7


.. 10.8 9.9


.. 4.5 3.1


.. 15.2 6.3


.. 0.6 1.2


.. 0.1 0.3


.. 0.6 0.7


.. 0.9 0.6


.. 6.1 14.7


228 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 3.9 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 6.0 GDP ($ millions) ..


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


West Bank and Gaza




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,070 3,866 1,772
943 3,285 1,595
32.3 58.9 38.7


5.5 2.5 2.7


44 23 46
3.3 .. ..
749 2,627 716


1,127 2,475 3,065


1.0 2.4 28.4
0.0 –0.1 0.3
0.5 3.9 9.9


9
15
24


159


157 3,538 40,238
3.4 2.4 2.4


.. 13.1 10.0
1.8 2.0 2.9


700 5,700 143,440
9.3 217 60,301


298 1,372 667
1.5 0.9 26.2


249 1,658 698
100.0 92.9 73.0


0.0 5.4 17.4
1.0 4.1 1.6


85 673 3,121
169.8 122.1 20.2


91 86 88
55 89 87
47 81 84
72 94 93
53 88 47
34 80 35
93 94 66


34 59 53
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


77 32 62


8.8 27.0 29.7
9.8 10.8 9.9
4.1 4.5 3.1


15.6 15.2 6.3
0.0 0.6 1.2
0.0 0.1 0.3
0.5 0.6 0.7
0.3 0.9 0.6


–10.0 6.1 14.7


229The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Middle
East &


N. Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Population (millions) 24.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 528 GDP ($ billions) 33.8


Yemen, Rep.




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


1,160 1,258 1,772
949 1,022 1,595
39.2 36.5 38.7


2.5 3.8 2.7


32 44 46
.. .. ..


264 334 716
2,359 1,361 3,065


66.3 27.8 28.4
0.3 0.5 0.3


36.0 11.7 9.9
9


15
20
10


79.9 6,383 40,238
0.3 1.8 2.4
9.9 16.0 10.0


.. 5.8 2.9


.. 17,980 143,440


.. 27,808 60,301


628 683 667
80.2 58.2 26.2
623 553 698
0.3 65.2 73.0


99.7 18.7 17.4
0.2 0.9 1.6


5,952 4,455 3,121
2.2 3.2 20.2
76 84 88
61 61 87
46 48 84
87 83 93
48 31 47
43 23 35
57 42 66


27 41 53
5 .. ..


16 .. ..
83 109 62


30.3 18.4 29.7
10.0 10.9 9.9
1.3 3.7 3.1
0.0 10.4 6.3


17.5 2.2 1.2
0.0 0.5 0.3
0.1 0.5 0.7
0.2 0.4 0.6
3.8 –1.2 14.7


230 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Population (millions) 13.5 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 743 GDP ($ billions) 19.2


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Lower
middle-
income
group


Zambia




GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
Adjusted net national income per capita ($)
Urban population (% of total)
Urban population growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)

Agriculture
Agricultural land (% land area)
Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land)
Agricultural productivity, value added per worker (2000 $)
Cereal yield (kg per hectare)

Forests and biodiversity
Forest area (% land area)
Deforestation (avg. annual %, 2000–2010)
Terrestrial protected areas (% of total land area)
Threatened species, mammals
Threatened species, birds
Threatened species, fish
Threatened species, higher plants

Oceans
Total fisheries production (thousand metric tons)


Capture fisheries growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)
Aquaculture growth (avg. annual %, 1990–2011)


Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters)
Coral reef area (sq. km)
Mangroves area (sq. km)

Energy and emissions
Energy use per capita (kg oil equivalent)
Energy from biomass products and waste (% of total)
Electric power consumption per capita (kWh)
Electricity generated using fossil fuel (% of total)
Electricity generated by hydropower (% of total)
CO2 emissions per capita (metric tons)

Water and sanitation
Internal freshwater resources per capita (cu. m)
Total freshwater withdrawal (% of internal resources)


Agriculture (% of total freshwater withdrawal)
Access to improved water source (% of total population)


Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)


Access to improved sanitation (% of total population)
Rural (% of rural population)
Urban (% of urban population)



Environment and health
Particulate matter (urban-pop.-weighted avg., μg/cu. m)
Acute resp. infection prevalence (% of children under five)
Diarrhea prevalence (% of children under five)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation
Gross savings (% of GNI)
Consumption of fixed capital (% of GNI)
Education expenditure (% of GNI)
Energy depletion (% of GNI)
Mineral depletion (% of GNI)
Net forest depletion (% of GNI)
CO2 damage (% of GNI)
Particulate emissions damage (% of GNI)
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI)


660 1,258 571
671 1,022 521


38.6 36.5 28.0
2.3 3.8 3.5


42 44 39
.. .. ..


167 334 308
820 1,361 2,034


39.5 27.8 25.7
1.9 0.5 0.6


28.0 11.7 10.0
..
..
3


14


18.1 6,383 11,563
–4.2 1.8 4.0
20.3 16.0 4.9


.. 5.8 ..


.. 17,980 15,120


.. 27,808 25,818


764 683 363
65.2 58.2 66.2


1,022 553 242
49.8 65.2 32.0
50.2 18.7 45.3


0.7 0.9 0.3


961 4,455 5,125
34.3 3.2 4.5


79 84 90
80 61 65
69 48 57
98 83 86
40 31 37
32 23 32
52 42 47


34 41 54
11 .. ..
12 .. ..
67 109 95


.. 18.4 25.2
8.3 10.9 7.7
2.5 3.7 3.0
1.8 10.4 1.4
1.6 2.2 2.0
0.0 0.5 1.2
0.8 0.5 0.3
0.2 0.4 0.5


.. –1.2 15.2


231The Little Green Data Book 2013


Country
data


Sub-
Saharan
Africa
group


Low-
income
group


Population (millions) 12.8 Land area (1,000 sq. km) 387 GDP ($ billions) 9.7


Zimbabwe




232 2013 The Little Green Data Book


a. Refers to area free from ice.


b. Excludes South Sudan.


c. Excludes South Sudan after July 9, 2011


Notes




233The Little Green Data Book 2013


Access to improved sanitation is the percentage of population with adequate
access to excreta disposal facilities (private or shared, but not public) that can
effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved
facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a
sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed
and properly maintained. (World Health Organization; data are for 2010)


Access to improved water source is the percentage of the population with
reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source,
such as piped water into a dwelling, plot, or yard; public tap or standpipe;
tube-well or borehole; protected dug well or spring; or rainwater collection.
Unimproved sources include an unprotected dug well or spring, cart with small
tank or drum, bottled water, and tanker trucks. Reasonable access to an
adequate amount means the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day
from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. (World Health Organization;
data are for 2010)


Acute respiratory infection prevalence is the percentage of children under
age five with acute respiratory infection in the two weeks prior to the survey.
(United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for the most recent year available
during 2005–10)


Adjusted net national income equals gross national income minus
consumption of fixed capital, energy depletion, mineral depletion, and net
forest depletion. (World Bank; data are for 2011)


Adjusted net savings equal gross savings minus consumption of fixed capital,
plus education expenditures, minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net
forest depletion, and particulate emissions and carbon dioxide damage.
(World Bank; data are for 2011)


Agricultural irrigated land refers to agricultural areas purposely provided with
water, including land irrigated by controlled flooding. (Food and Agriculture
Organization; data are for 2011)


Agricultural land is arable land, land under permanent crops, and permanent
pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations as land under temporary crops (double-
cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for
pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow.
Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under
permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long
periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa,
coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit
trees, nut trees, and vines but excludes land under trees grown for wood
or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage,
including natural and cultivated crops. (Food and Agriculture Organization;
data are for 2011)


Agricultural productivity is the ratio of agricultural value added, measured
in 2000 U.S. dollars, to the number of workers in agriculture. Agricultural


Glossary




234 2013 The Little Green Data Book


productivity is measured by value added per unit of input. Agricultural value
added includes that from forestry and fishing. Thus interpretations of land
productivity should be made with caution. (Food and Agriculture Organization
and World Bank; data are for 2011)


Aquaculture growth is the exponential change in aquaculture fisheries
production for the period indicated. Aquaculture is understood to mean the
farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans, and
aquatic plants. Aquaculture production specifically refers to output from
aquaculture activities, which are designated for final harvest for consumption.
(Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 1990–2011)


Capture fisheries growth is the exponential change in capture fisheries
production for the period indicated. Capture fisheries production contains
the volume of fish catches landed by a country for all commercial, industrial,
recreational, and subsistence purposes. (Food and Agriculture Organization;
data are for 1990–2011)


Carbon dioxide (CO2) damage is estimated at $20 per ton of carbon (the unit
damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
(World Bank estimates; data are for 2011)


Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per capita are carbon dioxide emissions
divided by midyear population. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center,
World Bank, and United Nations; data are for 2009)


Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes
wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed
grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain
only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or
silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production
data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most
of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
(Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2011)


Consumption of fixed capital is the replacement value of capital used up in
the process of production. (United Nations; data are extrapolated to 2011
from the most recent year available)


Coral reef area is a country’s area of coral reefs, which are shallow marine
habitats defined both by a physical structure (corals) and by the organisms
found on them. (See The World Atlas of Coral Reefs (2001), UNEP-World
Conservation Monitoring Centre)


Deforestation is the permanent conversion of natural forest area to other
uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching,
settlements, and infrastructure development. Deforested areas do not
include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by
fuel-wood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers


Glossary




235The Little Green Data Book 2013


Glossary
indicate an increase in forest areas. (Food and Agriculture Organization;
data are for 2000–2010)


Diarrhea prevalence is the percentage of children under age five who had
diarrhea in the two weeks prior to the survey. (United Nations Children’s Fund;
data are for the most recent year available during 2005–10)


Education expenditure is public current operating expenditures in education,
including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings
and equipment. (United Nations; data are extrapolated to 2011 from the
most recent year available)


Electric power consumption per capita is the production of power plants
and combined heat and power plants, minus transmission, distribution, and
transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants plus imports
minus exports divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency;
data are for 2010)


Electricity generated by hydropower is use of hydropower as a percentage
of total inputs to the generation of electricity. (International Energy Agency;
data are for 2010)


Electricity generated using fossil fuel is use of coal, oil, and gas as a
percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. (International
Energy Agency; data are for 2010)


Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources
to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers crude oil,
natural gas, and coal. (See World Bank 2011 for details; data are for 2011)


Energy from biomass products and waste is energy from solid biomass, liquid
biomass, biogas, industrial waste, and municipal waste as a percentage of
total energy use. (International Energy Agency; data are for 2010)


Energy use per capita refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to
indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and
fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
(International Energy Agency; data are for 2010)


Fisheries production, total, contains the volume of aquatic species caught
by a country for all commercial, industrial, recreational, and subsistence
purposes. The harvest from mariculture, aquaculture, and other types of fish
farming is also included. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2011)


Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether
productive or not. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2011)


Freshwater withdrawal, agriculture, is withdrawals for irrigation and livestock
production as a percentage of total freshwater withdrawal. (World Resources
Institute; data are for various years; for details see World Development
Indicators 2013, Primary data documentation.)




236 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Freshwater withdrawal, total, is total water withdrawal, excluding evaporation
losses from storage basins and including water from desalination plants
in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed
100 percent of internal renewable resources because river flows from other
countries are not included, because extraction from nonrenewable aquifers
or desalination plants is considerable, or because there is significant water
reuse. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Resources Institute;
data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators
2013, Primary data documentation.)


GDP is gross domestic product and measures the total output of goods
and services for final use occurring within the domestic territory of a given
country, regardless of the allocation to domestic and foreign claims. GDP
at purchaser values (market prices) is the sum of gross value added by all
resident and nonresident producers in the economy plus any taxes and
minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated
without deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and
degradation of natural resources. (World Bank, Organization for Economic
Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are for 2011)


GNI is gross domestic product plus net receipts of primary income (employee
compensation and property income) from abroad. GNI per capita is in current
U.S. dollars, converted using the World Bank Atlas method (see World
Development Indicators 2013, Statistical methods). (World Bank, Organization
for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations; data are
for 2011)


GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) divided by midyear population.


Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption,
plus net transfers. (World Bank and Organization for Economic Co-operation
and Development; data are for 2011)


Internal freshwater resources per capita are internal renewable resources,
which include flows of rivers and groundwater from rainfall in the country
but excludes river flows from other countries, divided by midyear population.
(Refers to data reported to the Food and Agriculture Organization as of 2011)


Land area is a country’s total land area, excluding area under inland water
bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones.
In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and
lakes. (Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for 2011)


Mangroves area is a country’s total area of mangroves, which are plants
of a variety of different species, including trees, shrubs, palms, and ferns,
that grow in the tropics and subtropics in saline inter-tidal coastal habitats,
such as estuaries and shorelines. (See The World Atlas of Mangroves (2010),
International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, The Nature Conservancy, Food
and Agriculture Organization, UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre)


Glossary




237The Little Green Data Book 2013


Glossary
Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain—and
overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural
features—that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect
part or all of the enclosed environment. (United Nations Environmental
Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as compiled by the
World Resources Institute; data are for 2010)


Mineral depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of mineral resources
to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers bauxite,
copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, gold, silver, and zinc. (See World
Bank 2011 for details; data are for 2011)


Net forest depletion is the product of unit resource rents and the excess
of round-wood harvest over natural growth. If growth exceeds harvest, this
figure is zero. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Bank estimates
of natural growth; data are for 2011)


Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to
reduce the risk of illness and death attributable to particulate emissions.
(World Bank estimates; data are for 2010)


Particulate matter is fine suspended particulates of less than 10 microns
in diameter that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract
and causing damage. The indicator is the population-weighted average of all
cities in the country with a population greater than 100,000. (World Bank
estimates; data are for 2010)


Population includes all residents who are present regardless of legal status
or citizenship except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of
asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country
of origin. (United Nations; data are midyear estimates for 2011)


Terrestrial protected areas are totally or partially protected areas of
at least 1,000 hectares that are designated as national parks, natural
monuments, nature reserves, or wildlife sanctuaries; protected landscapes
and seascapes; and scientific reserves. It includes World Conservation
Union–protected area categories I–VI. (United Nations Environmental Program
and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as compiled by the World
Resources Institute; data are for 2010)


Threatened species, birds, are the number of species of birds classified by
the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as endangered,
vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. Birds
are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges.
(World Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2012)


Threatened species, fish, are the number of species of fish—cold-blooded
aquatic vertebrates of the superclass Pisces—classified by the IUCN as
endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently
known. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2012)




238 2013 The Little Green Data Book


Glossary
Threatened species, higher plants, are the number of native vascular plant
species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate,
out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World Conservation Monitoring Centre
and IUCN; data are for 2012)


Threatened species, mammals, are the number of species of mammals—
excluding whales and porpoises—classified by the IUCN as endangered,
vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. (World
Conservation Monitoring Centre and IUCN; data are for 2012)


Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before
reaching age five if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (United
Nations and United Nations Children’s Fund; data are for 2011)


Urban population is the share of the midyear population living in areas defined
as urban in each country. (United Nations; data are for 2011)


Urban population growth is the exponential change in urban population for
the period indicated. (United Nations; data are for 1990–2011)




239The Little Green Data Book 2013


World Bank 2011. The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable
Development in the New Millennium. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.


World Bank 2013. World Development Indicators 2013. Washington, D.C.:
World Bank.


References






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