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The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013

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The book contains reliable cross-country data on private sector development. It is meant to make informed decisions when formulating responses to economic crises. Specially in the case of downturns which affect exports, investment, and growth negatively. It contains data on the investment climate by regions and by income groups. Data from the World Bank Group’s Doing Business project, Enterprise Surveys, Entrepreneurship Snapshots was also included. Some of the indicators included are on the economic and social context such as the investment climate, private sector investment, finance and banking, and infrastructure.



2013 THE LITTLE DATA BOOKON PRIVATE SECTOR
DEVELOPMENT




© 2013 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank
1818 H Street NW, Washington DC 20433
Telephone: 202-473-1000; Internet: www.worldbank.org


Some rights reserved
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The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this work do not necessarily
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Attribution—Please cite the work as follows: World Bank. 2013. The Little Data Book on
Private Sector Development 2013. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi: 10.1596/978-0-
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All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher, The
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ISBN (paper): 978-0-8213-9818-0
ISBN (electronic): 978-0-8213-9819-7
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9818-0


The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013 is a product of the Development
Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Investment Climate
Department of the Financial and Private Sector Development Vice Presidency of the World Bank.


Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, D.C.




iiiThe Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv


Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v


Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi


Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1


World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2


East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3


Europe and Central Asia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4


Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5


Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6


South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7


Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8


Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


Low income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10


Middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12


Upper middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13


Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14


High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15


Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16


Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17


Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232


Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233


Contents




iv 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013 is based on World


Development Indicators 2013 and its accompanying online tables, with a focus


on the private sector in development. The Little Data Book on Private Sector


Development 2013 is the result of close collaboration between the staff of


the World Bank’s Development Data Group of the Development Economics


Vice Presidency and the Investment Climate Department of the Financial


and Private Sector Development Vice Presidency. The Development Data


Group team included Liu Cui, Federico Escaler, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu,


William Prince, and Jomo Tariku. The Investment Climate Department’s team


included Ryan Hahn and Nathalie David. The work was carried out under the


management of Shaida Badiee, director of the Development Data Group, and


Pierre Guislain, director of the Investment Climate Department. Azita Amjadi


and Alison Kwong coordinated all stages of production. Staff from World Bank


Office of the Publisher oversaw publication and dissemination of the book.


Acknowledgments




vThe Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Preface
Access to reliable cross-country data on private sector development is


crucial when formulating responses to economic crises. When downturns


affect exports, investment, and growth negatively, making life easier for


business is a significant step toward economic recovery. This has become


obvious during the global financial crisis as governments have tried to


stimulate economic growth through the creation of more robust private and


finance markets. Improving the investment climate facilitates economic


adjustment as it helps attract capital to create jobs and provide basic services.


Unsurprisingly, the availability of cross-country data on the business


environment has rapidly expanded in recent years, including data from the


World Bank Group’s Doing Business project, Enterprise Surveys, and the


Entrepreneurship Snapshots.


The data sources presented in this book report on the scope and types of


regulations that enhance—and constrain—business activity and provide


information on business owners’ assessment of the business environment.


The data have led to new research, enabled benchmarking, and informed


the reform process in many developing countries. For more information,


please visit the Business Environment Snapshots at http://rru.worldbank


.org/besnapshots/.


Included in this guide are indicators on the economic and social context,


the investment climate, private sector investment, finance and banking, and


infrastructure. Though a pocket guide cannot include all relevant variables,


the indicators that are included provide users with a general understanding


of the private sector in each country. Indicators displayed in the tables are


defined in the glossary, which also lists data sources.


We welcome your suggestions on how to improve future editions and make


them more useful.




vi 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Data notes
The data in this book are for 2005 and 2011 or the most recent year unless


otherwise noted in the table or the glossary.


• Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless


otherwise noted.


• Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income


economies only.


• Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those


specified.


Symbols used:


.. indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot


be calculated because of missing data.


0 or 0.0 indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to


zero at the displayed number of decimal places.


$ indicates current U.S. dollars.


Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the notes on


page 232.


Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for


smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country


(used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence


or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which


the authorities report separate social or economic statistics.




1The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical


regions and may differ from common geographic usage.


East Asia and Pacific


American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic


People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia,


Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar,


Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands,


Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam


Europe and Central Asia


Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,


Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former


Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania,


Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,


Uzbekistan


Latin America and the Caribbean


Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,


Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,


Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico,


Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the


Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela


Middle East and North Africa


Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq,


Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West


Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen


South Asia


Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan,


Sri Lanka


Sub-Saharan Africa


Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde,


Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo,


Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia,


Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar,


Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria,


Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,


Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo,


Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe


Regional tables




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development2




World


2005 2011


6,502.8 6,974.2
3,022.0 3,264.7


6.1 5.9
7,110 9,514


.. ..
3.0 2.8


27.7 26.3
17.4 16.6
69.2 70.9


26.8 29.3
26.9 29.8


50 30
10 7


330 267
27 22


3.0 2.8
.. 16.4


3.4


.. ..
3.0 2.4


21.2 19.4
.. ..


.. ..
82.7 91.5
8.6 9.7
3.5 3.7


131.9 128.8


6.6 6.1


24,229 30,123
46.0 57.6


2,660 2,975


33.9 85.5
15.8 32.7




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013 3




East Asia & Pacific


2005 2011


1,892.7 1,974.2
1,061.0 1,129.5


5.0 4.2
1,618 4,248


.. ..
12.2 11.2
46.0 44.9
31.2 28.7
41.8 43.9


45.1 39.1
40.2 35.3


57 37
9 8


309 227
26 23


3.3 3.2
.. 17.8


1.0


92,906 6,113
4.2 3.0


35.6 39.8
13.8 21.0


.. ..
50.3 53.2


.. ..


.. ..
99.7 115.3


5.5 5.5


2,220 4,002
15.9 50.6


1,471 2,337


28.3 80.9
8.3 33.5




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


4 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Europe & Central Asia


2005 2011


399.0 408.1
178.5 190.4.


8.1 8.0
3,711 7,734


.. ..
8.8 7.3


33.6 33.8
18.6 17.0
57.6 58.8


33.7 34.8
31.1 34.7


37 15
10 6


459 268
37 28


2.9 2.4
.. 9.0


2.8


57,518 34,125
3.2 3.3


20.7 22.0
17.7 18.5


.. 26.3
28.5 41.2
13.2 11.8


2.6 11.3
26.4 47.2


7.8 7.1


790 1,327
86.8 86.2


3,718 4,059


61.6 132.5
12.9 42.1




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


5The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Latin America & Caribbean


2005 2011


549.6 589.0
252.2 283.4


8.5 7.7
4,427 8,574


.. ..
6.1 6.2


33.5 32.3
18.3 16.9
60.4 61.5


24.2 23.4
21.7 23.7


80 58
11 9


441 400
22 17
3.5 3.1


.. 20.8


2.8


143,338 46,469
2.8 2.9


18.7 20.7
16.3 15.0


.. ..
31.2 40.4
11.1 10.1
3.6 2.1


25.9 44.7


7.9 7.6


1,609 2,245
26.3 23.3


1,735 1,973


43.1 107.2
16.5 39.2




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


6 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Middle East & North Africa


2005 2011


303.3 336.5
95.3 107.5
12.8 ..


2,197 3,866
.. ..


10.9 ..
43.0 ..
12.3 ..
46.0 ..


37.5 ..
32.9 ..


39 25
10 8


280 253
30 23
3.5 3.5


.. 15.5


0.4


13,435 3,870
2.9 1.4


22.6 ..
13.8 ..


.. ..
53.1 64.3


.. ..


.. ..
31.3 35.1


5.0 5.0


361 500
70.6 85.5


1,317 1,658


22.2 88.9
8.6 26.9




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


7The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


South Asia


2005 2011


1,517.1 1,656.5
614.2 652.1


4.5 3.5
692 1,313


.. ..
19.2 18.0
27.9 26.6
15.9 15.1
52.9 55.3


19.1 22.7
23.1 29.8


38 19
8 7


305 311
36 32


3.2 3.0
.. 17.1


0.2


44,830 41,944
1.0 1.6


28.3 27.9
21.3 21.2


61.2 ..
50.7 61.0
6.4 ..
8.3 ..


37.7 46.1


6.2 6.0


420 847
56.1 45.0
421 555


7.7 68.8
2.5 9.4




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


8 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Sub-Saharan Africa


2005 2011


754.4 874.8
293.5 347.2


.. ..
767 1,258


.. ..
16.7 12.3
31.3 30.4
13.2 11.8
52.1 57.7


32.7 33.4
34.1 37.2


60 32
11 8


339 315
39 31
3.4 3.4


.. 19.4


2.0


24,617 9,040
3.0 3.2


18.1 20.4
12.9 12.8


.. ..
33.5 44.8


.. ..


.. ..
64.3 61.4


11.7 9.1


380 566
18.7 16.3
544 553


12.0 53.3
2.3 12.7




9The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion


for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Every


economy in The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development is classified


as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-income


economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of


the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the


group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have


reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income


does not necessarily reflect development status.


Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,025 or less


in 2011.


Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than


$1,025 but less than $12,476. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-


income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $4,035.


High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,476 or more.


Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union


of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria,


Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy,


Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia,


and Spain.


Income group tables




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


10 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Low income


2005 2011


721.2 816.8
320.8 374.3


.. ..
342 571


.. ..
28.1 25.4
23.9 24.9
12.5 12.8
48.0 49.7


22.4 27.0
34.9 42.4


61 30
11 7


302 286
45 37
3.9 3.8


.. 18.7


0.3


4,648 4,362
2.4 4.1


21.7 23.4
14.7 16.0


.. ..
27.4 38.9


.. ..


.. ..
20.3 30.1


12.2 10.7


164 299
16.4 18.5
216 242


4.7 41.7
1.1 6.0




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


11The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Middle income


2005 2011


4,694.9 5,022.4
2,173.8 2,335.8


6.1 5.2
1,924 4,148


.. ..
10.1 9.4
37.3 35.9
21.3 20.0
52.6 54.7


32.4 30.3
29.6 30.3


56 35
10 8


388 313
28 22
3.1 2.9


.. 16.8


2.3


387,058 154,881
3.2 2.8


25.2 27.6
16.0 18.0


.. ..
40.8 49.1


9.8 10.1
5.2 3.5


54.1 75.3


7.1 6.5


5,615 9,188
39.9 53.5


1,376 1,823


26.8 86.2
8.0 27.1




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


12 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Lower middle income


2005 2011


2,308.4 2,532.7
925.9 1,002.6


6.4 4.9
898 1,772


.. ..
17.8 16.5
32.3 32.0
17.5 17.3
50.0 51.6


29.7 29.1
32.4 34.6


52 31
10 8


390 308
32 25
3.1 3.0


.. 16.1


1.0


90,778 37,525
2.4 2.3


25.1 26.0
18.9 19.4


.. ..
44.2 51.0
10.6 9.8


7.2 4.6
33.0 40.4


8.0 8.0


1,274 2,326
32.2 47.6
560 698


13.6 80.1
4.0 16.2




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


13The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


South Asia Low income


2005 2011


Upper middle income


2,386.5 2,489.7
1,248.0 1,333.2


5.9 5.0
2,916 6,563


.. ..
8.0 7.4


38.7 36.9
22.3 20.9
53.3 55.6


33.2 30.7
28.8 29.0


60 40
10 8


385 318
24 19


3.2 2.8
.. 17.6


3.5


298,169 63,901
3.4 2.9


25.2 28.0
15.3 17.7


.. ..
39.8 48.6


9.4 10.2
3.6 3.1


60.0 84.5


6.5 5.6


4,342 6,861
49.4 57.1


2,156 2,942


39.6 92.4
11.8 38.2




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


14 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Low & middle income


2005 2011


5,416.1 5,839.2
2,494.7 2,710.1


6.0 5.2
1,714 3,652


.. ..
10.6 9.8
37.0 35.6
21.0 19.8
52.4 54.6


32.1 30.2
29.7 30.6


57 34
10 8


367 306
32 26


3.3 3.1
.. 17.3


2.0


321,721 128,759
3.2 2.8


25.1 27.5
16.0 17.9


.. ..
40.5 49.1


9.8 10.4
3.3 3.7


53.4 74.5


7.8 6.9


5,779 9,487
29.6 42.0


1,259 1,661


23.9 80.0
7.0 24.3




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


15The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


High income


2005 2011


1,086.7 1,135.0
527.4 554.6


6.7 8.1
34,027 39,860


.. ..
1.5 1.3


25.8 24.2
16.6 15.8
72.7 74.5


25.7 29.2
26.3 29.6


27 18
8 6


215 163
13 11


2.2 2.1
.. 14.1


6.4


.. ..
3.0 2.1


20.4 17.9
.. ..


46.1 66.0
94.9 113.4


6.8 6.5
1.9 3.7


153.3 157.0


4.1 ..


18,450 20,636
87.3 87.3


9,385 9,415


84.1 114.1
59.3 75.8




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


16 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Euro area


2005 2011


324.4 332.9
153.8 160.2


9.0 10.1
31,729 38,661


.. ..
1.8 1.5


26.6 26.4
18.3 15.5
71.6 72.1


38.0 43.6
36.3 42.1


29 13
8 6


225 163
13 10


1.8 1.8
.. 12.7


5.1


.. ..
4.7 2.4


20.2 19.1
.. ..


59.5 83.0
85.4 108.3


5.9 5.6
2.3 5.6


109.3 131.8


3.5 ..


4,124 4,175
91.8 87.3


6,836 6,847


98.1 125.1
51.4 73.4




17The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


China


Data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR,
China; or Taiwan, China.


Cyprus


GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area
controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus.


France


Data for Mayotte, to which a reference appeared in previous editions, are
included in data for France.


Georgia


GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP, and
population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia.


Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia


Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3,
2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However,
some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro.
Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude
data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international
administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999).
Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its
data are shown where available.


Moldova


GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP, and
population exclude Transnistria.


Morocco


GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former
Spanish Sahara.


South Sudan and Sudan


South Sudan declared its independence on July 9, 2011. Data are shown
separately for South Sudan where available. However, data reported for
Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted.


Tanzania


GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland
Tanzania only.


For more information, see World Development Indicators 2013 or data.
worldbank.org.


Country tables




18 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


South Asia Low income


Afghanistan


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


29.9 35.3 817
7.6 9.4 374
8.5 .. ..
210 470 571
6.2 10.3 ..


31.8 20.8 25.4
27.4 22.5 24.9
16.9 13.1 12.8
40.9 56.6 49.7
12.1 5.7 7.6
49.7 45.4 ..
30.6 18.1 27.0


102.5 63.4 42.4


.. 168
9 7 30
4 4 7


275 275 286
67 74 37


2.0 2.0 3.8
.. 0.0 18.7


2.2 2.2
0.1 0.1 0.3


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


468 5 4,362
4.3 0.4 4.1


46.1 25.4 23.4
9.9 8.2 16.0


.. .. ..


.. .. 38.9


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
4.8 4.8 30.1


10.1 2.0
.. .. 10.7


.. 25 299
27.5 .. ..


.. .. 242


.. ..
4.3 54.3 41.7
1.2 5.0 6.0




19The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Albania


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


31.0 32.0 2,533
1.4 1.5 1,003


13.5 13.8 4.9
2,580 3,980 1,772


5.3 4.9 ..
22.8 18.6 16.5
21.5 15.8 32.0


0.0 15.8 17.3
55.7 65.5 51.6
2.4 3.5 7.0


99.9 100.9 ..
22.3 33.8 29.1
46.3 56.0 34.6


.. 85
41 4 31
11 4 8


364 357 308
21 19 25


2.0 2.0 3.0
.. 8.6 16.1


1.2 2.1
0.6 1.0 1.0


9.9 ..
82.0 ..
52.6 ..
37.0 ..
25.6 ..
19.8 ..


893 92 37,525
3.1 10.6 2.3


23.6 25.3 26.0
19.0 20.7 19.4


.. .. ..
52.1 66.7 51.0
5.4 8.7 9.8
2.3 18.8 4.6


14.9 39.3 40.4
9.3 9.2
8.0 6.6 8.0


4 11 2,326
39.0 .. ..


1,651 1,770 698
33.9 ..
48.7 96.4 80.1


6.0 49.0 16.2




20 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


Algeria


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


32.9 36.0 2,490
10.0 11.5 1,333
15.3 10.0 5.0


2,720 4,470 6,563
5.1 2.6 ..
8.2 6.9 7.4


61.3 62.1 36.9
5.9 5.6 20.9


30.5 31.0 55.6
1.4 4.5 4.9


73.3 72.9 ..
47.6 30.8 30.7
24.3 21.5 29.0


.. 152
25 25 40
14 14 8


451 451 318
15 17 19


2.5 2.5 2.8
.. 6.6 17.6


4.9 4.7
0.2 0.2 3.5


25.1 ..
15.0 ..
66.8 ..


8.9 ..
49.1 ..


5.0 ..


4,912 214 63,901
1.1 1.4 2.9


22.3 38.3 28.0
11.5 .. 17.7


.. .. ..
37.8 43.4 48.6


.. .. 10.2


.. .. 3.1
12.1 14.8 84.5
–7.3 –3.1
6.1 6.3 5.6


46 53 6,861
70.2 77.1 ..
898 1,026 2,942
3.3 ..


41.5 99.0 92.4
5.8 14.0 38.2




21The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


American Samoa


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.06 0.07 2,490
.. .. 1,333
.. .. 5.0
.. .. 6,563
.. .. ..
.. .. 7.4
.. .. 36.9
.. .. 20.9
.. .. 55.6
.. .. 4.9
.. .. ..
.. .. 30.7
.. .. 29.0


.. ..


.. .. 40


.. .. 8


.. .. 318


.. .. 19


.. .. 2.8


.. .. 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 63,901


.. .. 2.9


.. .. 28.0


.. .. 17.7


.. .. ..


.. .. 48.6


.. .. 10.2


.. .. 3.1


.. .. 84.5


.. ..


.. .. 5.6


.. .. 6,861


.. .. ..


.. .. 2,942


.. ..
3.6 .. 92.4


.. .. 38.2




22 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Andorra
High-


income
groupCountry data


0.08 0.09 1,135
.. .. 555
.. .. 8.1


32,650 .. 39,860
7.1 3.7 ..


.. .. 1.3


.. .. 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5


.. .. 3.3
0.8 .. ..


.. .. 29.2


.. .. 29.6


.. ..


.. .. 18


.. .. 6


.. .. 163


.. .. 11


.. .. 2.1


.. .. 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 2.1


.. .. 17.9


.. .. ..


.. .. 66.0


.. .. 113.4


.. .. 6.5


.. .. 3.7


.. .. 157.0


.. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 20,636


.. .. ..


.. .. 9,415


.. ..
82.9 75.5 114.1
37.6 81.0 75.8


2005 2011 2011




23The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Angola
Upper


middle-
income
groupCountry data


16.5 19.6 2,490
6.1 7.4 1,333


.. .. 5.0
1,240 3,830 6,563


9.6 10.5 ..
8.5 9.3 7.4


67.1 62.1 36.9
4.1 6.0 20.9


24.4 28.6 55.6
23.0 13.5 4.9
80.4 93.7 ..
86.0 65.0 30.7
53.6 43.3 29.0


.. 172
119 68 40
12 8 8


272 282 318
64 48 19


6.2 6.2 2.8
.. 24.6 17.6
.. ..
.. .. 3.5


7.1 12.2
14.8 34.2
77.7 41.3
2.1 13.1


60.2 7.7
5.0 21.6


324 136 63,901
–4.3 –2.9 2.9
8.8 11.4 28.0
3.3 2.8 17.7


.. .. ..
12.4 .. 48.6


9.0 .. 10.2
10.4 .. 3.1
5.6 21.1 84.5


33.2 –4.4
54.3 12.4 5.6


5 17 6,861
.. .. ..


129 248 2,942
6.5 4.7
9.8 48.4 92.4
1.1 14.8 38.2


2005 2011 2011




24 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Antigua and Barbuda


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.08 0.09 2,490
.. .. 1,333
.. .. 5.0


11,810 11,940 6,563
3.9 –1.7 ..
2.0 2.3 7.4


16.2 18.4 36.9
2.0 1.8 20.9


81.8 79.4 55.6
2.1 3.5 4.9
2.7 2.7 ..


54.4 48.0 30.7
68.1 57.6 29.0


.. 63
31 21 40
8 8 8


184 207 318
13 16 19


3.0 3.0 2.8
.. 26.0 17.6
.. ..
.. .. 3.5


.. 4.5


.. 6.1


.. 78.1


.. 49.4


.. 6.7


.. 3.7


.. .. 63,901
22.1 5.2 2.9
29.3 29.5 28.0


.. .. 17.7


.. .. ..
91.6 97.1 48.6


.. .. 10.2


.. .. 3.1
61.6 78.0 84.5
6.8 8.7
7.5 7.5 5.6


27 37 6,861
33.0 .. ..


.. .. 2,942


.. 2.8
102.5 196.4 92.4


34.7 82.0 38.2




25The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Argentina


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


38.7 40.8 2,490
17.7 18.7 1,333
10.6 7.2 5.0


4,480 .. 6,563
2.2 .. ..
9.4 10.6 7.4


35.6 30.8 36.9
23.2 20.6 20.9
55.0 58.5 55.6


9.6 .. 4.9
2.9 4.1 ..


25.1 21.8 30.7
19.2 19.5 29.0


.. 124
30 26 40
13 14 8


453 405 318
16 13 19


2.8 2.8 2.8
.. 2.7 17.6


13.5 11.9
0.5 0.5 3.5


14.1 20.8
4.3 8.7


56.1 68.2
6.9 30.3


46.2 54.2
26.9 18.2


10,659 2,551 63,901
2.9 1.9 2.9


21.5 22.6 28.0
19.1 .. 17.7


.. .. ..
23.2 20.6 48.6
12.9 11.6 10.2
5.2 1.2 3.1


11.7 16.6 84.5
–2.5 ..
2.4 3.4 5.6


81 97 6,861
30.0 .. ..


2,422 2,904 2,942
0.5 1.9


57.3 134.9 92.4
17.7 47.7 38.2




26 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Armenia


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


3.1 3.1 2,533
1.4 1.5 1,003


28.4 .. 4.9
1,470 3,360 1,772
12.3 2.7 ..
20.9 20.7 16.5
45.3 37.1 32.0
14.8 10.6 17.3
33.8 42.2 51.6


0.6 7.7 7.0
457.7 372.5 ..
28.8 23.5 29.1
43.2 48.1 34.6


.. 32
18 8 31


9 3 8
580 380 308


34 13 25
1.9 1.9 3.0


.. 15.0 16.1
2.3 2.4
1.1 1.1 1.0


3.1 10.3
70.5 13.3


.. 44.6
44.6 31.9


2.5 16.3
6.3 26.9


454 73 37,525
4.9 6.5 2.3


29.8 30.9 26.0
.. 25.2 19.4


.. .. ..
9.8 20.4 51.0


21.5 17.2 9.8
1.9 3.4 4.6
8.0 35.0 40.4


14.3 13.0
12.2 8.5 8.0


6 6 2,326
90.0 93.6 ..


1,479 1,606 698
.. 0.9


10.4 103.6 80.1
5.3 32.0 16.2




27The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Aruba


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.10 0.11 1,135
.. .. 555


5.7 .. 8.1
.. .. 39,860


–0.8 .. ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5


3.4 4.4 3.3
1.8 .. ..


.. .. 29.2


.. .. 29.6


.. ..


.. .. 18


.. .. 6


.. .. 163


.. .. 11


.. .. 2.1


.. .. 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. ..
13.7 .. 2.1


.. .. 17.9


.. .. ..


.. .. 66.0
54.3 69.1 113.4


.. .. 6.5


.. .. 3.7
57.0 .. 157.0
9.8 ..
7.6 8.0 ..


.. .. 20,636


.. .. ..


.. .. 9,415


.. ..
102.4 122.6 114.1


25.4 57.1 75.8




28 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Australia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


20.4 22.3 1,135
10.6 11.9 555
5.0 5.1 8.1


30,290 49,790 39,860
3.4 2.7 ..
3.3 2.3 1.3


26.8 19.8 24.2
11.8 9.3 15.8
70.0 77.9 74.5


2.7 3.4 3.3
1.3 1.0 ..


18.1 21.3 29.2
20.6 19.8 29.6


.. 10
2 2 18
2 2 6


107 109 163
9 9 11


1.0 1.0 2.1
.. 26.0 14.1


88.3 94.1
6.4 6.2 6.4


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. ..
–3.5 4.9 2.1
26.9 26.5 17.9


.. .. ..


22.6 30.7 66.0
72.6 98.9 113.4
5.2 5.7 6.5
0.2 2.0 3.7


109.0 127.8 157.0
5.0 1.5
5.2 3.4 ..


343 489 20,636
41.6 43.5 ..


10,458 10,286 9,415
.. ..


90.3 108.3 114.1
63.0 79.0 75.8




29The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Austria


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


8.2 8.4 1,135
4.1 4.4 555
5.2 4.1 8.1


37,210 48,170 39,860
1.7 1.2 ..
1.6 1.5 1.3


29.3 29.0 24.2
19.4 19.1 15.8
69.1 69.4 74.5
2.3 3.3 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


53.8 57.3 29.2
49.9 54.0 29.6


.. 29
25 25 18


8 8 6
170 170 163


9 8 11
1.1 1.1 2.1


.. 15.0 14.1
3.6 3.2
0.6 0.6 6.4


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. ..
26.7 3.8 2.1
21.9 21.4 17.9


.. .. ..


67.5 75.0 66.0
89.1 95.0 113.4
4.8 7.2 6.5
2.6 2.7 3.7


115.6 119.8 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


142 194 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..
7,978 8,356 9,415


.. ..
105.3 154.8 114.1
58.0 79.8 75.8




30 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Azerbaijan


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


8.4 9.2 2,490
4.0 4.7 1,333
8.1 5.4 5.0


1,270 5,290 6,563
12.7 13.0 ..
9.9 5.8 7.4


63.6 66.8 36.9
7.0 5.8 20.9


26.5 27.4 55.6
9.7 7.9 4.9
0.9 0.8 ..


62.9 62.8 30.7
52.9 24.2 29.0


.. 67
113 8 40
13 6 8


756 214 318
43 38 19
2.7 2.7 2.8


.. 12.9 17.6


.. 5.3


.. 0.6 3.5


5.2 3.0
68.4 43.2


.. 40.7
0.4 19.0
2.0 9.7


10.3 18.2


731 88 63,901
33.8 7.1 2.9
41.3 17.2 28.0
37.5 3.9 17.7


.. 6.4 ..
10.0 13.4 48.6


.. .. 10.2
21.5 .. 3.1
9.5 18.0 84.5
0.8 1.9
8.5 8.1 5.6


12 15 6,861
50.6 .. ..


2,407 1,603 2,942
.. 0.9


26.1 108.7 92.4
8.0 50.0 38.2




31The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Bahamas, The


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.32 0.35 1,135
0.17 0.20 555
10.2 13.7 8.1


24,410 21,970 39,860
1.3 –0.8 ..
2.2 2.2 1.3


15.4 16.0 24.2
4.5 3.9 15.8


82.4 81.8 74.5
1.6 3.2 3.3
1.0 1.0 ..


45.2 43.4 29.2
48.0 56.5 29.6


.. 77
31 31 18


7 7 6
58 58 163
16 19 11


5.0 5.0 2.1
.. 33.0 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4


.. 3.9


.. 10.9


.. 67.5


.. 14.6


.. 14.8


.. 31.1


.. .. ..
7.3 7.6 2.1


24.2 26.0 17.9
.. .. ..


30.0 .. 66.0
59.5 78.1 113.4


.. .. 6.5


.. .. 3.7
64.3 85.4 157.0


0.5 6.6
2.3 2.4 ..


33 25 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. 2.2


71.3 86.1 114.1
25.0 65.0 75.8




32 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Bahrain


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.72 1.3 1,135
0.34 0.75 555


9.0 .. 8.1
17,400 15,920 39,860


6.1 5.8 ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5


2.6 –0.4 3.3
0.4 0.4 ..


99.5 81.3 29.2
76.4 58.8 29.6


.. 42
9 9 18
7 7 6


36 36 163
14 11 11


2.5 2.5 2.1
.. 0.0 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. ..
7.8 0.7 2.1


23.0 26.6 17.9
.. .. ..


23.6 .. 66.0
64.6 90.2 113.4


.. .. 6.5


.. .. 3.7
51.8 75.9 157.0
–3.0 –5.6
4.7 5.8 ..


32 59 20,636
80.3 82.1 ..


11,667 9,814 9,415
.. ..


105.8 128.0 114.1
21.3 77.0 75.8




33The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


South Asia Low income


Bangladesh


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


140.6 150.5 817
65.2 73.9 374


4.3 5.0 ..
480 780 571
5.4 6.2 ..


20.1 18.3 25.4
27.2 28.2 24.9
16.5 17.6 12.8
52.6 53.5 49.7


7.0 10.7 7.6
61.5 71.2 ..
16.6 22.9 27.0
23.0 31.6 42.4


.. 129
50 19 30


8 7 7
400 302 286


35 25 37
4.0 4.0 3.8


.. 25.7 18.7
5.3 9.4
0.1 0.1 0.3


3.2 ..
54.4 ..
46.6 ..
24.7 ..
50.3 ..


7.8 ..


1,796 817 4,362
1.3 0.7 4.1


24.5 25.2 23.4
18.3 19.5 16.0


36.2 .. ..
39.8 54.2 38.9


4.7 .. ..
13.2 .. ..
33.8 48.8 30.1


8.5 5.3
5.9 3.2 10.7


7 22 299
9.5 9.5 ..
175 279 242


100.7 ..
6.4 56.1 41.7
0.2 5.0 6.0




34 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Barbados


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.27 0.27 1,135
0.15 0.16 555


9.1 11.2 8.1
11,000 12,660 39,860


0.2 –0.2 ..
3.8 3.0 1.3


18.4 23.2 24.2
7.3 .. 15.8


77.9 73.8 74.5
6.1 9.4 3.3
2.0 2.0 ..


59.4 47.3 29.2
69.3 52.4 29.6


.. 88


.. 18 18


.. 8 6


.. 237 163


.. 9 11


.. 1.8 2.1


.. 24.1 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4


.. 4.3


.. 1.6


.. 49.4


.. 45.5


.. 24.7


.. 18.3


.. .. ..
7.9 9.1 2.1


24.0 14.6 17.9
24.0 .. ..


91.6 104.4 66.0
102.3 118.9 113.4


.. .. 6.5


.. .. 3.7
92.5 102.9 157.0


5.9 5.6
6.0 6.0 ..


.. .. 20,636
100.0 .. ..


.. .. 9,415


.. 1.1
76.2 127.0 114.1
56.1 71.8 75.8




35The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Belarus


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


9.7 9.5 2,490
4.6 4.5 1,333


.. .. 5.0
2,810 5,830 6,563


7.6 6.7 ..
9.8 9.9 7.4


41.8 44.4 36.9
33.1 36.6 20.9
48.5 45.7 55.6
10.3 53.2 4.9


2,153.8 4,975.0 ..
59.8 87.9 30.7
59.1 90.0 29.0


.. 58
79 5 40
16 5 8


987 338 318
22 15 19


5.8 3.0 2.8
.. 20.3 17.6


1.7 6.1
0.2 0.9 3.5


5.1 ..
26.4 ..


.. ..
18.9 ..
15.3 ..
11.0 ..


735 2,688 63,901
1.0 7.3 2.9


26.5 38.0 28.0
22.6 34.6 17.7


6.6 44.2 ..
16.0 33.2 48.6
19.8 14.1 10.2


3.1 4.2 3.1
15.9 42.0 84.5
–6.4 –28.3
2.1 0.3 5.6


5 15 6,861
88.6 86.4 ..


3,246 3,564 2,942
.. ..


41.7 111.9 92.4
16.2 39.6 38.2




36 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Belgium


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


10.5 11.0 1,135
4.7 4.9 555
8.4 7.1 8.1


36,610 45,930 39,860
1.6 1.0 ..
0.8 0.7 1.3


24.0 21.7 24.2
17.1 13.9 15.8
75.1 77.7 74.5
2.8 3.5 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


78.7 84.3 29.2
74.7 83.1 29.6


.. 33
34 4 18


4 3 6
156 156 163


9 9 11
0.9 0.9 2.1


.. 5.4 14.1
16.3 21.6


2.4 3.0 6.4


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. ..
8.9 19.9 2.1


20.7 20.7 17.9
.. .. ..


89.2 91.0 66.0
99.7 106.2 113.4


2.7 4.7 6.5
2.0 2.8 3.7


73.8 92.6 157.0
4.2 8.2
5.2 .. ..


152 91 20,636
78.2 78.2 ..


8,510 8,388 9,415
.. ..


92.2 116.6 114.1
55.8 78.0 75.8




37The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Belize


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.29 0.36 2,533
0.11 0.15 1,003
11.0 .. 4.9


3,580 3,710 1,772
5.7 2.2 ..


15.3 .. 16.5
17.4 .. 32.0
9.1 .. 17.3


67.3 .. 51.6
3.6 –2.5 7.0
2.0 2.0 ..


54.6 65.6 29.1
62.7 65.3 34.6


.. 105
45 44 31


9 9 8
147 147 308
21 19 25


1.0 1.0 3.0
.. 24.7 16.1


0.7 1.0
4.4 4.5 1.0


.. 4.0


.. 6.7


.. 58.5


.. 36.7


.. 6.1


.. 0.7


162 .. 37,525
11.4 6.6 2.3
18.5 .. 26.0


.. .. 19.4


.. .. ..
52.7 70.1 51.0


.. .. 9.8


.. .. 4.6
53.0 60.3 40.4
11.5 11.6
6.5 6.9 8.0


.. 32 2,326


.. .. ..


.. .. 698


.. 2.5
34.2 70.0 80.1


9.2 14.0 16.2




38 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Benin


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


7.6 9.1 817
3.0 3.7 374
0.7 .. ..


570 780 571
4.0 3.7 ..


32.3 32.4 25.4
13.3 13.2 24.9


7.8 7.7 12.8
54.4 54.3 49.7


5.4 2.7 7.6
527.5 471.9 ..


21.6 15.0 27.0
28.5 27.0 42.4





.. 175
31 26 30


7 5 7
270 270 286


34 29 37
4.0 4.0 3.8


.. 14.8 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3


6.5 20.6
21.2 26.8


.. 77.3
24.3 4.2
71.7 86.8


2.7 7.3



707 88 4,362
–0.2 1.6 4.1
19.4 17.6 23.4
11.4 7.0 16.0




.. .. ..


17.9 29.7 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


16.3 24.5 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7




.. .. 299


9.5 .. ..
78 .. 242


.. 8.0
7.8 85.3 41.7
1.3 3.5 6.0




39The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Bermuda


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.06 0.06 1,135
.. .. 555
.. .. 8.1
.. .. 39,860


2.3 0.3 ..
0.8 0.8 1.3


10.4 7.8 24.2
.. .. 15.8


88.7 91.4 74.5
.. .. 3.3


1.0 1.0 ..
24.9 .. 29.2
37.6 .. 29.6





.. ..


.. .. 18


.. .. 6


.. .. 163


.. .. 11


.. .. 2.1


.. .. 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4

.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..




.. .. ..


0.9 3.9 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..




.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..




.. 0 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


82.2 135.8 114.1
65.4 88.3 75.8




40 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


South Asia Lower middle income


Bhutan


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.66 0.74 2,533
0.31 0.38 1,003


3.1 3.1 4.9
1,210 2,130 1,772


7.9 9.0 ..
23.2 15.9 16.5
37.3 43.9 32.0


7.4 9.3 17.3
39.5 40.2 51.6


5.3 8.8 7.0
44.1 46.7 ..
38.2 36.6 29.1
62.9 55.8 34.6





.. 148
62 36 31
10 8 8


274 274 308
38 38 25


.. .. 3.0


.. 36.3 16.1
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.1 1.0



.. 15.9
.. 2.5
.. 19.9
.. 64.2
.. 14.8
.. 5.4




.. .. 37,525


1.1 0.9 2.3
49.9 59.4 26.0
39.8 49.4 19.4





79.5 56.8 ..
44.8 64.0 51.0


.. 14.6 9.8


.. 3.9 4.6
18.2 50.0 40.4


7.7 7.9
9.5 9.5 8.0




2 3 2,326


56.1 40.4 ..
.. .. 698
.. 0.8


5.5 65.6 80.1
3.8 21.0 16.2




41The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Bolivia


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


9.1 10.1 2,533
4.0 4.7 1,003
5.4 3.4 4.9


1,030 2,020 1,772
3.1 4.7 ..


14.4 12.5 16.5
32.0 38.9 32.0
14.2 13.3 17.3
53.6 48.5 51.6


5.4 9.8 7.0
8.1 6.9 ..


35.5 44.1 29.1
32.1 38.4 34.6





.. 155
50 50 31
15 15 8


1,080 1,025 308
24 19 25
1.8 1.8 3.0


.. 0.0 16.1
1.5 2.9
0.3 0.5 1.0



13.5 28.5
19.6 3.4
90.1 80.5
22.2 27.8
15.2 21.2
13.8 22.4





1,422 .. 37,525
–2.5 3.6 2.3
13.0 19.0 26.0


6.1 8.4 19.4



.. .. ..


37.4 44.7 51.0
11.3 8.4 9.8
11.3 1.7 4.6
45.0 40.8 40.4
10.1 –3.2
11.7 9.5 8.0





26 37 2,326
6.9 8.5 ..


477 616 698
0.4 1.2


26.5 82.8 80.1
5.2 30.0 16.2




42 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Bosnia and Herzegovina


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


3.8 3.8 2,490
1.4 1.5 1,333


31.8 27.6 5.0
3,020 4,780 6,563


5.0 2.7 ..
10.5 8.7 7.4
25.1 26.2 36.9
11.3 12.5 20.9
64.4 65.1 55.6


6.1 3.7 4.9
1.6 1.4 ..


32.1 42.3 30.7
71.7 64.8 29.0





.. 126
63 37 40
12 11 8


368 407 318
22 15 19
3.3 3.3 2.8


.. 7.2 17.6


.. 1.9


.. 0.7 3.5


4.1 11.2
67.6 1.5


.. 46.5
38.1 59.7


6.8 50.2
16.4 30.1




.. 56 63,901


5.7 2.1 2.9
21.6 20.7 28.0
14.4 13.5 17.7




.. .. ..


34.2 40.8 48.6
14.4 10.7 10.2


5.3 11.9 3.1
43.1 54.8 84.5


5.5 5.6
6.0 4.6 5.6




5 1 6,861
.. 92.1 ..


2,380 3,110 2,942
.. 0.8


42.2 84.5 92.4
21.3 60.0 38.2




43The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Botswana


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


1.9 2.0 2,490
0.92 1.1 1,333
17.6 .. 5.0


5,070 7,470 6,563
5.8 2.8 ..
1.8 2.5 7.4


50.2 45.8 36.9
3.6 4.2 20.9


48.0 51.7 55.6
8.6 8.9 4.9
5.1 6.8 ..


51.2 39.1 30.7
34.5 44.3 29.0





.. 59
108 61 40


11 10 8
140 152 318


33 27 19
2.2 1.7 2.8


.. 21.7 17.6
6.6 12.2
5.7 9.4 3.5



5.0 10.2
4.5 8.4


49.7 54.6
11.3 32.8
25.5 39.2
12.7 21.3





104 158 63,901
4.8 3.4 2.9


24.5 28.5 28.0
17.3 20.7 17.7




.. .. ..


27.4 39.3 48.6
9.8 .. 10.2
3.5 .. 3.1


19.1 24.3 84.5
5.8 0.3
6.5 5.9 5.6




8 8 6,861


32.6 .. ..
1,421 1,586 2,942


0.7 4.1
30.1 142.8 92.4


3.3 7.0 38.2




44 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Brazil


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


186.0 196.7 2,490
94.5 103.1 1,333


9.3 8.3 5.0
3,960 10,720 6,563


2.8 4.2 ..
5.7 5.5 7.4


29.3 27.5 36.9
18.1 14.6 20.9
65.0 67.0 55.6


6.9 6.6 4.9
2.4 1.7 ..


15.1 11.9 30.7
11.5 12.6 29.0





.. 130
152 119 40


17 13 8
2,600 2,600 318


18 13 19
10.0 4.0 2.8


.. 24.6 17.6
246.7 315.6


2.0 2.4 3.5


7.2 18.7
.. 16.4
.. 55.0


27.8 48.4
.. 36.8
.. 25.7





71,634 36,478 63,901
1.8 2.9 2.9


15.9 19.3 28.0
15.9 16.4 17.7





55.8 52.8 ..
44.2 53.0 48.6


9.8 10.5 10.2
3.5 3.5 3.1


31.4 61.4 84.5
44.9 34.5
37.8 32.9 5.6





515 954 6,861
12.2 13.5 ..


2,017 2,384 2,942
.. 1.3


46.4 124.3 92.4
21.0 45.0 38.2




45The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Brunei Darussalam


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.36 0.41 1,135
0.18 0.20 555


.. .. 8.1
23,210 31,800 39,860


2.2 0.4 ..
0.9 0.6 1.3


71.6 71.7 24.2
12.3 11.8 15.8
27.5 27.7 74.5


1.2 2.0 3.3
1.7 1.3 ..


70.2 81.3 29.2
27.3 29.1 29.6





.. 79
116 101 18


18 15 6
144 96 163


27 19 11
2.5 2.5 2.1


.. 8.3 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4

.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..




.. .. ..


1.8 7.4 2.1
11.4 13.4 17.9


.. .. ..



.. .. 66.0


53.9 63.2 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7


40.3 31.8 157.0
–11.2 –11.6


4.5 5.1 ..



12 12 20,636


78.4 81.1 ..
8,672 8,759 9,415


.. ..
64.1 109.2 114.1
36.5 56.0 75.8




46 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Bulgaria


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


7.7 7.3 2,490
3.4 3.4 1,333


10.1 11.2 5.0
3,640 6,640 6,563


5.5 2.1 ..
8.5 5.6 7.4


29.2 31.1 36.9
16.3 16.6 20.9
62.3 63.2 55.6


5.0 4.2 4.9
1.6 1.4 ..


40.5 66.5 30.7
55.6 65.8 29.0





.. 66
32 18 40
11 4 8


616 454 318
26 21 19
3.3 3.3 2.8


.. 4.8 17.6
29.3 35.5


5.7 7.2 3.5


3.0 10.6
42.6 6.6
60.3 54.1
37.7 34.7
22.1 44.8
12.1 19.9





5,587 630 63,901
14.2 4.8 2.9
25.7 20.9 28.0
21.1 16.8 17.7




.. 15.5 ..


41.5 63.8 48.6
7.4 10.8 10.2
2.2 14.9 3.1


41.0 72.1 84.5
1.2 5.4
5.6 7.3 5.6





10 12 6,861
98.4 98.6 ..


4,122 4,476 2,942
1.7 1.3


80.7 140.7 92.4
20.0 51.0 38.2




47The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Burkina Faso


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


14.2 17.0 817
6.4 7.8 374
2.7 .. ..


390 580 571
6.4 5.1 ..


39.0 33.8 25.4
18.0 24.3 24.9
11.7 6.7 12.8
43.0 41.9 49.7


6.4 2.8 7.6
527.5 471.9 ..


9.7 21.1 27.0
25.8 28.6 42.4





.. 153
40 13 30
12 3 7


270 270 286
45 41 37
4.0 4.0 3.8


.. 14.8 18.7
0.5 1.0
0.1 0.1 0.3



9.5 22.2


19.5 6.7
88.1 75.0
23.1 25.6
19.6 23.1


7.3 14.4



42 60 4,362
1.0 0.1 4.1


19.7 16.7 23.4
10.5 9.1 16.0




.. .. ..


13.9 26.8 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


16.5 19.4 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7




1 4 299


4.2 .. ..
.. .. 242


7.5 9.8
4.5 45.3 41.7
0.5 3.0 6.0




48 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Burundi


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


7.3 8.6 817
3.5 4.4 374


.. .. ..
140 250 571
2.2 4.4 ..


44.5 35.2 25.4
18.5 18.6 24.9
12.9 10.0 12.8
37.1 46.3 49.7
13.5 9.7 7.6


1,081.6 1,261.1 ..
8.2 5.5 27.0


28.9 33.8 42.4



.. 159


13 8 30
8 4 7


140 274 286
47 32 37
5.0 5.0 3.8


.. 40.0 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3


5.7 ..
22.6 ..
60.3 ..
12.3 ..
24.1 ..


7.1 ..



54 25 4,362
0.1 0.1 4.1
8.7 18.4 23.4
4.0 10.2 16.0




.. .. ..


17.1 19.0 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


15.9 21.1 30.1
–2.1 0.3


.. .. 10.7



.. .. 299


10.4 .. ..
.. .. 242


10.7 ..
2.1 22.3 41.7
0.5 1.1 6.0




49The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Low income


Cambodia


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


13.4 14.3 817
6.9 8.1 374


.. 0.2 ..
460 820 571
9.1 6.2 ..


32.4 36.7 25.4
26.4 23.5 24.9
18.8 16.1 12.8
41.2 39.8 49.7


6.3 5.5 7.6
4,092.5 4,058.5 ..


64.1 54.1 27.0
72.7 59.5 42.4





.. 133
86 85 30
10 9 7


137 173 286
43 22 37
6.0 6.0 3.8


.. 18.9 18.7
1.5 2.0
0.2 0.2 0.3



5.6 ..


60.3 ..
.. ..


11.3 ..
15.5 ..


2.8 ..



343 .. 4,362
6.0 7.0 4.1


18.9 16.0 23.4
13.5 8.4 16.0




.. .. ..


14.3 35.7 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


9.0 28.3 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7




3 7 299


6.3 .. ..
66 146 242


.. ..
8.0 96.2 41.7
0.3 3.1 6.0




50 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Cameroon


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


17.6 20.0 2,533
7.1 8.4 1,003
4.4 3.8 4.9


930 1,210 1,772
3.8 2.9 ..


19.5 .. 16.5
30.4 .. 32.0
17.7 .. 17.3
50.1 .. 51.6


2.0 2.9 7.0
527.5 471.9 ..


24.5 30.7 29.1
26.4 35.0 34.6





.. 161
45 15 31
11 5 8


654 654 308
27 23 25
3.2 3.2 3.0


.. 29.9 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0


12.8 7.0
65.4 30.8
84.6 90.1
19.5 31.4
78.9 17.6
16.4 20.4





486 252 37,525
1.5 1.4 2.3


15.4 19.8 26.0
14.4 13.4 19.4




.. .. ..


12.9 15.2 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


9.9 14.9 40.4
14.6 ..
12.8 .. 8.0





11 3 2,326
17.4 .. ..
188 271 698
11.6 9.8
12.8 52.4 80.1


1.4 5.0 16.2




51The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Canada


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


32.3 34.5 1,135
17.8 19.2 555


6.7 7.4 8.1
33,110 45,550 39,860


2.5 1.1 ..
1.8 .. 1.3


32.4 .. 24.2
15.0 .. 15.8
65.8 .. 74.5


2.2 2.9 3.3
1.2 1.0 ..


37.8 31.2 29.2
34.1 32.4 29.6





.. 17
3 5 18
2 1 6


119 131 163
7 7 11


0.8 0.8 2.1
.. 8.4 14.1


160.0 174.0
7.2 7.6 6.4



.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..




.. .. ..


2.3 2.3 2.1
21.3 22.5 17.9


.. .. ..



47.2 53.8 66.0


149.5 .. 113.4
5.6 5.1 6.5
0.5 0.8 3.7


178.2 .. 157.0
1.1 –0.2
3.6 2.5 ..





1,018 1,246 20,636
39.9 .. ..


17,319 15,137 9,415
.. ..


52.7 79.7 114.1
71.7 83.0 75.8




52 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Cape Verde


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.47 0.50 2,533
0.19 0.23 1,003


.. .. 4.9
2,080 3,540 1,772


5.2 6.2 ..
9.0 10.4 16.5


15.7 17.8 32.0
.. .. 17.3


75.3 71.8 51.6
0.4 4.5 7.0


88.7 79.3 ..
37.8 42.2 29.1
66.6 72.6 34.6





.. 122
52 11 31
12 8 8


186 186 308
21 19 25


.. .. 3.0


.. 18.0 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0


12.2 3.9
10.4 1.1
60.4 44.5
26.3 35.3


7.8 30.5
12.2 15.9




.. 23 37,525


8.3 5.5 2.3
35.8 36.5 26.0
23.0 21.7 19.4




.. .. ..


75.1 .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


39.1 64.5 40.4
13.9 5.7


8.9 6.5 8.0



20 11 2,326


.. .. ..


.. .. 698
11.3 3.3
17.3 79.2 80.1


6.1 32.0 16.2




53The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Cayman Islands


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.05 0.06 1,135
.. .. 555


3.5 .. 8.1
.. .. 39,860
.. .. ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5
.. .. 3.3
.. .. ..
.. .. 29.2
.. .. 29.6



.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4

.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..




.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..




.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..




.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


154.9 167.7 114.1
38.0 69.5 75.8




54 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Central African Republic


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


4.0 4.5 817
1.8 2.1 374


. . . . . .
340 480 571
–1.4 2.7 . .
54.4 56.8 25.4
14.1 14.9 24.9


7.3 . . 12.8
31.4 28.3 49.7


2.9 1.3 7.6
527.5 471.9 . .


12.7 11.9 27.0
20.8 23.3 42.4





. . 185
22 22 30
11 8 7


504 504 286
57 54 37


4.8 4.8 3.8
. . 0.0 18.7
. . . .
. . . . 0 .3

. . 9 .2
. . 16.8
. . 66.7
. . 25.3
. . 11.8
. . 37.0




. . 24 4,362


2.4 5.0 4.1
9.8 12.4 23.4
4.5 8.4 16.0




. . . . . .


5 .0 7.2 38.9
. . . . . .
. . . . . .


6 .8 10.2 30.1
13.5 . .
12.8 . . 10.7




. . . . 299
. . 6.8 . .
. . . . 242
. . 29.0


2.5 40.6 41.7
0.3 2.2 6.0




55The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Chad


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


9.8 11.5 817
3.8 4.6 374


.. .. ..
430 720 571
17.2 2.1 ..
12.3 .. 25.4
60.4 .. 24.9


5.3 .. 12.8
27.3 .. 49.7


7.9 –4.9 7.6
527.5 471.9 ..


61.0 40.7 27.0
43.8 25.5 42.4





.. 184
64 62 30
13 9 7


732 732 286
78 75 37
4.0 4.0 3.8


.. 31.3 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3

.. 20.8
.. 21.2
.. 89.8
.. 4.2
.. 10.6
.. 43.3





11 80 4,362
–1.9 17.5 4.1
16.7 31.8 23.4


8.9 22.7 16.0



.. .. ..


2.9 5.8 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


3.2 5.6 30.1
15.1 ..
12.8 .. 10.7




.. .. 299
.. .. ..
.. .. 242
.. 19.6


2.1 31.8 41.7
0.4 1.9 6.0




56 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Channel Islands


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.15 0.15 1,135
.. .. 555
.. .. 8.1


57,380 .. 39,860
–1.2 .. ..


.. .. 1.3


.. .. 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5


.. .. 3.3
0.6 .. ..


.. .. 29.2


.. .. 29.6



.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4

.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..




.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..




.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..




.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..
.. .. 114.1
.. .. 75.8




57The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Chile


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


16.3 17.3 2,490
6.8 8.2 1,333
8.0 7.1 5.0


6,260 12,280 6,563
4.2 3.6 ..
4.6 3.4 7.4


36.9 39.1 36.9
14.7 11.9 20.9
58.5 57.5 55.6


.. 3.3 4.9
559.8 483.7 ..


38.4 38.1 30.7
31.6 34.7 29.0





.. 37
27 8 40


9 7 8
316 291 318


17 15 19
5.6 3.2 2.8


.. 21.1 17.6
24.3 49.1


2.2 4.1 3.5


9.0 9.9
7.6 0.4


49.6 55.8
29.1 44.8
22.9 21.1
22.0 22.1





8,980 2,397 63,901
5.6 7.0 2.9


21.2 23.2 28.0
.. .. 17.7




.. .. ..


48.2 43.0 48.6
6.9 7.0 10.2
0.9 2.4 3.1


76.3 71.2 84.5
–0.8 6.1
2.7 3.7 5.6





93 124 6,861
21.0 23.3 ..


3,073 3,297 2,942
0.6 0.7


64.8 129.7 92.4
31.2 53.9 38.2




58 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


China


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


1,303.7 1,344.1 2,490
767.1 806.0 1,333


4.2 4.1 5.0
1,740 4,940 6,563


9.8 10.8 ..
12.1 10.0 7.4
47.4 46.6 36.9
32.5 29.6 20.9
40.5 43.3 55.6


1.8 5.4 4.9
8.2 6.5 ..


37.1 31.4 30.7
31.6 27.3 29.0





.. 91
48 33 40
13 13 8


832 338 318
23 21 19
2.4 1.7 2.8


.. 6.2 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5


18.3 ..
38.7 ..


.. ..
28.8 ..
27.8 ..
35.9 ..





38,538 3,292 63,901
4.6 3.0 2.9


40.1 45.5 28.0
12.6 22.6 17.7




.. .. ..


45.0 50.7 48.6
4.4 6.4 10.2
8.6 1.0 3.1


113.3 127.0 84.5
1.6 –1.1
3.3 3.1 5.6





1,349 2,539 6,861
40.8 .. ..


1,784 2,944 2,942
.. ..


30.1 73.2 92.4
8.5 38.3 38.2




59The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Colombia


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


43.0 46.9 2,490
19.8 22.7 1,333
11.3 11.6 5.0


2,940 6,070 6,563
3.7 4.4 ..
8.4 7.0 7.4


32.8 37.5 36.9
15.4 13.9 20.9
58.8 55.5 55.6


5.0 3.4 4.9
2,321.6 1,847.0 ..


16.8 19.0 30.7
18.8 20.1 29.0





.. 45
42 13 40
11 8 8


456 203 318
34 14 19
3.0 1.3 2.8


.. 19.2 17.6
22.3 55.7


0.8 1.8 3.5


14.3 12.9
1.1 1.5


55.1 70.9
30.6 35.0
26.4 20.9


5.9 20.8



3,734 2,780 63,901


7.0 4.1 2.9
19.7 23.0 28.0


.. .. 17.7



53.6 53.2 ..
16.5 19.7 48.6
12.3 14.3 10.2


2.7 2.5 3.1
29.3 45.0 84.5


8.5 4.0
7.5 7.0 5.6





162 180 6,861
.. .. ..


901 1,012 2,942
0.4 0.6


50.8 98.5 92.4
11.0 40.4 38.2




60 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Comoros


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


0.64 0.75 817
0.21 0.25 374


.. .. ..
610 770 571
2.6 1.4 ..


51.0 46.3 25.4
11.0 12.1 24.9


4.4 4.3 12.8
38.0 41.6 49.7


3.0 0.9 7.6
395.6 353.9 ..


14.1 15.3 27.0
35.8 51.8 42.4





.. 158
24 20 30
11 9 7


100 100 286
31 31 37


.. .. 3.8


.. 31.4 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3

.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..





0.5 .. 4,362
0.1 1.1 4.1
9.3 12.4 23.4
4.8 7.7 16.0




.. .. ..


17.2 25.8 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


9.5 17.8 30.1
8.5 2.5
8.0 5.5 10.7




.. .. 299
.. .. ..
.. .. 242
.. ..


2.4 28.7 41.7
2.0 5.5 6.0




61The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Congo, Dem. Rep.


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


57.4 67.8 817
21.5 26.1 374


.. .. ..
120 190 571
4.6 5.6 ..


48.4 45.6 25.4
22.6 21.8 24.9


5.4 4.6 12.8
29.0 32.6 49.7
21.3 .. 7.6


473.9 919.5 ..
33.6 68.3 27.0
45.2 78.0 42.4





.. 181
133 58 30


14 10 7
308 336 286


46 44 37
5.2 5.2 3.8


.. 58.9 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3


6.3 29.4
64.4 54.4
82.4 90.0


3.3 6.7
20.5 48.0


4.3 8.5



473 442 4,362
2.3 10.2 4.1


13.8 20.5 23.4
10.5 13.9 16.0




.. .. ..


4.2 12.3 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


1.8 6.3 30.1
27.5 26.8
32.6 30.4 10.7




.. 4 299


1.8 .. ..
85 95 242


16.9 20.0
4.8 23.1 41.7
0.2 1.2 6.0




62 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Congo, Rep.


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


3.5 4.1 2,533
1.4 1.7 1,003


.. .. 4.9
980 2,250 1,772
3.7 5.1 ..
4.5 3.4 16.5


71.9 76.6 32.0
4.0 3.6 17.3


23.6 20.0 51.6
3.1 1.3 7.0


527.5 471.9 ..
84.2 87.3 29.1
54.5 34.8 34.6





.. 183
37 161 31
11 11 8


606 606 308
50 50 25
3.3 3.3 3.0


.. 15.1 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0

.. 6.0
.. 37.1
.. 69.7
.. 7.7
.. 8.4
.. 19.6





62 60 37,525
13.2 20.3 2.3
19.7 25.1 26.0
13.5 9.1 19.4




.. .. ..


6.7 14.4 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


2.4 7.8 40.4
–3.0 ..
12.8 .. 8.0




5 4 2,326


7.1 .. ..
120 145 698


.. 21.5
15.8 93.8 80.1


1.5 5.6 16.2




63The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Costa Rica


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


4.3 4.7 2,490
1.9 2.2 1,333
6.6 7.7 5.0


4,680 7,640 6,563
4.3 4.0 ..
9.0 6.4 7.4


29.1 25.6 36.9
21.7 17.6 20.9
61.9 68.0 55.6
13.8 4.9 4.9


477.8 505.7 ..
48.5 37.4 30.7
54.0 41.6 29.0





.. 110
77 60 40
12 12 8


402 226 318
35 13 19
3.5 3.5 2.8


.. 18.9 17.6
36.3 57.5
12.7 17.6 3.5



9.6 8.4
0.0 7.6


.. 70.4
14.9 22.2
48.6 39.0
10.4 13.3





625 170 63,901
4.3 5.3 2.9


18.7 19.7 28.0
17.7 20.0 17.7




.. .. ..


22.3 23.2 48.6
13.4 14.6 10.2


1.4 1.8 3.1
35.6 47.6 84.5
12.7 11.5
14.5 12.1 5.6





36 31 6,861
25.2 26.0 ..


1,712 1,855 2,942
.. 1.3


25.6 92.2 92.4
22.1 42.1 38.2




64 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Côte d’Ivoire


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


18.0 20.2 2,533
7.0 8.0 1,003


.. .. 4.9
870 1,090 1,772
–0.2 1.6 ..
22.8 24.3 16.5
25.9 30.3 32.0
19.3 21.0 17.3
51.3 45.4 51.6


3.9 4.9 7.0
527.5 471.9 ..


51.1 43.7 29.1
43.6 40.6 34.6





.. 177
45 32 31
11 10 8


270 270 308
23 25 25
2.2 2.2 3.0


.. 9.8 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0

.. 1.6
.. 13.6
.. 73.6
.. 13.9
.. 20.9
.. 4.3





311 382 37,525
2.1 1.4 2.3
9.7 16.4 26.0
7.0 10.3 19.4





96.4 .. ..
14.6 28.1 51.0


.. .. 9.8


.. .. 4.6
13.8 18.1 40.4


.. ..


.. .. 8.0



.. 1 2,326


8.1 .. ..
175 210 698


.. 2.0
13.0 86.1 80.1


1.0 2.2 16.2




65The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Croatia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


4.4 4.4 1,135
2.0 2.0 555


12.6 13.4 8.1
9,690 13,540 39,860


4.6 0.0 ..
5.0 5.1 1.3


28.5 26.5 24.2
17.5 16.2 15.8
66.4 68.4 74.5


3.3 2.3 3.3
5.9 5.3 ..


42.3 41.8 29.2
48.6 41.9 29.6





.. 84
29 9 18
11 6 6


232 196 163
26 20 11
3.1 3.1 2.1


.. 11.3 14.1
8.4 7.1
2.8 2.4 6.4



2.0 ..


20.1 ..
31.7 ..
45.8 ..
15.2 ..
17.4 ..




.. .. ..


4.0 2.0 2.1
24.7 18.8 17.9
20.2 16.9 ..




.. .. 66.0


53.8 68.1 113.4
9.0 13.6 6.5
6.2 12.3 3.7


52.6 73.8 157.0
7.6 7.4
9.5 8.0 ..





22 27 20,636
89.1 90.7 ..


3,476 3,813 9,415
0.5 ..


82.2 116.4 114.1
33.1 70.7 75.8




66 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Cuba


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


11.3 11.3 2,490
4.8 5.3 1,333
1.9 2.5 5.0


3,960 .. 6,563
4.6 5.0 ..
5.6 5.0 7.4


19.4 20.5 36.9
9.5 10.6 20.9


75.0 74.5 55.6
.. .. 4.9


1.0 0.0 ..
21.0 19.6 30.7
18.3 19.0 29.0





.. ..


.. .. 40


.. .. 8


.. .. 318


.. .. 19


.. .. 2.8


.. .. 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5

.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..





776 .. 63,901
0.0 .. 2.9
9.0 9.9 28.0


.. .. 17.7



.. .. ..
.. .. 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1
.. .. 84.5
.. ..
.. .. 5.6





11 10 6,861
.. .. ..


1,156 1,299 2,942
.. ..


1.2 11.7 92.4
9.7 23.2 38.2




67The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Curaçao


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.13 0.15 1,135
.. .. 555
.. .. 8.1
.. .. 39,860
.. .. ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5
.. .. 3.3
.. .. ..
.. .. 29.2
.. .. 29.6



.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4

.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..




.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..




.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..




.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..
.. .. 114.1
.. .. 75.8




68 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Cyprus


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


1.0 1.1 1,135
0.52 0.59 555


5.3 7.7 8.1
21,490 29,450 39,860


3.1 2.0 ..
2.8 .. 1.3


19.5 .. 24.2
8.8 .. 15.8


77.7 .. 74.5
2.6 3.3 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


48.3 40.1 29.2
50.9 46.6 29.6


   
     


.. 36


.. 8 18


.. 6 6


.. 147 163


.. 7 11


.. 1.5 2.1


.. 9.0 14.1
14.5 19.5
20.2 24.7 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


6.8 4.4 2.1
19.3 18.4 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
180.6 114.0 66.0
176.9 242.4 113.4


.. 4.9 6.5


.. 9.6 3.7
209.9 298.4 157.0


4.6 ..
3.3 .. ..


   
     


17 13 20,636
64.6 65.4 ..


4,080 4,675 9,415
.. ..


75.8 97.7 114.1
32.8 57.7 75.8




69The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Czech Republic


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


10.2 10.5 1,135
5.2 5.3 555
7.9 6.7 8.1


11,890 18,700 39,860
3.9 2.0 ..
2.9 2.3 1.3


36.1 36.2 24.2
25.1 23.5 15.8
61.0 61.5 74.5


1.8 1.9 3.3
24.0 17.7 ..
64.4 72.5 29.2
61.7 68.5 29.6


   
     


.. 65
40 20 18
10 9 6


930 413 163
16 16 11
9.2 3.2 2.1


.. 7.5 14.1
14.1 21.2


1.9 2.8 6.4
   


1.9 10.4
36.0 0.2


.. 42.9
20.8 33.4
15.4 50.2
15.9 43.5


   
     
.. .. ..


8.9 2.5 2.1
25.8 23.9 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
22.0 38.1 66.0
47.8 63.5 113.4


5.4 6.5 6.5
3.9 5.2 3.7


35.4 55.4 157.0
6.1 6.5
4.6 4.7 ..


   
     


75 61 20,636
100.0 .. ..
6,342 6,321 9,415


.. 0.7
115.2 123.4 114.1


35.3 73.0 75.8




70 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Denmark


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


5.4 5.6 1,135
2.9 2.9 555
4.8 7.6 8.1


48,590 60,160 39,860
1.2 -0.4 ..
1.4 1.2 1.3


25.5 21.8 24.2
14.2 12.2 15.8
73.1 77.0 74.5


1.8 2.8 3.3
6.0 5.4 ..


49.0 53.4 29.2
44.1 48.2 29.6


   
     


.. 5
6 6 18
4 4 6


135 130 163
5 5 11


3.3 1.0 2.1
.. 20.0 14.1


18.6 16.6
5.2 4.6 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


5.0 3.9 2.1
19.5 17.2 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
36.7 50.6 66.0
48.2 52.0 113.4


5.7 5.1 6.5
0.4 3.7 3.7


171.8 208.4 157.0
4.7 ..
4.7 .. ..


   
     


13 120 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..
6,659 6,327 9,415


.. ..
100.5 128.5 114.1


82.7 90.0 75.8




71The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


Djibouti


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.81 0.91 2,533
0.25 0.30 1,003
59.5 .. 4.9
990 1,270 1,772
3.0 5.2 ..
3.5 .. 16.5


16.6 .. 32.0
2.6 .. 17.3


79.9 .. 51.6
3.1 4.4 7.0


177.7 177.7 ..
40.6 .. 29.1
50.9 .. 34.6


   
     


.. 171
37 37 31
11 11 8
66 82 308
25 18 25
5.0 5.0 3.0


.. 17.7 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     


180 .. 37,525
3.1 9.2 2.3


19.0 .. 26.0
9.7 .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


67.0 78.9 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


20.1 29.3 40.4
7.8 9.3


10.3 9.1 8.0
   


     
.. .. 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. ..


5.4 21.3 80.1
1.0 7.0 16.2




72 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Dominica


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.07 0.07 2,490
.. .. 1,333
.. .. 5.0


5,100 7,030 6,563
1.9 4.5 ..


14.0 13.5 7.4
15.8 15.5 36.9


4.9 2.5 20.9
70.2 71.0 55.6


1.7 2.4 4.9
2.7 2.7 ..


35.8 34.4 30.7
54.2 53.8 29.0


   
     


.. 68
14 13 40


5 5 8
147 120 318


16 13 19
4.0 4.0 2.8


.. 25.9 17.6
0.2 0.2
3.5 3.3 3.5


   
.. 2.0
.. 5.6
.. 10.7
.. 46.2
.. 5.6
.. 1.3


   
     
.. .. 63,901


5.3 7.1 2.9
20.2 22.5 28.0


.. .. 17.7
   


     
.. .. ..


73.3 83.1 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1


48.9 57.6 84.5
10.6 5.8


6.8 5.6 5.6
   


     
.. .. 6,861
.. 50.4 ..
.. .. 2,942
.. 2.8


75.4 164.0 92.4
38.5 51.3 38.2




73The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Dominican Republic


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


9.3 10.1 2,490
4.0 4.5 1,333


18.0 12.4 5.0
2,900 5,240 6,563


3.1 6.4 ..
7.5 6.0 7.4


32.1 33.1 36.9
22.9 24.6 20.9
60.5 61.0 55.6


4.2 8.5 4.9
30.0 38.1 ..
30.0 24.9 30.7
35.5 35.3 29.0


   
     


.. 116
74 19 40


9 7 8
232 324 318


17 8 19
3.5 3.5 2.8


.. 22.1 17.6


.. 6.1


.. 1.0 3.5
   


8.8 11.7
17.3 15.3


.. 75.8
12.5 39.1
30.2 24.1


9.6 11.8
   


     
2,599 203 63,901


3.3 4.1 2.9
16.4 16.3 28.0


.. 0.0 17.7
   


     
.. .. ..


19.4 20.8 48.6
9.4 9.7 10.2
5.9 2.6 3.1


20.5 24.0 84.5
20.9 8.3
10.2 7.7 5.6


   
     
.. .. 6,861
.. .. ..


1,276 1,442 2,942
.. 17.7


39.1 87.2 92.4
11.5 35.5 38.2




74 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Ecuador


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


13.4 14.7 2,490
6.4 7.0 1,333
7.7 4.2 5.0


2,620 4,200 6,563
5.6 3.9 ..
7.0 7.0 7.4


35.8 38.1 36.9
9.4 9.9 20.9


57.1 54.9 55.6
2.4 4.5 4.9
1.0 1.0 ..


30.9 32.9 30.7
32.0 38.6 29.0


   
     


.. 139
69 56 40
14 13 8


600 654 318
22 20 19
5.3 5.3 2.8


.. 17.7 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5
   


17.3 22.5
11.3 0.4
65.4 65.7
24.0 17.0
23.3 10.7
18.2 9.7


   
     


1,865 327 63,901
1.3 0.9 2.9


22.1 25.2 28.0
17.2 12.1 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 48.6


8.4 8.6 10.2
4.9 3.2 3.1


23.3 33.0 84.5
2.4 ..
6.0 .. 5.6


   
     


30 54 6,861
14.8 .. ..
780 1,055 2,942
1.6 1.0


46.5 104.5 92.4
6.0 31.4 38.2




75The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


Egypt, Arab Rep.


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


74.2 82.5 2,533
23.9 27.7 1,003
11.2 9.0 4.9


1,250 2,600 1,772
3.4 5.6 ..


14.9 13.9 16.5
35.9 36.7 32.0
17.0 15.2 17.3
49.2 49.3 51.6


4.9 10.1 7.0
6.0 6.0 ..


30.3 23.3 29.1
32.6 30.2 34.6


   
     


.. 109
22 7 31
10 6 8


504 392 308
27 12 25
4.2 4.2 3.0


.. 13.2 16.1
3.9 6.3
0.1 0.1 1.0


   
.. ..


23.8 ..
.. ..


10.5 ..
133.9 ..


12.0 ..
   


     
4,971 980 37,525


6.0 -0.2 2.3
17.9 19.4 26.0


8.6 12.1 19.4
   


     
85.8 .. ..
88.4 68.8 51.0


6.1 6.2 9.8
26.5 10.9 4.6
51.2 31.3 40.4


6.5 -0.1
5.9 4.3 8.0


   
     


45 88 2,326
81.0 92.2 ..


1,284 1,608 698
.. ..


18.4 101.1 80.1
12.8 38.7 16.2




76 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


El Salvador


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


6.1 6.2 2,533
2.3 2.6 1,003
7.2 7.0 4.9


2,820 3,480 1,772
2.3 1.1 ..


10.6 12.7 16.5
29.9 27.0 32.0
23.1 20.2 17.3
59.5 60.2 51.6


4.7 5.1 7.0
1.0 1.0 ..


25.6 28.1 29.1
44.2 47.3 34.6


   
     


.. 113
40 17 31
12 8 8


320 320 308
22 14 25
4.0 4.0 3.0


.. 17.0 16.1
1.8 1.8
0.5 0.5 1.0


   
9.2 19.6
2.6 0.3


73.8 65.2
17.3 31.7
22.1 28.6
10.9 14.5


   
     


1,196 125 37,525
3.0 1.1 2.3


15.3 14.2 26.0
12.9 11.9 19.4


   
     


48.3 48.0 ..
4.7 4.7 51.0


11.1 13.9 9.8
1.9 3.6 4.6


42.9 39.9 40.4
.. ..
.. .. 8.0


   
     


24 51 2,326
.. 46.9 ..


757 855 698
1.6 1.2


39.9 133.5 80.1
4.2 17.7 16.2




77The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Equatorial Guinea


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.61 0.72 1,135
0.31 0.38 555


.. .. 8.1
5,220 15,670 39,860


26.0 7.7 ..
2.6 .. 1.3


94.4 .. 24.2
6.2 .. 15.8
3.0 .. 74.5
5.6 6.9 3.3


527.5 471.9 ..
87.4 71.4 29.2
43.6 47.4 29.6


   
     


.. 162
137 135 18


20 18 6
492 492 163


29 29 11
.. .. 2.1
.. 0.0 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


9.4 3.7 2.1
39.2 34.0 17.9
28.9 9.7 ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0


5.8 13.1 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7


2.1 7.5 157.0
–17.5 ..
12.8 .. ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


15.9 59.1 114.1
1.1 6.0 75.8




78 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Eritrea


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


4.5 5.4 817
2.2 2.7 374


.. .. ..
250 430 571
3.5 0.0 ..


24.2 14.5 25.4
21.9 22.4 24.9


7.3 5.7 12.8
53.9 63.0 49.7


.. .. 7.6
15.4 15.4 ..


6.2 4.5 27.0
54.9 20.4 42.4


   
     


.. 182
76 84 30
13 13 7


216 216 286
59 50 37


.. .. 3.8


.. 8.8 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   
.. 0.5
.. 0.0
.. 28.2
.. 11.9
.. ..
.. 15.1


   
     


40 .. 4,362
–0.1 0.7 4.1
19.7 .. 23.4


1.9 .. 16.0
   


     
.. .. ..
.. .. 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


27.6 13.9 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7


   
     
.. .. 299
.. .. ..


54 52 242
.. 0.5


0.9 4.5 41.7
1.8 6.2 6.0




79The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Estonia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


1.3 1.3 1,135
0.67 0.70 555


7.9 12.5 8.1
9,730 15,260 39,860


7.1 –0.4 ..
3.5 3.5 1.3


28.6 28.9 24.2
17.2 17.0 15.8
67.9 67.6 74.5


4.1 5.0 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


77.7 91.5 29.2
84.2 87.6 29.6


   
     


.. 21
35 7 18


6 5 6
81 85 163


5 5 11
3.0 3.0 2.1


.. 8.0 14.1
6.2 7.2
6.9 8.1 6.4


   
2.1 5.5


13.7 0.0
.. 26.3


25.0 41.5
7.2 207.2


12.9 21.2
   


     
.. .. ..


22.5 2.0 2.1
32.1 21.7 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
5.9 7.1 66.0


42.8 56.1 113.4
8.7 8.9 6.5
0.2 4.1 3.7


69.7 84.7 157.0
–1.1 3.2
2.8 4.8 ..


   
     
8 11 20,636


22.7 17.9 ..
5,567 6,464 9,415


.. 0.7
107.4 139.0 114.1


61.5 76.5 75.8




80 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Ethiopia


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


74.3 84.7 817
34.9 42.1 374


5.4 .. ..
160 370 571
5.6 10.0 ..


46.7 46.4 25.4
13.0 10.5 24.9


4.8 3.6 12.8
40.3 43.1 49.7
11.6 33.2 7.6


8.7 16.9 ..
15.1 16.8 27.0
35.5 31.8 42.4


   
     


.. 127
34 15 30


9 9 7
212 306 286


45 42 37
3.0 3.0 3.8


.. 27.0 18.7
0.8 1.3
0.0 0.0 0.3


   
3.8 3.0
4.3 3.8


.. 37.3
10.9 16.6
44.2 111.8


4.2 13.6
   


     
.. .. 4,362


2.2 2.1 4.1
23.0 25.5 23.4


8.3 6.9 16.0
   


     
.. .. ..


35.5 .. 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


23.0 .. 30.1
–2.6 ..
3.5 .. 10.7


   
     


31 53 299
11.0 .. ..


34 54 242
1.7 5.6
0.6 16.7 41.7
0.2 1.1 6.0




81The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Faeroe Islands


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.05 0.05 1,135
.. .. 555


3.2 .. 8.1
.. .. 39,860
.. .. ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5
.. .. 3.3


6.0 5.4 ..
.. .. 29.2
.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   


     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   


     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   


     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


87.1 122.0 114.1
67.9 80.7 75.8




82 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Fiji


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.82 0.87 2,533
0.34 0.37 1,003


4.6 .. 4.9
3,590 3,720 1,772


2.6 0.2 ..
14.1 12.9 16.5
19.2 18.8 32.0
14.2 14.3 17.3
66.8 68.3 51.6


2.4 8.7 7.0
1.7 1.8 ..


52.9 47.5 29.1
65.1 58.1 34.6


   
     


.. 60
46 58 31


8 11 8
140 163 308


24 22 25
1.8 1.8 3.0


.. 27.3 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   
.. 4.4
.. 4.5
.. 39.6
.. 37.1
.. 19.0
.. 22.9


   
     


50 .. 37,525
5.3 5.4 2.3


21.0 .. 26.0
17.9 .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


48.3 .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


68.7 74.6 40.4
0.0 –2.5
5.0 3.7 8.0


   
     


42 18 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. 1.4


24.9 83.7 80.1
8.5 28.0 16.2




83The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Finland


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


5.2 5.4 1,135
2.6 2.7 555
8.4 7.7 8.1


38,550 47,760 39,860
2.6 0.4 ..
2.8 2.9 1.3


32.4 29.2 24.2
23.4 19.0 15.8
64.8 67.9 74.5


0.9 3.4 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


41.8 40.7 29.2
37.7 41.4 29.6


   
     


.. 11
14 14 18


3 3 6
269 93 163


8 8 11
0.9 0.9 2.1


.. 15.0 14.1
8.4 12.7
2.4 3.6 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


5.6 –2.2 2.1
20.1 19.6 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
44.1 47.8 66.0
49.7 63.6 113.4


9.2 4.4 6.5
0.3 0.5 3.7


75.1 96.7 157.0
3.2 ..
2.7 .. ..


   
     


107 143 20,636
65.0 65.3 ..


16,116 16,483 9,415
.. ..


100.5 166.0 114.1
74.5 89.4 75.8




84 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


France


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


63.2 65.4 1,135
28.9 30.1 555


8.9 9.3 8.1
34,850 42,420 39,860


1.5 0.4 ..
2.3 1.8 1.3


20.8 19.1 24.2
13.3 10.7 15.8
76.9 79.2 74.5


1.7 2.1 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


26.4 27.0 29.2
27.0 29.8 29.6


   
     


.. 34
7 7 18
5 5 6


132 132 163
18 9 11
1.9 1.9 2.1


.. 8.2 14.1
117.3 132.3


2.8 3.1 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


4.2 1.6 2.1
19.3 20.1 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
72.9 93.9 66.0
69.1 88.3 113.4


4.4 4.8 6.5
3.5 4.3 3.7


92.7 116.2 157.0
4.8 ..
4.4 .. ..


   
     


728 618 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..
7,656 7,729 9,415


.. ..
78.8 94.8 114.1
42.9 79.6 75.8




85The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


French Polynesia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.25 0.27 1,135
0.11 0.12 555
11.7 .. 8.1


.. .. 39,860


.. .. ..


.. .. 1.3


.. .. 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5


.. .. 3.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 29.2


.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


47.1 81.4 114.1
21.5 49.0 75.8




86 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Gabon


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


1.4 1.5 2,490
0.51 0.61 1,333


.. .. 5.0
5,110 8,080 6,563


1.6 3.0 ..
4.9 3.8 7.4


61.4 64.0 36.9
4.1 3.3 20.9


33.8 32.2 55.6
3.7 1.3 4.9


527.5 471.9 ..
64.7 64.6 30.7
27.7 35.8 29.0


   
     


.. 170
58 58 40


9 9 8
488 488 318


19 20 19
5.0 5.0 2.8


.. 18.4 17.6
2.6 3.5
3.4 4.3 3.5


   
.. 2.8
.. 22.8
.. 76.0
.. 6.3
.. 34.5
.. 18.6


   
     


204 30 63,901
3.8 4.3 2.9


21.3 27.0 28.0
17.1 16.3 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


13.0 15.5 48.6
11.1 11.0 10.2
14.1 5.5 3.1


9.4 10.2 84.5
0.6 ..


12.8 .. 5.6
   


     
9 1 6,861


10.2 .. ..
920 1,004 2,942


.. 4.6
53.7 117.3 92.4


4.9 8.0 38.2




87The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Gambia, The


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


1.5 1.8 817
0.64 0.78 374


.. .. ..
390 500 571
3.2 4.0 ..


27.1 18.9 25.4
14.1 13.5 24.9


6.6 5.2 12.8
58.9 67.7 49.7


4.8 4.8 7.6
28.6 29.5 ..
32.8 28.9 27.0
49.6 47.2 42.4


   
     


.. 147
27 27 30


8 8 7
376 376 286


23 23 37
2.0 2.0 3.8


.. 6.1 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   


7.3 ..
13.6 ..
60.3 ..


7.6 ..
63.9 ..
22.2 ..


   
     
7 .. 4,362


8.6 4.0 4.1
22.0 19.2 23.4
13.9 10.5 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


28.2 .. 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


9.6 16.3 30.1
30.2 23.4
17.6 16.3 10.7


   
     
.. .. 299


19.3 .. ..
.. .. 242


21.0 ..
16.5 78.9 41.7


3.8 10.9 6.0




88 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Georgia


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


4.4 4.5 2,533
2.3 2.4 1,003


13.8 15.1 4.9
1,360 2,860 1,772


7.5 4.6 ..
16.7 9.3 16.5
26.8 23.2 32.0
13.7 13.2 17.3
56.5 67.4 51.6


8.2 8.5 7.0
1.8 1.7 ..


33.7 36.5 29.1
51.6 55.1 34.6


   
     


.. 9
21 2 31


8 2 8
448 280 308


54 9 25
3.3 2.0 3.0


.. 14.3 16.1
4.0 13.9
1.4 4.5 1.0


   
3.9 ..


39.8 ..
.. ..


40.0 ..
.. ..


17.5 ..
   


     
241 291 37,525
7.1 8.0 2.3


28.1 21.9 26.0
22.2 14.3 19.4


   
     


40.9 32.6 ..
10.5 23.4 51.0
18.8 16.6 9.8


1.2 4.6 4.6
14.7 32.8 40.4
12.7 15.3
14.1 16.4 8.0


   
     
5 6 2,326


94.1 .. ..
1,715 1,743 698


.. ..
26.2 102.3 80.1


6.1 36.6 16.2




89The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Germany


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


82.5 81.8 1,135
41.4 42.2 555
11.1 5.9 8.1


34,780 44,230 39,860
0.5 1.1 ..
0.9 0.9 1.3


29.4 27.9 24.2
22.9 20.7 15.8
69.7 71.2 74.5


1.5 2.1 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


41.3 50.2 29.2
36.1 45.1 29.6


   
     


.. 20
24 15 18


9 9 6
196 207 163


7 7 11
1.2 1.2 2.1


.. 18.9 14.1
66.7 73.2


1.2 1.4 6.4
   


1.2 ..
14.8 ..


.. ..
45.0 ..


3.2 ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


1.5 1.1 2.1
17.3 18.1 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
44.7 55.6 66.0


100.7 116.2 113.4
4.1 4.4 6.5
4.0 3.0 3.7


112.6 104.5 157.0
8.1 ..
7.0 .. ..


   
     


1,024 1,047 20,636
100.0 .. ..
7,113 7,215 9,415


.. ..
96.0 132.3 114.1
68.7 83.0 75.8




90 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Ghana


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


21.6 25.0 2,533
9.1 10.7 1,003
3.6 .. 4.9


460 1,410 1,772
5.1 7.4 ..


40.9 25.6 16.5
27.5 25.9 32.0


9.5 6.7 17.3
31.6 48.5 51.6
15.1 8.7 7.0


0.9 1.5 ..
36.4 38.0 29.1
61.7 51.1 34.6


   
     


.. 64
18 12 31
11 7 8


304 224 308
47 19 25
1.9 1.9 3.0


.. 18.5 16.1
7.3 15.6
0.6 1.1 1.0


   
3.2 ..


18.1 ..
69.1 ..
16.0 ..
24.4 ..


6.8 ..
   


     
756 806 37,525
1.4 8.2 2.3


29.0 18.6 26.0
17.0 12.3 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


17.7 24.2 51.0
7.2 13.7 9.8


13.0 14.1 4.6
15.5 15.2 40.4


.. ..


.. .. 8.0
   


     
3 6 2,326


14.9 12.6 ..
247 298 698
9.5 ..


13.3 84.8 80.1
1.8 14.1 16.2




91The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Greece


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


11.1 11.3 1,135
5.1 5.3 555
9.8 17.7 8.1


21,400 24,490 39,860
4.2 –1.2 ..


.. .. 1.3


.. .. 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5
3.5 3.3 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


23.2 25.1 29.2
32.5 33.1 29.6


   
     


.. 78
38 11 18
15 11 6


264 202 163
20 19 11
2.0 2.0 2.1


.. 11.0 14.1
5.2 ..
0.7 .. 6.4


   
1.8 ..


55.9 ..
.. ..


25.9 ..
7.0 ..


11.7 ..
   


     
.. .. ..


0.3 0.4 2.1
20.7 15.1 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
125.4 106.5 66.0


83.8 85.7 113.4
5.9 5.8 6.5
6.3 14.4 3.7


79.6 121.9 157.0
2.8 ..
4.3 .. ..


   
     


131 110 20,636
.. 35.4 ..


5,242 5,242 9,415
.. ..


91.7 106.5 114.1
24.0 53.0 75.8




92 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Greenland


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.06 0.06 1,135
.. .. 555


9.3 .. 8.1
29,690 26,020 39,860


0.7 1.5 ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5
.. .. 3.3


6.0 5.4 ..
.. .. 29.2
.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. 23 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


81.3 102.5 114.1
57.7 64.0 75.8




93The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Grenada


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.10 0.10 2,490
.. .. 1,333
.. .. 5.0


6,820 7,350 6,563
4.6 –0.5 ..
3.4 5.3 7.4


26.5 16.6 36.9
3.4 4.6 20.9


70.1 78.1 55.6
3.5 3.0 4.9
2.7 2.7 ..


21.3 22.6 30.7
56.6 48.0 29.0


   
     


.. 100
20 15 40


6 6 8
140 140 318


19 9 19
.. .. 2.8
.. 27.6 17.6
.. ..
.. .. 3.5
   
.. 7.7
.. 1.9
.. 72.5
.. 37.3
.. 22.9
.. 32.6


   
     


19 .. 63,901
10.0 5.1 2.9
46.0 21.0 28.0


.. .. 17.7
   


     
.. .. ..


79.6 89.4 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1


57.5 81.0 84.5
7.0 7.3
7.2 7.6 5.6


   
     
.. .. 6,861
.. .. ..
.. .. 2,942
.. 0.7


45.6 116.7 92.4
20.5 33.5 38.2




94 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Guam


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.17 0.18 1,135
0.07 0.08 555
11.4 .. 8.1


.. .. 39,860


.. .. ..


.. .. 1.3


.. .. 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5


.. .. 3.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 29.2


.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. 11 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


59.1 .. 114.1
38.6 50.6 75.8




95The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Guatemala


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


12.7 14.8 2,533
4.7 5.9 1,003
1.8 4.1 4.9


2,070 2,870 1,772
3.1 3.4 ..


13.4 11.3 16.5
29.3 68.5 32.0
20.2 58.8 17.3
57.3 20.2 51.6


9.1 6.2 7.0
7.6 7.8 ..


25.1 27.1 29.1
41.0 37.9 34.6


   
     


.. 93
39 40 31
15 12 8


344 332 308
18 17 25
3.0 3.0 3.0


.. 25.9 16.1
4.3 5.1
0.6 0.6 1.0


   
9.2 10.2
3.8 3.9


65.8 69.8
12.8 26.6
35.3 17.8


8.0 11.9
   


     
712 96 37,525
2.0 2.3 2.3


18.3 14.6 26.0
15.5 11.9 19.4


   
     


21.3 24.6 ..
36.9 38.5 51.0


8.5 9.4 9.8
4.2 1.6 4.6


25.1 23.4 40.4
7.0 7.5
8.7 8.2 8.0


   
     
.. 9 2,326
.. 59.1 ..


477 567 698
1.2 2.3


35.5 140.4 80.1
5.7 11.7 16.2




96 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Guinea


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


9.0 10.2 817
3.6 4.2 374


.. .. ..
360 430 571
3.0 2.3 ..


24.2 22.1 25.4
34.8 44.9 24.9


6.6 7.3 12.8
41.1 33.0 49.7
31.4 21.4 7.6


3,644.3 6,620.8 ..
34.8 30.3 27.0
35.1 48.2 42.4


   
     


.. 178
40 35 30
12 6 7


416 416 286
33 35 37
3.8 3.8 3.8


.. 23.5 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   


2.6 ..
57.3 ..
62.8 ..


0.9 ..
16.1 ..


5.2 ..
   


     
51 76 4,362
0.0 17.6 4.1


18.6 17.6 23.4
15.8 13.4 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


10.0 .. 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


5.7 9.1 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7


   
     
.. .. 299


9.8 .. ..
.. .. 242


31.5 ..
2.1 44.0 41.7
0.5 1.3 6.0




97The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Guinea-Bissau


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


1.4 1.5 817
0.57 0.67 374


.. .. ..
410 600 571
0.7 4.2 ..


57.3 .. 25.4
13.1 .. 24.9
10.6 .. 12.8
29.6 .. 49.7


3.3 5.0 7.6
527.5 471.9 ..


29.8 .. 27.0
51.2 .. 42.4


   
     


.. 179
259 9 30


17 9 7
208 208 286


25 23 37
.. .. 3.8
.. 14.9 18.7
.. ..
.. .. 0.3
   


2.9 ..
22.7 ..
53.7 ..


0.7 ..
20.5 ..


8.4 ..
   


     
7 13 4,362


1.5 2.0 4.1
9.6 .. 23.4
0.7 .. 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


3.8 22.5 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


1.1 11.8 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7


   
     
.. .. 299


27.9 .. ..
.. .. 242


5.2 ..
7.2 56.2 41.7
1.9 2.7 6.0




98 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Guyana


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.75 0.76 2,533
0.28 0.31 1,003
24.8 21.0 4.9


1,090 2,900 1,772
0.8 4.2 ..


34.6 21.3 16.5
20.0 33.7 32.0


3.7 3.8 17.3
45.4 44.9 51.6


6.9 5.0 7.0
199.9 204.0 ..


84.6 .. 29.1
119.2 .. 34.6


   
     


.. 114
42 20 31


8 8 8
288 263 308


21 19 25
3.0 3.0 3.0


.. 23.8 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   


2.3 11.5
5.4 4.6


.. 59.9
32.6 34.5
93.4 36.9
17.8 29.5


   
     


89 .. 37,525
9.3 6.4 2.3


24.8 23.9 26.0
19.0 12.2 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


84.6 55.0 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


57.1 37.9 40.4
6.2 7.3


12.0 12.5 8.0
   


     
.. 12 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. 8.4


37.7 69.9 80.1
.. 32.0 16.2




99The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Low income


Haiti


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


9.3 10.1 817
3.7 4.3 374


.. .. ..
400 700 571
–0.7 1.2 ..


.. .. 25.4


.. .. 24.9


.. .. 12.8


.. .. 49.7
15.7 8.4 7.6
40.4 40.5 ..
14.0 13.7 27.0
42.9 55.1 42.4


   
     


.. 174
202 105 30


13 12 7
184 184 286


44 33 37
5.7 5.7 3.8


.. 24.1 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     


24 .. 4,362
0.6 2.5 4.1


.. .. 23.4


.. .. 16.0
   


     
.. .. ..


34.5 39.2 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


14.5 15.0 30.1
19.9 4.5
34.8 11.3 10.7


   
     
.. .. 299
.. .. ..


37 24 242
.. ..


5.4 41.5 41.7
6.4 8.4 6.0




100 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Honduras


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


6.9 7.8 2,533
2.5 3.1 1,003
4.2 4.8 4.9


1,400 1,980 1,772
4.7 3.1 ..


13.7 14.5 16.5
28.7 27.3 32.0
20.9 19.2 17.3
57.6 58.1 51.6


8.8 6.8 7.0
18.9 18.9 ..
59.0 47.6 29.1
77.5 68.8 34.6


   
     


.. 125
62 14 31
13 13 8


424 224 308
19 12 25
3.8 3.8 3.0


.. 26.6 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   


4.5 17.0
6.1 2.8


71.0 63.2
8.5 17.0


27.6 23.3
16.5 16.3


   
     


822 352 37,525
6.2 6.0 2.3


24.9 25.2 26.0
20.4 21.1 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


42.6 46.4 51.0
9.7 11.0 9.8
3.1 2.9 4.6


39.4 49.1 40.4
10.8 8.4


7.9 10.4 8.0
   


     
.. 18 2,326
.. .. ..


621 671 698
1.9 2.3


18.6 104.0 80.1
6.5 15.9 16.2




101The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Hong Kong SAR, China


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


6.8 7.1 1,135
3.6 3.7 555
5.6 3.4 8.1


28,890 36,010 39,860
4.2 3.5 ..
0.1 0.1 1.3
8.7 7.1 24.2
2.9 1.8 15.8


91.3 92.8 74.5
0.9 5.3 3.3
7.8 7.8 ..


194.7 225.5 29.2
182.4 221.5 29.6


   
     


.. 2
11 3 18


5 3 6
80 78 163
13 5 11
1.1 1.1 2.1


.. 17.6 14.1
73.4 148.3
14.6 27.7 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


22.6 38.4 2.1
21.4 22.5 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
31.6 35.5 66.0


241.7 315.2 113.4
13.3 12.4 6.5


1.4 0.7 3.7
143.1 202.2 157.0


7.9 1.2
6.5 5.0 ..


   
     


123 178 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..
5,878 5,923 9,415


.. ..
125.5 214.7 114.1


56.9 74.5 75.8




102 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Hungary


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


10.1 10.0 1,135
4.3 4.3 555
7.2 10.9 8.1


10,220 12,730 39,860
4.2 –0.5 ..
4.2 3.5 1.3


30.0 31.0 24.2
22.2 23.2 15.8
65.8 65.4 74.5


3.6 4.0 3.3
199.6 201.1 ..


65.9 92.3 29.2
68.1 84.9 29.6


   
     


.. 54
38 5 18


6 4 6
340 277 163


16 17 11
2.0 2.0 2.1


.. 12.3 14.1
21.7 52.2


3.1 7.6 6.4
   


4.0 13.5
24.2 0.7


.. 49.0
32.8 48.7


9.8 48.0
27.4 39.4


   
     
.. .. ..


7.7 6.9 2.1
22.8 16.7 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
68.8 80.9 66.0
41.3 46.1 113.4


8.2 10.5 6.5
2.3 13.4 3.7


51.2 65.0 157.0
5.9 4.6
3.4 2.1 ..


   
     


47 121 20,636
38.0 38.1 ..


3,771 3,876 9,415
.. 0.5


92.4 117.3 114.1
39.0 59.0 75.8




103The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Iceland


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.30 0.32 1,135
0.17 0.19 555


2.6 7.1 8.1
49,620 34,820 39,860


4.0 –0.1 ..
6.3 7.2 1.3


24.4 25.1 24.2
10.5 15.1 15.8
69.3 67.7 74.5


4.0 4.0 3.3
63.0 116.0 ..
31.7 59.3 29.2
44.0 50.8 29.6


   
     


.. 14
5 5 18
5 5 6


140 140 163
15 19 11
1.0 1.0 2.1


.. 10.4 14.1
2.9 1.7


14.9 7.9 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


19.2 7.9 2.1
28.3 14.0 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
39.4 119.3 66.0
68.0 93.0 113.4


7.4 17.4 6.5
1.1 23.0 3.7


247.9 97.3 157.0
11.6 4.4


7.2 .. ..
   


     
12 14 20,636


35.4 39.9 ..
27,988 51,440 9,415


.. ..
95.4 106.1 114.1
87.0 95.0 75.8




104 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


South Asia Lower middle income


India


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


1,140.0 1,241.5 2,533
467.3 481.7 1,003


4.4 3.5 4.9
730 1,420 1,772
6.7 7.9 ..


18.8 17.5 16.5
28.1 26.7 32.0
15.4 14.4 17.3
53.1 55.7 51.6


4.2 8.9 7.0
44.3 47.9 ..
19.3 23.9 29.1
22.0 30.3 34.6


   
     


.. 132
71 27 31
11 12 8


264 243 308
27 16 25
4.3 4.3 3.0


.. 24.6 16.1
38.1 70.5


0.1 0.1 1.0
   


6.7 ..
52.3 ..


.. ..
46.6 ..
29.5 ..
22.5 ..


   
     


33,775 38,934 37,525
0.9 1.7 2.3


30.3 30.6 26.0
23.0 23.2 19.4


   
     


61.2 48.5 ..
53.7 65.8 51.0


6.4 7.1 9.8
5.2 2.3 4.6


39.4 49.9 40.4
6.2 1.7


.. .. 8.0
   


     
330 707 2,326
47.0 .. ..
456 616 698


.. ..
7.9 72.0 80.1
2.4 10.1 16.2




105The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Indonesia


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


227.3 242.3 2,533
109.3 119.9 1,003


11.2 6.6 4.9
1,220 2,940 1,772


4.7 5.8 ..
13.1 14.7 16.5
46.5 47.2 32.0
27.4 24.3 17.3
40.3 38.1 51.6
10.5 5.4 7.0


9,704.7 8,770.4 ..
34.1 26.3 29.1
29.9 24.9 34.6


   
     


.. 128
151 47 31


12 9 8
560 259 308


22 17 25
5.5 5.5 3.0


.. 23.7 16.1
23.3 43.8


0.2 0.3 1.0
   


4.0 1.6
11.2 14.0


.. 65.1
34.0 11.7
14.6 15.5
22.1 2.9


   
     


8,042 848 37,525
2.9 2.1 2.3


23.6 32.0 26.0
.. .. 19.4


   
     


47.2 26.2 ..
38.8 34.4 51.0


9.8 11.0 9.8
7.4 2.1 4.6


26.4 31.8 40.4
–0.2 3.7
6.0 5.5 8.0


   
     


321 518 2,326
55.4 56.9 ..
498 641 698


.. 0.9
20.6 103.1 80.1


3.6 18.0 16.2




106 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


Iran, Islamic Rep.


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


69.7 74.8 2,490
24.4 25.9 1,333
12.1 .. 5.0


2,550 4,520 6,563
5.9 4.5 ..


10.2 .. 7.4
44.7 .. 36.9
10.7 .. 20.9
45.1 .. 55.6
13.4 20.6 4.9


8,964.0 9,864.3 ..
33.1 .. 30.7
24.7 .. 29.0


   
     


.. 145
28 13 40


8 7 8
344 344 318


26 25 19
4.5 4.5 2.8


.. 17.8 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     


1,345 514 63,901
1.6 0.9 2.9


27.0 .. 28.0
17.9 .. 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


37.4 21.1 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1


30.0 36.8 84.5
–0.9 11.3
4.2 –0.2 5.6


   
     


121 130 6,861
71.0 80.6 ..


2,080 2,652 2,942
.. ..


12.2 74.9 92.4
8.1 21.0 38.2




107The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


Iraq


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


27.6 33.0 2,533
6.3 7.8 1,003


18.0 .. 4.9
1,150 2,640 1,772


–7.6 5.0 ..
8.6 .. 16.5


70.1 .. 32.0
1.7 .. 17.3


21.3 .. 51.6
37.0 2.9 7.0


1,472.0 1,170.0 ..
.. .. 29.1
.. .. 34.6
   


     
.. 165


77 74 31
11 10 8


312 312 308
102 80 25


.. .. 3.0


.. 14.6 16.1
7.8 1.9
0.5 0.1 1.0


   
.. 6.5
.. 29.1
.. 49.3
.. 2.7
.. 19.6
.. 4.2


   
     


984 386 37,525
1.6 1.2 2.3


.. .. 26.0


.. .. 19.4
   


     
.. .. ..


7.4 17.9 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


2.5 8.7 40.4
–8.5 –12.2
6.9 6.7 8.0


   
     
.. 1 2,326
.. .. ..


816 1,183 698
.. 41.0


5.6 78.1 80.1
0.9 5.0 16.2




108 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Ireland


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


4.2 4.6 1,135
2.1 2.2 555
4.3 14.4 8.1


42,250 39,150 39,860
4.9 –0.7 ..
1.6 1.0 1.3


34.5 31.9 24.2
23.1 24.2 15.8
63.9 67.1 74.5


2.4 2.6 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


81.1 106.6 29.2
69.4 84.3 29.6


   
     


.. 15
18 10 18


4 4 6
76 80 163


7 7 11
0.4 0.4 2.1


.. 11.9 14.1
17.0 14.3


6.0 4.8 6.4
   


2.3 ..
11.0 ..


.. ..
37.4 ..
28.3 ..
17.2 ..


   
     
.. .. ..


23.1 5.3 2.1
26.6 10.3 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
32.9 106.0 66.0
90.1 103.0 113.4


4.7 6.4 6.5
0.7 16.1 3.7


159.5 207.6 157.0
–0.4 ..
2.6 .. ..


   
     


304 633 20,636
100.0 .. ..
6,242 6,025 9,415


.. ..
102.7 108.4 114.1


41.6 76.8 75.8




109The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Isle of Man


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.08 0.08 1,135
.. .. 555


2.4 .. 8.1
38,610 .. 39,860


5.8 .. ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5
.. .. 3.3


0.6 .. ..
.. .. 29.2
.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1


0.8 0.6
16.2 11.6 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..
.. .. 114.1
.. .. 75.8




110 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Israel


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


6.9 7.8 1,135
2.8 3.2 555
9.0 5.6 8.1


20,180 28,930 39,860
2.0 4.0 ..


.. .. 1.3


.. .. 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5
1.3 3.5 3.3
4.5 3.6 ..


42.7 36.9 29.2
43.1 37.8 29.6


   
     


.. 38
20 21 18


5 5 6
230 235 163


12 10 11
4.0 4.0 2.1


.. 22.1 14.1
19.1 ..


4.6 .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


3.6 4.7 2.1
16.6 18.7 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
.. .. 66.0


89.1 94.9 113.4
5.6 10.6 6.5
2.3 2.5 3.7


89.8 95.1 157.0
5.3 3.4
3.2 3.0 ..


   
     


34 46 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..
6,572 6,856 9,415


.. ..
117.4 121.7 114.1


25.2 70.0 75.8




111The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Italy


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


58.6 60.7 1,135
24.7 25.3 555


7.7 8.4 8.1
30,880 35,320 39,860


0.9 –0.6 ..
2.2 1.9 1.3


26.7 25.2 24.2
18.4 16.7 15.8
71.1 72.9 74.5


2.0 2.7 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


25.9 28.8 29.2
25.9 30.3 29.6


   
     


.. 73
13 6 18


9 6 6
340 269 163


19 19 11
1.8 1.8 2.1


.. 22.9 14.1
73.6 64.6


1.9 1.6 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


1.1 1.3 2.1
20.9 19.6 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
112.8 110.8 66.0


54.0 86.3 113.4
7.6 9.4 6.5
5.3 11.7 3.7


89.0 122.4 157.0
3.4 3.3
4.9 .. ..


   
     


446 317 20,636
100.0 .. ..
5,669 5,384 9,415


.. ..
121.9 157.9 114.1


35.0 56.8 75.8




112 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Jamaica


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


2.7 2.7 2,490
1.2 1.2 1,333


10.9 12.7 5.0
.. .. 6,563
.. .. ..


5.9 6.5 7.4
25.0 21.5 36.9


8.8 9.2 20.9
69.0 71.9 55.6
15.3 7.5 4.9
63.2 86.0 ..
35.3 30.9 30.7
55.2 53.8 29.0


   
     


.. 90
8 7 40
6 6 8


414 368 318
19 20 19
1.1 1.1 2.8


.. 25.7 17.6
1.7 1.9
1.0 1.1 3.5


   
6.3 1.7
4.9 14.3


.. 66.4
37.0 44.2


6.9 20.5
16.4 16.5


   
     


1,365 337 63,901
5.8 1.2 2.9


26.7 20.8 28.0
.. .. 17.7


   
     


121.1 .. ..
40.4 38.4 48.6


9.3 .. 10.2
6.8 .. 3.1


21.0 26.8 84.5
.. ..


9.9 15.6 5.6
   


     
22 3 6,861


73.3 .. ..
2,478 1,223 2,942


.. 2.5
73.9 108.1 92.4
12.8 31.5 38.2




113The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Japan


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


127.8 127.8 1,135
66.6 66.6 555


4.4 4.5 8.1
39,140 44,900 39,860


1.3 –0.2 ..
1.2 1.2 1.3


28.1 27.4 24.2
19.9 19.5 15.8
70.7 71.5 74.5
–0.3 –0.3 3.3


110.2 79.8 ..
14.3 15.2 29.2
12.9 16.1 29.6


   
     


.. 24
31 23 18
11 8 6


315 330 163
10 10 11
0.6 0.6 2.1


.. 26.9 14.1
80.0 89.4


0.9 1.1 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


0.1 0.0 2.1
22.3 20.7 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
144.3 175.0 66.0
192.3 222.1 113.4


4.9 4.8 6.5
1.8 2.4 3.7


188.2 172.8 157.0
3.0 3.7
1.4 1.0 ..


   
     


652 605 20,636
78.2 .. ..


8,213 8,394 9,415
.. ..


76.3 105.0 114.1
66.9 79.5 75.8




114 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


Jordan


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


5.4 6.2 2,490
1.4 1.6 1,333


12.4 12.9 5.0
2,490 4,380 6,563


6.3 5.7 ..
3.1 3.3 7.4


28.9 31.1 36.9
18.2 19.4 20.9
68.1 65.6 55.6


3.5 4.4 4.9
0.7 0.7 ..


52.7 45.6 30.7
94.2 73.9 29.0


   
     


.. 106
16 12 40
10 7 8


136 151 318
28 13 19
4.3 4.3 2.8


.. 12.9 17.6
1.8 3.0
0.6 0.8 3.5


   
6.7 ..
0.9 ..


.. ..
8.6 ..


47.1 ..
15.5 ..


   
     


1,758 295 63,901
15.8 5.1 2.9
30.6 24.5 28.0
23.3 20.1 17.7


   
     


80.0 61.9 ..
116.2 100.3 48.6


8.2 10.1 10.2
6.6 8.5 3.1


88.1 73.5 84.5
5.5 2.2
4.7 5.3 5.6


   
     


20 40 6,861
100.0 100.0 ..
1,682 2,226 2,942


0.9 ..
58.7 118.2 92.4
12.9 34.9 38.2




115The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Kazakhstan


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


15.1 16.6 2,490
7.9 8.9 1,333
8.1 5.4 5.0


2,950 8,260 6,563
10.1 5.8 ..


6.8 5.5 7.4
40.1 40.1 36.9
12.8 13.5 20.9
53.1 54.3 55.6


7.6 8.3 4.9
132.9 146.6 ..


53.5 49.5 30.7
44.7 27.7 29.0


   
     


.. 49
25 19 40


8 6 8
271 188 318


89 81 19
1.5 1.5 2.8


.. 15.9 17.6
20.4 18.6


2.0 1.6 3.5
   


3.2 4.7
58.7 25.1


.. 36.9
33.9 31.0


6.7 47.8
11.1 10.8


   
     


1,685 981 63,901
4.5 7.0 2.9


28.0 20.7 28.0
23.4 16.1 17.7


   
     


7.0 9.9 ..
21.4 29.1 48.6
13.0 10.2 10.2


.. 30.8 3.1
35.7 36.0 84.5


.. ..


.. .. 5.6
   


     
17 39 6,861


91.2 89.5 ..
4,012 4,728 2,942


.. 1.0
35.6 155.7 92.4


3.0 45.0 38.2




116 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Kenya


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


35.6 41.6 817
13.2 16.0 374


.. .. ..
520 820 571
3.4 4.3 ..


27.2 28.5 25.4
19.1 17.6 24.9
11.8 11.0 12.8
53.7 53.9 49.7
10.3 14.0 7.6
75.6 88.8 ..
28.5 29.1 27.0
36.0 46.0 42.4


   
     


.. 121
54 32 30
13 10 7


372 340 286
45 26 37
4.5 4.5 3.8


.. 28.1 18.7
7.3 ..
0.4 .. 0.3


   
5.1 ..


32.3 ..
.. ..


22.9 ..
40.5 ..


9.8 ..
   


     
1,434 838 4,362


0.1 1.0 4.1
18.7 20.4 23.4
16.2 14.3 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


35.8 44.8 38.9
12.1 13.2 ..
25.6 4.4 ..
25.9 38.1 30.1


7.6 2.6
7.8 9.4 10.7


   
     


28 91 299
14.1 14.3 ..
137 156 242
5.8 ..


12.9 67.5 41.7
3.1 28.0 6.0




117The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Kiribati


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.09 0.10 2,533
.. .. 1,003
.. .. 4.9


1,750 2,030 1,772
1.9 –0.3 ..


23.7 25.3 16.5
7.8 8.2 32.0
5.5 5.5 17.3


68.5 66.5 51.6
.. .. 7.0


1.3 1.0 ..
9.4 .. 29.1


76.5 .. 34.6
   


     
.. 117


31 31 31
7 7 8


120 120 308
21 21 25


.. .. 3.0


.. 23.4 16.1


.. 0.0


.. 0.1 1.0
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. 37,525


4.5 2.3 2.3
.. .. 26.0
.. .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6
.. .. 40.4
.. ..
.. .. 8.0


   
     
.. .. 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. ..


0.7 13.6 80.1
4.0 10.0 16.2




118 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Low income


Korea, Dem. People's Rep.


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


23.7 24.5 817
14.0 14.7 374


.. .. ..


.. .. 571


.. .. ..


.. .. 25.4


.. .. 24.9


.. .. 12.8


.. .. 49.7


.. .. 7.6


.. .. ..


.. .. 27.0


.. .. 42.4
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 30
.. .. 7
.. .. 286
.. .. 37
.. .. 3.8
.. .. 18.7
.. ..
.. .. 0.3
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. 4,362
.. .. 4.1
.. .. 23.4
.. .. 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
.. .. 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7


   
     
2 1 299


2.8 .. ..
812 749 242


.. ..
0.0 4.1 41.7
0.0 0.0 6.0




119The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Korea, Rep.


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


48.1 49.8 1,135
23.9 25.2 555


3.7 3.4 8.1
16,900 20,870 39,860


4.5 3.5 ..
3.3 2.7 1.3


37.7 39.2 24.2
27.5 31.2 15.8
59.0 58.1 74.5


2.8 4.0 3.3
1,024.1 1,108.3 ..


39.3 56.2 29.2
36.6 54.1 29.6


   
     


.. 8
17 7 18
10 5 6


290 207 163
12 7 11
1.5 1.5 2.1


.. 15.2 14.1
50.3 66.0


1.4 1.8 6.4
   


0.1 ..
21.3 ..


.. ..
39.9 ..


3.9 ..
17.6 ..


   
     
.. .. ..


0.7 0.4 2.1
28.9 27.4 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
.. .. 66.0


106.8 130.6 113.4
9.3 8.1 6.5
1.2 1.4 3.7


87.0 100.2 157.0
4.9 3.9
1.9 1.6 ..


   
     


221 286 20,636
76.8 79.3 ..


7,804 9,744 9,415
.. ..


81.5 108.5 114.1
73.5 83.8 75.8




120 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Kosovo


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


1.7 1.8 2,533
.. .. 1,003


41.4 45.4 4.9
2,550 3,510 1,772


5.9 5.1 ..
12.0 12.0 16.5
20.0 20.0 32.0
19.3 15.8 17.3
68.0 68.0 51.6
–1.4 7.3 7.0
0.8 0.7 ..


14.1 20.1 29.1
50.8 61.1 34.6


   
     


.. 98


.. 52 31


.. 9 8


.. 164 308


.. 15 25


.. 2.0 3.0


.. 9.1 16.1
0.7 1.1
0.6 0.9 1.0


   
.. 9.8
.. 7.7
.. 64.1
.. 25.3
.. 76.9
.. 7.9


   
     
.. 143 37,525


3.6 8.5 2.3
25.6 31.2 26.0
20.9 18.7 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


26.6 39.0 51.0
.. 9.6 9.8
.. 5.7 4.6


18.8 38.0 40.4
15.4 8.7
10.9 10.2 8.0


   
     
.. .. 2,326
.. 26.0 ..


2,169 2,650 698
.. 39.1
.. .. 80.1
.. .. 16.2




121The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Kuwait


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


2.3 2.8 1,135
1.2 1.4 555
2.0 .. 8.1


34,650 48,900 39,860
8.9 2.7 ..
0.5 .. 1.3


51.0 .. 24.2
2.3 .. 15.8


48.5 .. 74.5
4.1 4.7 3.3
0.3 0.3 ..


64.0 65.9 29.2
28.3 21.1 29.6


   
     


.. 82
35 32 18
13 12 6
98 98 163
19 16 11
4.2 4.2 2.1


.. 0.0 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


0.3 0.2 2.1
14.6 17.8 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
.. .. 66.0


53.0 60.2 113.4
13.0 12.4 6.5


4.1 7.3 3.7
58.5 56.3 157.0


–11.7 –16.8
4.0 3.0 ..


   
     


19 30 20,636
85.0 .. ..


17,123 18,320 9,415
.. ..


61.0 175.1 114.1
25.9 74.2 75.8




122 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Low income


Kyrgyz Republic


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


5.2 5.5 817
2.3 2.6 374
8.1 .. ..


450 900 571
4.1 4.8 ..


31.9 18.6 25.4
22.4 30.8 24.9
14.4 20.6 12.8
45.7 50.6 49.7


4.4 16.5 7.6
41.0 46.1 ..
38.7 54.5 27.0
57.7 81.6 42.4


   
     


.. 70
21 10 30


9 2 7
202 210 286


64 63 37
4.0 4.0 3.8


.. 6.2 18.7
3.2 3.4
1.0 0.9 0.3


   
5.1 4.9


83.8 39.0
.. 67.5


13.6 17.9
14.1 25.2
14.7 16.2


   
     


12 52 4,362
1.7 11.2 4.1


14.4 24.0 23.4
9.6 18.5 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


8.2 .. 38.9
21.3 21.6 ..


3.6 10.2 ..
8.0 .. 30.1


18.2 14.5
20.8 33.8 10.7


   
     
5 4 299
.. .. ..


1,835 1,375 242
.. 2.6


10.7 116.4 41.7
10.5 20.0 6.0




123The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Lao PDR


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


5.8 6.3 2,533
2.8 3.2 1,003
1.4 .. 4.9


460 1,130 1,772
6.2 7.9 ..


36.2 30.8 16.5
24.6 34.7 32.0


9.9 7.6 17.3
39.2 34.5 51.6


7.2 7.6 7.0
10,655.2 8,058.4 ..


34.2 37.7 29.1
46.5 43.9 34.6


   
     


.. 163
153 92 31


7 6 8
672 362 308


55 26 25
.. .. 3.0
.. 24.8 16.1
.. 0.4
.. 0.1 1.0
   


4.5 5.8
34.5 23.1


.. 42.0
14.1 20.9
58.8 22.7


3.3 11.7
   


     
1,339 452 37,525


1.0 3.6 2.3
23.1 27.4 26.0
14.5 17.2 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


15.1 32.7 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


7.4 20.8 40.4
16.7 11.4
22.1 19.6 8.0


   
     
9 11 2,326


13.4 13.7 ..
.. .. 698
.. 2.6


11.4 87.2 80.1
0.9 9.0 16.2




124 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Latvia


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


2.3 2.1 2,490
1.1 1.1 1,333
8.9 15.4 5.0


6,810 13,320 6,563
8.0 –1.7 ..
4.0 4.1 7.4


21.6 21.8 36.9
12.6 12.2 20.9
74.5 74.1 55.6


6.7 4.4 4.9
0.6 0.5 ..


47.8 59.3 30.7
62.2 63.2 29.0


   
     


.. 25
16 16 40


5 4 8
320 264 318


13 10 19
3.0 3.0 2.8


.. 4.8 17.6
8.8 16.9
5.6 11.2 3.5


   
3.2 9.7


30.0 4.4
.. 41.7


27.9 37.3
23.5 93.2


9.5 18.2
   


     
.. .. 63,901


5.1 5.3 2.9
30.6 22.4 28.0
30.6 21.6 17.7


   
     
.. 42.5 ..


34.6 37.7 48.6
7.6 9.4 10.2
0.7 13.9 3.1


68.2 82.7 84.5
–3.7 0.9
3.3 5.9 5.6


   
     


23 54 6,861
.. 20.9 ..


2,703 3,026 2,942
.. 0.3


81.2 102.9 92.4
46.0 71.7 38.2




125The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


Lebanon


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


4.1 4.3 2,490
1.3 1.5 1,333
7.9 .. 5.0


5,710 9,140 6,563
4.0 6.7 ..
6.2 5.9 7.4


21.3 20.6 36.9
12.7 8.2 20.9
72.4 73.5 55.6


.. 4.0 4.9
1,507.5 1,507.5 ..


21.4 23.7 30.7
42.6 50.4 29.0


   
     


.. 115
46 9 40


6 5 8
180 180 318


25 22 19
4.0 4.0 2.8


.. 6.1 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5
   


12.0 8.9
23.7 19.2


.. ..
53.5 23.8
71.6 117.6
20.9 17.9


   
     


291 .. 63,901
12.0 8.7 2.9
22.2 32.0 28.0
19.5 29.7 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


217.4 226.7 48.6
7.5 7.5 10.2


16.4 3.7 3.1
68.5 89.6 84.5
11.4 2.6


2.5 1.6 5.6
   


     
12 21 6,861


.. .. ..
2,789 3,569 2,942


.. ..
24.5 78.6 92.4
10.1 52.0 38.2




126 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Lesotho


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


2.1 2.2 2,533
0.85 0.91 1,003


.. .. 4.9
850 1,210 1,772
2.8 4.7 ..
9.0 7.8 16.5


33.1 33.7 32.0
19.4 11.7 17.3
57.9 58.5 51.6


3.4 5.0 7.0
6.4 7.3 ..


48.9 46.4 29.1
120.9 112.6 34.6


   
     


.. 136
93 24 31


9 7 8
564 324 308


44 31 25
2.6 2.6 3.0


.. 13.1 16.1
0.8 1.6
0.7 1.2 1.0


   
19.8 5.6


.. 9.2


.. 59.6
11.9 32.7


.. 13.9
8.6 24.7


   
     


88 13 37,525
5.1 5.4 2.3


21.1 34.9 26.0
16.8 17.6 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


25.1 36.7 51.0
10.2 9.8 9.8


3.0 2.2 4.6
8.9 15.3 40.4
5.1 4.2
7.8 7.7 8.0


   
     
.. .. 2,326


53.0 .. ..
.. .. 698
.. 4.1


12.1 56.2 80.1
2.6 4.2 16.2




127The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Liberia


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


3.2 4.1 817
1.1 1.4 374
5.6 3.7 ..


120 330 571
–1.0 12.0 ..
67.0 53.1 25.4


7.3 10.2 24.9
7.2 3.5 12.8


25.7 36.7 49.7
10.8 8.5 7.6
57.1 72.2 ..
23.8 27.5 27.0
76.3 93.3 42.4


   
     


.. 149
68 6 30
10 4 7


158 158 286
20 15 37


3.0 3.0 3.8
.. 18.3 18.7
.. ..
.. .. 0.3
   
.. 7.5
.. 54.4
.. 66.2
.. 10.1
.. ..
.. 2.4


   
     


70 15 4,362
15.3 84.9 4.1
13.3 25.0 23.4
12.2 19.0 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


6.7 16.4 30.1
6.2 2.9


13.6 10.7 10.7
   


     
.. .. 299
.. .. ..
.. .. 242
.. 1.7


5.0 49.2 41.7
0.0 3.0 6.0




128 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


Libya


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


5.8 6.4 2,490
2.1 2.4 1,333


.. .. 5.0
6,460 12,320 6,563


4.7 4.5 ..
2.3 .. 7.4


75.5 .. 36.9
4.7 .. 20.9


22.2 .. 55.6
2.7 2.5 4.9
1.4 1.3 ..


66.4 .. 30.7
28.3 .. 29.0


   
     


.. ..


.. .. 40


.. .. 8


.. .. 318


.. .. 19


.. .. 2.8


.. .. 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. 63,901


2.4 2.2 2.9
15.8 .. 28.0


1.7 .. 17.7
   


     
.. .. ..


17.6 41.2 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1


7.7 10.9 84.5
–14.8 57.8


4.0 3.5 5.6
   


     
13 26 6,861


.. .. ..
3,413 4,270 2,942


.. ..
34.7 155.7 92.4


3.9 17.0 38.2




129The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Liechtenstein


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.03 0.04 1,135
.. .. 555
.. .. 8.1


92,780 137,070 39,860
0.5 3.0 ..


.. .. 1.3


.. .. 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5


.. .. 3.3
1.2 1.1 ..


.. .. 29.2


.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. 0.6
.. 25.1 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


79.3 101.8 114.1
63.4 85.0 75.8




130 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Lithuania


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


3.4 3.0 2,490
1.6 1.5 1,333
8.3 15.4 5.0


7,380 12,980 6,563
8.0 0.5 ..
4.8 3.5 7.4


32.9 28.2 36.9
20.8 16.4 20.9
62.3 68.3 55.6


2.6 4.1 4.9
2.8 2.5 ..


57.5 77.8 30.7
64.6 79.3 29.0


   
     


.. 27
26 20 40


8 7 8
166 175 318


10 9 19
1.7 1.5 2.8


.. 5.9 17.6
4.5 5.4
1.8 2.2 3.5


   
4.5 9.3


35.4 3.4
.. 50.1


21.8 47.4
37.5 63.0
17.5 15.6


   
     


1,507 161 63,901
4.6 3.4 2.9


22.8 17.6 28.0
19.1 .. 17.7


   
     


21.4 43.7 ..
31.9 37.9 48.6


7.9 10.8 10.2
0.6 16.3 3.1


40.9 53.7 84.5
–1.3 3.9
2.9 4.3 5.6


   
     


12 3 6,861
28.3 29.3 ..


3,101 3,271 2,942
.. 0.3


127.5 151.3 92.4
36.2 65.1 38.2




131The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Luxembourg


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.47 0.52 1,135
0.21 0.24 555


4.5 4.9 8.1
69,180 77,390 39,860


3.5 1.3 ..
0.4 0.3 1.3


16.6 13.4 24.2
9.2 6.9 15.8


82.9 86.3 74.5
2.5 3.4 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


155.8 176.5 29.2
130.3 145.3 29.6


   
     


.. 56
26 19 18


6 6 6
59 59 163


7 7 11
2.0 2.0 2.1


.. 4.1 14.1
1.8 2.5
5.6 7.3 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


172.7 31.0 2.1
20.4 19.0 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
3.6 16.8 66.0


362.7 327.5 113.4
4.1 5.7 6.5
0.2 0.4 3.7


129.1 170.7 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     


42 41 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..


15,642 16,834 9,415
.. ..


111.5 148.3 114.1
70.0 90.9 75.8




132 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Macao SAR, China


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.48 0.56 1,135
0.26 0.35 555


4.2 2.6 8.1
23,410 45,460 39,860


12.8 11.9 ..
0.0 0.0 1.3


15.2 7.4 24.2
4.3 0.9 15.8


84.8 92.6 74.5
4.4 5.8 3.3
8.0 8.0 ..


94.6 112.4 29.2
62.3 53.6 29.6


   
     


.. ..


.. .. 18


.. .. 6


.. .. 163


.. .. 11


.. .. 2.1


.. .. 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


15.0 5.8 2.1
25.8 12.3 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
.. .. 66.0


140.5 98.7 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7


45.3 56.8 157.0
1.2 –1.6
5.5 5.2 ..


   
     


24 15 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..


.. .. 9,415


.. ..
110.7 243.5 114.1


34.9 58.0 75.8




133The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Macedonia, FYR


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


2.0 2.1 2,490
0.86 0.95 1,333
37.3 31.4 5.0


2,900 4,810 6,563
1.9 3.3 ..


12.3 11.0 7.4
28.2 27.9 36.9
17.4 13.9 20.9
59.5 61.1 55.6


0.2 3.9 4.9
49.3 44.2 ..
44.1 54.5 30.7
61.1 74.1 29.0


   
     


.. 23
48 2 40
13 2 8


192 119 318
17 12 19
2.0 2.0 2.8


.. 6.2 17.6
8.0 6.0
5.6 4.1 3.5


   
9.7 14.5


32.8 8.1
.. 73.9


17.7 47.0
8.5 27.6


14.1 21.5
   


     
707 58 63,901
2.4 4.7 2.9


16.6 20.5 28.0
10.6 13.5 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


31.4 50.2 48.6
15.9 11.0 10.2
15.0 9.5 3.1
24.4 45.1 84.5


8.1 5.3
6.9 3.0 5.6


   
     
2 1 6,861


55.6 57.6 ..
3,411 3,591 2,942


.. 0.8
55.5 107.2 92.4
26.5 56.7 38.2




134 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Madagascar


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


17.9 21.3 817
8.6 10.5 374
2.6 .. ..


300 430 571
2.0 2.5 ..


28.3 29.1 25.4
15.8 16.0 24.9
14.0 14.1 12.8
55.9 54.9 49.7
18.5 9.5 7.6


2,003.0 2,025.1 ..
28.2 26.1 27.0
45.6 37.1 42.4


   
     


.. 142
38 8 30
11 2 7


400 201 286
48 21 37
2.0 2.0 3.8


.. 14.0 18.7


.. 0.9


.. 0.1 0.3
   


20.8 17.1
.. 6.8
.. 62.3


18.5 12.2
.. 92.1


6.6 8.7
   


     
74 124 4,362
1.7 9.2 4.1


22.2 33.0 23.4
13.5 29.8 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


14.2 17.0 38.9
6.7 .. ..


19.6 .. ..
9.9 11.0 30.1
7.4 41.7
8.3 41.9 10.7


   
     


18 12 299
.. 16.3 ..
.. .. 242
.. 11.4


2.9 40.7 41.7
0.6 1.9 6.0




135The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Malawi


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


12.8 15.4 817
5.7 6.9 374
7.8 .. ..


220 360 571
2.5 7.2 ..


32.6 30.2 25.4
17.0 19.3 24.9


9.2 11.9 12.8
50.3 50.5 49.7
15.4 7.6 7.6


118.4 156.5 ..
24.0 29.6 27.0
52.2 39.5 42.4


   
     


.. 157
39 39 30
10 10 7


370 175 286
45 34 37
2.6 2.6 3.8


.. 23.6 18.7
0.4 0.6
0.1 0.1 0.3


   
5.8 3.5


15.3 11.4
.. 77.8


20.6 20.6
98.5 59.2
17.2 17.9


   
     


36 455 4,362
5.1 1.6 4.1


20.2 13.5 23.4
13.0 6.6 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


17.0 24.7 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


7.9 19.8 30.1
19.9 19.2
22.2 19.6 10.7


   
     
5 3 299


45.0 .. ..
.. .. 242


6.4 0.8
3.3 25.7 41.7
0.4 3.3 6.0




136 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


Malaysia


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


26.1 28.9 2,490
11.0 12.2 1,333


3.5 3.4 5.0
5,190 8,770 6,563


5.1 4.2 ..
8.3 11.9 7.4


46.4 40.3 36.9
27.5 24.4 20.9
45.4 47.9 55.6


3.0 3.2 4.9
3.8 3.1 ..


112.9 91.6 30.7
91.0 75.7 29.0


   
     


.. 12
37 6 40
10 3 8


190 133 318
13 11 19
2.3 1.5 2.8


.. 7.5 17.6
37.7 45.5


2.3 2.4 3.5
   


7.8 ..
.. ..
.. ..


48.6 ..
10.7 ..
54.0 ..


   
     


20,698 869 63,901
2.7 4.2 2.9


22.3 22.1 28.0
12.2 12.7 17.7


   
     


42.1 51.8 ..
109.2 128.9 48.6


7.7 8.9 10.2
9.6 2.7 3.1


106.5 112.2 84.5
–2.7 –0.5
3.0 2.0 5.6


   
     


176 307 6,861
81.3 80.4 ..


2,829 4,117 2,942
.. ..


74.9 127.0 92.4
48.6 61.0 38.2




137The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


South Asia Upper middle income


Maldives


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.30 0.32 2,490
0.12 0.16 1,333
14.4 .. 5.0


3,380 5,720 6,563
6.9 7.1 ..
8.0 5.5 7.4


15.5 12.7 36.9
6.6 5.4 20.9


76.5 81.8 55.6
3.5 12.8 4.9


12.8 14.6 ..
48.8 113.5 30.7
87.5 110.5 29.0


   
     


.. 95
9 9 40
5 5 8
0 252 318


21 21 19
1.5 1.5 2.8


.. 13.5 17.6
0.7 0.9
3.2 3.1 3.5


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     


40 19 63,901
5.3 13.7 2.9


40.4 .. 28.0
.. .. 17.7


   
     


39.8 68.4 ..
44.6 83.8 48.6


.. .. 10.2


.. .. 3.1
45.5 53.7 84.5
11.8 5.1


6.5 6.0 5.6
   


     
5 5 6,861


100.0 .. ..
.. .. 2,942
.. ..


69.0 165.7 92.4
6.9 34.0 38.2




138 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Mali


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


13.2 15.8 817
3.6 4.4 374
8.8 .. ..


390 610 571
5.9 4.7 ..


36.6 38.9 25.4
24.2 21.0 24.9


3.2 .. 12.8
39.3 40.2 49.7


6.4 2.9 7.6
527.5 471.9 ..


25.6 25.1 27.0
37.3 35.7 42.4


   
     


.. 151
41 8 30
12 4 7


270 270 286
44 26 37
3.6 3.6 3.8


.. 10.9 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   


2.4 2.0
31.1 20.2
72.8 75.4


7.0 29.3
48.4 32.9


8.6 24.8
   


     
504 229 4,362
3.3 1.6 4.1


22.6 21.8 23.4
15.0 12.0 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


17.1 21.9 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


17.2 20.5 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7


   
     
.. 6 299


19.0 24.6 ..
.. .. 242


3.0 2.7
5.8 68.3 41.7
0.5 2.0 6.0




139The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Malta


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.40 0.42 1,135
0.16 0.18 555


7.3 6.4 8.1
14,380 18,620 39,860


0.8 2.0 ..
2.6 1.9 1.3


37.8 32.7 24.2
16.1 13.4 15.8
59.5 65.4 74.5


3.0 2.7 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


76.8 98.0 29.2
79.9 93.1 29.6


   
     


.. 102


.. 40 18


.. 11 6


.. 139 163


.. 11 11


.. 3.0 2.1


.. 29.2 14.1
2.4 2.7
8.8 9.5 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


11.6 5.3 2.1
22.0 15.0 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
83.1 86.5 66.0


137.6 148.4 113.4
12.9 6.5 6.5


3.9 7.3 3.7
106.1 133.7 157.0


2.9 3.1
2.8 .. ..


   
     


15 15 20,636
87.5 .. ..


4,913 4,151 9,415
.. ..


79.2 124.9 114.1
41.2 69.2 75.8




140 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Marshall Islands


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.05 0.05 2,533
.. .. 1,003
.. .. 4.9


3,560 3,910 1,772
1.8 1.5 ..


.. .. 16.5


.. .. 32.0


.. .. 17.3


.. .. 51.6


.. .. 7.0
1.0 1.0 ..


.. .. 29.1


.. .. 34.6
   


     
.. 101


17 17 31
5 5 8


128 128 308
21 21 25
2.0 2.0 3.0


.. 0.0 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. 37,525


4.7 4.2 2.3
.. .. 26.0
.. .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6
.. .. 40.4
.. ..
.. .. 8.0


   
     
3 3 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. ..


1.3 .. 80.1
3.9 3.5 16.2




141The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Mauritania


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


3.0 3.5 817
0.93 1.1 374
32.5 .. ..
720 1,030 571
4.5 4.0 ..


30.5 13.3 25.4
33.2 49.8 24.9
10.0 3.4 12.8
36.3 36.9 49.7
12.1 5.7 7.6


265.5 281.1 ..
30.7 65.6 27.0
82.5 59.2 42.4


   
     


.. 167
82 19 30
11 9 7


696 696 286
40 34 37
8.0 8.0 3.8


.. 0.0 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   


5.8 ..
48.2 ..
65.2 ..


3.2 ..
7.5 ..
5.9 ..


   
     


92 .. 4,362
37.3 1.1 4.1
59.0 32.6 23.4
52.1 26.7 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


22.0 24.6 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


23.9 26.0 30.1
12.3 4.4
15.1 9.0 10.7


   
     
2 3 299


30.3 29.7 ..
.. .. 242


3.3 ..
24.5 93.6 41.7


0.7 4.5 6.0




142 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Mauritius


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


1.2 1.3 2,490
0.55 0.60 1,333


9.6 7.9 5.0
5,360 8,040 6,563


3.3 4.5 ..
6.0 3.7 7.4


27.6 26.1 36.9
19.8 17.7 20.9
66.4 70.2 55.6


4.9 6.5 4.9
29.5 28.7 ..
59.9 54.1 30.7
65.9 66.4 29.0


   
     


.. 19
46 6 40


6 5 8
161 161 318


13 10 19
1.7 1.7 2.8


.. 11.6 17.6
6.3 7.2
7.3 7.9 3.5


   
9.6 9.4


.. 0.3


.. 51.0
48.4 37.5


.. 18.6
28.4 11.1


   
     


393 25 63,901
0.7 2.4 2.9


21.4 23.7 28.0
15.1 18.2 17.7


   
     
.. 36.3 ..


91.4 92.1 48.6
7.3 7.2 10.2
3.0 2.8 3.1


75.3 91.4 84.5
16.1 4.8
13.8 1.8 5.6


   
     


15 12 6,861
100.0 98.0 ..


.. .. 2,942


.. 1.2
52.3 99.0 92.4
15.2 35.0 38.2




143The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Mexico


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


106.5 114.8 2,490
44.3 50.7 1,333


3.5 5.3 5.0
7,820 9,420 6,563


1.9 1.4 ..
3.7 3.8 7.4


34.0 36.5 36.9
18.4 18.3 20.9
62.3 59.7 55.6


4.0 3.4 4.9
10.9 12.4 ..
27.1 31.7 30.7
28.6 33.0 29.0


   
     


.. 48
58 9 40


9 6 8
552 337 318


13 12 19
1.8 1.8 2.8


.. 24.6 17.6
40.4 65.0


0.6 0.9 3.5
   


20.5 13.6
9.6 10.4


69.7 70.3
2.6 16.2
8.3 17.1


20.3 24.0
   


     
29,001 5,960 63,901


2.9 1.8 2.9
20.0 21.1 28.0
15.5 20.6 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


21.7 26.7 48.6
12.5 9.9 10.2


1.8 2.1 3.1
16.6 26.1 84.5


4.9 –0.6
6.2 4.0 5.6


   
     


331 344 6,861
37.0 36.4 ..


1,927 1,990 2,942
0.8 1.6


44.3 82.4 92.4
17.2 36.2 38.2




144 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Micronesia, Fed. Sts.


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.11 0.11 2,533
.. .. 1,003
.. .. 4.9


2,510 2,860 1,772
0.4 –0.1 ..


.. .. 16.5


.. .. 32.0


.. .. 17.3


.. .. 51.6


.. .. 7.0
1.0 1.0 ..


.. .. 29.1


.. .. 34.6
   


     
.. 150


16 16 31
7 7 8


128 128 308
30 30 25
5.3 5.3 3.0


.. 0.0 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   
.. 12.4
.. 0.0
.. 41.1
.. 7.2
.. 67.1
.. 6.0


   
     
.. .. 37,525


0.0 2.5 2.3
.. .. 26.0
.. .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


19.8 19.6 40.4
14.0 10.6
14.8 13.8 8.0


   
     
.. .. 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. 4.8


12.9 24.8 80.1
11.9 20.0 16.2




145The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Moldova


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


3.6 3.6 2,533
1.4 1.2 1,003
7.3 6.7 4.9


890 1,980 1,772
7.1 3.3 ..


19.5 14.8 16.5
16.3 13.9 32.0
15.9 13.5 17.3
64.1 71.3 51.6
11.8 7.7 7.0
12.6 11.7 ..
51.1 45.0 29.1
91.7 86.2 34.6


   
     


.. 83
30 9 31
10 7 8


234 220 308
32 32 25
2.8 2.8 3.0


.. 0.0 16.1
4.6 4.2
1.5 1.3 1.0


   
3.7 7.0


45.2 15.5
.. 46.5


27.0 30.8
30.4 24.3


7.2 9.1
   


     
171 .. 37,525
6.4 4.2 2.3


24.6 23.2 26.0
22.6 21.7 19.4


   
     


32.4 23.8 ..
29.9 36.6 51.0
15.7 15.8 9.8


5.3 10.7 4.6
23.6 33.6 40.4


9.1 6.5
6.0 6.9 8.0


   
     
4 6 2,326


86.3 86.2 ..
1,534 1,049 698


.. 0.6
28.9 104.8 80.1
14.6 38.0 16.2




146 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Monaco


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.04 0.04 1,135
.. .. 555
.. .. 8.1


123,100 .. 39,860
1.7 10.3 ..


.. .. 1.3


.. .. 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5


.. .. 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


.. .. 29.2


.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     


12 13 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..


.. .. 9,415


.. ..
48.8 89.7 114.1
55.5 75.0 75.8




147The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Mongolia


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


2.5 2.8 2,533
1.1 1.2 1,003
3.3 .. 4.9


890 2,310 1,772
6.7 7.3 ..


22.1 14.5 16.5
36.2 36.3 32.0


6.4 7.1 17.3
41.7 49.2 51.6
12.7 9.5 7.0


1,205.3 1,265.5 ..
58.8 62.3 29.1
63.6 86.8 34.6


   
     


.. 76
13 12 31


7 7 8
204 192 308


33 49 25
4.0 4.0 3.0


.. 10.2 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   


6.0 12.1
.. 20.8
.. 43.0


42.3 26.5
6.7 20.0


20.5 16.7
   


     
22 .. 37,525
7.3 53.8 2.3


27.9 49.4 26.0
25.8 40.2 19.4


   
     


50.5 46.9 ..
32.2 53.6 51.0


.. .. 9.8


.. .. 4.6
27.6 51.6 40.4


8.7 4.0
17.6 6.1 8.0


   
     
5 6 2,326


3.5 .. ..
1,278 1,530 698


.. 1.4
21.9 105.1 80.1


2.0 20.0 16.2




148 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Montenegro


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.63 0.63 2,490
.. .. 1,333


30.3 19.7 5.0
3,580 7,140 6,563


2.8 3.7 ..
10.5 9.5 7.4
20.7 19.5 36.9


9.8 6.0 20.9
68.8 71.0 55.6


2.9 3.2 4.9
0.8 0.7 ..


46.8 40.2 30.7
64.3 66.2 29.0


   
     


.. 51
24 10 40
13 6 8


372 320 318
14 14 19
2.0 1.4 2.8


.. 7.1 17.6


.. 4.5


.. 10.4 3.5
   


12.7 6.8
.. 3.4
.. 27.3


18.6 75.8
.. 30.9


12.0 13.0
   


     
248 25 63,901
25.5 12.4 2.9
18.0 18.4 28.0
13.3 13.8 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


22.4 47.9 48.6
15.3 10.9 10.2


5.3 15.5 3.1
18.0 55.8 84.5


2.0 8.6
6.1 6.6 5.6


   
     
6 .. 6,861


64.4 69.1 ..
6,371 5,547 2,942


.. 3.8
86.7 185.3 92.4
27.1 40.0 38.2




149The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Afica Lower middle income


Morocco


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


30.4 32.3 2,533
11.0 11.6 1,003
11.0 8.9 4.9


1,960 2,970 1,772
5.0 4.7 ..


14.7 15.1 16.5
28.2 29.9 32.0
16.3 15.5 17.3
57.1 55.1 51.6


1.0 0.9 7.0
8.9 8.1 ..


32.3 34.6 29.1
37.9 48.0 34.6


   
     


.. 97
12 12 31


6 6 8
358 238 308


17 11 25
1.8 1.8 3.0


.. 25.2 16.1
11.3 26.2


0.6 1.3 1.0
   


9.2 ..
10.7 ..
47.7 ..
26.5 ..
18.8 ..
22.3 ..


   
     


7,389 803 37,525
2.8 2.5 2.3


27.5 30.6 26.0
23.8 24.9 19.4


   
     


57.3 56.3 ..
70.9 89.7 51.0


7.7 8.1 9.8
15.7 4.8 4.6
46.2 71.2 40.4


9.9 ..
8.0 .. 8.0


   
     


49 84 2,326
61.9 70.4 ..
636 781 698
0.8 ..


40.8 113.3 80.1
15.1 51.0 16.2




150 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Mozambique


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


20.8 23.9 817
9.9 11.3 374


.. .. ..
300 460 571
8.5 6.8 ..


26.4 29.8 25.4
24.8 23.0 24.9
15.1 13.3 12.8
48.9 47.2 49.7


7.2 10.4 7.6
23.1 29.1 ..
31.7 29.0 27.0
43.9 45.5 42.4


   
     


.. 146
153 13 30


14 9 7
230 230 286


27 23 37
5.0 5.0 3.8


.. 27.7 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   


3.3 ..
9.8 ..


75.5 ..
10.5 ..
12.7 ..
18.7 ..


   
     


1,663 508 4,362
1.9 16.3 4.1


18.7 24.3 23.4
10.1 10.7 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


23.6 36.9 38.9
6.6 9.0 ..
3.5 2.6 ..


11.8 24.0 30.1
10.1 7.5
11.7 6.1 10.7


   
     


10 13 299
.. 20.8 ..


445 444 242
1.6 ..
7.2 32.8 41.7
0.9 4.3 6.0




151The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Low income


Myanmar


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


46.3 48.3 817
26.0 28.4 374


.. .. ..


.. .. 571
12.8 .. ..
48.4 .. 25.4
16.2 .. 24.9
11.6 .. 12.8
35.4 .. 49.7


9.4 5.0 7.6
.. .. ..


0.2 .. 27.0
0.1 .. 42.4


   
     


.. ..


.. .. 30


.. .. 7


.. .. 286


.. .. 37


.. .. 3.8


.. .. 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. 4,362
.. .. 4.1


11.7 .. 23.4
.. .. 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


8.1 .. 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


4.7 .. 30.1
11.1 ..


5.5 5.0 10.7
   


     
26 4 299


11.9 .. ..
79 131 242


.. ..
0.3 2.6 41.7
0.1 1.0 6.0




152 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Namibia


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


2.1 2.3 2,490
0.78 0.96 1,333
21.9 .. 5.0


3,300 4,700 6,563
5.4 3.9 ..


11.3 7.9 7.4
29.2 31.0 36.9
13.6 13.5 20.9
59.5 61.1 55.6


2.3 5.0 4.9
6.4 7.3 ..


40.5 44.7 30.7
40.3 52.4 29.0


   
     


.. 87
95 66 40
10 10 8


375 350 318
25 25 19
1.5 1.5 2.8


.. 17.2 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5
   


2.9 ..
2.6 ..


33.1 ..
8.1 ..
9.2 ..


17.6 ..
   


     
36 36 63,901
5.4 7.7 2.9


18.6 21.0 28.0
16.2 12.4 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


41.2 .. 48.6
7.8 7.8 10.2
2.3 1.5 3.1


51.8 48.9 84.5
4.8 1.8
4.4 4.4 5.6


   
     
6 9 6,861


12.8 14.5 ..
1,416 1,479 2,942


0.4 ..
21.6 96.4 92.4


4.0 12.0 38.2




153The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


South Asia Low income


Nepal


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


27.3 30.5 817
14.0 16.5 374


.. .. ..
290 540 571
3.2 4.6 ..


35.9 31.8 25.4
17.7 15.3 24.9


8.2 6.4 12.8
46.4 52.9 49.7


6.8 9.5 7.6
72.5 72.5 ..
14.6 8.9 27.0
29.5 32.8 42.4


   
     


.. 108
31 29 30


7 7 7
408 326 286


43 41 37
5.0 5.0 3.8


.. 17.2 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   
.. 6.5
.. 14.9
.. 49.4
.. 17.5
.. 8.9
.. 3.1


   
     


124 .. 4,362
0.0 0.5 4.1


19.9 21.2 23.4
17.0 16.3 16.0


   
     


51.8 33.8 ..
41.7 63.9 38.9


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
28.7 52.9 30.1


1.5 -6.3
5.9 4.4 10.7


   
     
6 2 299


56.1 .. ..
73 93 242


.. 51.3
0.8 43.8 41.7
0.8 9.0 6.0




154 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Netherlands


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


16.3 16.7 1,135
8.6 8.9 555
4.7 4.4 8.1


39,880 49,660 39,860
1.2 1.0 ..
2.1 2.0 1.3


24.2 23.9 24.2
14.3 13.3 15.8
73.7 74.2 74.5


1.7 2.4 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


69.6 83.0 29.2
61.1 74.1 29.6


   
     


.. 31
9 5 18
7 5 6


250 127 163
6 6 11


1.1 1.1 2.1
.. 20.6 14.1


29.1 35.6
2.6 3.2 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


6.9 1.7 2.1
18.9 17.7 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
51.5 66.0 66.0


112.9 132.1 113.4
3.1 4.3 6.5
1.2 2.7 3.7


165.0 198.4 157.0
0.3 0.7
0.4 –0.6 ..


   
     


241 214 20,636
.. .. ..


6,988 7,010 9,415
.. ..


97.1 115.4 114.1
81.0 92.3 75.8




155The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


New Caledonia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.23 0.25 1,135
0.10 0.11 555


.. .. 8.1


.. .. 39,860


.. .. ..


.. .. 1.3


.. .. 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5


.. .. 3.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 29.2


.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. 3 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


58.1 89.2 114.1
32.4 50.0 75.8




156 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


New Zealand


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


4.1 4.4 1,135
2.2 2.4 555
3.8 6.5 8.1


24,990 29,140 39,860
4.1 0.3 ..
5.4 .. 1.3


25.1 .. 24.2
15.3 .. 15.8
69.5 .. 74.5


3.0 4.4 3.3
1.4 1.3 ..


27.4 30.0 29.2
29.6 28.7 29.6


   
     


.. 3
12 1 18


2 1 6
172 152 163


10 10 11
1.3 1.3 2.1


.. 28.8 14.1
65.6 42.4
23.9 14.5 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


1.4 2.7 2.1
24.0 18.7 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
44.8 63.6 66.0
78.0 94.3 113.4


6.5 6.5 6.5
0.3 1.7 3.7


122.4 147.2 157.0
5.4 3.9
1.1 1.8 ..


   
     


209 201 20,636
64.9 66.2 ..


9,674 9,566 9,415
.. ..


85.4 109.2 114.1
62.7 86.0 75.8




157The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Nicaragua


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


5.4 5.9 2,533
2.1 2.4 1,003
5.6 8.0 4.9


1,170 1,510 1,772
3.1 2.7 ..


17.7 20.0 16.5
23.1 25.8 32.0
14.9 18.1 17.3
59.2 54.2 51.6


9.6 8.1 7.0
16.7 22.4 ..
24.4 41.1 29.1
47.3 60.5 34.6


   
     


.. 119
39 39 31


8 8 8
240 207 308


38 21 25
2.2 2.2 3.0


.. 22.9 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   


9.3 20.2
2.6 4.2


73.4 62.6
13.0 21.9
62.7 24.7
18.7 15.5


   
     


449 314 37,525
3.8 10.4 2.3


25.8 26.0 26.0
20.7 20.6 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


36.2 38.1 51.0
7.3 .. 9.8


12.6 .. 4.6
22.6 25.3 40.4


2.0 0.0
8.1 8.7 8.0


   
     
.. .. 2,326


12.0 12.9 ..
414 473 698
9.3 4.9


20.6 82.2 80.1
2.6 10.6 16.2




158 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Niger


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


13.0 16.1 817
4.3 5.3 374


.. .. ..
260 360 571
3.7 4.5 ..


39.6 .. 25.4
17.1 .. 24.9


6.3 .. 12.8
43.2 .. 49.7


7.8 2.9 7.6
527.5 471.9 ..


15.0 .. 27.0
24.2 .. 42.4


   
     
.. 176


35 17 30
13 9 7


270 270 286
59 59 37
5.0 5.0 3.8


.. 17.3 18.7
0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0 0.3


   
11.4 22.9
17.1 13.7


.. 86.0
14.6 9.3
20.6 37.1


4.8 4.6
   
     


89 103 4,362
1.5 16.8 4.1


18.5 .. 23.4
12.2 .. 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


7.7 11.8 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


6.8 14.2 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7
   
     
.. .. 299


20.6 .. ..
.. .. 242


20.7 18.5
2.5 29.5 41.7
0.2 1.3 6.0




159The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Nigeria


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


139.8 162.5 2,533
43.7 51.7 1,003


.. .. 4.9
630 1,280 1,772
6.6 6.8 ..


32.8 .. 16.5
43.5 .. 32.0


2.8 .. 17.3
23.7 .. 51.6
17.9 10.8 7.0


131.3 154.7 ..
46.5 39.6 29.1
31.0 35.6 34.6


   
     


.. 131
43 34 31


9 8 8
1,120 956 308


41 24 25
2.0 2.0 3.0


.. 22.3 16.1
29.0 72.4


0.4 0.8 1.0
   


6.1 ..
22.9 ..
60.1 ..


2.7 ..
7.5 ..
8.5 ..


   
     


11,225 1,743 37,525
4.4 3.6 2.3


.. .. 26.0


.. .. 19.4
   


     
3.6 .. ..


13.9 34.0 51.0
12.4 3.9 9.8
18.1 11.6 4.6
13.2 21.1 40.4
–1.5 13.4
7.4 10.3 8.0


   
     


10 59 2,326
15.0 .. ..
128 136 698
25.2 ..
13.3 58.6 80.1


3.5 28.4 16.2




160 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Northern Mariana Islands


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.07 0.06 1,135
.. .. 555


6.5 .. 8.1
.. .. 39,860
.. .. ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5
.. .. 3.3
.. .. ..
.. .. 29.2
.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


29.9 .. 114.1
.. .. 75.8




161The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Norway


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


4.6 5.0 1,135
2.4 2.7 555
4.6 3.3 8.1


62,490 88,870 39,860
2.1 0.7 ..
1.5 1.6 1.3


42.6 40.2 24.2
9.7 9.2 15.8


55.9 58.2 74.5
1.5 1.3 3.3
6.4 5.6 ..


44.1 42.1 29.2
27.8 28.3 29.6


   
     


.. 6
8 7 18
5 5 6


87 87 163
7 7 11


0.9 0.9 2.1
.. 24.4 14.1
.. 16.2
.. 4.9 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


3.5 1.5 2.1
19.2 20.2 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
35.9 20.4 66.0
51.1 .. 113.4


7.4 6.8 6.5
0.7 1.7 3.7


80.9 .. 157.0
–4.5 11.4
2.2 2.0 ..


   
     


254 353 20,636
79.6 80.7 ..


25,083 25,175 9,415
.. ..


102.8 115.6 114.1
82.0 94.0 75.8




162 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Oman


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


2.4 2.8 1,135
0.90 1.3 555


.. .. 8.1
11,190 19,260 39,860


3.1 6.0 ..
1.9 .. 1.3


55.1 .. 24.2
8.3 .. 15.8


43.0 .. 74.5
1.9 4.1 3.3
0.4 0.4 ..


58.6 52.6 29.2
31.2 41.5 29.6


   
     


.. 47
35 8 18
10 5 6
52 62 163
14 10 11
4.0 4.0 2.1


.. 10.0 14.1
1.4 3.2
0.8 1.7 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


31.0 ..
14.7 ..
10.8 ..


   
     
.. .. ..


5.0 1.1 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     


8.6 5.1 66.0
26.8 35.0 113.4
14.6 11.3 6.5


7.0 2.4 3.7
30.8 39.0 157.0


–11.1 –9.7
3.8 3.4 ..


   
     


32 39 20,636
39.7 46.0 ..


4,240 5,933 9,415
.. ..


54.9 169.0 114.1
6.7 68.0 75.8




163The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


South Asia Lower middle income


Pakistan


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


158.6 176.7 2,533
51.5 61.5 1,003


6.1 .. 4.9
710 1,120 1,772
5.0 3.7 ..


21.5 21.6 16.5
27.1 24.9 32.0
18.6 18.6 17.3
51.4 53.4 51.6


9.1 11.9 7.0
59.3 85.8 ..
15.7 14.2 29.1
19.6 19.2 34.6


   
     


.. 107
24 21 31
11 10 8


560 560 308
31 21 25
2.8 2.8 3.0


.. 17.9 16.1
4.0 3.6
0.0 0.0 1.0


   
1.9 ..


58.8 ..
12.4 ..


9.7 ..
106.3 ..


9.6 ..
   


     
7,642 1,030 37,525


2.0 0.6 2.3
17.5 11.5 26.0
13.1 8.6 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


37.9 29.1 51.0
7.9 9.6 9.8
8.3 16.2 4.6


28.6 18.4 40.4
1.9 –3.3
6.5 6.2 8.0


   
     


49 66 2,326
65.4 72.2 ..
448 457 698
31.7 ..


8.1 61.6 80.1
6.3 9.0 16.2




164 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


Palau


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.02 0.02 2,490
.. .. 1,333


4.2 .. 5.0
7,770 6,510 6,563


0.9 –1.5 ..
3.5 .. 7.4


16.1 .. 36.9
0.5 .. 20.9


80.4 .. 55.6
.. .. 4.9


1.0 1.0 ..
77.2 103.3 30.7
80.8 93.8 29.0


   
     


.. 111
24 28 40


7 8 8
128 142 318


29 29 19
1.0 1.0 2.8


.. 65.8 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. 63,901


0.6 1.2 2.9
.. .. 28.0
.. .. 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1
.. .. 84.5
.. ..
.. .. 5.6


   
     
.. .. 6,861
.. .. ..
.. .. 2,942
.. ..


30.4 74.9 92.4
27.0 .. 38.2




165The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Panama


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


3.2 3.6 2,490
1.5 1.7 1,333
9.8 4.5 5.0


4,640 7,470 6,563
4.4 8.5 ..
7.0 4.0 7.4


16.6 16.6 36.9
7.4 5.6 20.9


76.5 79.4 55.6
3.2 5.9 4.9
1.0 1.0 ..


75.5 80.8 30.7
69.1 84.1 29.0


   
     


.. 61
18 7 40


6 6 8
560 431 318


9 9 19
2.5 2.5 2.8


.. 12.5 17.6
12.6 0.2


6.1 0.1 3.5
   


10.3 33.3
7.7 6.4


40.1 51.4
19.2 1.1
10.2 1.8
14.7 22.5


   
     


712 651 63,901
7.1 12.0 2.9


16.8 27.5 28.0
14.4 16.7 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


73.8 86.2 48.6
12.8 11.8 10.2


1.8 0.9 3.1
87.1 105.2 84.5


6.8 18.2
6.0 4.6 5.6


   
     


30 62 6,861
34.1 42.0 ..


1,496 1,832 2,942
3.1 0.6


54.0 188.6 92.4
11.5 42.7 38.2




166 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Papua New Guinea


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


6.1 7.0 2,533
2.7 3.1 1,003


.. 4.0 4.9
680 1,480 1,772
1.6 6.6 ..


38.6 35.9 16.5
41.4 44.6 32.0


6.5 5.9 17.3
19.9 19.5 51.6


1.8 8.4 7.0
3.1 2.4 ..


73.6 51.0 29.1
64.1 48.1 34.6


   
     


.. 104
51 51 31


6 6 8
207 207 308


23 23 25
3.0 3.0 3.0


.. 22.0 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. 37,525


0.6 –2.4 2.3
18.1 14.8 26.0


.. .. 19.4
   


     
69.7 .. ..
25.3 .. 51.0


.. .. 9.8


.. .. 4.6
14.0 28.6 40.4
–3.8 1.5
10.6 9.9 8.0


   
     


20 36 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. ..


1.2 34.2 80.1
1.7 2.0 16.2




167The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Paraguay


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


5.9 6.6 2,533
2.7 3.2 1,003
5.8 5.6 4.9


1,260 3,020 1,772
1.7 5.3 ..


21.1 23.5 16.5
20.7 19.6 32.0
13.9 11.9 17.3
58.2 56.9 51.6


6.8 8.3 7.0
6,178.0 4,183.1 ..


50.2 48.5 29.1
55.5 56.9 34.6


   
     


.. 103
74 35 31
17 7 8


328 387 308
35 33 25
3.9 3.9 3.0


.. 9.6 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   


7.9 20.6
24.4 14.6
76.7 75.3


8.2 30.1
27.2 23.2


7.0 15.0
   


     
199 164 37,525
0.3 1.7 2.3


19.4 17.7 26.0
.. .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


19.1 27.3 51.0
11.0 9.0 9.8


6.6 1.7 4.6
17.6 41.1 40.4
25.4 19.9
28.2 25.1 8.0


   
     


10 6 2,326
.. 15.2 ..


849 1,134 698
1.8 2.7


32.0 99.4 80.1
7.9 23.9 16.2




168 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Peru


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


27.6 29.4 2,490
12.8 15.8 1,333
11.4 7.8 5.0


2,710 5,150 6,563
4.3 6.9 ..
7.2 6.4 7.4


34.3 36.4 36.9
16.4 14.0 20.9
58.5 57.2 55.6


1.6 3.4 4.9
3.3 2.8 ..


25.1 28.7 30.7
19.2 24.8 29.0


   
     


.. 43
102 26 40


10 5 8
424 293 318


22 12 19
3.1 3.1 2.8


.. 26.7 17.6
23.3 48.0


1.4 2.5 3.5
   


13.5 14.1
1.6 8.4


64.1 68.6
30.9 45.9
81.6 33.4
14.6 14.2


   
     


5,415 2,393 63,901
3.2 4.7 2.9


18.3 24.1 28.0
15.5 19.6 17.7


   
     


31.2 19.5 ..
22.7 29.5 48.6


7.7 10.1 10.2
6.3 2.9 3.1


18.6 26.4 84.5
21.9 13.3
22.9 16.3 5.6


   
     


61 71 6,861
13.9 .. ..
839 1,106 2,942
0.2 0.6


20.3 110.4 92.4
17.1 36.5 38.2




169The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Philippines


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


85.5 94.9 2,533
34.8 39.7 1,003


7.7 7.0 4.9
1,210 2,210 1,772


4.7 4.6 ..
12.7 12.8 16.5
33.8 31.4 32.0
24.1 21.0 17.3
53.5 55.8 51.6


6.5 4.6 7.0
55.1 43.3 ..
46.1 31.0 29.1
51.7 36.0 34.6


   
     


.. 138
47 36 31
17 16 8


195 193 308
17 15 25
5.7 5.7 3.0


.. 21.1 16.1
13.5 11.4


0.2 0.2 1.0
   


6.9 9.1
.. 21.8
.. 37.5


21.8 21.9
.. 23.1


15.8 15.7
   


     
8,988 1,059 37,525


1.6 0.8 2.3
19.9 19.1 26.0
17.8 16.8 19.4


   
     


73.9 .. ..
53.5 52.2 51.0
12.0 11.1 9.8
10.0 2.6 4.6
29.1 31.8 40.4


4.1 2.5
4.6 3.3 8.0


   
     


59 201 2,326
9.9 .. ..


582 643 698
.. 0.5


40.7 99.3 80.1
5.4 29.0 16.2




170 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Poland


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


38.2 38.5 1,135
17.4 18.4 555
17.7 9.6 8.1


7,270 12,380 39,860
3.2 4.5 ..
4.5 3.5 1.3


30.7 31.6 24.2
18.5 18.5 15.8
64.8 64.8 74.5


2.1 4.2 3.3
3.2 3.0 ..


37.1 42.2 29.2
37.8 43.5 29.6


   
     


.. 55
31 32 18
10 6 6


418 286 163
17 17 11
3.0 3.0 2.1


.. 17.4 14.1
13.0 14.4


0.5 0.5 6.4
   


2.9 12.8
30.4 4.8


.. 32.7
33.3 40.7


9.4 83.0
19.6 17.3


   
     
.. .. ..


3.6 3.0 2.1
18.2 19.9 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
41.4 .. 66.0
37.3 50.7 113.4


7.9 7.7 6.5
11.0 8.2 3.7
28.9 54.9 157.0


4.1 ..
4.0 .. ..


   
     


79 81 20,636
66.5 69.9 ..


3,437 3,783 9,415
.. 0.5


76.4 131.0 114.1
38.8 64.9 75.8




171The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Portugal


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


10.5 10.6 1,135
5.5 5.6 555
7.6 12.7 8.1


18,060 21,370 39,860
0.7 0.0 ..
2.8 2.4 1.3


24.9 23.1 24.2
15.0 13.5 15.8
72.3 74.5 74.5


2.3 3.7 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


27.7 35.5 29.2
37.1 39.3 29.6


   
     


.. 30
54 5 18
11 5 6


328 275 163
20 13 11
2.0 2.0 2.1


.. 14.5 14.1
25.8 27.8


3.7 3.9 6.4
   


1.1 ..
52.1 ..


.. ..
24.4 ..


5.7 ..
12.7 ..


   
     
.. .. ..


2.3 5.5 2.1
23.0 18.1 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
70.3 92.6 66.0
89.7 133.5 113.4


5.8 5.3 6.5
1.5 7.5 3.7


140.7 192.3 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     


149 146 20,636
86.0 .. ..


4,663 4,929 9,415
.. ..


108.6 115.4 114.1
35.0 55.3 75.8




172 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Puerto Rico


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


3.8 3.7 1,135
1.5 1.3 555


11.3 15.7 8.1
14,530 16,560 39,860


1.9 –1.9 ..
0.6 0.6 1.3


47.9 50.1 24.2
43.0 46.4 15.8
51.5 49.3 74.5


.. .. 3.3
1.0 1.0 ..


82.8 77.9 29.2
101.0 92.3 29.6


   
     


.. 41
7 6 18
7 6 6


140 218 163
15 15 11
3.8 2.5 2.1


.. 15.8 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1


14.4 9.1 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636


95.0 .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


52.7 83.0 114.1
23.4 48.0 75.8




173The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Qatar


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.82 1.9 1,135
0.52 1.4 555


1.5 0.6 8.1
62,050 80,440 39,860


8.7 16.5 ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5


8.8 1.9 3.3
3.6 3.6 ..


67.3 47.1 29.2
33.0 31.5 29.6


   
     


.. 40
6 9 18
6 8 6


36 48 163
21 17 11
2.8 2.8 2.1


.. 0.0 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


5.8 –0.1 2.1
33.1 39.6 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
.. .. 66.0


46.9 48.0 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7


34.9 38.6 157.0
–15.5 –7.8


3.5 3.7 ..
   


     
46 110 20,636


.. .. ..
16,294 14,997 9,415


.. ..
87.3 123.1 114.1
24.7 86.2 75.8




174 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Romania


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


21.6 21.4 2,490
10.0 10.2 1,333


7.2 7.4 5.0
3,920 8,140 6,563


5.8 2.0 ..
10.1 7.4 7.4
35.0 41.0 36.9
29.9 .. 20.9
54.9 51.6 55.6


9.0 5.8 4.9
2.9 3.0 ..


32.9 38.3 30.7
43.3 43.5 29.0


   
     


.. 72
11 10 40


5 6 8
190 216 318


27 12 19
4.6 3.3 2.8


.. 10.5 17.6
92.3 65.8


6.1 4.4 3.5
   


1.1 9.2
27.4 12.1


.. 35.1
31.4 37.3
23.6 42.0
18.2 26.1


   
     


5,264 1,091 63,901
6.9 1.3 2.9


23.0 24.6 28.0
20.6 19.3 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


24.8 31.4 48.6
9.2 8.1 10.2
2.6 14.3 3.1


20.0 42.8 84.5
6.5 3.8


13.2 5.8 5.6
   


     
39 58 6,861


30.2 56.5 ..
2,331 2,392 2,942


.. 1.6
61.3 109.2 92.4
21.5 44.0 38.2




175The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Russian Federation


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


143.2 143.0 2,490
73.4 76.3 1,333


7.2 6.6 5.0
4,460 10,650 6,563


6.2 2.9 ..
5.0 4.3 7.4


38.1 37.0 36.9
18.3 16.0 20.9
57.0 58.7 55.6
12.7 8.4 4.9
28.3 29.4 ..
35.2 31.1 30.7
21.5 22.3 29.0


   
     


.. 112
29 18 40


8 8 8
448 177 318


21 21 19
2.0 2.0 2.8


.. 7.1 17.6
484.0 84.4


4.8 0.8 3.5
   


5.2 14.7
59.3 7.3


.. 30.2
15.8 11.3
18.2 120.4
11.3 12.6


   
     


23,827 16,904 63,901
1.7 2.8 2.9


17.8 21.3 28.0
15.2 18.6 17.7


   
     


16.7 9.5 ..
23.7 40.7 48.6
12.8 11.8 10.2


2.6 6.6 3.1
27.5 46.8 84.5
–7.2 –6.4
6.7 4.0 5.6


   
     


391 596 6,861
.. .. ..


5,785 6,431 2,942
.. 0.3


83.4 179.3 92.4
15.2 49.0 38.2




176 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Rwanda


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


9.2 10.9 817
4.5 5.4 374


.. 2.4 ..
270 570 571
7.5 8.2 ..


38.4 31.9 25.4
14.1 16.3 24.9


7.0 6.6 12.8
47.6 51.7 49.7


9.0 5.7 7.6
557.8 600.3 ..


11.4 13.4 27.0
25.2 32.5 42.4


   
     


.. 52
18 3 30


9 2 7
168 134 286


60 29 37
3.0 3.0 3.8


.. 21.2 18.7
0.4 4.6
0.1 0.8 0.3


   
5.9 5.3
4.9 4.4


47.1 56.4
15.9 24.2
18.2 38.9
10.8 11.9


   
     


150 208 4,362
0.3 1.7 4.1


15.8 21.4 23.4
7.7 10.2 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


14.2 .. 38.9
9.4 11.4 ..


29.0 8.0 ..
11.2 .. 30.1


6.0 13.8
8.1 9.6 10.7


   
     
.. .. 299


19.0 .. ..
.. .. 242


9.9 4.0
2.4 40.6 41.7
0.6 7.0 6.0




177The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Samoa


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.18 0.18 2,533
0.07 0.07 1,003


.. .. 4.9
2,090 3,160 1,772


4.9 0.6 ..
13.2 10.0 16.5
30.6 27.1 32.0
15.7 8.3 17.3
56.2 62.9 51.6


1.9 5.2 7.0
2.7 2.4 ..


31.9 31.4 29.1
55.4 58.2 34.6


   
     


.. 57
35 9 31


8 4 8
224 224 308


25 25 25
2.5 2.5 3.0


.. 11.9 16.1
0.1 0.1
0.8 1.4 1.0


   
.. 13.9
.. 19.6
.. 63.6
.. 48.3
.. 9.8
.. 31.4


   
     
.. .. 37,525


0.9 2.3 2.3
.. .. 26.0
.. .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


37.6 .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8


10.8 8.5 4.6
39.1 47.3 40.4
10.5 7.6


7.1 7.7 8.0
   


     
11 4 2,326


.. .. ..


.. .. 698


.. 4.6
13.3 91.4 80.1


3.4 7.0 16.2




178 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


San Marino


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.03 0.03 1,135
.. .. 555


2.8 .. 8.1
40,370 .. 39,860


3.2 3.1 ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5


1.7 2.6 3.3
0.8 .. ..


.. .. 29.2


.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     


51.1 .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0


5.2 ..
5.8 4.8 ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


56.6 111.8 114.1
50.3 49.6 75.8




179The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


São Tomé Príncipe


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.15 0.17 2,533
0.05 0.06 1,003
16.7 .. 4.9
750 1,350 1,772
4.1 5.8 ..


17.3 .. 16.5
20.1 .. 32.0


6.4 .. 17.3
62.7 .. 51.6
17.2 11.9 7.0


10,558.0 17,622.9 ..
13.9 11.5 29.1
52.9 57.4 34.6


   
     


.. 160
144 7 31


10 4 8
424 424 308


27 26 25
6.2 6.2 3.0


.. 22.1 16.1


.. 0.2


.. 2.6 1.0
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     


50 .. 37,525
13.8 14.1 2.3


.. .. 26.0


.. .. 19.4
   


     
.. .. ..
.. .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


26.7 38.1 40.4
17.3 13.2
19.0 14.6 8.0


   
     
1 1 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. ..


7.8 68.3 80.1
13.8 20.2 16.2




180 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Saudi Arabia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


24.0 28.1 1,135
8.1 9.8 555
6.3 5.4 8.1


12,230 17,820 39,860
4.0 3.2 ..
3.2 2.5 1.3


63.2 59.8 24.2
9.4 9.7 15.8


33.5 37.8 74.5
0.7 5.0 3.3
3.7 3.8 ..


60.9 61.6 29.2
27.8 30.6 29.6


   
     


.. 22
67 21 18
13 9 6
69 72 163
17 13 11
2.8 2.8 2.1


.. 2.1 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


3.8 2.8 2.1
16.5 19.0 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
.. .. 66.0


17.9 25.6 113.4
8.8 12.3 6.5
1.9 2.3 3.7


36.9 39.7 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     


116 178 20,636
21.5 .. ..


6,553 7,967 9,415
.. ..


58.9 191.2 114.1
12.7 47.5 75.8




181The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Senegal


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


10.9 12.8 2,533
4.6 5.6 1,003


10.0 .. 4.9
800 1,070 1,772
4.6 3.4 ..


16.7 15.0 16.5
23.8 24.0 32.0
15.2 14.1 17.3
59.6 60.9 51.6


1.7 3.4 7.0
527.5 471.9 ..


26.9 24.5 29.1
42.5 44.2 34.6


   
     


.. 166
58 5 31
10 3 8


696 666 308
20 11 25
3.0 3.0 3.0


.. 14.8 16.1
0.7 1.3
0.1 0.2 1.0


   
2.9 ..


18.7 ..
74.1 ..
19.8 ..


9.4 ..
6.1 ..


   
     


742 174 37,525
1.9 2.0 2.3


29.6 30.6 26.0
19.7 18.7 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


25.4 32.0 51.0
7.6 9.8 9.8


11.9 16.2 4.6
23.3 29.0 40.4


.. ..


.. .. 8.0
   


     
6 0 2,326


29.3 35.5 ..
163 195 698
11.5 ..
15.9 73.3 80.1


4.8 17.5 16.2




182 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Serbia


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


7.4 7.3 2,490
.. .. 1,333


20.8 19.2 5.0
3,430 5,690 6,563


5.3 1.8 ..
12.1 9.0 7.4
29.0 26.6 36.9
17.4 15.6 20.9
58.9 64.3 55.6
16.1 11.1 4.9
66.7 73.3 ..
26.2 36.1 30.7
47.2 51.2 29.0


   
     


.. 86
23 12 40
11 6 8


279 279 318
32 12 19
2.7 2.0 2.8


.. 11.6 17.6
10.2 8.2


2.0 1.7 3.5
   


6.9 12.2
59.6 3.6


.. 53.6
30.2 42.8
17.7 109.5
14.1 21.8


   
     


564 147 63,901
4.3 5.9 2.9


19.0 24.9 28.0
16.3 21.6 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


23.6 43.2 48.6
16.2 16.0 10.2
22.2 19.0 3.1
29.0 48.2 84.5


1.0 6.2
13.1 7.4 5.6


   
     


17 17 6,861
.. 63.3 ..


3,922 4,359 2,942
.. 0.6


67.8 125.4 92.4
26.3 42.2 38.2




183The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Seychelles


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.08 0.09 2,490
.. .. 1,333


5.5 .. 5.0
10,540 11,270 6,563


–1.0 3.8 ..
3.3 2.2 7.4


16.4 13.6 36.9
8.7 7.2 20.9


80.3 84.2 55.6
0.9 2.6 4.9
5.5 12.4 ..


37.0 45.6 30.7
73.4 99.1 29.0


   
     


.. 74
39 39 40
10 10 8
76 76 318
17 16 19
2.0 2.0 2.8


.. 23.3 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     


51 0.8 63,901
9.3 13.1 2.9


.. .. 28.0


.. .. 17.7
   


     
.. 75.3 ..


79.7 55.0 48.6
6.6 9.0 10.2
4.4 8.1 3.1


30.8 26.0 84.5
9.3 4.5
6.0 9.1 5.6


   
     


20 13 6,861
96.0 96.5 ..


.. .. 2,942


.. ..
70.4 145.7 92.4
25.4 43.2 38.2




184 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Sierra Leone


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


5.2 6.0 817
2.0 2.3 374
3.4 .. ..


310 460 571
9.0 5.3 ..


52.5 57.6 25.4
12.0 8.4 24.9


2.6 2.4 12.8
35.6 33.9 49.7
11.6 16.2 7.6


2,889.6 4,230.5 ..
17.8 16.6 27.0
29.7 54.5 42.4


   
     


.. 140
26 12 30


8 6 7
399 357 286


31 24 37
2.6 2.6 3.8


.. 17.6 18.7
0.5 1.3
0.2 0.4 0.3


   
.. 7.3
.. 8.6
.. 80.3
.. 6.9
.. 14.8
.. 13.8


   
     


49 46 4,362
5.6 24.0 4.1


11.5 40.9 23.4
6.5 30.2 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


11.0 18.1 38.9
10.3 14.0 ..
26.8 15.1 ..


3.4 7.7 30.1
6.8 2.8


13.5 11.2 10.7
   


     
0 0 299


8.0 .. ..
.. .. 242
.. 13.7


14.2 35.6 41.7
0.2 0.3 6.0




185The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Singapore


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


4.3 5.2 1,135
2.2 2.9 555
4.1 2.9 8.1


27,240 42,930 39,860
5.1 5.7 ..
0.1 0.0 1.3


31.6 26.6 24.2
26.8 20.9 15.8
68.4 73.4 74.5


0.4 5.3 3.3
1.7 1.4 ..


229.7 209.0 29.2
200.3 182.3 29.6


   
     


.. 1
6 3 18
6 3 6


80 82 163
5 5 11


0.8 0.8 2.1
.. 6.0 14.1


19.5 32.3
6.4 8.4 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


14.6 26.7 2.1
21.1 23.4 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
96.8 112.7 66.0


101.3 131.0 113.4
9.6 8.3 6.5
3.8 1.1 3.7


90.9 112.6 157.0
3.2 4.9
4.9 5.2 ..


   
     


77 148 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..
8,507 8,307 9,415


.. ..
102.8 150.2 114.1


61.0 71.0 75.8




186 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Sint Maarten (Dutch part)


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.04 0.04 1,135
.. .. 555
.. .. 8.1
.. .. 39,860
.. .. ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5
.. .. 3.3
.. .. ..
.. .. 29.2
.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..
.. .. 114.1
.. .. 75.8




187The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Slovak Republic


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


5.4 5.4 1,135
2.7 2.7 555


16.2 13.5 8.1
11,040 16,190 39,860


4.9 3.9 ..
3.7 3.9 1.3


36.5 34.9 24.2
24.1 20.7 15.8
59.9 61.2 74.5


2.7 3.9 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


76.3 89.1 29.2
80.9 86.4 29.6


   
     


.. 46
27 16 18


9 6 6
325 207 163


22 17 11
4.8 4.0 2.1


.. 6.8 14.1
11.8 19.0


3.1 4.8 6.4
   


2.5 6.7
31.3 3.1


.. 40.3
23.8 33.5


7.4 25.0
12.3 28.6


   
     
.. .. ..


4.9 3.8 2.1
26.5 22.4 17.9
21.6 .. ..


   
     


37.1 45.6 66.0
43.4 .. 113.4


7.4 10.8 6.5
5.0 5.6 3.7


35.1 .. 157.0
4.2 ..
4.2 .. ..


   
     


14 1 20,636
87.0 87.1 ..


4,920 5,164 9,415
.. 0.3


83.8 109.3 114.1
55.2 74.4 75.8




188 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Slovenia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


2.0 2.1 1,135
1.0 1.0 555
6.5 8.2 8.1


18,070 23,600 39,860
3.6 1.0 ..
2.7 2.5 1.3


34.1 31.6 24.2
23.9 21.1 15.8
63.2 65.9 74.5


2.5 1.8 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


62.2 72.3 29.2
62.6 71.3 29.6


   
     


.. 35
60 6 18


9 2 6
260 260 163


20 16 11
2.0 2.0 2.1


.. 14.1 14.1
3.3 5.8
2.4 4.0 6.4


   
2.4 7.3


13.9 0.0
.. 27.4


47.3 52.2
12.7 60.8
30.5 28.0


   
     
.. .. ..


2.7 1.7 2.1
25.4 19.5 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
.. .. 66.0


53.7 58.1 113.4
8.5 8.2 6.5
2.5 11.8 3.7


56.3 91.4 157.0
6.0 2.9
4.6 4.5 ..


   
     


18 21 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..
6,918 6,521 9,415


.. 1.0
87.9 106.6 114.1
46.8 72.0 75.8




189The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Solomon Islands


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.47 0.55 2,533
0.19 0.22 1,003


.. .. 4.9
890 1,110 1,772
1.6 6.1 ..


34.5 38.9 16.5
8.1 6.1 32.0
5.7 3.8 17.3


57.4 55.0 51.6
7.3 7.3 7.0
7.5 7.6 ..


34.1 25.8 29.1
54.6 49.6 34.6


   
     


.. 92
56 9 31


7 7 8
80 80 308
24 24 25
1.0 1.0 3.0


.. 15.0 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. 37,525


0.1 17.5 2.3
12.5 .. 26.0


.. .. 19.4
   


     
.. .. ..


20.8 .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


20.6 23.9 40.4
8.4 5.4


13.4 11.2 8.0
   


     
12 7 2,326


.. .. ..


.. .. 698


.. ..
1.3 49.8 80.1
0.8 6.0 16.2




190 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Somalia


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


8.4 9.6 817
2.6 3.0 374


.. .. ..


.. .. 571


.. .. ..


.. .. 25.4


.. .. 24.9


.. .. 12.8


.. .. 49.7


.. .. 7.6


.. .. ..


.. .. 27.0


.. .. 42.4
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 30
.. .. 7
.. .. 286
.. .. 37
.. .. 3.8
.. .. 18.7
.. ..
.. .. 0.3
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     


13 .. 4,362
.. .. 4.1
.. .. 23.4
.. .. 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..
.. .. 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7


   
     
.. .. 299
.. .. ..
.. .. 242
.. ..


6.0 6.9 41.7
1.1 1.3 6.0




191The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


South Africa


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


47.2 50.6 2,490
17.2 18.5 1,333
23.8 24.7 5.0


4,850 6,960 6,563
3.8 2.9 ..
2.7 2.4 7.4


31.2 30.6 36.9
18.5 13.4 20.9
66.2 67.0 55.6


3.4 5.0 4.9
6.4 7.3 ..


27.4 28.8 30.7
27.9 29.4 29.0


   
     


.. 39
35 19 40


9 5 8
350 200 318


25 16 19
2.0 2.0 2.8


.. 24.3 17.6
44.2 25.2


1.5 0.8 3.5
   


6.0 ..
3.1 ..


45.3 ..
34.8 ..
15.8 ..
26.4 ..


   
     


12,307 1,824 63,901
2.6 1.4 2.9


16.8 18.9 28.0
12.5 11.8 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


56.7 62.6 48.6
7.9 7.3 10.2
1.5 4.7 3.1


144.2 142.2 84.5
4.9 0.9
4.6 3.3 5.6


   
     


148 183 6,861
.. .. ..


4,704 4,803 2,942
0.9 ..


71.1 126.8 92.4
7.5 21.0 38.2




192 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


South Sudan


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


7.6 10.3 2,533
.. .. 1,003
.. .. 4.9
.. .. 1,772
.. 3.6 ..
.. .. 16.5
.. .. 32.0
.. .. 17.3
.. .. 51.6
.. 47.3 7.0
.. 2.8 ..
.. 64.9 29.1
.. 27.2 34.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 31
.. .. 8
.. .. 308
.. .. 25
.. .. 3.0
.. .. 16.1


0.1 1.6
.. 0.3 1.0
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. 60 37,525
.. .. 2.3
.. 10.4 26.0
.. 6.6 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6
.. .. 40.4
.. ..
.. .. 8.0


   
     
.. .. 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. ..
.. .. 80.1
.. .. 16.2




193The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Spain


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


43.4 46.2 1,135
21.0 23.2 555


9.2 21.6 8.1
25,450 30,930 39,860


3.2 0.4 ..
3.2 2.7 1.3


29.7 26.1 24.2
15.8 12.8 15.8
67.1 71.2 74.5


3.4 3.2 3.3
0.8 0.7 ..


25.7 30.3 29.2
30.9 31.1 29.6


   
     


.. 44
47 28 18
10 10 6


298 167 163
9 9 11


1.5 1.5 2.1
.. 1.2 14.1


131.1 81.0
4.4 2.6 6.4


   
0.8 ..


14.3 ..
.. ..


32.6 ..
9.3 ..


21.3 ..
   


     
.. .. ..


2.7 2.1 2.1
29.4 21.1 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
38.5 55.2 66.0


104.8 150.9 113.4
6.8 6.1 6.5
0.8 6.0 3.7


145.7 205.9 157.0
0.0 ..
1.8 .. ..


   
     


586 560 20,636
99.0 .. ..


6,147 6,155 9,415
.. ..


98.4 113.2 114.1
47.9 67.6 75.8




194 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


South Asia Lower middle income


Sri Lanka


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


19.6 20.9 2,533
8.1 8.6 1,003
7.7 4.9 4.9


1,210 2,580 1,772
4.3 6.4 ..


11.8 12.1 16.5
30.2 29.9 32.0
19.5 18.2 17.3
58.0 58.0 51.6
11.6 6.7 7.0


100.5 110.6 ..
32.3 23.1 29.1
41.3 37.6 34.6


   
     


.. 81
50 7 31


8 5 8
256 254 308


25 20 25
1.7 1.7 3.0


.. 1.6 16.1
3.0 8.1
0.2 0.6 1.0


   
3.5 1.7
2.7 7.7


.. 47.4
26.2 43.6
83.4 42.4


.. 9.1
   


     
985 1,139 37,525
1.1 1.6 2.3


23.4 27.1 26.0
19.5 21.4 19.4


   
     


90.6 .. ..
37.0 34.4 51.0


5.7 .. 9.8
15.3 .. 4.6
32.9 30.6 40.4


0.3 1.5
5.1 3.0 8.0


   
     


20 22 2,326
81.0 .. ..
398 449 698


.. 4.1
16.9 87.0 80.1


1.8 15.0 16.2




195The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


St. Kitts and Nevis


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.05 0.05 1,135
.. .. 555
.. .. 8.1


10,890 12,610 39,860
3.2 0.2 ..
2.0 1.8 1.3


26.4 22.8 24.2
7.6 6.6 15.8


71.6 75.4 74.5
3.4 5.9 3.3
2.7 2.7 ..


42.3 32.7 29.2
52.2 45.2 29.6


   
     


.. 96
19 19 18


7 7 6
172 203 163


17 13 11
.. .. 2.1
.. 32.1 14.1
.. 0.2
.. 5.7 6.4
   
.. 10.7
.. 0.0
.. 65.4
.. 46.4
.. 15.7
.. 19.4


   
     
.. 17 ..


17.3 16.4 2.1
44.5 32.0 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
.. .. 66.0


111.6 132.8 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7


55.6 70.1 157.0
12.1 7.9


5.5 5.0 ..
   


     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. 4.2


103.7 152.7 114.1
34.0 76.0 75.8




196 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


St. Lucia


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.16 0.18 2,490
0.08 0.09 1,333
16.6 .. 5.0


5,140 6,820 6,563
2.0 2.6 ..
3.7 3.3 7.4


20.0 16.1 36.9
5.5 3.6 20.9


76.3 80.6 55.6
3.9 2.8 4.9
2.7 2.7 ..


57.8 44.4 30.7
65.5 65.4 29.0


   
     


.. 53
20 15 40


6 5 8
71 92 318
18 14 19
2.0 2.0 2.8


.. 25.8 17.6


.. 0.4


.. 3.0 3.5
   
.. 2.2
.. 11.9
.. 18.2
.. 52.2
.. 6.3
.. 0.6


   
     


90 .. 63,901
8.6 6.4 2.9


29.7 34.3 28.0
.. .. 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


82.0 89.2 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1


78.2 109.8 84.5
2.5 7.0
7.8 6.5 5.6


   
     
.. .. 6,861
.. .. ..
.. .. 2,942
.. 3.0


63.9 123.0 92.4
21.6 42.0 38.2




197The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


St. Martin (French part)


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


0.03 0.03 1,135
.. .. 555
.. .. 8.1
.. .. 39,860
.. .. ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5
.. .. 3.3
.. .. ..
.. .. 29.2
.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..
.. .. 114.1
.. .. 75.8




198 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


St. Vincent and Grenadines


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.11 0.11 2,490
0.05 0.05 1,333


.. .. 5.0
4,960 6,070 6,563


4.9 0.7 ..
6.3 6.4 7.4


18.8 19.6 36.9
5.9 5.8 20.9


74.9 74.1 55.6
3.7 4.0 4.9
2.7 2.7 ..


36.4 27.1 30.7
52.8 56.2 29.0


   
     


.. 75
12 10 40


8 7 8
76 111 318
15 12 19


.. .. 2.8


.. 30.2 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5
   
.. 4.8
.. 5.9
.. 65.0
.. 55.8
.. 9.3
.. 20.9


   
     


50 .. 63,901
7.3 16.0 2.9


26.6 25.4 28.0
.. .. 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


64.9 65.2 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1


45.6 52.1 84.5
6.4 7.2
6.7 6.1 5.6


   
     
.. .. 6,861


70.0 .. ..
.. .. 2,942
.. 1.7


64.9 120.5 92.4
9.2 43.0 38.2




199The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Sudan


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


30.8 34.3 2,533
9.6 11.1 1,003


.. .. 4.9
600 1,310 1,772
6.0 7.2 ..


31.5 24.5 16.5
27.7 28.1 32.0


6.9 6.9 17.3
40.8 47.4 51.6


8.5 13.0 7.0
2.4 2.7 ..


19.2 18.5 29.1
28.4 16.3 34.6


   
     


.. 143
39 36 31
10 10 8


180 180 308
56 32 25
2.0 2.0 3.0


.. 13.8 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     


748 382 37,525
8.7 3.0 2.3


23.1 19.2 26.0
18.2 16.2 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


10.8 13.4 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


10.4 11.4 40.4
.. ..
.. .. 8.0


   
     
9 9 2,326
.. .. ..


79 141 698
.. ..


4.8 56.1 80.1
1.3 19.0 16.2


a


b


b




200 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Suriname


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


0.50 0.53 2,490
0.18 0.21 1,333


9.5 .. 5.0
3,320 7,840 6,563


5.9 4.1 ..
5.4 9.7 7.4


37.3 38.3 36.9
18.4 23.3 20.9
57.3 52.0 55.6


9.9 17.7 4.9
2.7 3.3 ..


30.4 .. 30.7
45.2 .. 29.0


   
     


.. 164
694 694 40


13 13 8
199 199 318


21 23 19
5.0 5.0 2.8


.. 27.9 17.6
0.2 0.4
0.5 1.0 3.5


   
.. 6.4
.. 1.8
.. 85.3
.. 37.0
.. 44.4
.. 16.9


   
     
.. .. 63,901


1.6 3.4 2.9
24.9 .. 28.0
19.6 .. 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


37.3 39.0 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1


19.3 24.3 84.5
1.6 –0.3


10.1 5.4 5.6
   


     
5 2 6,861


26.3 .. ..
.. .. 2,942
.. 0.7


46.6 178.9 92.4
6.4 32.0 38.2




201The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Swaziland


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


1.0 1.1 2,533
0.33 0.38 1,003


.. .. 4.9
2,600 3,470 1,772


2.2 2.2 ..
8.8 7.2 16.5


44.7 45.9 32.0
38.9 42.2 17.3
46.5 46.9 51.6


4.8 6.1 7.0
6.4 7.3 ..


87.1 64.6 29.1
91.2 72.5 34.6


   
     


.. 123
60 56 31
12 12 8


104 104 308
21 18 25
2.0 2.0 3.0


.. 28.1 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   


4.4 ..
3.3 ..


39.7 ..
7.7 ..


16.9 ..
22.1 ..


   
     


28 11 37,525
–1.8 2.3 2.3
15.0 9.3 26.0


7.1 4.4 19.4
   


     
.. .. ..


19.6 27.6 51.0
14.4 17.4 9.8


7.0 7.5 4.6
21.1 26.4 40.4


7.9 5.9
6.6 6.2 8.0


   
     
.. .. 2,326


30.0 .. ..
.. .. 698


1.8 ..
18.1 63.7 80.1


3.7 18.1 16.2




202 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Sweden


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


9.0 9.4 1,135
4.8 5.0 555
7.7 7.5 8.1


42,920 53,170 39,860
2.8 1.3 ..
1.2 1.8 1.3


28.1 26.3 24.2
19.9 16.2 15.8
70.6 71.8 74.5


0.5 3.0 3.3
7.5 6.5 ..


48.4 49.9 29.2
40.6 43.7 29.6


   
     


.. 13
16 16 18


3 3 6
122 122 163


8 8 11
2.0 2.0 2.1


.. 15.7 14.1
20.6 44.0


3.5 7.2 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


5.5 0.6 2.1
17.9 18.4 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
53.1 38.2 66.0
45.0 59.8 113.4


4.8 5.0 6.5
0.8 0.7 3.7


107.9 135.8 157.0
2.4 ..
2.5 .. ..


   
     


190 162 20,636
31.5 23.4 ..


15,431 14,939 9,415
.. ..


100.8 118.6 114.1
84.8 91.0 75.8




203The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


Switzerland


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data


7.4 7.9 1,135
4.2 4.5 555
4.4 4.1 8.1


58,530 76,350 39,860
1.2 1.9 ..


.. .. 1.3
26.3 25.9 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5
1.2 0.2 3.3
1.2 0.9 ..


47.6 51.2 29.2
40.9 40.4 29.6


   
     


.. 28
18 18 18


6 6 6
63 63 163


8 8 11
3.0 3.0 2.1


.. 8.9 14.1
11.1 13.6


2.2 2.5 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


0.7 1.5 2.1
21.4 20.4 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
27.2 .. 66.0


135.4 152.5 113.4
5.1 5.5 6.5
0.5 0.8 3.7


159.1 169.4 157.0
2.9 2.5
2.6 2.7 ..


   
     


135 240 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..
8,305 8,175 9,415


.. ..
92.2 131.4 114.1
70.1 85.2 75.8




204 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


Syrian Arab Republic


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data


18.5 20.8 2,533
5.2 5.6 1,003
8.2 8.4 4.9


1,500 2,750 1,772
4.7 5.0 ..


19.5 22.9 16.5
36.2 30.6 32.0


8.0 .. 17.3
44.3 46.5 51.6


7.2 4.8 7.0
52.2 46.7 ..
40.4 35.3 29.1
41.6 35.8 34.6


   
     


.. 144
43 13 31
12 7 8


336 336 308
21 15 25
4.1 4.1 3.0


.. 20.0 16.1
0.1 0.6
0.0 0.0 1.0


   
10.3 12.2
68.8 61.0


.. 52.6
7.6 20.7


61.8 118.4
7.4 ..


   
     


583 75 37,525
1.7 2.5 2.3


23.0 18.8 26.0
11.9 9.7 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


46.2 55.0 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


14.8 22.5 40.4
–3.5 3.4
–1.0 3.7 8.0


   
     


17 15 2,326
95.2 90.3 ..


1,488 1,905 698
.. ..


16.0 63.2 80.1
5.6 22.5 16.2




205The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Low income


Tajikistan


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data


6.5 7.0 817
2.5 2.9 374


.. .. ..
340 870 571
10.1 8.9 ..
24.0 19.9 25.4
31.3 20.2 24.9
23.7 8.3 12.8
44.7 60.0 49.7


7.1 12.4 7.6
3.1 4.6 ..


26.0 15.3 27.0
52.8 58.3 42.4


   
     


.. 141
80 24 30
14 5 7


224 224 286
71 71 37
1.7 1.7 3.8


.. 0.0 18.7
0.9 1.2
0.2 0.3 0.3


   
4.2 ..


71.5 ..
.. ..


1.3 ..
5.3 ..
6.4 ..


   
     


25 49 4,362
2.4 0.2 4.1


13.8 18.7 23.4
6.0 7.0 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


5.4 .. 38.9
16.5 20.0 ..


4.8 14.9 ..
17.2 .. 30.1
16.5 10.2
13.1 16.6 10.7


   
     
7 6 299
.. .. ..


2,261 2,004 242
.. ..


4.1 90.6 41.7
0.3 13.0 6.0




206 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Low-
income
group


Tanzania


38.8 46.2 817
19.3 22.8 374


4.3 .. ..
380 540 571
7.1 6.8 ..


31.8 27.7 25.4
22.7 25.1 24.9


8.7 10.2 12.8
45.5 47.2 49.7


5.0 12.7 7.6
1,128.9 1,572.1 ..


20.8 31.1 27.0
29.7 50.2 42.4


   
     


.. 134
28 26 30
11 9 7


172 172 286
30 18 37
3.0 3.0 3.8


.. 20.2 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   


4.0 ..
14.7 ..
66.8 ..


6.8 ..
44.3 ..
14.7 ..


   
     


899 572 4,362
6.6 4.6 4.1


24.7 36.1 23.4
18.7 27.1 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


21.3 28.0 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


10.2 17.8 30.1
8.3 5.3


10.5 8.2 10.7
   


     
6 24 299


8.6 14.9 ..
70 78 242
9.1 ..
7.6 55.5 41.7
4.3 12.0 6.0




207The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


Thailand


66.7 69.5 2,490
37.9 39.8 1,333


1.3 0.7 5.0
2,560 4,440 6,563


5.5 2.8 ..
10.3 12.4 7.4
44.0 41.2 36.9
34.7 35.6 20.9
45.8 46.5 55.6


4.5 3.8 4.9
40.2 30.5 ..
73.6 76.9 30.7
74.7 72.4 29.0


   
     


.. 18
33 29 40


8 4 8
264 264 318


24 14 19
2.7 2.7 2.8


.. 28.1 17.6
32.1 27.5


0.7 0.6 3.5
   


0.4 ..
.. ..
.. ..


74.4 ..
27.9 ..
39.0 ..


   
     


11,760 3,339 63,901
4.6 2.3 2.9


28.9 26.3 28.0
21.8 20.8 17.7


   
     


27.3 30.2 ..
101.4 103.9 48.6


8.9 9.4 10.2
9.1 2.9 3.1


100.7 140.4 84.5
1.2 2.6
3.9 4.6 5.6


   
     


124 199 6,861
.. .. ..


1,878 2,243 2,942
1.3 ..


45.7 111.6 92.4
15.0 23.7 38.2




208 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Lower
middle-
income
group


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Timor-Leste


0.98 1.2 2,533
0.30 0.36 1,003


.. 3.6 4.9
740 2,730 1,772
0.5 10.3 ..


.. .. 16.5


.. .. 32.0


.. .. 17.3


.. .. 51.6
1.1 13.5 7.0
1.0 1.0 ..


.. .. 29.1


.. .. 34.6
   


     
.. 169


167 94 31
11 8 8


640 276 308
25 25 25


.. .. 3.0


.. 14.9 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   
.. 3.8
.. 2.6
.. 66.4
.. 1.6
.. 9.1
.. 2.2


   
     
.. .. 37,525


0.2 4.5 2.3
.. .. 26.0
.. .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


23.3 12.6 40.4
–15.6 2.0
15.9 10.2 8.0


   
     
.. .. 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. 10.3


3.3 53.2 80.1
0.1 0.9 16.2




209The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Togo


5.4 6.2 817
2.5 3.0 374


.. .. ..
370 570 571
1.5 3.3 ..


39.4 31.9 25.4
17.2 16.1 24.9


8.5 8.4 12.8
43.4 52.0 49.7


6.8 3.6 7.6
527.5 471.9 ..


40.0 40.9 27.0
58.7 58.4 42.4


   
     


.. 156
65 38 30
13 6 7


270 270 286
34 24 37
3.0 3.0 3.8


.. 9.3 18.7
0.0 0.4
0.0 0.1 0.3


   
.. 2.7
.. 16.4
.. 80.5
.. 16.9
.. 53.9
.. 6.6


   
     


735 519 4,362
4.5 1.5 4.1


15.8 18.9 23.4
13.1 10.5 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


22.3 38.3 38.9
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


17.5 29.6 30.1
.. ..
.. .. 10.7


   
     
.. 11 299


21.0 .. ..
114 .. 242


.. 7.3
8.0 50.4 41.7
1.8 3.5 6.0




210 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Lower
middle-
income
group


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Tonga


0.10 0.10 2,533
0.04 0.04 1,003


1.1 .. 4.9
2,550 3,820 1,772


2.4 0.9 ..
20.5 19.5 16.5
19.4 22.4 32.0


8.6 6.6 17.3
60.0 58.1 51.6


8.3 6.3 7.0
1.9 1.8 ..


17.6 17.9 29.1
57.7 60.6 34.6


   
     


.. 62
32 16 31


4 4 8
164 164 308


21 22 25
2.7 2.7 3.0


.. 24.3 16.1
0.1 0.1
2.3 2.0 1.0


   
.. 6.6
.. 1.4
.. 86.8
.. 33.9
.. 8.3
.. 7.8


   
     


32 .. 37,525
2.7 2.4 2.3


21.9 30.7 26.0
.. .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


44.7 42.0 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


52.2 31.9 40.4
5.5 5.9
5.5 7.5 8.0


   
     
5 .. 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. 2.0


29.6 52.6 80.1
4.9 25.0 16.2




211The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High-
income
group


High income


Trinidad and Tobago


1.3 1.3 1,135
0.67 0.71 555


8.0 .. 8.1
10,910 15,840 39,860


8.7 1.6 ..
0.5 0.7 1.3


60.3 59.7 24.2
5.5 4.8 15.8


39.2 39.7 74.5
6.9 5.1 3.3
6.3 6.4 ..


65.8 57.8 29.2
39.0 32.9 29.6


   
     


.. 69
43 41 18


9 8 6
210 210 163


14 11 11
4.0 4.0 2.1


.. 21.6 14.1


.. ..


.. .. 6.4
   
.. 7.9
.. 5.5
.. 69.2
.. 36.7
.. 18.8
.. 11.0


   
     
.. .. ..


5.8 2.6 2.1
28.6 .. 17.9
19.4 .. ..


   
     


16.8 21.3 66.0
40.6 51.4 113.4


.. .. 6.5


.. .. 3.7
34.6 39.1 157.0
–7.0 –4.3
6.9 6.5 ..


   
     


14 37 20,636
.. .. ..


5,070 5,894 9,415
.. 0.5


70.3 135.6 114.1
29.0 55.2 75.8




212 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


Tunisia


10.0 10.7 2,490
3.4 3.9 1,333


12.9 13.0 5.0
3,200 4,020 6,563


4.5 3.6 ..
10.1 8.9 7.4
29.2 31.3 36.9
17.3 18.1 20.9
60.7 59.8 55.6


2.0 3.6 4.9
1.3 1.4 ..


44.9 48.9 30.7
45.3 55.8 29.0


   
     


.. 50
11 11 40
10 10 8


268 144 318
16 13 19
1.3 1.3 2.8


.. 15.2 17.6
4.9 4.7
0.7 0.6 3.5


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     


781 181 63,901
2.2 0.9 2.9


21.3 21.5 28.0
18.3 20.7 17.7


   
     


52.4 44.0 ..
45.3 55.7 48.6


7.7 .. 10.2
20.9 12.1 3.1
58.3 75.5 84.5


.. ..


.. .. 5.6
   


     
21 31 6,861


65.8 76.0 ..
1,092 1,350 2,942


.. ..
57.3 116.9 92.4


9.7 39.1 38.2




213The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Turkey


68.1 73.6 2,490
23.1 27.0 1,333
10.6 9.8 5.0


6,480 10,410 6,563
5.2 3.1 ..


10.8 9.1 7.4
28.5 27.9 36.9
19.9 18.6 20.9
60.7 63.0 55.6
10.1 6.5 4.9


1.3 1.7 ..
21.9 23.7 30.7
25.4 32.6 29.0


   
     


.. 71
6 6 40
6 6 8


254 223 318
20 13 19
3.3 3.3 2.8


.. 17.9 17.6
42.7 ..


0.9 .. 3.5
   


6.3 ..
8.4 ..


.. ..
32.6 ..
11.1 ..
26.7 ..


   
     


21,742 14,434 63,901
2.1 2.1 2.9


21.0 21.8 28.0
17.7 18.0 17.7


   
     


51.5 45.9 ..
37.9 50.2 48.6
13.4 11.7 10.2


5.0 2.6 3.1
22.2 50.0 84.5


.. ..


.. .. 5.6
   


     
146 382 6,861


.. 89.4 ..
2,007 2,477 2,942


.. ..
64.0 88.7 92.4
15.5 42.1 38.2




214 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Turkmenistan


4.7 5.1 2,490
1.9 2.2 1,333


.. .. 5.0
1,600 4,800 6,563


4.5 10.8 ..
18.8 14.5 7.4
37.6 48.4 36.9
21.7 .. 20.9
43.6 37.0 55.6


.. .. 4.9
2.2 2.9 ..


65.0 77.8 30.7
47.8 45.3 29.0


   
     


.. ..


.. .. 40


.. .. 8


.. .. 318


.. .. 19


.. .. 2.8


.. .. 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     


20 .. 63,901
5.2 11.4 2.9


22.9 54.1 28.0
22.7 15.5 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1
.. .. 84.5
.. ..
.. .. 5.6


   
     


14 0 6,861
.. .. ..


2,055 2,403 2,942
.. ..


2.2 68.8 92.4
1.0 5.0 38.2




215The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High-
income
group


High income


Turks and Caicos Islands


0.03 0.04 1,135
.. .. 555


8.0 .. 8.1
.. .. 39,860
.. .. ..
.. .. 1.3
.. .. 24.2
.. .. 15.8
.. .. 74.5
.. .. 3.3
.. .. ..
.. .. 29.2
.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..
.. .. 114.1
.. .. 75.8




216 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


Tuvalu


0.01 0.01 2,490
.. .. 1,333


6.5 .. 5.0
3,740 4,950 6,563


0.2 2.0 ..
20.4 23.3 7.4


7.8 11.9 36.9
0.8 1.5 20.9


71.8 64.8 55.6
.. .. 4.9


1.3 1.0 ..
.. .. 30.7
.. .. 29.0
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 40
.. .. 8
.. .. 318
.. .. 19
.. .. 2.8
.. .. 17.6
.. ..
.. .. 3.5
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. 63,901


–0.1 5.0 2.9
.. .. 28.0
.. .. 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 48.6
.. .. 10.2
.. .. 3.1
.. .. 84.5
.. ..
.. .. 5.6


   
     
.. .. 6,861
.. .. ..
.. .. 2,942
.. ..


13.4 21.6 92.4
10.0 30.0 38.2




217The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Uganda


28.4 34.5 817
11.5 13.9 374


2.0 4.2 ..
300 510 571
6.9 7.8 ..


26.7 23.4 25.4
25.0 25.4 24.9


7.5 8.2 12.8
48.3 51.1 49.7


8.4 18.7 7.6
1,737.6 2,323.4 ..


14.2 23.7 27.0
24.8 34.5 42.4


   
     


.. 120
34 33 30
18 15 7


237 213 286
38 33 37
2.2 2.2 3.8


.. 25.0 18.7
8.2 11.2
0.6 0.7 0.3


   
5.2 ..


14.5 ..
73.1 ..


7.7 ..
33.0 ..
15.5 ..


   
     


502 215 4,362
4.1 4.7 4.1


22.2 24.4 23.4
17.2 17.7 16.0


   
     


64.9 42.7 ..
14.9 21.2 38.9
10.3 14.6 ..


2.3 2.2 ..
8.6 17.9 30.1


21.8 16.2
10.9 8.8 10.7


   
     
0 0 299


23.0 .. ..
.. .. 242


10.7 ..
4.6 48.4 41.7
1.7 13.0 6.0




218 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Lower
middle-
income
group


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Ukraine


47.1 45.7 2,533
23.2 23.2 1,003


7.2 7.9 4.9
1,540 3,130 1,772


8.0 0.4 ..
10.4 9.6 16.5
32.3 31.7 32.0
19.6 16.4 17.3
57.3 58.7 51.6
13.6 8.0 7.0


5.1 8.0 ..
51.5 53.8 29.1
50.6 59.2 34.6


   
     


.. 137
34 22 31
15 7 8


2,085 491 308
30 30 25
2.9 2.9 3.0


.. 11.6 16.1
27.6 19.3


0.8 0.6 1.0
   


8.0 ..
49.5 ..


.. ..
25.0 ..
33.5 ..
12.9 ..


   
     


3,423 1,950 37,525
9.1 4.4 2.3


22.0 18.8 26.0
20.1 17.3 19.4


   
     
.. 27.1 ..


30.1 37.1 51.0
12.4 14.8 9.8
19.6 14.7 4.6
32.2 55.9 40.4
–6.7 0.3
7.6 8.0 8.0


   
     


42 72 2,326
97.4 97.9 ..


3,246 3,550 698
.. ..


64.0 123.0 80.1
3.7 30.6 16.2




219The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High income


High-
income
group


United Arab Emirates


4.1 7.9 1,135
2.5 5.2 555
3.1 .. 8.1


42,280 40,760 39,860
5.8 2.7 ..
1.4 0.9 1.3


55.6 55.5 24.2
10.6 9.7 15.8
43.0 43.6 74.5


.. 0.9 3.3
3.7 3.7 ..


67.6 77.9 29.2
52.0 68.8 29.6


   
     


.. 26
19 8 18
10 6 6
12 12 163


9 7 11
3.2 3.2 2.1


.. 0.0 14.1
7.1 9.0
2.2 1.4 6.4


   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


6.0 2.1 2.1
18.4 23.8 17.9
11.4 15.2 ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0


46.2 70.8 113.4
11.9 17.2 6.5


8.3 6.2 3.7
43.8 61.9 157.0


.. ..


.. .. ..
   


     
87 268 20,636


.. .. ..
13,826 11,044 9,415


.. ..
111.4 148.6 114.1


40.0 70.0 75.8




220 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High-
income
group


High income


United Kingdom


60.2 62.7 1,135
30.6 32.1 555


4.7 7.8 8.1
39,030 37,780 39,860


3.0 0.2 ..
0.7 0.7 1.3


23.3 21.6 24.2
13.2 11.4 15.8
76.0 77.7 74.5


2.0 4.5 3.3
0.5 0.6 ..


27.0 32.5 29.2
29.8 34.1 29.6


   
     


.. 7
13 13 18


6 6 6
105 110 163


9 7 11
1.0 1.0 2.1


.. 22.2 14.1
355.5 429.4


8.9 10.4 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


11.0 1.5 2.1
16.6 14.2 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
46.1 101.2 66.0


.. .. 113.4
6.1 5.1 6.5
1.0 4.0 3.7


158.5 186.8 157.0
2.2 –2.0


.. .. ..
   


     
1,018 1,043 20,636
100.0 100.0 ..
6,289 5,733 9,415


.. ..
108.8 130.8 114.1


70.0 82.0 75.8




221The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High-
income
group


High income


United States


295.5 311.6 1,135
152.9 158.4 555


5.1 8.9 8.1
44,670 48,620 39,860


2.5 0.5 ..
1.2 1.2 1.3


22.2 20.0 24.2
14.2 13.2 15.8
76.6 78.8 74.5


3.4 3.2 3.3
1.0 1.0 ..


10.4 14.0 29.2
16.1 17.8 29.6


   
     


.. 4
6 6 18
6 6 6


325 175 163
6 6 11


1.5 1.5 2.1
.. 27.6 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..


1.1 1.7 2.1
19.5 14.7 17.9


.. .. ..
   


     
47.3 81.8 66.0
68.9 82.2 113.4
10.3 11.2 6.5


0.7 4.1 3.7
195.8 191.4 157.0


2.8 1.0
.. .. ..


   
     


9,970 10,055 20,636
65.3 100.0 ..


13,705 13,394 9,415
.. ..


68.6 92.7 114.1
68.0 77.9 75.8




222 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Uruguay


3.3 3.4 2,490
1.6 1.7 1,333


12.2 6.0 5.0
4,740 11,860 6,563


0.0 5.8 ..
10.4 10.1 7.4
27.1 24.7 36.9
17.1 13.0 20.9
62.5 65.2 55.6


4.7 8.1 4.9
24.5 19.3 ..
30.4 27.1 30.7
28.5 27.3 29.0


   
     


.. 89
45 7 40
11 5 8


304 310 318
23 16 19
2.1 2.1 2.8


.. 23.6 17.6
7.5 7.2
3.6 3.4 3.5


   
7.0 11.6
0.6 1.8


87.1 67.7
6.9 13.7


38.6 15.5
6.8 10.8


   
     


1,063 79 63,901
4.8 4.7 2.9


16.5 19.0 28.0
13.2 14.3 17.7


   
     


76.1 46.6 ..
39.6 40.3 48.6


8.6 8.5 10.2
3.6 1.3 3.1


22.5 23.7 84.5
12.8 1.7
10.8 5.2 5.6


   
     
9 19 6,861


10.0 .. ..
2,012 2,763 2,942


0.1 0.1
34.8 140.8 92.4
20.1 51.4 38.2




223The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Lower
middle-
income
group


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Uzbekistan


26.2 29.3 2,533
10.5 12.7 1,003


.. .. 4.9
530 1,510 1,772
5.3 8.5 ..


28.0 18.9 16.5
23.2 36.1 32.0


9.1 8.6 17.3
48.9 45.0 51.6


.. .. 7.0
1,112.9 1,714.1 ..


37.9 31.7 29.1
28.7 27.5 34.6


   
     


.. 154
29 12 31


8 6 8
196 205 308


86 80 25
4.0 2.0 3.0


.. 0.9 16.1
6.1 16.0
0.4 0.8 1.0


   
2.5 ..


63.0 ..
.. ..


8.2 ..
8.3 ..
9.4 ..


   
     


286 364 37,525
1.3 3.1 2.3


22.0 23.5 26.0
18.7 20.2 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 51.0


14.5 12.2 9.8
2.8 0.7 4.6


.. .. 40.4


.. ..


.. .. 8.0
   


     
22 24 2,326


.. .. ..
1,711 1,648 698


.. ..
2.8 91.6 80.1
3.3 30.2 16.2




224 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Lower
middle-
income
group


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Vanuatu


0.21 0.25 2,533
0.09 0.11 1,003


.. 4.6 4.9
1,760 2,730 1,772


1.1 4.3 ..
21.9 19.7 16.5


7.9 9.9 32.0
3.9 3.0 17.3


70.2 70.4 51.6
1.2 0.9 7.0


109.2 89.5 ..
45.0 48.7 29.1
52.1 52.1 34.6


   
     


.. 80
47 35 31


8 8 8
120 120 308


26 21 25
2.6 2.6 3.0


.. 0.0 16.1
0.5 0.3
4.1 2.2 1.0


   
.. 7.5
.. 4.6
.. 39.9
.. 41.4
.. 15.3
.. 27.0


   
     
6 .. 37,525


3.4 7.6 2.3
19.6 .. 26.0


.. .. 19.4
   


     
.. .. ..


109.9 .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


43.8 70.3 40.4
7.0 2.0
5.5 3.9 8.0


   
     
2 11 2,326
.. .. ..
.. .. 698
.. 1.6


6.0 55.8 80.1
5.1 8.0 16.2




225The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Venezuela, RB


26.6 29.3 2,490
12.1 13.7 1,333
11.4 8.3 5.0


4,950 11,820 6,563
1.5 3.1 ..
4.0 5.8 7.4


57.8 52.2 36.9
16.4 13.9 20.9
38.2 42.1 55.6


.. 26.1 4.9
2.1 4.3 ..


39.7 29.9 30.7
20.5 19.7 29.0


   
     


.. 180
141 144 40


16 17 8
864 792 318


34 49 19
4.0 4.0 2.8


.. 6.1 17.6


.. ..


.. .. 3.5
   


33.6 27.6
2.6 6.4


.. 29.8
35.7 35.3
25.4 13.9
12.5 25.9


   
     


3,425 .. 63,901
1.9 1.7 2.9


20.3 17.7 28.0
11.0 7.4 17.7


   
     
.. .. ..


19.3 32.1 48.6
11.6 10.4 10.2


1.2 1.4 3.1
13.1 20.4 84.5
–9.9 –8.6
5.2 2.6 5.6


   
     


136 112 6,861
.. .. ..


2,875 3,287 2,942
0.6 2.6


46.9 97.8 92.4
12.6 40.2 38.2




226 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Lower
middle-
income
group


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Vietnam


82.4 87.8 2,533
46.4 52.0 1,003


2.1 2.0 4.9
630 1,270 1,772
7.5 6.7 ..


21.0 22.0 16.5
41.0 40.8 32.0
20.6 19.3 17.3
38.0 37.2 51.6


8.3 18.7 7.0
15,858.9 20,509.8 ..


69.4 87.0 29.1
73.5 91.2 34.6


   
     


.. 99
45 34 31
11 10 8


1,050 872 308
24 21 25
5.0 5.0 3.0


.. 11.6 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   


0.8 4.6
78.7 33.7


.. 55.6
29.4 21.5
12.4 29.6
11.4 16.7


   
     


3,088 627 37,525
3.7 6.0 2.3


32.9 31.9 26.0
.. .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


13.2 12.4 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


65.9 111.6 40.4
2.6 –3.2
3.9 3.0 8.0


   
     


54 134 2,326
47.0 .. ..
580 1,035 698


.. 1.0
11.5 143.4 80.1
12.7 35.1 16.2




227The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


High-
income
group


High income


Virgin Islands (U.S.)


0.11 0.11 1,135
0.05 0.05 555


.. .. 8.1


.. .. 39,860


.. .. ..


.. .. 1.3


.. .. 24.2


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 74.5


.. .. 3.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 29.2


.. .. 29.6
   


     
.. ..
.. .. 18
.. .. 6
.. .. 163
.. .. 11
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 14.1
.. ..
.. .. 6.4
   
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 2.1
.. .. 17.9
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 66.0
.. .. 113.4
.. .. 6.5
.. .. 3.7
.. .. 157.0
.. ..
.. .. ..


   
     
.. .. 20,636
.. .. ..
.. .. 9,415
.. ..


73.4 .. 114.1
27.3 27.4 75.8




228 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Lower
middle-
income
group


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


West Bank and Gaza


3.3 3.9 2,533
0.74 0.93 1,003
23.6 23.7 4.9


1,340 .. 1,772
–0.9 .. ..


.. .. 16.5


.. .. 32.0


.. .. 17.3


.. .. 51.6
3.5 2.8 7.0
4.5 .. ..


14.0 .. 29.1
68.2 .. 34.6


   
     


.. 135
93 48 31
12 11 8


154 154 308
25 23 25


.. .. 3.0


.. 16.2 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   


5.7 ..
2.7 ..


.. ..
4.2 ..


37.1 ..
18.2 ..


   
     


430 57 37,525
0.9 .. 2.3


25.7 .. 26.0
.. .. 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..
.. .. 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6
.. .. 40.4
.. ..
.. .. 8.0


   
     
.. .. 2,326


100.0 100.0 ..
.. .. 698


2.3 ..
16.0 45.8 80.1
16.0 41.1 16.2




229The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Lower
middle-
income
group


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


Yemen, Rep.


20.6 24.8 2,533
5.2 6.7 1,003


16.1 14.6 4.9
690 1,070 1,772
4.1 2.7 ..


10.5 7.7 16.5
49.0 29.4 32.0


7.1 6.1 17.3
40.5 62.9 51.6
11.8 16.4 7.0


191.5 213.8 ..
40.9 30.5 29.1
35.9 34.6 34.6


   
     


.. 118
63 40 31
12 6 8


248 248 308
33 29 25
3.0 3.0 3.0


.. 20.0 16.1


.. ..


.. .. 1.0
   
.. 11.8
.. 66.7
.. 37.2
.. 4.2
.. 68.2
.. 4.3


   
     


377 365 37,525
–1.8 –2.1 2.3
18.5 11.7 26.0
10.6 7.1 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


16.9 21.1 51.0
.. .. 9.8
.. .. 4.6


6.9 4.9 40.4
–0.4 5.7
5.0 5.0 8.0


   
     


17 11 2,326
8.7 .. ..


179 249 698
.. 52.0


11.0 47.0 80.1
1.0 14.9 16.2




230 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Lower
middle-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Zambia


11.5 13.5 2,533
5.0 5.7 1,003


15.9 .. 4.9
490 1,160 1,772
4.8 6.4 ..


22.8 19.5 16.5
29.2 37.3 32.0
11.6 8.4 17.3
48.0 43.2 51.6
18.3 6.4 7.0


4,463.5 4,860.7 ..
34.6 46.0 29.1
36.7 37.0 34.6


   
     


.. 94
35 17 31


6 6 8
132 132 308


53 44 25
2.7 2.7 3.0


.. 1.1 16.1
3.4 8.5
0.6 1.3 1.0


   
4.6 ..
4.9 ..


73.8 ..
10.2 ..
97.0 ..
17.1 ..


   
     


227 357 37,525
5.0 10.3 2.3


22.4 23.4 26.0
15.3 18.0 19.4


   
     
.. .. ..


15.4 19.0 51.0
.. .. 9.8


11.4 .. 4.6
7.7 12.3 40.4
9.6 5.3


17.0 11.8 8.0
   


     
6 .. 2,326
.. .. ..


717 623 698
2.5 ..
8.3 60.6 80.1
2.9 11.5 16.2




231The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Labor force (millions)
Unemployment rate (% of labor force)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (average annual %)
Agriculture value added (% of GDP)
Industry value added (% of GDP)
Manufacturing value added (% of GDP)
Services value added (% of GDP)
Inflation (annual % change in CPI)
Exchange rate (local currency units per $)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)


Business environment
Ease of doing business (ranking 1–185; 1=best)
Time to start a business (days)
Procedures to start a business (number)
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (hours)
Time to export (days)
Time to resolve insolvenceny (years)
Profit tax (% of commercial profits)
New businesses registered (thousands)
New business density (new regis. per 1,000 working-age pop.)
Enterprise surveys
Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time)
Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials (%)
Firms competing against unregistered firms (%)
Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms)
Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days)
ISO certification ownership (% of firms)


Private sector investment
Invest. in infra. w/privt. part., 2000–05 and 2006–11 ($ millions)
Private foreign direct investment, net (% of GDP)
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)
Gross fixed private capital formation (% of GDP)


Finance and banking
Government debt (% of GDP)
Total financial system deposits (% of GDP)
Bank capital to asset ratio (%)
Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%)
Domestic credit to the private sector (% of GDP)
Real interest rate (%)
Interest rate spread (percentage points)


Infrastructure
Air transport (thousands registered carrier departures worldwide)
Paved roads (% of total roads)
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)
Power outages in firms a typical month (number)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Individuals using the Internet (%)


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Zimbabwe


12.6 12.8 817
6.5 6.8 374
4.2 .. ..


440 660 571
–8.5 –1.4 ..
18.6 15.7 25.4
28.7 36.9 24.9
16.4 17.1 12.8
52.7 47.4 49.7


302.1 .. 7.6
1.0 1.0 ..


33.5 49.4 27.0
42.5 87.8 42.4


   
     


.. 172
97 90 30


9 9 7
216 242 286


52 53 37
3.3 3.3 3.8


.. 20.5 18.7


.. ..


.. .. 0.3
   
.. 2.5
.. 12.6
.. 71.8
.. 13.1
.. 30.0
.. 18.0


   
     


72 368 4,362
1.8 4.0 4.1
2.0 12.4 23.4
0.0 8.8 16.0


   
     
.. .. ..


42.1 .. 38.9
8.0 .. ..
7.9 .. ..


15.8 .. 30.1
219.3 ..
144.6 .. 10.7


   
     
4 4 299


19.0 .. ..
995 1,022 242


.. 6.7
5.1 72.1 41.7
8.0 15.7 6.0




232 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


a. Excludes South Sudan.


b. Excludes South Sudan after July 9, 2011.


Notes




233The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Agriculture value added is the net output of agriculture (International Stan-
dard Industrial Classification divisions 1–5, including forestry and fishing)
after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)


Air transport for registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic take-
offs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. (International
Civil Aviation Organization)


Bank capital to asset ratio is the ratio of bank capital and reserves to total
assets. Capital and reserves include funds contributed by owners, retained
earnings, general and special reserves, provisions, and valuation adjust-
ments. Capital includes tier 1 capital (paid-up shares and common stock),
which is a common feature in all countries’ banking systems, and total
regulatory capital, which includes several specified types of subordinated
debt instruments that need not be repaid if the funds are required to maintain
minimum capital levels (these comprise tier 2 and tier 3 capital). Total assets
include all nonfinancial and financial assets. (International Monetary Fund)


Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio is the value of non-
performing loans divided by the total value of the loan portfolio (including
nonperforming loans before the deduction of specific loan loss provisions).
The loan amount recorded as nonperforming should be the gross value of the
loan as recorded on the balance sheet, not just the amount that is overdue.
(International Monetary Fund)


Delay in obtaining an electrical connection is the average wait, in days, to
obtain an electrical connection from the day an establishment applies for it
to the day it receives the service. (World Bank)


Domestic credit to the private sector is financial resources provided to the
private sector—such as through loans, purchases of nonequity securities,
and trade credits and other accounts receivable—that establish a claim
for repayment. For some countries these claims include credit to public
enterprises. (International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and Development)


Ease of doing business index ranks economies from 1 to 185, with 1 being
the best. A high ranking means that a country’s regulatory environment is
conducive to business operation. The index ranks the simple average of a
country’s percentile rankings on 11 topics covered in Doing Business 2013.
The ranking on each topic is the simple average of the percentile rankings on
its component indicators. Data listed for 2011 are for June 2012. (World Bank)


Electric power consumption is the production of power plants and combined
heat and power plants minus transmission, distribution, and transformation
losses and own use by heat and power plants. (International Energy Agency)


Glossary




234 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Exchange rate is the exchange rate determined by national authorities or the
rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated
in local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar as an annual average based
on monthly averages. (International Monetary Fund)


Exports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market
services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of mer-
chandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and
other services, such as communication, construction, financial, informa-
tion, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensa-
tion of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services)
as well as transfer payments. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic
Co-operation and Development)


Firms competing against unregistered firms are the percentage of firms
competing against unregistered or informal firms. (World Bank)


Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials are the percentage
of firms that report that a gift or informal payment is expected or requested
during a meeting with tax officials. (World Bank)


Firms using banks to finance investments are the percentage of firms using
banks to finance purchases of fixed assets. (World Bank)


GDP growth is the annual percentage growth rate of gross domestic product
(GDP) at market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are
based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. GDP is the sum of gross value added
by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus
any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated
without deducting for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and
degradation of natural resources. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic
Co-operation and Development)


GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method, is gross national income (GNI)
converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the
midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers
plus any product taxes minus any subsidies not included in the valuation
of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees
and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is
usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons
across economies. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates,
the World Bank Atlas method is used; it averages the exchange rate for a
given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of
inflation between the country and the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom,
and the United States. (World Bank)


Glossary




235The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


Government debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term con-
tractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes
domestic and foreign liabilities such as loans, currency and money deposits,
and securities other than shares. It is the gross amount of government
liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by
the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured
as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year. (International
Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation
and Development)


Gross fixed capital formation includes land improvements (fences, ditches,
drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the
construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices,
hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial build-
ings. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts, net acquisition of
valuables is also considered capital formation. (World Bank and Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and Development)


Gross fixed private capital formation is gross outlays by the private sector
(including private nonprofit organizations) on additions to its fixed domes-
tic assets. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Development)


Imports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market
services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of mer-
chandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and
other services, such as communication, construction, financial, informa-
tion, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensa-
tion of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services)
as well as transfer payments. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic
Co-operation and Development)


Individuals using the Internet are the percentage of individuals who have
used the Internet (from any location) in the last 12 months. Internet can
be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games
machine, digital TV, etc. (International Telecommunication Union)


Industry value added is the net output of industry (International Standard
Industrial Classification divisions 10–45, including mining, manufacturing,
construction, electricity, water, and gas) after totaling outputs and sub-
tracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic
Co-operation and Development)


Inflation is the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer
of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at
specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
(International Monetary Fund)


Glossary




236 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Interest rate spread is the interest rate charged by banks on loans to prime
customers minus the interest rate paid by commercial or similar banks for
demand, time, or savings deposits. (International Monetary Fund)


Investment in infrastructure with private participation is the value of infra-
structure projects in telecommunications, energy (electricity and natural
gas transmission and distribution), transport, and water and sanitation that
have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public,
including operation and management contracts with major capital expen-
diture, greenfield projects (in which a private entity or public-private joint
venture builds and operates a new facility), and divestitures. Incinerators,
movable assets, standalone solid waste projects, and small projects such
as windmills are excluded. Data listed for 2005 and 2011 refer to total for
the period 2000–05 and 2006–11. (World Bank)


ISO certification ownership is the percentage of firms that have earned a
quality certification recognized by the International Organization for Stan-
dardization (ISO). (World Bank)


Labor force is all people who supply labor for the production of goods and
services during a specified period, according to the International Labour
Organization definition of the economically active population. It includes
both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in
the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-
time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the
unemployed, and first-time job-seekers and excludes homemakers and other
unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. (International Labour
Organization and World Bank)


Manufacturing value added is the net output of industries belonging to
International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 15–37 after totaling
outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and Development)


Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are the number of subscriptions to
a public mobile-telephone service that provide access to the public switched
telephone network (PSTN) using cellular technology. The indicator includes
(and is split into) the number of postpaid subscriptions, and the number
of active prepaid accounts (i.e. that have been used during the last three
months). The indicator applies to all mobile-cellular subscriptions that offer
voice communications. It excludes subscriptions via data cards or USB
modems, subscriptions to public mobile data services, private trunked mobile
radio, telepoint, radio paging, and telemetry services. It is calculated per
100 people. (International Telecommunication Union)


New business density is the number of newly registered limited liability
corporations per 1,000 people ages 15–64. (World Bank)


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237The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2013


New businesses registered are the number of new limited liability corpora-
tions registered in the calendar year. (World Bank)


Paved roads are roads surfaced with concrete, cobblestones, or crushed
stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents. (Interna-
tional Road Federation)


Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts
all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship—except for refugees
not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally con-
sidered part of the population of their country of origin. Data are midyear
estimates. (World Bank)


Power outages in a typical month are the average number of power outages
that establishments experience in a typical month. (World Bank)


Private foreign direct investment, net, is net inflows of private investment to
acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock)
in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is
the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital,
and short-term capital, as shown in the balance of payments. (International
Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation
and Development)


Procedures to start a business are the number of procedures required to
start a business, including interactions to obtain necessary permits and
licenses and to complete all inscriptions, verifications, and notifications to
start operations. Data are for businesses with specific characteristics of
ownership, size, and type of production. Data listed for 2011 are for June
2012. (World Bank)


Profit tax is the amount of taxes on profits paid by the business. For further
details on the method, see the World Bank’s Doing Business 2013. Data
listed for 2011 are for June 2012. (World Bank)


Real interest rate is the lending interest rate adjusted for inflation as mea-
sured by the GDP deflator. (International Monetary Fund and World Bank)


Services value added is the net output of services (International Standard
Industrial Classification divisions 50–99) after totaling outputs and sub-
tracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank and Organisation for Economic
Co-operation and Development)


Time dealing with government officials is the percentage of management time
in a given week spent on requirements imposed by government regulations
(taxes, customs, labor regulations, licensing, and registration). (World Bank)


Glossary




238 2013 The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development


Time to export is the time necessary to comply with all procedures required
to export goods. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost,
the fastest legal procedure is chosen. (World Bank)


Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes is the time, in hours per year, it takes to
prepare, file, and pay (or withhold) three major types of taxes: the corporate
income tax, the value added or sales tax, and labor taxes, including payroll
taxes and social security contributions. (World Bank)


Time to resolve insolvency is the number of years from time of filing for
insolvency in court until resolution of distressed assets and payment of
creditors. Data listed for 2011 are for June 2012. (World Bank)


Time to start a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete
the required procedures for legally operating a business. If a procedure can
be expedited at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost,
is chosen. Data listed for 2011 are for June 2012. (World Bank)


Total financial system deposits are the demand, time, and saving depos-
its in deposit money banks and other financial institutions. (International
Monetary Fund)


Unemployment rate is the share of the labor force without work but available
for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment
differ by country. (International Labour Organization)


Glossary






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