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The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013

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Like the rest of this series on little data books, it is organized by regional and income group data. It provides data on access to information and communication technologies (ICTs) which have seen tremendous growth. The usage of the internet, mobile phones will continue rising. The number of individuals using the Internet will reach an estimated 2.7 billion while the number of fixed (wired) broadband subscriptions will reach almost 700 million at the end of 2013. This publication is important because investment in information and communication technologies is associated with economic benefits as higher productivity, lower costs, new economic opportunities, job creation, innovation, and increased trade. This publication provides comparable statistics on the sector for 2005 and 2011 across a range of indicators, enabling readers to readily compare economies. Such indicators cover the economic and social context structure of the information and communication technology sector, sector efficiency and capacity, and sector performance related to access, usage, quality, affordability, trade, and applications.



2013 THE LITTLE DATA BOOKON INFORMATION ANDCOMMUNICATION
TECHNOLOGY




© 2013 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank
1818 H Street NW, Washington DC 20433
Telephone: 202-473-1000; Internet: www.worldbank.org


Some rights reserved
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This work is a product of the staff of The World Bank with external contributions. Note that
The World Bank does not necessarily own each component of the content included in the
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The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this work do not necessarily
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mercial purposes, under the following conditions:


Attribution—Please cite the work as follows: World Bank. 2013. The Little Data Book on
Information and Communication Technology 2013. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi:
10.1596/978-0-8213-9816-6. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0


Translations—If you create a translation of this work, please add the following disclaimer
along with the attribution: This translation was not created by The World Bank and
should not be considered an official World Bank translation. The World Bank shall not
be liable for any content or error in this translation.


All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher, The
World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202-522-2625; e-mail:
pubrights@worldbank.org.


ISBN (paper): 978-0-8213-9816-6
ISBN (electronic): 978-0-8213-9817-3
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9816-6


The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013 is a joint
publication between the World Bank and the International Telecommunication Union.


Design by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, DC.




iiiThe Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv


Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v


Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi


Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1


World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2


East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3


Europe and Central Asia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4


Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5


Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6


South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7


Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8


Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


Low income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10


Middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12


Upper middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13


Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14


High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15


Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16


Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17


Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232


Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233


Contents




iv 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013
is a joint publication between the World Bank and the International
Telecommunication Union (ITU).


For the World Bank team, the work was the result of close collaboration
between the staff of the Development Data Group of the Development
Economics Vice Presidency and the Transport, Water, and Information
Communication Technologies Sector Unit of the World Bank. The Development
Data Group team included Azita Amjadi, Federico Escaler, Buyant Erdene
Khaltarkhuu, Alison Kwong, Jomo Tariku, and William Prince. The Information
and Communication Technologies team included Tim Kelly and Kaoru Kimura.
The work was carried out under the management of Shaida Badiee and
Jose Luis Irigoyen. Staff from World Bank Office of the Publisher oversaw
publication and dissemination of the book.


The ITU contribution was provided by the ICT Data and Statistics Division
of the Telecommunication Development Bureau. The team included Susan
Teltscher (Head of Division), Vanessa Gray, Esperanza Magpantay, Doris
Olaya, and Ivan Vallejo. Regulatory data were provided by the Regulatory
and Market Environment Division of the Telecommunication Development
Bureau. The team included Makhtar Fall (Head of Division), Nancy Sundberg,
and Raoul Joshi.


The World Bank and ITU acknowledge the data provided by other sources:
IMF, Netcraft, OECD, UNCTAD, UNDESA/UNPAN, UNESCO, UNPD, and UNSD.


Acknowledgments




vThe Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Preface
Since the late 1990s access to information and communication technologies
(ICTs) has seen tremendous growth—driven primarily by the wireless
technologies and liberalization of telecommunications markets. Mobile
communications have evolved from simple voice and text services to
diversified innovative applications and mobile broadband Internet. By the end
of 2013, there will be an estimated 6.8 billion mobile-cellular subscriptions
globally. The number of individuals using the Internet has risen constantly
and will reach an estimated 2.7 billion while the number of fixed (wired)-
broadband subscriptions will reach almost 700 million at the end of 2013.


The impacts of ICTs cross all sectors. Research has shown that investment
in information and communication technologies is associated with such
economic benefits as higher productivity, lower costs, new economic
opportunities, job creation, innovation, and increased trade. ICTs also help
provide better services in health and education, and strengthen social
cohesion.


The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013
illustrates the progress of this revolution for 214 economies around the
world. It provides comparable statistics on the sector for 2005 and 2011
across a range of indicators, enabling readers to readily compare economies.


This book includes indicators covering the economic and social context, the
structure of the information and communication technology sector, sector
efficiency and capacity, and sector performance related to access, usage,
quality, affordability, trade, and applications. The glossary contains definitions
of the terms used in the tables.


For more information and other World Bank data publications, visit our
data  Web site at data.worldbank.org or the Web site of the Information
and Communication Technologies Department at www.worldbank.org/ict.


For more statistics on information and communication technology infra-
structure, access and usage, as well as analytical reports such as the
annual Measuring the Information Society report, visit ITU’s Web site at
www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/default.aspx and the ITU ICT Eye at
www.itu.int/icteye.




vi 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Data notes
The data in this book are for 2005 and 2011 or the most recent year unless


otherwise noted in the table or the glossary.


• Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless


otherwise noted.


• Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income


economies only.


• Italics indicate data for years or periods other than those specified.


Symbols used:


.. indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot


be calculated because of missing data.


0 or 0.0 indicates zero or small enough that the number would round to


zero at the displayed number of decimal places.


$ indicates current U.S. dollars.


Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the notes on


page 232.


Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for


smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank or the ITU. The


term country (used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political


independence or official recognition by the World Bank or the ITU but refers


to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic


statistics.




1The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical


regions and may differ from common geographic usage. These regions include


low- and middle-income economies only.


East Asia and Pacific


American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic


People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia,


Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar,


Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands,


Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam


Europe and Central Asia
Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania,
Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,
Uzbekistan


Latin America and the Caribbean
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,
Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico,
Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the
Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela


Middle East and North Africa
Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq,
Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West
Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen


South Asia
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan,
Sri Lanka


Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde,
Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo,


Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia,
Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria,
Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,
Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo,
Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe


Regional tables




2 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


World


6,503 6,974
49 52


7,110 9,514
2.8 2.0
82 84
67 70


   


   
3.1 2.6


18.9 ..


   


19.5 17.3
33.9 85.5
3.45 8.61


.. 37.9


.. 32.8


.. 7.1


.. ..
15.8 32.7


67 93
49.6 86.2


4,859 33,503


.. 11.3


.. 14.7


.. 24.3


13.8 10.1
14.0 11.4
28.7 31.1


0.45 0.41
64.7 183.9




3The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


East Asia & Pacific


1,893 1,974
42 49


1,618 4,248
8.5 9.4
91 94
67 71


3.2 2.2
.. ..


21.0 17.8
28.3 80.9
2.05 8.74


.. 30.5


.. 20.4


.. ..
132 321
8.3 33.5


93 99
45.9 88.8
980 4,571


.. 5.1


.. 8.1


.. 21.6


29.9 22.7
25.8 17.3
24.1 32.2


0.29 0.22
0.8 4.2




4 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


399 408
63 65


3,711 7,734
6.1 3.2
97 98
79 80


   


   
3.2 2.4


22.1 26.9


   


24.0 25.1
61.6 132.5
1.10 10.42
27.8 44.9
19.9 37.0


.. ..


.. 113
12.9 42.1


91 ..
15.0 93.9


1,409 35,793


.. 6.6


.. 10.2


.. 12.8


1.1 1.1
6.0 5.1


12.9 20.1


0.47 0.48
5.5 48.0


Europe & Central Asia




5The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


550 589
77 79


4,427 8,574
2.6 3.9
90 91
81 83


   


   
3.4 3.0


.. 23.1


   


17.6 18.5
43.1 107.2
1.50 7.66
16.4 37.9
9.9 30.3


.. ..
43 94


16.5 39.2


90 98
55.0 85.3


1,258 20,010


.. 7.0


.. 17.0


.. 19.5


9.6 8.8
13.7 12.9
22.8 32.4


0.47 0.46
10.5 36.1


Latin America & Caribbean




6 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


303 337
57 59


2,197 3,866
4.1 4.8
68 76
69 72


   


   
3.2 3.4


23.6 16.5


   


14.3 16.2
22.2 88.9
0.40 2.16


.. 31.0


.. 23.5


8.5 ..
.. ..


8.6 26.9


80 ..
.. ..


638 5,187


.. 3.1


.. 12.5


.. 17.6


0.8 1.0
5.2 4.0


21.1 25.3


0.35 0.34
0.6 3.2


Middle East & North Africa




7The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


1,517 1,656
29 31


692 1,313
6.4 7.3
58 62
57 61


   


   
2.4 2.4


.. 25.4


   


3.9 2.7
7.7 68.8


0.09 0.93
.. 5.9
.. 4.1


5.3 6.0
.. ..


2.5 9.4


37 85
14.9 55.1
555 6,132


.. 3.4


.. 3.2


.. 8.3


0.9 1.7
7.4 5.3


61.6 58.9


0.31 0.36
0.5 2.5


South Asia




8 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


754 875
34 36


767 1,258
4.4 4.7
57 63
51 57


   


   
4.7 4.2


.. ..


   


1.5 1.4
12.0 53.3
0.03 0.21


.. 6.2


.. ..


.. 5.1


.. 317
2.3 12.7


51 ..
.. 26.1


216 3,299


.. 11.4


.. 15.1


.. 48.5


0.7 0.4
7.6 5.9


12.5 13.1


0.25 0.27
2.1 5.9


Sub-Saharan Africa




9The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion


for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Every


economy in The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


is classified as low income, middle income, or high income. Low- and middle-


income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The


use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in


the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have


reached a preferred or final stage of development. Classification by income


does not necessarily reflect development status. Note: Classifications are


fixed during the World Bank’s fiscal year (ending on June 30), thus countries


remain in the categories in which they are classified irrespective of any


revisions to their per capita income data.


Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $1,025 or less
in 2011.


Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than
$1,025 but less than $12,476. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-
income economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $4,035.


High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,476 or more.


Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary Union
of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency: Austria,
Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia,
and Spain.


Income group tables




10 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


721 817
26 28


342 571
4.7 5.8
58 63
51 58


   


   
2.5 ..


.. ..


   


0.9 1.1
4.7 41.7


0.00 0.12
.. ..
.. ..


.. ..


.. 86
1.1 6.0


51 ..
4.5 24.5
177 2,941


.. 9.6


.. 11.9


.. 42.8


0.2 ..
4.8 ..


14.9 18.6


0.21 0.20
0.1 0.8


Low income




11The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4,695 5,022
46 50


1,924 4,148
5.5 6.3
80 83
66 69


   


   
3.3 2.7


.. 21.5


   


14.7 13.2
26.8 86.2
1.17 5.62


.. 26.0


.. 18.6


3.9 4.0
.. ..


8.0 27.1


86 92
37.7 78.0


1,017 11,211


.. 6.7


.. 13.0


.. 19.5


15.6 12.5
16.1 12.3
25.8 33.4


0.43 0.37
2.5 11.6


Middle income




12 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


2,308 2,533
36 39


898 1,772
5.3 6.2
68 71
60 63


   


   
3.1 2.5


.. 29.0


   


5.1 5.6
13.6 80.1
0.11 1.25


.. 10.7


.. 7.7


7.0 6.5
.. ..


4.0 16.2


50 86
10.8 58.8
511 6,560


.. 5.1


.. 11.3


.. 21.6


11.0 5.7
11.9 6.7
36.2 43.4


0.37 0.32
0.7 3.5


Lower middle income




13The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


2,386 2,490
55 61


2,916 6,563
5.5 6.3
91 94
73 75


   


   
3.3 2.7


21.2 17.8


   


23.6 20.9
39.6 92.4
2.22 9.96


.. 35.9


.. 25.5


.. 2.6
97 145


11.8 38.2


94 98
43.0 84.6


1,180 13,200


.. 10.0


.. 16.0


.. 18.2


16.6 13.9
17.1 13.5
21.0 28.3


0.48 0.46
4.1 19.9


Upper middle income




14 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


5,416 5,839
43 47


1,714 3,652
5.5 6.3
78 81
64 67


   


   
3.3 2.7


.. ..


   


12.9 11.5
23.9 80.0
1.01 4.91


.. 24.3


.. 17.9


.. 4.3


.. ..
7.0 24.3


84 91
37.5 77.5


1,001 10,946


.. 7.1


.. 12.8


.. 21.9


15.4 12.4
15.8 12.2
25.6 33.1


0.36 0.33
2.2 10.2


Low and middle income




15The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


1,087 1,135
79 80


34,027 39,860
2.2 0.7
98 98
92 94


   


   
3.0 2.6


14.9 15.8


   


51.5 47.3
84.1 114.1


15.37 27.30
65.3 77.3
54.6 74.3


.. ..


.. 185
59.3 75.8


98 100
87.3 95.0


7,384 70,726


.. 23.8


.. 23.9


.. 26.6


13.4 9.6
13.6 11.2
29.5 30.6


0.67 0.67
358.9 1,067.1


High income




16 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


324 333
74 76


31,729 38,661
1.4 0.5


.. 99
92 94


   


   
2.8 2.0


12.7 15.8


   


51.9 50.4
98.1 125.1


13.32 28.95
58.4 77.8
46.5 73.9


.. ..
84 108


51.4 73.4


99 99
58.6 97.6


9,711 79,582


.. 25.5


.. 31.5


.. 30.9


8.3 4.8
10.3 7.2
30.1 34.1


0.71 0.67
144.9 646.3


Euro area




17The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


China


Data for China do not include data for Hong Kong SAR, China; Macao SAR,
China; or Taiwan, China.


Cyprus


GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area
controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus.


France


Data for Mayotte, to which a reference appeared in previous editions, are
included in data for France.


Georgia


GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP, and
population exclude Abkhazia and South Ossetia.


Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia


Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3,
2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However,
some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro.
Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from 1999 onward exclude
data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international
administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999).
Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, 2009, and its
data are shown where available.


Moldova


GNI, GDP, and population data and data calculated using GNI, GDP, and
population exclude Transnistria.


Morocco


GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former
Spanish Sahara.


South Sudan and Sudan


South Sudan declared its independence on July 9, 2011. Data are shown
separately for South Sudan where available. However, data reported for
Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted.


Tanzania


GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland
Tanzania only.


For more information, see World Development Indicators 2013 or data
.worldbank.org.


Country tables




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


30 35 817
22 24 28


210 470 571
6.2 10.3 5.8


.. .. 63
45 54 58


         
Yes Yes


Public Public


P P
P P
P P
A A
.. C


         
6.0 .. ..


37.8 .. ..


         


0.1 0.0 1.1
4.3 54.3 41.7


0.00 0.00a 0.12
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


.. .. ..
28.8 .. 86.3


1.2 5.0a 6.0


72 85 ..
18.3 50.0 24.5


12 1,236a 2,941


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.9


.. .. 42.8


.. .. ..


.. 0.4 ..


.. 37.3 18.6


0.20 0.24 0.20
0.0 1.0 0.8


18 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


South Asia Low income


Afghanistan


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


3 3 2,533
47 53 39


2,580 3,980 1,772
5.3 4.9 6.2
99 96 71
68 .. 63


       
Yes Yes


Public Mixed


P P
P P
C C
R R


No A


       
6.1 4.3 2.5


11.2 28.4 29.0


       


8.9 10.5 5.6
48.7 96.4 80.1
0.01a 3.99 1.25


.. 15.6a 10.7


.. 13.7a 7.7


41.0 21.1 6.5
21.5 129.4 ..
6.0 49.0a 16.2


91 99 86
25.0 91.8 58.8


63a 19,038 6,560


.. 7.6 5.1


.. 25.8 11.3


.. 11.7 21.6


0.6 0.5 5.7
3.8 3.6 6.7


10.3 10.5 43.4


0.47 0.42 0.32
0.3 18.3 3.5


19The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Albania


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


33 36 2,490
67 73 61


2,720 4,470 6,563
5.1 2.6 6.3
73 .. 94
73 78 75


         
Yes Yes


Public Public


P P
P P
C C
.. ..
A A


         
3.7 3.0 2.7


36.0 .. 17.8


         


7.8 8.5 20.9
41.5 99.0 92.4
0.41 2.78a 9.96


7.1 20.0a 35.9
1.2 10.0a 25.5


8.1a 6.8 2.6
12.4 191.1 144.6
5.8 14.0a 38.2


42 .. 98
71.1 .. 84.6


81a 8,933 13,200


.. 6.3 10.0


.. 13.8 16.0


.. 17.8 18.2


0.0 0.0 13.9
7.9 3.4 13.5


29.2 61.7 28.3


0.35 0.25 0.46
0.1 1.4 19.9


20 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


Algeria


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.06 0.07 2,490
91 93 61


.. .. 6,563


.. .. 6.3


.. .. 94


.. .. 75


         
.. ..
.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


         
.. .. 2.7
.. .. 17.8


         


16.5a 15.2a 20.9
3.6 .. 92.4


.. .. 9.96


.. .. 35.9


.. .. 25.5


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 144.6


.. .. 38.2


.. .. 98


.. .. 84.6


.. .. 13,200


.. .. 10.0


.. .. 16.0


.. .. 18.2


.. .. 13.9


.. .. 13.5


.. .. 28.3


.. .. 0.46
61.4 42.4 19.9


21The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


American Samoa


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.08 0.09 1,135
90 87 80


32,650 41,750 39,860
7.1 3.7 0.7


.. .. 98
62 69 94


         
No No


Public Public


.. M
M M
.. M


No No
.. ..


         
3.9 3.6 2.6


.. .. 15.8


         


45.5 44.6 47.3
82.9 75.5 114.1


13.28 29.90 27.30
.. .. 77.3
.. .. 74.3


112.6 84.8 ..
65.4 56.4 184.6
37.6 81.0 75.8


91 99 100
60.7 99.1 95.0


14,339 37,253 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


18.8 .. 9.6
14.0 .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


0.52 0.31 0.67
436.5 868.4 1,067.1


22 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Andorra


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


16 20 2,490
54 59 61


1,240 3,830 6,563
9.6 10.5 6.3
67 70 94
58 65 75


         
Yes Yes


Public Public


C M
P C
C C
R R


No No


         
2.0 .. 2.7


25.3 .. 17.8


         


0.6 1.5a 20.9
9.8 48.4a 92.4


0.00 0.13a 9.96
5.0 7.1a 35.9


.. 5.7a 25.5


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 144.6
1.1 14.8a 38.2


40 .. 98
0.0 6.3 84.6
361 517 13,200


.. 17.3 10.0


.. 20.7 16.0


.. 54.3 18.2


.. .. 13.9


.. .. 13.5
9.3 6.0 28.3


0.33 0.33 0.46
0.3 3.6 19.9


23The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Angola


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.08 0.09 2,490
31 30 61


11,810 11,940 6,563
3.9 –1.7 6.3
99 99 94


.. 81 75


         
No No


Public Public


M M
C P
C P
A A
B B


         
.. .. 2.7
.. .. 17.8


         


43.5 39.6 20.9
102.5 196.4 92.4
0.94a 6.70 9.96


.. 50.9a 35.9


.. 40.0a 25.5


.. 19.0 2.6


.. 126.7 144.6
34.7 82.0 38.2


100 100 98
8.8 41.0 84.6


19,051 56,545 13,200


.. 12.8 10.0


.. 25.3 16.0


.. 54.9 18.2


4.6 12.1 13.9
3.9 3.8 13.5
9.6 6.0 28.3


0.45 0.31 0.46
846.1 1,071.3 19.9


24 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Antigua and Barbuda


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


39 41 2,490
91 92 61


4,480 .. 6,563
2.2 .. 6.3
97 98 94
89 95 75


         
Yes Yes


Private Private


.. ..
C C
C C
A R
A A


         
3.1 3.2 2.7


.. .. 17.8


         


24.4 24.9a 20.9
57.3 134.9 92.4
2.40 10.53a 9.96


.. 47.0 35.9


.. 34.0a 25.5


.. .. 2.6


.. 24.4 144.6
17.7 47.7a 38.2


94 .. 98
38.3 96.7 84.6


1,787 25,712a 13,200


.. 4.6 10.0


.. 41.1 16.0


.. 24.3 18.2


0.2 0.1 13.9
11.6 8.7 13.5
31.1 45.4 28.3


0.58 0.53 0.46
10.8 42.3 19.9


25The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Argentina


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


3 3 2,533
64 64 39


1,470 3,360 1,772
12.3 2.7 6.2


99 100 71
71 72 63


No Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
P P
C C
A A
C A


3.0 4.1 2.5
23.6 26.9 29.0


19.4 18.6 5.6
10.4 103.6 80.1
0.06 a 4.98 1.25


5.5 a 20.0 10.7
2.9 a 13.6 7.7


.. 23.1 6.5
58.0 149.4 ..


5.3 32.0a 16.2


85 99 86
1.1 94.4 58.8


453 22,196 6,560


.. 4.2 5.1


.. 8.8 11.3


.. 21.0 21.6


0.3 0.7 5.7
3.6 4.2 6.7


14.3 13.3 43.4


0.42 0.33 0.32
1.3 26.4 3.5


26 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Armenia


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.10 0.11 1,135
47 47 80


.. .. 39,860
–0.8 .. 0.7


97 97 98
83 78 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6
1.2 15.8 15.8


37.9 32.6 47.3
102.4 122.6a 114.1
12.15 17.88 27.30


45.0 62.5 77.3
36.7 63.0 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
25.4 a 57.1a 75.8


90 99 100
100.0 100.0 95.0
7,017 113,412 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. 0.4 9.6


.. 4.9 11.2
10.2 13.5 30.6


.. .. 0.67
287.1 396.0 1,067.1


27The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Aruba


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


20 22 1,135
88 89 80


30,290 49,790 39,860
3.4 2.7 0.7


.. .. 98
105 110 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C P
C C
C C
A A
A A


3.8 3.2 2.6
16.7 17.2 15.8


49.6 46.8 47.3
90.3 108.3 114.1
9.88a 24.32 27.30
67.0 82.6 77.3
56.0 78.9 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
63.0 79.0 75.8


98 99 100
33.7 92.1 95.0


7,840a 50,396a 70,726


.. 29.5 23.8


.. 27.7 23.9


.. 55.3 26.6


1.7 0.8 9.6
11.8 9.8 11.2
16.0 17.7 30.6


0.81 0.86 0.67
498.1 1,777.5 1,067.1


28 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Australia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


8 8 1,135
67 68 80


37,210 48,170 39,860
1.7 1.2 0.7


.. .. 98
88 93 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C ..
A A
A A


2.4 1.5 2.6
12.7 11.3 15.8


45.4 40.3 47.3
105.3 154.8 114.1
14.26 25.42 27.30


63.1 78.1 77.3
46.7 75.4 74.3


16.1 .. ..
107.5 142.0 184.6


58.0 79.8 75.8


99 99 100
66.3 86.9 95.0


11,439a 81,919a 70,726


.. 25.3 23.8


.. 13.5 23.9


.. 39.3 26.6


5.5 3.8 9.6
7.7 4.9 11.2


24.8 28.6 30.6


0.74 0.75 0.67
231.7 1,147.0 1,067.1


29The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Austria


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


8 9 2,490
52 54 61


1,270 5,290 6,563
12.7 13.0 6.3
100 100 94


71 70 75


No No
Public Public


M M
P P
C C
R R


No A


3.6 2.3 2.7
6.8 34.7 17.8


12.7 18.1 20.9
26.1 108.7 92.4
0.03 10.73 9.96


7.3 21.5 35.9
6.3 35.3 25.5


7.6 6.4 2.6
3.1 110.5 144.6
8.0 50.0a 38.2


99 100 98
3.0 75.7 84.6


435 19,102 13,200


.. 2.5 10.0


.. 8.8 16.0


.. 12.5 18.2


0.0 0.0 13.9
4.6 3.5 13.5


38.8 14.1 28.3


0.46 0.37 0.46
0.5 6.3 19.9


30 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Azerbaijan


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.32 0.35 1,135
83 84 80


24,410 21,970 39,860
1.3 –0.8 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


M C
M M
C C
A A
C A


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


41.7 38.3 47.3
71.3 86.1 114.1
4.19 4.46 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
25.0a 65.0 75.8


95 100 100
49.2 100.0 95.0


1,127a 4,431 70,726


.. 16.3 23.8


.. 17.5 23.9


.. 30.0 26.6


0.3 1.7 9.6
3.2 2.7 11.2


.. .. 30.6


0.49 0.47 0.67
153.4 367.2 1,067.1


31The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Bahamas, The


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.72 1 1,135
88 89 80


17,400 15,920 39,860
6.1 5.8 0.7
87 92 98
87 .. 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
P P
C C
A A
C A


4.6 4.2 2.6
14.9 17.8 15.8


26.7 20.9 47.3
105.8 128.0 114.1


2.96 13.83 27.30
87.0 90.0 77.3
45.0 76.8 74.3


.. 102.3 ..
117.3 234.7 184.6


21.3 77.0 75.8


100 100 100
42.6 100.0 95.0


2,649a 14,719 70,726


.. 4.7 23.8


.. 15.0 23.9


.. 26.6 26.6


0.1 1.8 9.6
2.1 5.8 11.2


25.1 28.0 30.6


0.57 0.86 0.67
48.3 137.6 1,067.1


32 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Bahrain


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


141 150 817
26 28 28


480 780 571
5.4 6.2 5.8
47 57 63


.. .. 58


Yes Yes
Public Public


M M
C C
C C
A A
B A


1.5 7.8 ..
.. 12.2 ..


0.8 0.6 1.1
6.4 56.1 41.7


0.00 0.31 0.12
1.4 3.1a ..
0.2 2.6a ..


.. 21.6 ..


.. 152.0 86.3
0.2a 5.0a 6.0


80 99a ..
0.0 40.7 24.5


177a 1,528 2,941


.. 1.5 9.6


.. 1.6 11.9


.. 8.3 42.8


0.1 .. ..
6.2 .. ..


18.2 37.7 18.6


0.29 0.44 0.20
0.0 0.8 0.8


33The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


South Asia Low income


Bangladesh


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.27 0.27 1,135
41 44 80


11,000 12,660 39,860
0.2 –0.2 0.7


.. .. 98
95 102 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


P ..
C P
C ..
A R


No A


5.9 .. 2.6
14.0 .. 15.8


49.9 51.4 47.3
76.2 127.0 114.1


11.81 22.14 27.30
39.6 61.4 a 77.3
34.3 51.0 a 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
56.1a 71.8a 75.8


100 99 100
71.2 94.0 95.0


3,297 38,177 70,726


.. 20.7 23.8


.. 21.2 23.9


.. 39.6 26.6


4.9 0.7 9.6
7.8 5.0 11.2


15.3 25.9 30.6


0.57 0.37 0.67
207.0 397.0 1,067.1


34 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Barbados


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


10 9 2,490
72 75 61


2,810 5,830 6,563
7.6 6.7 6.3


.. 100 94


.. 97 75


No No
Public Public


M M
P C
C C
R R
B C


1.3 2.4 2.7
41.3 30.1 17.8


33.4 44.0 20.9
41.7 111.9 92.4
0.02 21.94 9.96


9.6 46.4 35.9
9.2 40.3 25.5


6.6 8.1 2.6
116.2 195.3 144.6


19.7 39.6 38.2


90 100 98
4.2 90.7 84.6


1,336 52,833 13,200


.. 1.3 10.0


.. 8.8 16.0


.. 18.1 18.2


1.0 0.4 13.9
2.4 1.7 13.5


15.0 16.9 28.3


0.52 0.41 0.46
0.5 18.4 19.9


35The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Belarus


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


10 11 1,135
97 97 80


36,610 45,930 39,860
1.6 1.0 0.7


.. .. 98
95 97 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
P ..
C ..
A A
A A


2.9 1.7 2.6
11.6 21.5 15.8


46.0 43.1 47.3
92.2 116.6 114.1


19.31 32.95 27.30
57.0 78.9 77.3
50.2 76.5 74.3


.. .. ..
70.2 89.2 184.6
55.8 a 78.0a 75.8


99 100 100
88.1 100.0 95.0


20,219a 131,137a 70,726


.. 31.5 23.8


.. 37.6 23.9


.. 25.2 26.6


4.0 2.2 9.6
4.9 3.4 11.2


34.5 42.0 30.6


0.68 0.65 0.67
117.9 697.3 1,067.1


36 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Belgium


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.29 0.36 2,533
46 45 39


3,580 3,710 1,772
5.7 2.2 6.2


.. .. 71
74 77 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. C
M C
M C
R R


No C


5.7 5.0 2.5
23.8 16.0 29.0


12.0 9.1 5.6
34.2a 70.0 80.1
1.79 3.05 1.25


.. .. 10.7


.. .. 7.7


.. 29.1 6.5
15.3 0.6 ..


9.2 14.0a 16.2


.. .. 86
73.5 95.0 58.8


5,217 18,337 6,560


.. 19.6 5.1


.. 31.0 11.3


.. 49.7 21.6


0.0 0.5 5.7
5.9 2.4 6.7


12.3 9.8 43.4


0.41 0.40 0.32
257.0 286.8 3.5


37The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Belize


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


8 9 817
41 45 28


570 780 571
4.0 3.7 5.8
35 42 63
58 .. 58


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. P
C C
.. P
.. A


No B


1.4 6.3 ..
35.0 15.7 ..


1.0 1.7 1.1
7.8 85.3 41.7


0.00 0.04 0.12
1.9 2.5a ..


.. .. ..


100.0 6.2 ..
.. 33.5 86.3


1.3 3.5 6.0


43 99 ..
2.9 .. 24.5


484 3,407 2,941


.. 9.0 9.6


.. 15.5 11.9


.. 50.1 42.8


0.0 0.0 ..
2.9 1.3 ..


20.1 23.0 18.6


0.19 0.20 0.20
0.1 0.6 0.8


38 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Benin


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.06 0.06 1,135
100 100 80


.. .. 39,860
2.3 0.3 0.7


.. .. 98
71 68 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


3.9 .. 2.6
11.3 .. 15.8


81.8 89.0a 47.3
82.2 135.8a 114.1


28.83 61.75a 27.30
67.9 90.0 77.3
62.8a 84.0 74.3


.. .. ..
194.8 .. 184.6


65.4 88.3a 75.8


98 .. 100
59.8 .. 95.0


10,555 .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. 3.4 11.2
37.2 40.9 30.6


.. .. 0.67
1,713.8 5,030.1 1,067.1


39The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Bermuda


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.66 0.74 2,533
31 36 39


1,210 2,130 1,772
7.9 9.0 6.2
53 .. 71
54 68 63


Yes Yes
Public Public


M C
M C
P C
R R
B No


2.0 2.6 2.5
81.1 42.0 29.0


5.0 3.7 5.6
5.5 65.6 80.1


0.00 1.79 1.25
2.6 4.7 10.7
1.2 2.8 7.7


.. .. 6.5
56.1 .. ..


3.8 21.0 16.2


5 100 86
0.0 94.2 58.8


237 2,999 6,560


.. 3.4 5.1


.. 3.6 11.3


.. 10.9 21.6


0.9 11.3 5.7
5.3 2.5 6.7
5.8 3.9 43.4


0.31 0.35 0.32
.. 8.0 3.5


40 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


South Asia Lower middle income


Bhutan


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


9 10 2,533
64 67 39


1,030 2,020 1,772
3.1 4.7 6.2
91 91 71
81 .. 63


Yes Yes
Private Public


.. ..
C C
C C
R No
B A


5.6 7.0 2.5
3.8 18.3 29.0


7.1 8.7 5.6
26.5 82.8 80.1
0.14 0.65 1.25
12.1 27.0a 10.7


3.5 9.4a 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. 27.0 ..
5.2 30.0a 16.2


46 .. 86
18.1 56.4 58.8
832 a 4,743 6,560


.. 23.7 5.1


.. 11.3 11.3


.. 25.5 21.6


0.0 0.0 5.7
3.9 3.3 6.7
6.6 9.8 43.4


0.49 0.41 0.32
2.4 10.0 3.5


41The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Bolivia


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 4 2,490
45 48 61


3,020 4,780 6,563
5.0 2.7 6.3
97 98 94
73 72 75


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


.. ..
P P
C C
A A
B A


6.1 3.7 2.7
36.5 24.0 17.8


25.6 25.5 20.9
42.2 84.5 92.4
0.36 9.71 9.96
25.2 33.7a 35.9


6.2a 23.0a 25.5


.. 18.9 2.6
36.3 50.8 144.6
21.3 60.0a 38.2


97 100 98
7.6 70.7 84.6


192 17,767a 13,200


.. 9.8 10.0


.. 15.9 16.0


.. 7.9 18.2


0.3 0.1 13.9
4.2 2.6 13.5


18.1 6.7 28.3


0.45 0.37 0.46
3.4 27.5 19.9


42 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Bosnia and Herzegovina


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


2 2 2,490
57 62 61


5,070 7,470 6,563
5.8 2.8 6.3
81 84 94
72 .. 75


Yes Yes
Public Public


M C
C C
C C
A A
B A


3.1 2.5 2.7
48.9 122.2 17.8


7.3 7.4 20.9
30.1 142.8 92.4
0.09 0.77 9.96


4.5 6.5a 35.9
1.2 2.0 25.5


.. .. 2.6
45.5 22.8 144.6


3.3a 7.0 38.2


99 96 98
.. 100.0 84.6


490 8,442a 13,200


.. 17.2 10.0


.. 13.2 16.0


.. 29.7 18.2


0.2 0.1 13.9
4.7 2.5 13.5


11.2 26.1 28.3


0.36 0.36 0.46
1.6 10.7 19.9


43The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Botswana


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


186 197 2,490
83 85 61


3,960 10,720 6,563
2.8 4.2 6.3
90 90 94
87 .. 75


Yes Yes
Private Private


.. C
C C
C C
A A
A A


4.2 3.0 2.7
17.4 13.4 17.8


21.4 21.9 20.9
46.4 124.3 92.4
1.74 8.59 9.96
18.5 45.4 35.9
13.6 37.8 25.5


.. 0.2 2.6
30.9 54.9 144.6
21.0 45.0 38.2


88 100 98
74.1 73.7 84.6
716 28,024 13,200


.. 23.0 10.0


.. 57.2 16.0


.. 16.9 18.2


3.1 0.7 13.9
12.1 8.8 13.5
43.0 52.9 28.3


0.57 0.67 0.46
14.2 55.5 19.9


44 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Brazil


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.36 0.41 1,135
74 76 80


23,210 31,800 39,860
2.2 0.4 0.7
93 95 98
84 84 94


Yes Yes
Public Public


P P
M M
P P
R R
A A


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


23.1 19.7 47.3
64.1 109.2 114.1
2.24 5.71 27.30


.. 79.6a 77.3


.. 65.0a 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
36.5 56.0a 75.8


.. .. 100
45.2 84.5 95.0


4,191 21,995a 70,726


.. 11.7 23.8


.. 18.3 23.9


.. 48.3 26.6


0.1 .. 9.6
6.1 .. 11.2


17.0 21.4 30.6


0.47 0.59 0.67
13.8 116.3 1,067.1


45The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Brunei Darussalam


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


8 7 2,490
70 73 61


3,640 6,640 6,563
5.5 2.1 6.3
98 98 94
76 80 75


         
Yes Yes


Mixed Mixed


.. ..
P P
C C
A A


No A


         
6.0 3.1 2.7


34.5 30.5 17.8


         


32.2 31.6 20.9
80.7 140.7 92.4
2.14 16.45 9.96
17.9a 46.8 35.9
13.3a 45.0 25.5


5.9 7.5 2.6
37.8 114.7 144.6
20.0 51.0 38.2


100 100 98
80.0 99.7 84.6
881 70,572 13,200


.. 11.3 10.0


.. 32.9 16.0


.. 13.4 18.2


1.5 2.1 13.9
5.5 5.6 13.5


12.5 20.2 28.3


0.57 0.49 0.46
8.7 167.3 19.9


46 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Bulgaria


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


14 17 817
22 27 28


390 580 571
6.4 5.1 5.8
24 .. 63
28 41 58


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


M P
C P
C P
R R
B A


3.5 .. ..
55.8 .. ..


0.6 0.8 1.1
4.5 45.3 41.7


0.00 0.08 0.12
1.4 2.1a ..
0.0 2.0a ..


.. .. ..
27.7 28.4 86.3


0.5 3.0a 6.0


26 .. ..
4.6 45.1 24.5


1,079 2,183 2,941


.. 13.9 9.6


.. 11.6 11.9


.. 52.0 42.8


0.2 0.0 ..
4.5 3.2 ..
8.9 21.1 18.6


0.15 0.29 0.20
0.1 0.5 0.8


47The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Burkina Faso


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


7 9 817
9 11 28


140 250 571
2.2 4.4 5.8
59 67 63
39 64 58


Yes No
Public Public


.. C
C C
C C
A A
B B


.. 2.2 ..


.. .. ..


0.4a 0.3 1.1
2.1 22.3a 41.7


0.00 0.00 0.12
.. 2.6 ..
.. 2.7 ..


.. .. ..


.. 4.0 86.3
0.5 1.1a 6.0


82 83 ..
0.0 0.9 24.5


102a 1,891a 2,941


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.9


.. .. 42.8


0.1 0.4 ..
5.6 5.8 ..


.. 3.5 18.6


0.18 0.15 0.20
0.1 0.3 0.8


48 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Burundi


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


13 14 817
19 20 28


460 820 571
9.1 6.2 5.8
74 74 63
60 64 58


No No
Public Public


.. C
P C
P C
R A
B A


0.4 5.5 ..
.. 69.8 ..


0.2 3.7 1.1
8.0 96.2 41.7


0.01a 0.15 0.12
1.4 4.3a ..


.. 0.2 ..


.. .. ..
11.1 .. 86.3


0.3 3.1a 6.0


75 99 ..
11.7 46.8 24.5
425a 13,530a 2,941


.. 7.9 9.6


.. 7.6 11.9


.. 30.0 42.8


0.0 0.0 ..
2.3 2.1 ..
6.5 7.8 18.6


0.30 0.19 0.20
0.1 3.0 0.8


49The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


East Asia & Pacific Low income


Cambodia


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


18 20 2,533
49 52 39


930 1,210 1,772
3.8 2.9 6.2
71 .. 71
53 67 63


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. ..
C C
C C
A A
B B


3.1 3.8 2.5
28.3 .. 29.0


0.6 3.3 5.6
12.8 52.4 80.1
0.00 0.01a 1.25


4.1 5.4a 10.7
1.2 1.3 7.7


.. 5.1 6.5
1.6 7.0 ..
1.4 5.0a 16.2


54 .. 86
1.3 .. 58.8


630 322 6,560


.. 17.9 5.1


.. 18.8 11.3


.. 58.1 21.6


0.0 0.0 5.7
3.3 2.8 6.7


19.1 30.2 43.4


0.27 0.30 0.32
0.1 1.3 3.5


50 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Cameroon


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


32 34 1,135
80 81 80


33,110 45,550 39,860
2.5 1.1 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


Yes Yes
Public Private


C C
C C
C C
R R
A A


2.5 2.5 2.6
16.2 22.0 15.8


56.2 53.0 47.3
52.7 79.7 114.1


21.70 31.83 27.30
78.4 83.9a 77.3
64.3 78.9 74.3


.. .. ..


.. 346.4 184.6
71.7 83.0a 75.8


97 99 100
78.9 97.2 95.0


9,403a 70,150a 70,726


.. 27.3 23.8


.. 45.0 23.9


.. 29.5 26.6


3.9 2.5 9.6
9.1 8.0 11.2


39.3 42.3 30.6


0.82 0.89 0.67
569.1 1,277.2 1,067.1


51The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Canada


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.47 0.50 2,533
58 63 39


2,080 3,540 1,772
5.2 6.2 6.2
80 84 71
72 76 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


M C
C C
C C
R A
B A


7.5 8.3 2.5
19.1 32.4 29.0


15.1 14.9 5.6
17.3 79.2 80.1
0.20 4.34 1.25


.. 11.3a 10.7


.. 2.5 7.7


33.8 17.9 6.5
46.6 74.1 ..


6.1 32.0a 16.2


85 96 86
14.4 100.0 58.8
487 5,806 6,560


.. 8.3 5.1


.. 31.7 11.3


.. 11.8 21.6


0.5 .. 5.7
3.9 3.3 6.7
7.8 5.4 43.4


0.42 0.44 0.32
2.1 23.7 3.5


52 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Cape Verde


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.05 0.06 1,135
100 100 80


.. .. 39,860


.. .. 0.7
99 .. 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
No No


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


72.7a 65.6 47.3
154.9 167.7 114.1


.. 33.17 27.30
54.8 71.3 77.3


.. 64.5 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
38.0 69.5a 75.8


100 100 100
.. .. 95.0
.. .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67
784.4 2,603.8 1,067.1


53The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Cayman Islands


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 4 817
38 39 28


340 480 571
–1.4 2.7 5.8


51 56 63
.. 43 58


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
C C
C ..
.. ..
.. A


1.1 2.9 ..
.. 46.3 ..


0.2 0.1 1.1
2.5 40.6 41.7


0.00 0.00 0.12
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. 15.3 86.3
0.3 2.2a 6.0


19 56 ..
0.0 0.0 24.5


143 203a 2,941


.. 10.1 9.6


.. 12.9 11.9


.. 1,329.5 42.8


0.0 0.2 ..
2.4 5.9 ..


.. .. 18.6


0.14 0.00 0.20
0.2 0.2 0.8


54 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Central African Republic


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


10 12 817
22 22 28


430 720 571
17.2 2.1 5.8


28 34 63
38 51 58


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. ..
C ..
C C
A R
B B


.. 2.3 ..


.. .. ..


0.1 0.3 1.1
2.1 31.8 41.7


0.00 0.00 0.12
.. 0.4 ..
.. 0.1 ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 86.3
0.4 1.9a 6.0


24 75 ..
0.0 6.4 24.5
90 228 2,941


.. 16.7 9.6


.. 15.4 11.9


.. 11.8 42.8


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 18.6


0.10 0.10 0.20
.. .. 0.8


55The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Chad


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.15 0.15 1,135
31 31 80


57,380 .. 39,860
–1.2 .. 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 47.3


.. .. 114.1


.. .. 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6


.. .. 75.8


.. .. 100


.. .. 95.0


.. .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67


.. .. 1,067.1


56 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Channel Islands


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


16 17 2,490
88 89 61


6,260 12,280 6,563
4.2 3.6 6.3
96 99 94
83 86 75


Yes Yes
Private Private


C C
C C
C C
A A


No A


.. .. 2.7


.. .. 17.8


21.1 19.5 20.9
64.8 129.7 92.4
4.35 11.60 9.96
30.1a 46.8a 35.9
16.7a 35.0a 25.5


3.7 1.9 2.6
55.9 91.5 144.6
31.2a 53.9a 38.2


100 100 98
78.2 98.9 84.6


2,500a 20,414a 13,200


.. 26.6 10.0


.. 23.7 16.0


.. 19.7 18.2


0.5 0.4 13.9
8.2 7.1 13.5


18.4 19.8 28.3


0.58 0.75 0.46
21.0 82.3 19.9


57The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Chile


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


1,304 1,344 2,490
43 51 61


1,740 4,940 6,563
9.8 10.8 6.3
91 94 94
67 70 75


No No
Mixed Mixed


.. P
P ..
C ..
R R
B C


3.2 2.2 2.7
35.9 26.5 17.8


26.8 21.2 20.9
30.1 73.2 92.4
2.86 11.61 9.96


.. 35.4a 35.9


.. 23.7a 25.5


1.3 1.3 2.6
132.5 190.4 144.6


8.5 38.3 38.2


97 99 98
51.2 93.2 84.6


1,221 2,692 13,200


.. 3.9 10.0


.. 5.3 16.0


.. 17.8 18.2


30.7 26.8 13.9
25.3 18.0 13.5
24.9 32.8 28.3


0.50 0.53 0.46
0.3 3.1 19.9


58 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


China


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


43 47 2,490
74 75 61


2,940 6,070 6,563
3.7 4.4 6.3
93 93 94
79 85 75


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


.. ..
P P
C C
R A


No A


4.3 4.2 2.7
.. 17.8 17.8


17.8 15.2 20.9
50.8 98.5 92.4
0.74 6.94 9.96
14.6 29.9 35.9


6.2 23.4 25.5


.. .. 2.6
48.4 350.4 144.6
11.0 40.4 38.2


82 .. 98
46.3 98.8 84.6


4,701 16,796 13,200


.. 7.1 10.0


.. 22.2 16.0


.. 23.7 18.2


0.2 0.1 13.9
13.0 8.5 13.5
14.6 13.9 28.3


0.53 0.84 0.46
4.4 28.0 19.9


59The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Colombia


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.64 0.75 817
28 28 28


610 770 571
2.6 1.4 5.8
68 75 63
60 .. 58


No No
Public Public


.. M


.. M
M M


No A
B C


4.0 5.2 ..
25.6 13.8 ..


2.6 3.1 1.1
2.4 28.7 41.7


0.00 0.02a 0.12
.. .. ..
.. 2.4a ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 86.3
2.0a 5.5a 6.0


40 .. ..
0.3 4.1 24.5


156 4,003 2,941


.. 10.0 9.6


.. 13.5 11.9


.. 80.2 42.8


0.0 .. ..
2.7 .. ..


.. .. 18.6


0.19 0.08 0.20
4.7 1.3 0.8


60 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Comoros


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


57 68 817
31 34 28


120 190 571
4.6 5.6 5.8
67 67 63
49 54 58


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. C
C C
C C


No R
B A


5.5 5.2 ..
89.2 49.4 ..


0.0 0.1 1.1
4.8 23.1 41.7


0.00 0.02 0.12
.. 0.7a ..
.. 0.6a ..


9.5 3.3 ..
51.2 24.8 86.3


0.2a 1.2a 6.0


50 50 ..
6.3 50.7 24.5
37 984 2,941


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.9


.. .. 42.8


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 18.6


0.22 0.18 0.20
0.1 0.1 0.8


61The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Congo, Dem. Rep.


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 4 2,533
61 64 39


980 2,250 1,772
3.7 5.1 6.2


.. .. 71
54 .. 63


No Yes
Public Public


.. ..
C C
.. C
.. ..
B A


2.7 3.2 2.5
.. 23.4 29.0


0.5 0.3 5.6
15.8 93.8 80.1
0.00 0.01 1.25


1.4 3.9 10.7
.. 1.0 7.7


.. 9.5 6.5


.. 40.9 ..
1.5 5.6 16.2


39 95 86
0.0 14.3 58.8
19a 155 6,560


.. .. 5.1


.. .. 11.3


.. .. 21.6


0.0 0.0 5.7
1.0 0.9 6.7


.. .. 43.4


0.27 0.08 0.32
0.6 4.3 3.5


62 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Congo, Rep.


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 5 2,490
62 65 61


4,680 7,640 6,563
4.3 4.0 6.3
95 96 94
74 84 75


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. C
M C
M C
R R
B A


2.3 2.1 2.7
25.8 49.1 17.8


32.2 26.1 20.9
25.6 92.2 92.4
1.04 8.68 9.96
27.0 45.3 35.9
10.2 33.6 25.5


19.2 .. 2.6
152.2 162.0 144.6


22.1 42.1 38.2


86 70 98
60.6 90.6 84.6
689 36,216 13,200


.. 4.6 10.0


.. 3.4 16.0


.. 13.9 18.2


23.7 19.5 13.9
23.7 18.2 13.5
13.3 32.4 28.3


0.51 0.50 0.46
62.0 98.7 19.9


63The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Costa Rica


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


18 20 2,533
47 51 39


870 1,090 1,772
–0.2 1.6 6.2


49 56 71
.. .. 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. M
P P
C C
A A
B C


5.0 6.6 2.5
29.1 17.6 29.0


1.4 1.3 5.6
13.0 86.1 80.1
0.01a 0.25 1.25


1.3 1.8a 10.7
0.5 1.1a 7.7


.. 5.4 6.5
106.4 52.3 ..


1.0 2.2a 16.2


55 92 86
6.9 99.3 58.8


296 18,044 6,560


.. 19.6 5.1


.. 19.0 11.3


.. 40.1 21.6


0.6 0.1 5.7
3.8 3.1 6.7


33.7 28.5 43.4


0.19 0.33 0.32
0.3 1.5 3.5


64 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Côte d’Ivoire


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 4 1,135
56 58 80


9,690 13,540 39,860
4.6 0.0 0.7
98 99 98
78 82 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


4.9 4.0 2.6
14.5 11.8 15.8


42.4 40.1 47.3
82.2 116.4 114.1
2.62 19.59 27.30
32.7 60.0 77.3
40.6 61.4 74.3


16.5 8.0 ..
65.7 100.5 184.6
33.1 70.7 75.8


100 100 100
12.2 72.3 95.0


3,241 19,948a 70,726


.. 16.9 23.8


.. 15.6 23.9


.. 18.2 26.6


2.6 1.5 9.6
6.1 4.2 11.2


12.5 12.7 30.6


0.57 0.64 0.67
39.6 244.8 1,067.1


65The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Croatia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


11 11 2,490
76 75 61


3,960 5,460 6,563
4.6 5.0 6.3


100 100 94
86 91 75


No No
Private Mixed


.. ..
M M
P P
R R
B A


2.9 .. 2.7
7.5 .. 17.8


7.6 10.6 20.9
1.2 11.7 92.4


0.00 0.04 9.96
0.2a 3.4a 35.9
0.4 0.5 25.5


26.5 15.2 2.6
53.0 29.2 144.6


9.7 23.2 38.2


71 78 98
5.8 9.2 84.6
95 175 13,200


.. 0.3 10.0


.. 36.3 16.0


.. 1,752.7 18.2


0.9 .. 13.9
2.6 .. 13.5


.. .. 28.3


0.40 0.31 0.46
0.1 0.1 19.9


66 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Cuba


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.13 0.15 1,135
.. .. 80
.. .. 39,860
.. .. 0.7
.. .. 98
.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 47.3


.. .. 114.1


.. .. 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6


.. .. 75.8


.. .. 100


.. .. 95.0


.. .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67


.. 47.5 1,067.1


67The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Curaçao


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


1 1 1,135
69 71 80


21,490 29,450 39,860
3.1 2.0 0.7
97 98 98
78 79 94


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. C
P P
C C
A A


No A


2.9 3.1 2.6
15.0 11.9 15.8


40.7 36.3 47.3
75.8 97.7 114.1
3.09 18.94 27.30
46.0 63.9 77.3
31.7 57.4 74.3


57.5 44.1 ..
174.0 232.9 184.6


32.8 57.7 75.8


100 100 100
35.0 99.7 95.0


1,328 53,569 70,726


.. 23.4 23.8


.. 7.9 23.9


.. 20.7 26.6


25.0 5.6 9.6
10.8 4.6 11.2
21.1 25.0 30.6


0.60 0.56 0.67
175.3 969.7 1,067.1


68 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Cyprus


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


10 10 1,135
74 73 80


11,890 18,700 39,860
3.9 2.0 0.7


.. .. 98
81 86 94


Yes Yes
Private Private


C ..
C P
C C
A R
A A


3.8 2.4 2.6
11.7 15.4 15.8


31.5 21.7 47.3
115.2 123.4 114.1


6.94 15.84 27.30
30.0 69.9 77.3
19.1 66.6 74.3


7.4 9.9 ..
50.3 97.5 184.6
35.3 73.0 75.8


100 100 100
30.1 100.0 95.0


13,652 91,064a 70,726


.. 26.8 23.8


.. 33.4 23.9


.. 31.2 26.6


11.1 15.2 9.6
11.2 15.8 11.2
24.4 35.0 30.6


0.67 0.54 0.67
41.5 510.6 1,067.1


69The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Czech Republic


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


5 6 1,135
86 87 80


48,590 60,160 39,860
1.2 –0.4 0.7


.. .. 98
103 99 94


Yes Yes
Private Private


C C
P P
C C
A A
A A


2.6 2.2 2.6
17.2 16.6 15.8


61.8 45.1 47.3
100.5 128.5 114.1
24.80 37.60 27.30


84.0 90.4 77.3
74.9 90.1 74.3


.. 18.3 ..
99.1 134.8 184.6
82.7 90.0 75.8


.. .. 100
74.3 93.6 95.0


42,028a 159,511a 70,726


.. 28.9 23.8


.. 7.9 23.9


.. 43.9 26.6


7.1 3.4 9.6
12.4 7.9 11.2


.. .. 30.6


0.91 0.86 0.67
411.3 2,242.9 1,067.1


70 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Denmark


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.81 1 2,533
77 77 39


990 1,270 1,772
3.0 5.2 6.2


.. .. 71
25 34 63


No No
Public Public


.. M


.. M
M M


No No
B C


4.8 5.7 2.5
25.6 14.3 29.0


1.3 2.0 5.6
5.4 21.3 80.1


0.01 1.25 1.25
6.8 13.0a 10.7
0.6 1.7 7.7


.. 124.9 6.5
50.2 32.0 ..


1.0 7.0a 16.2


75 95 86
1.2 74.7 58.8


5,838 13,409a 6,560


.. 8.1 5.1


.. 13.0 11.3


.. 41.8 21.6


.. 0.1 5.7


.. 5.4 6.7
5.1 .. 43.4


0.23 0.20 0.32
1.2 5.4 3.5


71The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


MIddle East & North Africa Lower middle income


Djibouti


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.07 0.07 2,490
67 67 61


5,100 7,030 6,563
1.9 4.5 6.3


.. .. 94


.. .. 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Private


.. C
M C
.. C
R A


No A


8.4 7.8 2.7
18.0 12.5 17.8


27.6 22.9 20.9
75.4 164.0a 92.4
4.93 12.27 9.96


.. .. 35.9


.. .. 25.5


41.2 14.6 2.6
38.4 112.1 144.6
38.5 51.3a 38.2


.. 90 98
54.0 97.2 84.6


1,432 74,871a 13,200


.. 10.7 10.0


.. 17.7 16.0


.. 33.0 18.2


0.2 2.5 13.9
8.3 4.8 13.5


25.9 16.6 28.3


0.37 0.29 0.46
116.1 517.3 19.9


72 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Dominica


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


9 10 2,490
66 70 61


2,900 5,240 6,563
3.1 6.4 6.3
88 90 94
73 .. 75


Yes Yes
Private Private


C C
C C
C C
A A


No A


0.4 3.5 2.7
192.0 15.6 17.8


9.7 10.4 20.9
39.1 87.2 92.4
0.65 4.02 9.96


8.7 18.9 35.9
3.1 11.8 25.5


.. 12.5 2.6


.. 24.1 144.6
11.5 35.5 38.2


.. 81 98
45.1 92.6 84.6


2,914a 11,765 13,200


.. 12.5 10.0


.. 16.9 16.0


.. 18.9 18.2


7.2 2.1 13.9
4.2 3.5 13.5
4.5 6.7 28.3


0.49 0.54 0.46
5.6 23.9 19.9


73The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Dominican Republic


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


13 15 2,490
64 67 61


2,620 4,200 6,563
5.6 3.9 6.3
84 92 94


.. .. 75


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. C
P C
C C
A A


No A


3.8 2.7 2.7
.. 13.9 17.8


12.5 15.1 20.9
46.5 104.5 92.4
0.20 4.22 9.96
17.9 28.8 35.9


.. 16.9 25.5


.. 5.2 2.6


.. 88.1 144.6
6.0a 31.4 38.2


80 95 98
19.5 96.8 84.6


2,485 27,742 13,200


.. 6.9 10.0


.. 17.1 16.0


.. 22.6 18.2


0.2 0.1 13.9
11.1 6.3 13.5


.. .. 28.3


0.48 0.46 0.46
4.0 23.8 19.9


74 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Ecuador


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


74 83 2,533
43 44 39


1,250 2,600 1,772
3.4 5.6 6.2
71 72 71
73 73 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


M P
P C
C C
A R


No A


3.8 2.9 2.5
35.2 33.6 29.0


14.0 10.6 5.6
18.4 101.1 80.1
0.19 2.21 1.25


.. 36.4 10.7
15.3 30.5 7.7


7.6 5.5 6.5
32.5 119.6 ..
12.8 38.7 16.2


92 100 86
5.5 84.1 58.8


400 3,829 6,560


.. 3.1 5.1


.. 6.6 11.3


.. 8.0 21.6


0.1 0.2 5.7
4.4 3.5 6.7


13.2 7.0 43.4


0.48 0.60 0.32
0.5 3.7 3.5


75The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


Egypt, Arab Rep.


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


6 6 2,533
62 65 39


2,820 3,480 1,772
2.3 1.1 6.2
84 84 71
72 71 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. C
C C
C C
A R


No A


4.1 3.8 2.5
13.6 17.7 29.0


16.1 16.5 5.6
39.9 133.5 80.1
0.70 3.31a 1.25


7.4 13.3 10.7
2.1 8.0 7.7


.. 27.5 6.5
33.2 86.9 ..


4.2a 17.7a 16.2


95 .. 86
33.2 99.3 58.8
610a 6,042 6,560


.. 6.9 5.1


.. 13.1 11.3


.. 15.8 21.6


0.2 0.3 5.7
3.6 5.6 6.7
8.4 10.5 43.4


0.50 0.67 0.32
6.1 20.9 3.5


76 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


El Salvador


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.61 0.72 1,135
39 40 80


5,220 15,670 39,860
26.0 7.7 0.7


88 94 98
.. .. 94


No Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..


.. C
M C


No R
B No


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


1.6 1.9 47.3
15.9 59.1a 114.1
0.03 0.17 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
1.1 6.0 75.8


.. .. 100
15.0 .. 95.0


2,404 4,069 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


0.29 0.10 0.67
.. 1.4 1,067.1


77The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Equatorial Guinea


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 5 817
19 21 28


250 430 571
3.5 0.0 5.8
53 68 63
33 28 58


Yes Yes
Public Public


M M
P P
P P
.. ..
B B


3.1 3.1 ..
57.6 70.0 ..


0.8 1.1 1.1
0.9 4.5 41.7


0.00 0.00 0.12
.. 1.4a ..
.. 1.2a ..


.. 80.9 ..
81.4 112.9 86.3


1.8 6.2a 6.0


2 85 ..
0.0 1.9 24.5
75 89 2,941


.. 3.6 9.6


.. 12.1 11.9


.. 204.0 42.8


0.2 .. ..
3.0 .. ..


.. .. 18.6


0.20 0.21 0.20
.. .. 0.8


78 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Eritrea


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


1 1 1,135
69 70 80


9,730 15,260 39,860
7.1 –0.4 0.7


100 100 98
93 91 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C ..
C C
C C
A A
A A


5.5 2.9 2.6
8.2 18.4 15.8


32.8 35.2 47.3
107.4 139.0 114.1
13.31 24.77 27.30


43.0 71.4 77.3
38.7 70.8 74.3


6.9 9.8 ..
75.0 114.8 184.6
61.5 76.5 75.8


99 100 100
91.0 95.2 95.0


5,804 24,378a 70,726


.. 11.9 23.8


.. 23.3 23.9


.. 21.1 26.6


17.0 11.5 9.6
13.0 11.5 11.2
17.2 24.1 30.6


0.76 0.82 0.67
101.8 653.8 1,067.1


79The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Estonia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


74 85 817
16 17 28


160 370 571
5.6 10.0 5.8
30 .. 63
44 57 58


Yes No
Public Public


M M
M M
M M


No R
B B


2.2 1.8 ..
82.1 .. ..


0.8 1.0 1.1
0.6 16.7 41.7


0.00a 0.01 0.12
0.2 1.4a ..
0.1 .. ..


13.5 4.2 ..
90.9 69.5 86.3


0.2 1.1a 6.0


10 .. ..
0.3 3.0 24.5


356a 6,974 2,941


.. 1.1 9.6


.. 4.2 11.9


.. 27.6 42.8


0.0 0.1 ..
7.0 3.8 ..


10.9 6.0 18.6


0.19 0.47 0.20
0.0 0.2 0.8


80 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Ethiopia


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.05 0.05 1,135
40 41 80


.. .. 39,860


.. .. 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


3.5 .. 2.6
.. .. 15.8


49.4 41.4 47.3
87.1 122.0 114.1


12.16 33.40 27.30
.. .. 77.3
.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..
73.1 82.1 184.6
67.9 80.7a 75.8


100 100 100
49.2 99.4 95.0


4,883 .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


0.0 0.0 9.6
4.3 4.3 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67
62.6 1,268.9 1,067.1


81The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Faeroe Islands


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.82 0.87 2,533
50 52 39


3,590 3,720 1,772
2.6 0.2 6.2


.. .. 71
78 88 63


No Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. C
M C
.. C
.. A
B A


4.7 .. 2.5
20.2 .. 29.0


13.7a 15.0 5.6
24.9 83.7 80.1
0.85 2.68 1.25


.. 26.8a 10.7


.. 18.8a 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
8.5 28.0a 16.2


60 .. 86
52.6 59.6 58.8


1,035 8,020 6,560


.. 8.5 5.1


.. 19.8 11.3


.. 18.7 21.6


0.3 0.3 5.7
4.7 3.9 6.7
5.4 3.3 43.4


0.42 0.36 0.32
8.5 36.5 3.5


82 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Fiji


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


5 5 1,135
83 84 80


38,550 47,760 39,860
2.6 0.4 0.7


.. .. 98
101 101 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
P C
C C
A A
A A


2.7 2.0 2.6
9.8 18.1 15.8


40.4 20.1 47.3
100.5 166.0 114.1
22.39 29.50 27.30


63.9 85.1 77.3
54.1 84.2 74.3


.. .. ..
171.5 177.5 184.6


74.5 89.4 75.8


99 100 100
57.1 .. 95.0


5,790a 118,445a 70,726


.. 25.5 23.8


.. 13.1 23.9


.. 35.4 26.6


20.3 4.9 9.6
14.3 7.1 11.2
32.3 40.4 30.6


0.75 0.88 0.67
308.2 1,621.6 1,067.1


83The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Finland


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


63 65 1,135
82 86 80


34,850 42,420 39,860
1.5 0.4 0.7


.. .. 98
95 95 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A R
A A


2.4 2.2 2.6
15.6 15.8 15.8


55.3 63.2 47.3
78.8 94.8 114.1


15.53 36.04 27.30
54.3a 78.2 77.3
34.4 75.9 74.3


13.6 19.5 ..
138.0 147.7 184.6


42.9 79.6 75.8


99 99 100
71.7 98.7 95.0


7,648 78,590a 70,726


.. 26.6 23.8


.. 49.2 23.9


.. 31.6 26.6


6.3 4.3 9.6
8.5 6.5 11.2


23.8 30.4 30.6


0.80 0.88 0.67
76.1 424.9 1,067.1


84 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


France


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.25 0.27 1,135
52 51 80


.. .. 39,860


.. .. 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


20.9 20.1a 47.3
47.1 81.4 114.1
4.32 13.15 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


9.1 9.4 ..
116.7 103.8 184.6


21.5 49.0a 75.8


96 98 100
59.5 98.5 95.0


1,639 14,909a 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


0.2 0.5 9.6
5.1 5.6 11.2


13.5 9.7 30.6


.. .. 0.67
58.9 148.2 1,067.1


85The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


French Polynesia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


1 2 2,490
83 86 61


5,110 8,080 6,563
1.6 3.0 6.3
84 88 94


.. .. 75


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


.. ..
C C
C C
A No
B A


1.7 .. 2.7
12.4 .. 17.8


2.9 1.5 20.9
53.7 117.3a 92.4
0.11 0.29a 9.96


.. 7.6a 35.9


.. 6.0a 25.5


.. 2.1 2.6


.. .. 144.6
4.9 8.0a 38.2


78 .. 98
17.7 18.4 84.6


2,982 6,314 13,200


.. .. 10.0


.. .. 16.0


.. .. 18.2


0.0 0.0 13.9
3.7 3.5 13.5


37.7 .. 28.3


0.32 0.19 0.46
5.8 11.5 19.9


86 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Gabon


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


2 2 817
53 57 28


390 500 571
3.2 4.0 5.8
37 50 63


.. 54 58


Yes Yes
Public Public


M M
P C
C C
A A
B B


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


2.9 2.8 1.1
16.5 78.9 41.7
0.00 0.02 0.12


2.3 5.7a ..
1.1 2.0 ..


.. .. ..
14.7 .. 86.3


3.8a 10.9a 6.0


70 .. ..
7.6 .. 24.5


158a 1,606 2,941


.. 3.5 9.6


.. 6.0 11.9


.. 280.3 42.8


1.2 0.1 ..
5.0 1.9 ..


.. .. 18.6


0.23 0.32 0.20
1.3 3.8 0.8


87The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Gambia, The


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 4 2,533
52 53 39


1,360 2,860 1,772
7.5 4.6 6.2


100 100 71
76 72 63


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


.. C
C C
C C
A A
A A


6.2 2.7 2.5
30.9 36.7 29.0


12.7 31.1 5.6
26.2 102.3 80.1
0.05a 7.51 1.25


3.4 18.2 10.7
.. 16.6 7.7


.. 6.1 6.5


.. 97.2 ..
6.1a 36.6a 16.2


95 99 86
1.3 100.0 58.8


118a 26,695 6,560


.. 2.3 5.1


.. 10.2 11.3


.. 8.4 21.6


0.1 0.2 5.7
4.4 5.3 6.7
4.0 4.6 43.4


0.46 0.60 0.32
4.6 27.2 3.5


88 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Georgia


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


82 82 1,135
73 74 80


34,780 44,230 39,860
0.5 1.1 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


Yes Yes
Private Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


3.0 1.5 2.6
8.6 15.7 15.8


66.4 63.0 47.3
96.0 132.3 114.1


13.07 33.09 27.30
70.0 86.9 77.3
61.6 83.3 74.3


.. .. ..
43.0 82.0 184.6
68.7 83.0 75.8


99 99 100
53.9 .. 95.0


9,981a 74,786a 70,726


.. 27.2 23.8


.. 31.5 23.9


.. 39.4 26.6


7.9 4.6 9.6
11.5 7.9 11.2
29.7 32.5 30.6


0.71 0.75 0.67
274.2 1,102.4 1,067.1


89The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Germany


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


22 25 2,533
48 52 39


460 1,410 1,772
5.1 7.4 6.2
58 67 71
53 65 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. P
P P
C C
A A
C C


.. 2.9 2.5


.. 80.4 29.0


1.5 1.1 5.6
13.3 84.8 80.1
0.01 0.25 1.25


2.1 9.1a 10.7
0.3 .. 7.7


14.6 7.5 6.5
.. 0.1 ..


1.8 14.1a 16.2


59 85 86
17.8 99.5 58.8
424 225 6,560


.. 5.5 5.1


.. 7.0 11.3


.. 31.5 21.6


0.0 0.0 5.7
4.8 5.3 6.7


.. .. 43.4


0.30 0.30 0.32
0.1 3.1 3.5


90 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Ghana


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




91The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


11 11 1,135
60 61 80


21,400 24,490 39,860
4.2 –1.2 0.7
96 97 98
99 .. 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
P P
C C
A A
A A


4.0 3.1 2.6
9.4 14.9 15.8


56.4 50.4 47.3
91.7 106.5 114.1
1.43 21.62 27.30
33.0 57.2 77.3
21.7 50.2 74.3


13.9 13.3 ..
49.3 40.7 184.6
24.0 53.0 75.8


100a 100 100
18.1 98.1 95.0


2,427a 26,008 70,726


.. 23.8 23.8


.. 36.6 23.9


.. 19.2 26.6


2.8 2.0 9.6
5.7 5.0 11.2
6.6 7.7 30.6


0.57 0.58 0.67
31.4 169.6 1,067.1


Greece




92 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


0.06 0.06 1,135
83 85 80


29,690 26,020 39,860
0.7 1.5 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


56.2 34.7 47.3
81.3 102.5 114.1


12.46 20.65 27.30
.. .. 77.3
.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. 0.1 184.6
57.7 64.0 75.8


90 100 100
100.0 100.0 95.0


909 16,362 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


0.1 .. 9.6
5.8 .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67
212.2 1,640.5 1,067.1


Greenland




93The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


0.10 0.10 2,490
37 39 61


6,820 7,350 6,563
4.6 –0.5 6.3


.. .. 94


.. 91 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
M C
.. C
.. A


No A


5.8 6.7 2.7
19.1 13.4 17.8


26.7 27.2 20.9
45.6 116.7 92.4
3.14 13.82 9.96


.. .. 35.9


.. .. 25.5


100.5 46.6 2.6
133.5 200.9 144.6


20.5 33.5a 38.2


.. .. 98
57.3 100.0 84.6


19,505 100,111a 13,200


.. 13.4 10.0


.. 17.1 16.0


.. 29.4 18.2


1.5 2.0 13.9
4.8 4.4 13.5


15.8 16.4 28.3


0.45 0.35 0.46
29.2 47.5 19.9


Grenada




94 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


0.17 0.18 1,135
93 93 80


.. .. 39,860


.. .. 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


38.9a 36.4a 47.3
59.1 .. 114.1
1.56 1.67a 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
38.6 50.6a 75.8


.. .. 100


.. .. 95.0


.. .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67
106.8 222.4 1,067.1


Guam




95The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


13 15 2,533
47 50 39


2,070 2,870 1,772
3.1 3.4 6.2
69 75 71
71 .. 63


Yes Yes
Private Private


.. ..
C C
C C
A A


No No


.. .. 2.5


.. .. 29.0


9.8 11.0 5.6
35.5 140.4 80.1
0.21 1.80a 1.25
10.7 15.8a 10.7


2.1 .. 7.7


32.1 10.3 6.5
51.4 50.7 ..


5.7 11.7a 16.2


76 .. 86
.. .. 58.8


974 6,934a 6,560


.. 5.6 5.1


.. 8.8 11.3


.. 27.3 21.6


0.3 0.3 5.7
6.0 6.0 6.7


19.3 21.1 43.4


0.43 0.46 0.32
5.5 14.5 3.5


Guatemala




96 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


9 10 817
33 35 28


360 430 571
3.0 2.3 5.8
30 41 63
46 57 58


No Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. C
P C
C C
.. ..


No A


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


0.3a 0.2a 1.1
2.1 44.0a 41.7


0.00 0.01a 0.12
.. 1.5a ..
.. 1.0a ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 86.3
0.5 1.3a 6.0


80 80 ..
0.0 .. 24.5
41a 1,731a 2,941


.. 1.6 9.6


.. 4.1 11.9


.. 800.0 42.8


0.0 0.0 ..
0.7 5.2 ..
1.1 49.3 18.6


0.14 0.00 0.20
.. 0.6 0.8


Guinea




97The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


1 2 817
40 44 28


410 600 571
0.7 4.2 5.8
41 54 63
62 .. 58


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


P P
P P
C C
A A
B B


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


0.7 0.3a 1.1
7.2 56.2a 41.7


0.00 0.00 0.12
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 86.3
1.9 2.7a 6.0


65 .. ..
.. 0.0 24.5
2a 54a 2,941


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.9


.. .. 42.8


.. .. ..
1.8 .. ..


10.5 55.4 18.6


0.15 0.10 0.20
.. 1.3 0.8


Guinea-Bissau




98 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


0.75 0.76 2,533
28 28 39


1,090 2,900 1,772
0.8 4.2 6.2


.. .. 71
78 70 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. M
C P
.. P
.. ..
B C


6.3 5.2 2.5
50.0 19.2 29.0


14.8 20.2 5.6
37.7 69.9 80.1
0.27 2.65 1.25


5.9 7.2a 10.7
2.7 6.1a 7.7


21.7 15.1 6.5
24.7 35.2 ..


.. 32.0a 16.2


95 97 86
4.2 68.2 58.8


.. 4,547 6,560


.. 3.1 5.1


.. 8.4 11.3


.. 24.9 21.6


0.0 0.3 5.7
1.9 3.6 6.7


42.4 32.1 43.4


0.44 0.25 0.32
1.3 5.3 3.5


Guyana




99The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Latin America & Caribbean Low income


Low-
income
group


9 10 817
44 53 28


400 700 571
–0.7 1.2 5.8


49 .. 63
.. .. 58


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


.. C
P C
C C
.. ..


No A


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


1.6a 0.5 1.1
5.4a 41.5a 41.7


0.00 0.00 0.12
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 86.3
6.4 8.4a 6.0


.. .. ..
0.0 .. 24.5


227a .. 2,941


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.9


.. .. 42.8


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 18.6


0.21 0.09 0.20
0.6 1.7 0.8


Haiti




100 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


7 8 2,533
49 52 39


1,400 1,980 1,772
4.7 3.1 6.2
84 85 71


.. 75 63


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. ..
M C
C C
A R
B C


5.1 6.1 2.5
23.5 2.9 29.0


7.2 7.9 5.6
18.6 104.0 80.1
0.00 0.43 1.25


6.3 12.9a 10.7
1.5 6.8a 7.7


25.3 20.7 6.5
43.0 24.9 ..


6.5 15.9 16.2


90 .. 86
0.0 0.0 58.8


1,118a 4,866 6,560


.. 6.3 5.1


.. 17.0 11.3


.. 19.0 21.6


1.1 0.1 5.7
5.6 6.3 6.7
8.1 11.4 43.4


0.40 0.38 0.32
4.4 9.5 3.5


Honduras




101The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High income


High-
income
group


7 7 1,135
100 100 80


28,890 36,010 39,860
4.2 3.5 0.7


.. .. 98
74 82 94


.. Yes


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
A A


3.6 3.2 2.6
18.3 13.4 15.8


55.7 61.0 47.3
125.5 214.7 114.1
24.36 31.58 27.30


70.1 77.9 77.3
64.6 76.4 74.3


.. 66.0 ..


.. 117.6 184.6
56.9 74.5a 75.8


100 100 100
63.1 73.5 95.0


16,936 1,046,329 70,726


.. 14.2 23.8


.. 9.8 23.9


.. 21.2 26.6


38.3 42.5 9.6
38.2 40.4 11.2
18.4 16.3 30.6


.. .. 0.67
162.3 643.2 1,067.1


Hong Kong SAR, China




102 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


10 10 1,135
66 69 80


10,220 12,730 39,860
4.2 –0.5 0.7
99 99 98
89 90 94


Yes Yes
Private Private


C C
P P
C C
A A
A A


4.6 3.3 2.6
9.1 15.8 15.8


33.9 29.4 47.3
92.4 117.3 114.1
6.46 22.16 27.30
42.0 69.7 77.3
22.1 65.2 74.3


6.8 8.9 ..
84.5 127.3 184.6
39.0 59.0 75.8


99 99 100
66.7 99.4 95.0


8,904 12,245a 70,726


.. 22.1 23.8


.. 27.6 23.9


.. 21.7 26.6


25.6 21.6 9.6
18.7 17.5 11.2
20.3 29.3 30.6


0.65 0.69 0.67
30.0 252.0 1,067.1


Hungary




103The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


0.30 0.32 1,135
93 94 80


49,620 34,820 39,860
4.0 –0.1 0.7


.. .. 98
95 97 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Private


.. C
C C
C C
A A
C A


2.8 2.0 2.6
19.5 12.0 15.8


65.3 58.9 47.3
95.4 106.1 114.1


26.29 33.92 27.30
89.0 94.7 77.3
84.4 92.6 74.3


18.7 17.1 ..
125.4 180.8 184.6


87.0 95.0 75.8


99 99 100
89.6 95.9 95.0


4,803 287,139 70,726


.. 19.0 23.8


.. 17.9 23.9


.. 26.8 26.6


0.1 0.1 9.6
6.4 4.4 11.2


21.4 27.1 30.6


0.72 0.54 0.67
1,004.3 3,064.4 1,067.1


Iceland




104 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


South Asia Lower middle income


1,140 1,241 2,533
29 31 39


730 1,420 1,772
6.7 7.9 6.2
63 .. 71
60 65 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
R R
A A


2.4 2.1 2.5
50.5 36.5 29.0


4.4 2.6 5.6
7.9 72.0 80.1


0.12 1.08 1.25
.. 6.1a 10.7
.. 4.2a 7.7


5.6 4.9 6.5
.. .. ..


2.4a 10.1 16.2


31 83 86
19.4 59.6 58.8
735 6,319 6,560


.. 2.9 5.1


.. 3.5 11.3


.. 6.1 21.6


1.1 2.2 5.7
7.6 6.0 6.7


67.2 61.5 43.4


0.38 0.54 0.32
0.6 3.5 3.5


India




105The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


227 242 2,533
46 51 39


1,220 2,940 1,772
4.7 5.8 6.2
92 93 71
65 76 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
.. ..
A A


2.2 1.9 2.5
28.3 18.6 29.0


5.9 15.9 5.6
20.6 103.1 80.1
0.05a 1.13 1.25


3.7 12.0a 10.7
1.0 7.0a 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
3.6 18.0a 16.2


90 100 86
5.8 57.5 58.8


184a 7,196 6,560


.. 4.6 5.1


.. 8.1 11.3


.. 21.6 21.6


8.1 3.9 5.7
3.6 7.4 6.7


29.7 34.3 43.4


0.41 0.50 0.32
0.5 4.0 3.5


Indonesia




106 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Upper
middle-
income
group


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


70 75 2,490
68 69 61


2,550 4,520 6,563
5.9 4.5 6.3
82 85 94
64 77 75


Yes Yes
Public Public


M M
P C
P C
R R
B C


1.4 2.3 2.7
74.5 .. 17.8


29.2 37.1 20.9
12.2 74.9 92.4
0.14 2.37 9.96


.. 33.7a 35.9


.. 20.8a 25.5


2.9a .. 2.6
.. 109.4 144.6


8.1a 21.0a 38.2


75 96 98
.. 33.8 84.6


604a 3,540 13,200


.. 0.2 10.0


.. 3.6 16.0


.. 30.5 18.2


0.0 0.0 13.9
4.6 3.6 13.5


.. .. 28.3


0.41 0.49 0.46
0.3 1.3 19.9


Iran, Islamic Rep.




107The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


28 33 2,533
67 67 39


1,150 2,640 1,772
–7.6 5.0 6.2


74 78 71
63 .. 63


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. M


.. P


.. P


.. ..
B B


.. .. 2.5


.. .. 29.0


4.1 5.5a 5.6
5.6 78.1a 80.1


0.00 0.00 1.25
5.0 18.2 10.7


.. 8.6 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
0.9a 5.0a 16.2


68 .. 86
72.1 28.5 58.8
130 61a 6,560


.. 0.4 5.1


.. 12.5 11.3


.. 211.3 21.6


.. .. 5.7


.. .. 6.7
5.0 4.4 43.4


0.27 0.29 0.32
0.0 0.1 3.5


Iraq




108 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


4 5 1,135
60 62 80


42,250 39,150 39,860
4.9 –0.7 0.7


.. .. 98
96 105 94


Yes Yes
Private Private


C C
C C
C C
A R
A A


2.4 1.7 2.6
10.1 16.0 15.8


49.4 45.2 47.3
102.7 108.4 114.1


7.76 21.96 27.30
55.0 80.6 77.3
47.2 78.1 74.3


.. .. ..
115.4 169.7 184.6


41.6 76.8 75.8


99 99 100
34.8 91.2 95.0


14,211a 69,031a 70,726


.. 26.3 23.8


.. 37.3 23.9


.. 32.9 26.6


22.4 6.6 9.6
23.8 9.5 11.2
57.1 62.1 30.6


0.73 0.54 0.67
353.9 1,056.9 1,067.1


Ireland




109The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


0.08 0.08 1,135
51 51 80


38,610 .. 39,860
5.8 .. 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 47.3


.. .. 114.1


.. .. 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6


.. .. 75.8


.. .. 100


.. .. 95.0


.. .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67
25.0 1,164.1 1,067.1


Isle of Man




110 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


7 8 1,135
92 92 80


20,180 28,930 39,860
2.0 4.0 0.7


.. .. 98
92 92 94


No No
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
C C
C ..
R R
A A


4.1 3.4 2.6
.. 12.0 15.8


44.5 46.3 47.3
117.4 121.7 114.1
18.62 24.85 27.30


60.0a 79.0 77.3
42.0a 71.0 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
25.2 70.0 75.8


99 99 100
73.3 100.0 95.0


10,217a 37,782 70,726


.. 17.4 23.8


.. 34.8 23.9


.. 8.8 26.6


7.5 10.7 9.6
9.7 8.7 11.2


55.4 57.4 30.6


0.74 0.85 0.67
162.8 429.9 1,067.1


Israel




111The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


59 61 1,135
68 68 80


30,880 35,320 39,860
0.9 –0.6 0.7
98 99 98
90 90 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
C P
C C
A A
A A


2.4 2.0 2.6
23.2 18.8 15.8


42.7 36.4 47.3
121.9 157.9 114.1
11.63 22.08 27.30


46.0 66.2 77.3
38.6 61.6 74.3


.. .. ..
87.7 108.8 184.6
35.0 56.8 75.8


100 99 100
38.5 97.5 95.0


5,834a 60,820a 70,726


.. 25.8 23.8


.. 30.9 23.9


.. 26.5 26.6


3.1 2.1 9.6
7.1 6.0 11.2


34.2 34.0 30.6


0.67 0.58 0.67
44.2 210.7 1,067.1


Italy




112 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Upper
middle-
income
group


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


3 3 2,490
52 52 61


.. .. 6,563


.. .. 6.3


.. 87 94
81 82 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A A


No A


6.6 4.2 2.7
19.0 23.2 17.8


11.9 9.9 20.9
73.9 108.1 92.4
1.68 3.87 9.96
15.7 22.7 35.9


6.7 14.0 25.5


41.3 80.8 2.6
33.5 194.7 144.6
12.8a 31.5a 38.2


95 .. 98
96.4 97.9 84.6


5,827 29,539 13,200


.. 12.9 10.0


.. 12.9 16.0


.. 29.0 18.2


0.3 0.4 13.9
5.0 3.9 13.5
8.3 7.8 28.3


0.47 0.31 0.46
14.3 51.4 19.9


Jamaica




113The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


128 128 1,135
86 91 80


39,140 44,900 39,860
1.3 –0.2 0.7


.. .. 98
86 89 94


No No
Private Private


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


2.9 2.8 2.6
14.3 11.1 15.8


45.9 51.1 47.3
76.3 105.0 114.1


18.44 27.60 27.30
80.5 83.4 77.3
57.0 81.3 74.3


23.6 2.3 ..
97.6 98.1 184.6
66.9 79.5a 75.8


99 100 100
44.0 90.2 95.0


2,601a 23,111 70,726


.. 26.4 23.8


.. 50.4 23.9


.. 24.2 26.6


16.9 9.2 9.6
13.5 10.1 11.2
19.8 28.1 30.6


0.77 0.86 0.67
257.7 774.3 1,067.1


Japan




114 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Upper
middle-
income
group


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


5 6 2,490
81 83 61


2,490 4,380 6,563
6.3 5.7 6.3
91 93 94
80 75 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
P P
C C
A A
A A


8.5 5.8 2.7
20.5 12.0 17.8


11.8 7.4 20.9
58.7 118.2 92.4
0.44 3.16 9.96
23.0a 50.8 35.9


8.0a 35.4 25.5


15.4 17.7 2.6
111.8 266.9 144.6


12.9 34.9 38.2


99 99 98
12.0 96.1 84.6
449a 6,337 13,200


.. 9.4 10.0


.. 10.4 16.0


.. 22.6 18.2


3.2 1.5 13.9
6.9 4.1 13.5


.. .. 28.3


0.55 0.39 0.46
3.7 29.7 19.9


Jordan




115The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Upper
middle-
income
group


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


15 17 2,490
55 54 61


2,950 8,260 6,563
10.1 5.8 6.3


.. 100 94
91 92 75


Yes No
Mixed Mixed


.. C
C P
.. C
.. R


No A


2.8 2.1 2.7
5.3 16.6 17.8


17.8 26.3 20.9
35.6 155.7 92.4
0.02 7.36 9.96


.. 46.0a 35.9


.. 44.0a 25.5


7.2 3.9 2.6
41.1 68.4 144.6


3.0 45.0a 38.2


81 95 98
1.0 94.6 84.6


107a 21,939 13,200


.. 2.7 10.0


.. 12.2 16.0


.. 23.9 18.2


0.1 0.1 13.9
4.0 5.7 13.5


11.2 11.2 28.3


0.47 0.78 0.46
0.9 7.8 19.9


Kazakhstan




116 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


36 42 817
22 24 28


520 820 571
3.4 4.3 5.8
82 87 63
59 67 58


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


P C
P C
C C
R R
A A


4.7 9.9 ..
76.3 22.3 ..


0.8 0.7 1.1
12.9 67.5 41.7
0.02 0.10 0.12


.. .. ..
2.2 .. ..


3.8 3.7 ..
12.7 77.6 86.3


3.1 28.0a 6.0


62 89 ..
6.7 34.0 24.5


103 4,544 2,941


.. 14.2 9.6


.. 4.5 11.9


.. 37.8 42.8


0.2 1.4 ..
4.1 7.2 ..


.. .. 18.6


0.35 0.43 0.20
0.3 4.2 0.8


Kenya




117The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


0.09 0.10 2,533
44 44 39


1,750 2,030 1,772
1.9 –0.3 6.2


.. .. 71
76 73 63


No Yes
Public Public


.. ..


.. P


.. C


.. ..
No No


.. .. 2.5


.. .. 29.0


4.6 8.4 5.6
0.7 13.6 80.1


0.35 0.91a 1.25
6.0 .. 10.7
2.5 .. 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
4.0a 10.0 16.2


.. .. 86


.. .. 58.8


.. 4,451 6,560


.. 11.5 5.1


.. 18.7 11.3


.. 383.1 21.6


0.9 7.3 5.7
1.3 2.1 6.7


.. .. 43.4


0.00 0.07 0.32
.. 9.7 3.5


Kiribati




118 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Low-
income
group


East Asia & Pacific Low income


24 24 817
60 60 28


.. .. 571


.. .. 5.8


.. 100 63


.. .. 58


No No
Public Public


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
B B


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


4.2 4.8a 1.1
0.0 4.1a 41.7


0.00 0.00a 0.12
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 86.3
0.0 0.0a 6.0


0 .. ..
.. .. 24.5
.. .. 2,941


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.9


.. .. 42.8


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 18.6


0.00 0.12 0.20
.. 0.0 0.8


Korea, Dem. People's Rep.




119The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


48 50 1,135
81 83 80


16,900 20,870 39,860
4.5 3.5 0.7


.. .. 98
98 102 94


Yes Yes
Private Private


.. C
C P
C C
R R
A A


4.7 4.4 2.6
14.4 14.2 15.8


50.8 60.9 47.3
81.5 108.5 114.1


25.91 36.91 27.30
79.7a 81.9 77.3
92.7 97.2 74.3


3.2 3.6 ..
175.8 170.7 184.6


73.5 83.8 75.8


80 100 100
100.0 100.0 95.0
1,439 17,170 70,726


.. 5.8 23.8


.. 21.8 23.9


.. 25.7 26.6


30.0 18.0 9.6
15.2 10.4 11.2
19.9 20.4 30.6


0.83 1.00 0.67
20.0 2,733.4 1,067.1


Korea, Rep.




120 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


2 2 2,533
.. .. 39


2,550 3,510 1,772
5.9 5.1 6.2


.. .. 71


.. .. 63


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.5


.. .. 29.0


.. .. 5.6


.. .. 80.1


.. .. 1.25


.. .. 10.7


.. .. 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..


.. .. 16.2


.. .. 86


.. .. 58.8


.. .. 6,560


.. .. 5.1


.. .. 11.3


.. .. 21.6


.. .. 5.7


.. .. 6.7
4.7 27.1 43.4


.. .. 0.32


.. .. 3.5


Kosovo




121The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


2 3 1,135
98 98 80


34,650 48,900 39,860
8.9 2.7 0.7
93 94 98
83 .. 94


No No
Public Public


M M
P M
P P
R R
B B


3.5 .. 2.6
27.0 .. 15.8


22.3 18.3 47.3
61.0 175.1 114.1
1.10 1.68a 27.30


.. 69.0 77.3


.. 57.7 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
25.9 74.2 75.8


100 100a 100
8.8 .. 95.0


1,503 5,951a 70,726


.. 8.6 23.8


.. 7.8 23.9


.. 19.2 26.6


0.2 0.3 9.6
5.0 6.4 11.2


52.2 35.3 30.6


0.52 0.58 0.67
35.3 202.3 1,067.1


Kuwait




122 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Low-
income
group


Europe & Central Asia Low income


5 6 817
35 35 28


450 900 571
4.1 4.8 5.8


.. 99 63
79 75 58


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
R R


No No


4.5 6.7 ..
3.2 18.6 ..


8.7 9.3 1.1
10.7 116.4 41.7
0.05 0.69 0.12


2.1 4.0a ..
.. 3.6a ..


.. 6.9 ..


.. 78.7 86.3
10.5 20.0a 6.0


42 97 ..
16.2 32.1 24.5
516 1,726 2,941


.. 1.2 9.6


.. 3.6 11.9


.. 54.6 42.8


0.1 0.2 ..
3.3 3.8 ..


26.4 14.3 18.6


0.42 0.42 0.20
0.6 3.9 0.8


Kyrgyz Republic




123The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


6 6 2,533
27 34 39


460 1,130 1,772
6.2 7.9 6.2
73 .. 71
60 61 63


No Yes
Public Mixed


M M
P P
P P
R R
B No


1.7 3.8 2.5
63.0 53.8 29.0


1.6 1.7 5.6
11.4 87.2 80.1
0.01 0.66 1.25


.. 6.9a 10.7


.. 3.4a 7.7


.. .. 6.5
59.6 36,898.6 ..


0.9 9.0 16.2


55 80 86
5.0 53.7 58.8


409 2,048 6,560


.. 4.6 5.1


.. 6.2 11.3


.. 97.2 21.6


.. .. 5.7


.. .. 6.7


.. .. 43.4


0.24 0.22 0.32
0.3 0.8 3.5


Lao PDR




124 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


2 2 2,490
68 68 61


6,810 13,320 6,563
8.0 –1.7 6.3


100 100 94
91 81 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
C P
C C
A A
A A


4.0 3.6 2.7
.. 25.9 17.8


31.7 23.0 20.9
81.2 102.9a 92.4
2.64 20.39 9.96
32.0 64.3 35.9
30.5 63.6 25.5


.. .. 2.6
72.2 .. 144.6
46.0 71.7 38.2


98 .. 98
83.2 .. 84.6


2,621 44,779 13,200


.. 10.1 10.0


.. 12.5 16.0


.. 12.9 18.2


2.0 5.4 13.9
5.8 5.4 13.5


15.9 20.3 28.3


0.59 0.59 0.46
37.8 245.2 19.9


Latvia




125The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


4 4 2,490
87 87 61


5,710 9,140 6,563
4.0 6.7 6.3
90 .. 94
78 84 75


No Yes
Public Public


.. M
C M
C C
.. ..
B B


7.9 .. 2.7
.. .. 17.8


15.7 21.1a 20.9
24.5a 78.6a 92.4
3.21 5.17a 9.96
24.0 71.5 35.9


4.4 61.8 25.5


88.5 44.4 2.6
190.6 189.4 144.6


10.1 52.0 38.2


100 97 98
56.5 47.0 84.6
706 2,257a 13,200


.. 11.7 10.0


.. 19.0 16.0


.. 17.6 18.2


1.8 0.9 13.9
3.3 2.3 13.5


42.4 47.8 28.3


0.48 0.48 0.46
8.4 51.3 19.9


Lebanon




126 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


2 2 2,533
23 28 39


850 1,210 1,772
2.8 4.7 6.2
86 90 71
60 .. 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


M C
C C
C C
A A
B A


0.6 1.8 2.5
20.9 30.3 29.0


2.3 1.8a 5.6
12.1 56.2a 80.1
0.00a 0.06 1.25


.. .. 10.7


.. .. 7.7


.. 1.9 6.5
26.2 5.4 ..


2.6a 4.2a 16.2


29 75 86
1.8 4.1 58.8
80 2,816a 6,560


.. 13.0 5.1


.. 22.0 11.3


.. 53.0 21.6


3.3 5.8 5.7
1.1 2.7 6.7


11.9 22.2 43.4


0.38 0.30 0.32
0.5 0.5 3.5


Lesotho




127The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


3 4 817
46 48 28


120 330 571
–1.0 12.0 5.8


55 61 63
.. .. 58


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. C
C P
.. C
A No
B C


8.1 .. ..
.. .. ..


0.1 0.1 1.1
5.0 49.2 41.7


0.00 0.00 0.12
0.8 1.0 ..


.. .. ..


.. 11.1 ..
0.0 52.0 86.3
0.6 3.0a 6.0


16 1 ..
.. .. 24.5
.. 614 2,941


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.9


.. .. 42.8


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 18.6


0.22 0.19 0.20
.. 1.4 0.8


Liberia




128 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Upper
middle-
income
group


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


6 6 2,490
77 78 61


6,460 12,320 6,563
4.7 4.5 6.3
86 89 94
93 .. 75


No Yes
Public Public


.. ..
M M
.. ..
.. ..
B B


.. .. 2.7


.. .. 17.8


14.8a 15.6a 20.9
34.7 155.7a 92.4
0.16 1.09a 9.96


7.6 .. 35.9
.. .. 25.5


.. .. 2.6
84.0 .. 144.6


3.9a 17.0a 38.2


71 98 98
11.7 8.2 84.6
442a 10,992a 13,200


.. .. 10.0


.. .. 16.0


.. .. 18.2


.. .. 13.9


.. .. 13.5


.. .. 28.3


0.35 0.00 0.46
0.2 1.5 19.9


Libya




129The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


0.03 0.04 1,135
15 14 80


92,780 137,070 39,860
0.5 3.0 0.7


.. .. 98
86 88 94


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. C
P C
C C
.. A
.. ..


0.8 .. 2.6
.. .. 15.8


57.7 54.0 47.3
79.3 101.8 114.1


24.84 71.62 27.30
.. .. 77.3
.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
63.4 85.0 75.8


94 .. 100
54.9 .. 95.0


6,822 6,033 70,726


.. 29.0 23.8


.. 23.4 23.9


.. 47.1 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


0.55 0.59 0.67
1,412.3 7,685.1 1,067.1


Liechtenstein




130 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


3 3 2,490
67 67 61


7,380 12,980 6,563
8.0 0.5 6.3


100 100 94
93 89 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C ..
C C
C C
A A
A A


3.5 2.7 2.7
15.6 13.9 17.8


23.5 21.9 20.9
127.5 151.3 92.4


6.85 22.13 9.96
32.0 61.8 35.9
15.8 61.8 25.5


6.0 5.4 2.6
55.7 11.5 144.6
36.2 65.1 38.2


100 100 98
90.9 99.8 84.6


4,030 57,571 13,200


.. 12.9 10.0


.. 9.6 16.0


.. 10.3 18.2


5.3 2.4 13.9
6.4 3.7 13.5
8.2 9.7 28.3


0.66 0.70 0.46
21.7 262.4 19.9


Lithuania




131The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


0.47 0.52 1,135
84 85 80


69,180 77,390 39,860
3.5 1.3 0.7


.. .. 98
76 75 94


Yes Yes
Public Public


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


1.4 1.2 2.6
18.3 18.6 15.8


53.5 54.1 47.3
111.5 148.3 114.1
15.33 32.90 27.30


75.0 91.7 77.3
64.6 90.6 74.3


74.2 69.1 ..
79.7 78.9 184.6
70.0 90.9 75.8


99 100 100
58.9 100.0 95.0


29,528 89,564a 70,726


.. 26.9 23.8


.. 26.0 23.9


.. 38.1 26.6


7.9 2.8 9.6
8.4 4.0 11.2


16.4 19.0 30.6


0.75 0.70 0.67
473.0 2,050.2 1,067.1


Luxembourg




132 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


0.48 0.56 1,135
100 100 80


23,410 45,460 39,860
12.8 11.9 0.7


93 .. 98
87 81 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
No No


2.5 1.8 2.6
16.8 11.1 15.8


36.2 29.8 47.3
110.7 243.5 114.1
14.13 24.73 27.30


68.1 83.0 77.3
57.2 75.9 74.3


37.5 32.8 ..
123.1 .. 184.6


34.9 58.0a 75.8


100 100 100
76.8 99.4 95.0


9,534 59,685 70,726


.. 8.4 23.8


.. 5.7 23.9


.. 8.5 26.6


2.8 5.2 9.6
9.7 13.2 11.2
0.9 1.4 30.6


.. .. 0.67
54.0 239.3 1,067.1


Macao SAR, China




133The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


2 2 2,490
59 59 61


2,900 4,810 6,563
1.9 3.3 6.3
96 97 94
70 71 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


M ..
C C
C C
A ..


No A


5.5 5.2 2.7
9.8 14.0 17.8


26.2 20.4 20.9
55.5 107.2 92.4
0.61 12.56 9.96
24.9 53.6 35.9
12.5 46.1 25.5


15.2 16.8 2.6
28.7 128.2 144.6
26.5a 56.7 38.2


99 100 98
11.5 99.6 84.6


63a 17,945a 13,200


.. 11.9 10.0


.. 19.1 16.0


.. 12.8 18.2


0.4 0.3 13.9
4.3 3.7 13.5


20.7 22.7 28.3


0.49 0.45 0.46
0.5 41.1 19.9


Macedonia, FYR




134 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


18 21 817
29 33 28


300 430 571
2.0 2.5 5.8
71 64 63
62 67 58


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C ..
C C
C C
R R
B A


2.6 3.2 ..
32.8 26.4 ..


0.5 0.6 1.1
2.9 40.7 41.7


0.00 0.03 0.12
0.5 1.4 ..


.. 0.7 ..


14.7a 1.2 ..
7.7 2.3 86.3
0.6 1.9a 6.0


23 .. ..
0.0 38.7 24.5


335 553 2,941


.. 18.2 9.6


.. 15.4 11.9


.. 38.3 42.8


0.3 0.2 ..
4.6 2.6 ..


19.6 .. 18.6


0.31 0.32 0.20
0.2 0.6 0.8


Madagascar




135The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


13 15 817
15 16 28


220 360 571
2.5 7.2 5.8


.. 75 63
65 70 58


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


.. C
P P
P P
R R
B C


3.4 3.4 ..
.. .. ..


0.8 1.1 1.1
3.3 25.7 41.7


0.00 0.06 0.12
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. 5.2 86.3
0.4 3.3 6.0


70 85 ..
2.7 2.2 24.5


395 3,788 2,941


.. 4.3 9.6


.. 21.2 11.9


.. 561.9 42.8


0.2 0.2 ..
3.5 3.5 ..
6.8 16.2 18.6


0.29 0.22 0.20
0.2 0.9 0.8


Malawi




136 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


26 29 2,490
68 73 61


5,190 8,770 6,563
5.1 4.2 6.3
89 93 94
71 .. 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Private


C C
C C
C C
R R
A A


4.6 3.6 2.7
22.5 19.3 17.8


16.7 14.7 20.9
74.9 127.0 92.4
1.85 7.44 9.96
31.3 64.1 35.9
15.2 61.4 25.5


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 144.6
48.6 61.0 38.2


93 96 98
11.6 27.6 84.6
252a 10,651 13,200


.. 5.1 10.0


.. 8.8 16.0


.. 20.5 18.2


43.4 29.4 13.9
38.0 25.6 13.5
19.4 19.5 28.3


0.61 0.79 0.46
14.4 66.1 19.9


Malaysia




137The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


South Asia Upper middle income


0.30 0.32 2,490
34 41 61


3,380 5,720 6,563
6.9 7.1 6.3
98 .. 94
76 .. 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
M P
M ..
.. ..
B C


9.6 .. 2.7
15.2 .. 17.8


10.9 7.5 20.9
69.0 165.7 92.4
1.10 6.37 9.96
26.1a 54.4 35.9


7.9 23.5 25.5


.. .. 2.6
55.8 172.0 144.6


6.9 34.0a 38.2


91 100 98
71.7 96.0 84.6


2,613 30,659 13,200


.. 4.1 10.0


.. 6.8 16.0


.. 9.3 18.2


0.2 .. 13.9
11.2 5.8 13.5


.. .. 28.3


0.45 0.33 0.46
6.8 104.8 19.9


Maldives




138 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


13 16 817
31 35 28


390 610 571
5.9 4.7 5.8
26 31 63
43 50 58


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


.. P
P P
C C
.. A
B B


4.7 5.1 ..
25.8 36.1 ..


0.6 0.7 1.1
5.8 68.3 41.7


0.00 0.01 0.12
1.5 3.0a ..


.. 1.2a ..


5.0 7.1 ..
9.9 16.4 86.3
0.5 2.0a 6.0


20 .. ..
45.7 6.5 24.5
389 4,893 2,941


.. 7.9 9.6


.. 14.7 11.9


.. 47.3 42.8


0.2 0.1 ..
2.2 2.6 ..


21.9 33.9 18.6


0.16 0.32 0.20
0.1 1.0 0.8


Mali




139The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


High-
income
group


High income


0.40 0.42 1,135
94 95 80


14,380 18,620 39,860
0.8 2.0 0.7
92 .. 98
78 82 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Private


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


5.4 2.7 2.6
15.1 15.2 15.8


49.4 55.6 47.3
79.2 124.9 114.1


12.56 30.95 27.30
46.0 76.4 77.3
40.6 75.3 74.3


.. .. ..
40.3 76.6 184.6
41.2 69.2 75.8


99 100 100
57.9 100.0 95.0


4,591 47,850 70,726


.. 10.4 23.8


.. 20.6 23.9


.. 18.2 26.6


45.2 22.9 9.6
25.5 13.0 11.2
15.3 13.1 30.6


0.66 0.61 0.67
331.8 1,662.6 1,067.1


Malta




140 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Lower
middle-
income
group


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


0.05 0.05 2,533
70 72 39


3,560 3,910 1,772
1.8 1.5 6.2


.. .. 71
69 .. 63


No No
Mixed Mixed


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
B B


5.0 .. 2.5
.. .. 29.0


10.6 .. 5.6
1.3 .. 80.1


0.00 0.00 1.25
.. .. 10.7
.. .. 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
3.9 3.5a 16.2


.. .. 86
0.0 .. 58.8


1,156 23,766 6,560


.. .. 5.1


.. .. 11.3


.. .. 21.6


.. .. 5.7


.. .. 6.7


.. .. 43.4


0.00 0.14 0.32
19.1 125.6 3.5


Marshall Islands




141The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Low-
income
group


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


3 4 817
40 42 28


720 1,030 571
4.5 4.0 5.8
51 58 63
47 51 58


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A A
B C


5.8 5.5 ..
19.2 30.6 ..


1.3 2.0 1.1
24.5 93.6 41.7
0.01 0.17 0.12


.. 3.0a ..


.. 1.0 ..


8.7 7.1 ..
47.1 58.7 86.3


0.7 4.5a 6.0


26 62 ..
7.2 91.1 24.5


2,204 3,890 2,941


.. 18.0 9.6


.. 14.4 11.9


.. 23.5 42.8


.. .. ..
1.4 1.4 ..


.. .. 18.6


0.20 0.08 0.20
0.3 1.7 0.8


Mauritania




142 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


1 1 2,490
42 42 61


5,360 8,040 6,563
3.3 4.5 6.3
84 89 94


.. .. 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


4.4 2.4 2.7
12.9 332.6 17.8


28.4 28.7 20.9
52.3 99.0 92.4
0.43 8.94 9.96
22.5a 38.2a 35.9
15.0a 36.4a 25.5


14.5 15.6 2.6
80.8 131.5 144.6
15.2a 35.0a 38.2


100 99 98
6.3 92.1 84.6


802 12,714 13,200


.. 5.1 10.0


.. 6.7 16.0


.. 13.1 18.2


13.3 0.5 13.9
12.8 4.3 13.5
18.5 31.5 28.3


0.51 0.43 0.46
18.5 132.4 19.9


Mauritius




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


106 115 2,490
76 78 61


7,820 9,420 6,563
1.9 1.4 6.3
92 93 94
77 81 75


Yes Yes
Private Private


.. ..
C C
C C
R R


No No


2.6 2.8 2.7
15.9 15.7 17.8


18.3 17.1 20.9
44.3 82.4 92.4
1.81 10.21 9.96
18.6 30.0 35.9


8.9 23.3 25.5


.. .. 2.6
45.8 101.3 144.6
17.2a 36.2 38.2


100 100 98
49.5 97.8 84.6
736a 8,715 13,200


.. 18.9 10.0


.. 17.0 16.0


.. 18.2 18.2


18.0 17.0 13.9
17.1 17.3 13.5


.. .. 28.3


0.59 0.73 0.46
8.1 29.7 19.9


143The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Mexico


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.11 0.11 2,533
22 23 39


2,510 2,860 1,772
0.4 –0.1 6.2


.. .. 71
75 .. 63


No No
Public Public


.. M
C M
.. M
.. ..


No A


4.8 .. 2.5
13.2 .. 29.0


11.4 7.6 5.6
12.9 24.8 80.1
0.04 0.90 1.25


.. .. 10.7


.. .. 7.7


.. .. 6.5
44.2 .. ..
11.9 20.0a 16.2


.. .. 86
2.0 .. 58.8


462 1,801a 6,560


.. 10.0 5.1


.. 9.1 11.3


.. 50.0 21.6


.. .. 5.7


.. .. 6.7


.. .. 43.4


0.00 0.21 0.32
18.3 53.5 3.5


144 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Micronesia, Fed. Sts.


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 4 2,533
43 48 39


890 1,980 1,772
7.1 3.3 6.2
97 99 71
71 69 63


Yes Yes
Public Public


C C
C C
C C
A A


No A


9.7 5.1 2.5
31.4 42.9 29.0


24.7 33.3 5.6
28.9 104.8 80.1
0.28 10.02 1.25


7.0 36.9 a 10.7
.. 34.7 a 7.7


22.2 17.3 6.5
36.4 92.7 ..
14.6 38.0 16.2


97 .. 86
17.0 100.0 58.8
744 91,118 6,560


.. 1.9 5.1


.. 12.6 11.3


.. 12.2 21.6


0.3 0.6 5.7
3.6 3.5 6.7


21.2 26.2 43.4


0.45 0.52 0.32
4.2 27.6 3.5


145The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Moldova


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.04 0.04 1,135
100 100 80


123,100 188,800 39,860
1.7 10.3 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


No No
Private Private


.. P
M M
C M
A A
.. ..


5.4 .. 2.6
7.6 .. 15.8


96.4 125.6 47.3
48.8 89.7 114.1


26.94 44.25 27.30
.. 65.5 77.3
.. 57.2 74.3


241.5 .. ..
49.0 122.5 184.6
55.5 75.0 75.8


100 100 100
96.9 98.5 95.0


5,720 48,955 70,726


.. 21.2 23.8


.. 52.6 23.9


.. 45.9 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


0.00 0.36 0.67
680.7 2,906.0 1,067.1


146 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Monaco


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


3 3 2,533
62 68 39


890 2,310 1,772
6.7 7.3 6.2
98 97 71
78 89 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C P
P P
C C
R R
A A


3.3 4.9 2.5
15.1 20.0 29.0


6.1 6.7 5.6
21.9 105.1 80.1
0.07 3.17 1.25


.. 22.3 10.7


.. 7.7 7.7


.. 4.2 6.5
0.3 121.6 ..


.. 20.0a 16.2


29 88 86
20.0 98.8 58.8


.. 53,576 6,560


.. 0.7 5.1


.. 3.6 11.3


.. 8.5 21.6


0.0 .. 5.7
5.0 .. 6.7
6.0 21.1 43.4


0.47 0.59 0.32
3.1 17.6 3.5


147The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Mongolia


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.63 0.63 2,490
62 63 61


3,580 7,140 6,563
2.8 3.7 6.3


.. 98 94
74 86 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
.. A


No A


.. .. 2.7


.. .. 17.8


27.3 26.8a 20.9
86.7 185.3a 92.4
1.22 8.30a 9.96
18.6 46.6 35.9
13.8 51.4 25.5


.. .. 2.6
110.7 .. 144.6


27.1a 40.0a 38.2


99 100 98
9.5 .. 84.6


1,413 84,617 13,200


.. 7.8 10.0


.. 16.5 16.0


.. 18.4 18.2


.. 0.2 13.9


.. 3.3 13.5
9.4 8.2 28.3


0.43 0.51 0.46
.. 28.4 19.9


148 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Montenegro


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


30 32 2,533
55 57 39


1,960 2,970 1,772
5.0 4.7 6.2
52 56 71
59 63 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A A
C A


4.6 4.6 2.5
17.0 16.2 29.0


4.4 11.0 5.6
40.8 113.3 80.1
0.82 1.83 1.25
17.2a 39.0 10.7


.. 35.3 7.7


12.7 9.8 6.5
7.8 52.1 ..


15.1 51.0 16.2


98 99 86
95.0 99.6 58.8


1,549 7,558 6,560


.. 2.3 5.1


.. 22.2 11.3


.. 11.7 21.6


6.0 3.8 5.7
7.0 5.9 6.7


17.0 20.1 43.4


0.29 0.54 0.32
0.7 3.8 3.5


149The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


Morocco


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


21 24 817
30 31 28


300 460 571
8.5 6.8 5.8
48 56 63
52 62 58


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
R R
B B


1.5 3.9 ..
24.6 8.2 ..


0.3 0.4 1.1
7.2 32.8 41.7


0.00 0.07 0.12
3.8 4.0 ..
0.9 .. ..


.. 2.3 ..
25.6 47.2 86.3


0.9a 4.3a 6.0


.. .. ..


.. 100.0 24.5
107a 1,244 2,941


.. 11.5 9.6


.. 15.4 11.9


.. 49.7 42.8


0.1 0.0 ..
4.5 1.5 ..


20.6 21.1 18.6


0.26 0.37 0.20
0.1 1.4 0.8


150 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Mozambique


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


46 48 817
29 33 28


.. .. 571
12.8 .. 5.8


90 92 63
57 .. 58


No No
Public Public


M M
M M
P M
.. ..
C C


.. .. ..
8.6 .. ..


1.1 1.1 1.1
0.3 2.6 41.7


0.00 0.02 0.12
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


15.2 .. ..
.. .. 86.3


0.1 1.0 6.0


10 2 ..
3.8 72.8 24.5


3,111 11,231 2,941


.. 0.9 9.6


.. 12.8 11.9


.. 28.5 42.8


.. 0.0 ..


.. 1.7 ..


.. .. 18.6


0.29 0.10 0.20
0.0 0.1 0.8


151The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


East Asia & Pacific Low income


Myanmar


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


2 2 2,490
35 38 61


3,300 4,700 6,563
5.4 3.9 6.3
85 89 94
70 .. 75


Yes Yes
Public Public


M C
M C
C C
R R
B A


4.1 3.1 2.7
7.5 12.0 17.8


6.7 6.8 20.9
21.6 96.4 92.4
0.01 0.80 9.96


6.9a 13.0a 35.9
3.0a 10.0a 25.5


.. 5.4 2.6


.. 102.7 144.6
4.0a 12.0a 38.2


88 100 98
0.2 .. 84.6


432 2,349 13,200


.. 14.1 10.0


.. 16.0 16.0


.. 118.7 18.2


0.6 0.6 13.9
4.8 3.6 13.5
4.7 27.0 28.3


0.34 0.30 0.46
6.7 19.0 19.9


152 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Namibia


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


27 30 817
15 17 28


290 540 571
3.2 4.6 5.8
49 60 63


.. .. 58


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


P C
P C
C C
R R
B A


0.9 .. ..
26.7 .. ..


1.8 2.8 1.1
0.8 43.8 41.7


0.00 0.31 0.12
1.9 4.2a ..


.. 1.0 ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 86.3
0.8 9.0 6.0


10 35 ..
0.0 45.5 24.5


210 1,531 2,941


.. 3.4 9.6


.. 3.2 11.9


.. 23.3 42.8


.. 0.2 ..
4.5 5.3 ..


27.2 40.5 18.6


0.27 0.29 0.20
0.4 2.2 0.8


153The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


South Asia Low income


Nepal


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


16 17 1,135
80 83 80


39,880 49,660 39,860
1.2 1.0 0.7


.. .. 98
97 100 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. C
P C
P C
A A
A A


2.2 2.2 2.6
13.2 14.8 15.8


46.6 43.5 47.3
97.1 115.4 114.1


25.14 38.74 27.30
78.0 94.2 77.3
78.3 93.6 74.3


.. .. ..
38.8 97.9 184.6
81.0 92.3 75.8


100 98 100
73.2 100.0 95.0


25,333a 162,532a 70,726


.. 32.5 23.8


.. 33.2 23.9


.. 32.9 26.6


16.8 11.9 9.6
18.7 12.8 11.2
45.5 45.6 30.6


0.86 0.96 0.67
327.1 2,880.1 1,067.1


154 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Netherlands


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.23 0.25 1,135
63 62 80


.. .. 39,860


.. .. 0.7


.. 96 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
B A


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


23.9 29.9 47.3
58.1 89.2 114.1
4.15 16.78 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..
60.1 .. 184.6
32.4 50.0a 75.8


75a 89 100
51.2 100.0 95.0


1,765 18,421 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


0.2 0.1 9.6
4.6 3.4 11.2
8.6 12.7 30.6


.. .. 0.67
68.3 208.7 1,067.1


155The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


New Caledonia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 4 1,135
86 86 80


24,990 29,140 39,860
4.1 0.3 0.7


.. .. 98
106 108 94


Yes Yes
Private Private


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


4.4 2.4 2.6
6.1 25.3 15.8


41.8 42.6 47.3
85.4 109.2 114.1
7.76 25.82 27.30
67.8a 83.9a 77.3
62.1a 79.0a 74.3


.. .. ..
29.5 76.1 184.6
62.7a 86.0 75.8


98 97 100
27.8 81.4 95.0


1,764a 23,706a 70,726


.. 33.0 23.8


.. 47.2 23.9


.. 40.5 26.6


1.7 1.2 9.6
9.6 8.0 11.2


14.6 21.1 30.6


0.74 0.78 0.67
489.9 1,505.2 1,067.1


156 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


New Zealand


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


5 6 2,533
56 58 39


1,170 1,510 1,772
3.1 2.7 6.2
78 .. 71
70 .. 63


Yes Yes
Private Private


.. ..
C C
C C
A R
B No


2.9 .. 2.5
24.0 .. 29.0


4.1 4.9 5.6
20.6 82.2 80.1
0.19 1.45 1.25


3.8 8.2a 10.7
0.1 2.0 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
2.6 10.6 16.2


70 100 86
45.0 .. 58.8


43a 12,857 6,560


.. 5.2 5.1


.. 16.7 11.3


.. 19.6 21.6


0.1 0.1 5.7
6.1 4.4 6.7


.. 18.1 43.4


0.37 0.31 0.32
2.0 10.2 3.5


157The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Nicaragua


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


13 16 817
17 18 28


260 360 571
3.7 4.5 5.8
29 .. 63
25 36 58


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
C C
M M
R R
B B


2.2 4.9 ..
56.5 .. ..


0.2 0.5 1.1
2.5 29.5 41.7


0.00 0.01 0.12
.. 1.5 ..
.. 0.1 ..


.. .. ..


.. 18,471.9 86.3
0.2 1.3 6.0


15 75 ..
5.9 11.3 24.5


1,043 1,005a 2,941


.. 11.7 9.6


.. 16.6 11.9


.. 59.6 42.8


0.1 0.2 ..
3.2 3.7 ..


34.3 5.4 18.6


0.11 0.20 0.20
0.1 0.3 0.8


158 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Niger


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


140 162 2,533
46 50 39


630 1,280 1,772
6.6 6.8 6.2
55 61 71
56 .. 63


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


.. C
P C
C C
A A
A A


3.1 2.6 2.5
0.4 75.5 29.0


0.9 0.4 5.6
13.3 58.6 80.1
0.00 0.13 1.25


5.1 9.3a 10.7
.. 4.6a 7.7


6.2 4.6 6.5
27.4 37.6 ..


3.5 28.4 16.2


58 90 86
.. 44.6 58.8


30 368a 6,560


.. 16.1 5.1


.. 15.9 11.3


.. 59.7 21.6


0.0 0.0 5.7
3.9 3.9 6.7
1.6 2.5 43.4


0.31 0.22 0.32
0.2 1.8 3.5


159The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Nigeria


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.07 0.06 1,135
91 91 80


.. .. 39,860


.. .. 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


34.6a 41.9a 47.3
29.9 .. 114.1
0.00 0.00a 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6


.. .. 75.8


.. .. 100


.. .. 95.0


.. .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67
77.7 48.3 1,067.1


160 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Northern Mariana Islands


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


5 5 1,135
77 79 80


62,490 88,870 39,860
2.1 0.7 0.7


.. .. 98
99 98 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. C
P C
C C
A A
A A


1.6 1.2 2.6
.. .. 15.8


45.6 31.0 47.3
102.8 115.6 114.1
21.44 35.44 27.30


74.0 91.0 77.3
64.0 92.2 74.3


.. .. ..
119.3 174.5 184.6


82.0 94.0 75.8


.. .. 100
69.8 97.7 95.0


11,349a 151,257a 70,726


.. 23.8 23.8


.. 14.6 23.9


.. 49.1 26.6


1.2 1.0 9.6
8.8 6.9 11.2


24.4 37.2 30.6


0.89 0.86 0.67
308.9 1,924.8 1,067.1


161The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Norway


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


2 3 1,135
72 73 80


11,190 19,260 39,860
3.1 6.0 0.7
81 87 98
72 78 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


M C
P P
M C
R A
B C


3.0 2.5 2.6
102.5 12.9 15.8


10.9 10.1 47.3
54.9 169.0 114.1
0.54 1.85 27.30
37.2 58.0a 77.3
15.5a 38.9a 74.3


18.1 22.9 ..
99.9 113.4 184.6


6.7 68.0a 75.8


92 98 100
24.4 59.0 95.0


3,073 6,331 70,726


.. 13.1 23.8


.. 8.7 23.9


.. 25.9 26.6


0.2 0.1 9.6
4.4 2.9 11.2


21.9 15.0 30.6


0.47 0.67 0.67
4.1 53.4 1,068.0


162 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Oman


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


159 177 2,533
34 36 39


710 1,120 1,772
5.0 3.7 6.2
50 55 71
40 44 63


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


C C
P C
C C
A A


No A


2.2 2.0 2.5
61.0 12.1 29.0


3.3 3.2 5.6
8.1 61.6 80.1


0.01 0.42 1.25
8.1 .. 10.7


.. .. 7.7


4.0 8.3 6.5
40.9 107.2 ..


6.3 9.0a 16.2


36 92 86
0.7 25.6 58.8
72 8,172 6,560


.. 4.1 5.1


.. 3.3 11.3


.. 14.2 21.6


0.5 0.2 5.7
8.7 3.6 6.7


17.9 23.4 43.4


0.32 0.37 0.32
0.3 1.3 3.5


163The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


South Asia Lower middle income


Pakistan


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.02 0.02 2,490
78 84 61


7,770 6,510 6,563
0.9 –1.5 6.3


.. .. 94


.. .. 75


.. ..
Public Public


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.7


.. .. 17.8


40.1 33.6 20.9
30.4 74.9 92.4
0.50 2.51 9.96
18.5 .. 35.9


.. 19.0 25.5


50.7 25.9 2.6
.. .. 144.6


27.0 .. 38.2


30 98 98
7.6 39.9 84.6


1,123 .. 13,200


.. .. 10.0


.. .. 16.0


.. .. 18.2


.. .. 13.9


.. .. 13.5


.. .. 28.3


0.00 0.18 0.46
50.5 48.8 20.1


164 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


Palau


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


3 4 2,490
71 75 61


4,640 7,470 6,563
4.4 8.5 6.3
92 94 94
79 79 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
P P
C ..
A A


No No


3.7 3.3 2.7
.. .. 17.8


14.5 15.7 20.9
54.0 188.6 92.4
0.54 7.92 9.96
14.6 29.0a 35.9


8.1 20.7 25.5


.. 6.7 2.6
61.3 63.7 144.6
11.5 42.7 38.2


75 92 98
21.3 97.7 84.6


2,490a 44,121 13,200


.. 12.8 10.0


.. 9.4 16.0


.. 14.7 18.2


0.1 7.9 13.9
9.1 8.1 13.5


10.6 6.5 28.3


0.47 0.46 0.46
56.2 144.8 19.9


165The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Panama


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


6 7 2,533
13 13 39


680 1,480 1,772
1.6 6.6 6.2
57 61 71


.. .. 63


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. ..
M M
P P
.. ..
A A


.. .. 2.5


.. .. 29.0


1.0 1.9a 5.6
1.2 34.2a 80.1


0.00a 0.11a 1.25
.. .. 10.7
.. 1.9 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
1.7 2.0a 16.2


.. .. 86


.. .. 58.8
57a 5,703a 6,560


.. 4.5 5.1


.. 23.3 11.3


.. 140.2 21.6


0.0 .. 5.7
3.2 .. 6.7


72.8 49.3 43.4


0.21 0.23 0.32
0.5 7.5 3.5


166 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Papua New Guinea


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


6 7 2,533
58 62 39


1,260 3,020 1,772
1.7 5.3 6.2
95 94 71
72 70 63


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. C
C C
C C
R A
B A


4.1 4.0 2.5
.. .. 29.0


5.4 5.7 5.6
32.0 99.4 80.1
0.09 0.92 1.25


8.7 22.7a 10.7
1.7 19.3a 7.7


.. 7.2 6.5


.. 81.6 ..
7.9 23.9a 16.2


.. 94 86
9.3 26.6 58.8


738 9,482 6,560


.. 6.8 5.1


.. 9.7 11.3


.. 19.2 21.6


0.2 0.1 5.7
17.4 21.7 6.7
19.7 33.0 43.4


0.47 0.46 0.32
1.4 11.4 3.5


167The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Lower middle income


Paraguay


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


28 29 2,490
75 77 61


2,710 5,150 6,563
4.3 6.9 6.3
88 .. 94
82 83 75


Yes Yes
Private Private


.. ..
C C
C C
A A
A A


2.7 2.8 2.7
17.9 21.5 17.8


8.7 12.5 20.9
20.3 110.4 92.4
1.28 4.05 9.96


8.2 23.0a 35.9
3.5 14.0a 25.5


13.7 9.5 2.6
40.5 58.6 144.6
17.1a 36.5 38.2


92 100 98
42.3 99.4 84.6


2,122 9,319a 13,200


.. 12.1 10.0


.. 42.9 16.0


.. 29.6 18.2


0.2 0.1 13.9
8.4 7.4 13.5


13.9 15.2 28.3


0.53 0.52 0.46
5.3 22.1 19.9


168 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Peru


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


86 95 2,533
48 49 39


1,210 2,210 1,772
4.7 4.6 6.2
93 95 71
78 76 63


Yes Yes
Private Private


.. ..
C C
C C
R R
A A


4.2 2.4 2.5
24.4 24.0 29.0


3.9 3.7 5.6
40.7 99.3 80.1
0.14a 1.89a 1.25


6.6a 13.1a 10.7
.. 10.1a 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
5.4a 29.0a 16.2


99 99a 86
8.5 34.5 58.8


696a 12,360a 6,560


.. 14.4 5.1


.. 10.1 11.3


.. 22.1 21.6


47.7 22.7 5.7
45.8 13.2 6.7
15.9 65.4 43.4


0.50 0.50 0.32
2.5 8.8 3.5


169The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Philippines


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


38 39 1,135
61 61 80


7,270 12,380 39,860
3.2 4.5 0.7
99 100 98
87 89 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C P
C C
A A
A A


3.8 2.8 2.6
16.1 16.1 15.8


31.0 17.9 47.3
76.4 131.0 114.1
2.48 14.68 27.30
40.0 71.3 77.3
30.4 66.6 74.3


.. .. ..
46.7 104.8 184.6
38.8 64.9 75.8


99 100 100
35.2 100.0 95.0


1,443a 40,244a 70,726


.. 20.6 23.8


.. 12.6 23.9


.. 19.4 26.6


4.0 7.0 9.6
7.9 7.3 11.2


19.6 33.7 30.6


0.61 0.54 0.67
22.0 309.7 1,067.1


170 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Poland


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


11 11 1,135
58 61 80


18,060 21,370 39,860
0.7 0.0 0.7


.. 95 98
89 97 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
P C
C C
A A


No A


4.8 4.2 2.6
9.9 12.4 15.8


40.2 42.4 47.3
108.6 115.4 114.1
11.05 20.95 27.30


42.5 63.7 77.3
31.5 58.0 74.3


15.7 .. ..
80.6 138.2 184.6
35.0 55.3 75.8


99 99 100
81.1 98.9 95.0


2,371a 135,332a 70,726


.. 23.6 23.8


.. 23.2 23.9


.. 27.6 26.6


7.8 3.8 9.6
8.4 5.0 11.2


16.1 18.6 30.6


0.65 0.65 0.67
57.4 238.1 1,067.1


171The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Portugal


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 4 1,135
98 99 80


14,530 16,560 39,860
1.9 –1.9 0.7
91 90 98


.. 83 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


27.4a 22.1 47.3
52.7 83.0 114.1
3.13 14.90 27.30


.. 55.0 77.3


.. 50.0 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
23.4a 48.0 75.8


62 68 100
.. 98.2 95.0


2,260a 135,429a 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67
31.9 113.0 1,067.1


172 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Puerto Rico


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.82 2 1,135
97 99 80


62,050 80,440 39,860
8.7 16.5 0.7
89 96 98
78 62 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


M P
M P
M P
A R
B A


1.8 1.1 2.6
26.3 14.6 15.8


25.0 16.4 47.3
87.3 123.1 114.1
3.12 8.67 27.30


.. 88.3 77.3


.. 83.6 74.3


79.1 .. ..
.. .. 184.6


24.7 86.2 75.8


99 100 100
48.2 96.9 95.0


3,817 22,333 70,726


.. 9.1 23.8


.. 18.7 23.9


.. 54.9 26.6


0.0 0.0 9.6
4.8 4.3 11.2


.. .. 30.6


0.53 0.74 0.67
20.7 149.1 1,067.1


173The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Qatar


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


22 21 2,490
53 53 61


3,920 8,140 6,563
5.8 2.0 6.3
97 98 94
77 84 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A ..
A A


3.8 2.1 2.7
23.0 21.0 17.8


20.1 21.8 20.9
61.3 109.2 92.4
1.73 15.21 9.96
24.7a 51.2 35.9


9.8a 47.4 25.5


10.2 10.1 2.6
57.2 205.2 144.6
21.5a 44.0 38.2


99 100 98
47.7 100.0 84.6


2,879 126,108 13,200


.. 12.5 10.0


.. 22.2 16.0


.. 9.1 18.2


2.2 7.8 13.9
6.7 8.0 13.5


19.2 35.0 28.3


0.54 0.52 0.46
5.4 67.2 19.9


174 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Romania


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


143 143 2,490
73 74 61


4,460 10,650 6,563
6.2 2.9 6.3
99 100 94
82 85 75


No No
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
C C
.. ..
.. ..


No No


2.9 2.4 2.7
32.1 19.8 17.8


27.9 30.9 20.9
83.4 179.3 92.4
1.10 13.14 9.96
35.0 57.1a 35.9
25.0 46.0a 25.5


.. .. 2.6


.. 89.3 144.6
15.2 49.0 38.2


95 .. 98
8.3 96.6 84.6


656a 31,711 13,200


.. 7.0 10.0


.. 9.2 16.0


.. 9.9 18.2


0.2 0.3 13.9
7.8 7.7 13.5


22.1 32.3 28.3


0.51 0.66 0.46
2.4 38.6 19.9


175The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Russian Federation


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


9 11 817
18 19 28


270 570 571
7.5 8.2 5.8
65 71 63
56 70 58


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. P
C C
C C
.. A
B A


2.7 2.6 ..
22.7 28.4 ..


0.3a 0.4 1.1
2.4 40.6 41.7


0.01 0.03 0.12
.. 1.3 ..
.. 3.2a ..


12.8 2.5 ..
11.8 79.4 86.3


0.6a 7.0 6.0


75 97 ..
40.0 21.8 24.5


1,055 4,414 2,941


.. 9.0 9.6


.. 14.7 11.9


.. 111.7 42.8


1.2 0.5 ..
8.4 7.0 ..
2.5 3.2 18.6


0.29 0.34 0.20
.. 2.0 0.8


176 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Rwanda


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.18 0.18 2,533
21 20 39


2,090 3,160 1,772
4.9 0.6 6.2
99 99 71
78 .. 63


No Yes
Public Public


M C
M C
C C
R A
B A


5.0 .. 2.5
.. .. 29.0


10.8 19.3a 5.6
13.3 91.4a 80.1
0.04a 0.11a 1.25


.. .. 10.7


.. .. 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
3.4 7.0a 16.2


.. .. 86


.. .. 58.8
1,489 3,901a 6,560


.. 12.0 5.1


.. 17.6 11.3


.. 60.8 21.6


0.1 0.6 5.7
2.0 2.8 6.7


10.1 11.3 43.4


0.38 0.28 0.32
5.5 27.1 3.5


177The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Samoa


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.03 0.03 1,135
94 94 80


40,370 50,400 39,860
3.2 3.1 0.7


.. .. 98


.. 86 94


No No
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
C C
.. ..
.. ..
.. ..


0.4 .. 2.6
50.0 .. 15.8


68.8 58.9 47.3
56.6 111.8 114.1
4.03 20.60 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
50.3 49.6 75.8


.. 98 100
22.2 75.4 95.0


10,178 635,301a 70,726


.. 25.6 23.8


.. 23.8 23.9


.. 22.2 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


0.00 0.29 0.67
363.0 1,721.7 1,067.1


178 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


San Marino


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.15 0.17 2,533
58 63 39


750 1,350 1,772
4.1 5.8 6.2
85 89 71
66 71 63


No Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..


.. M


.. M


.. ..
No No


9.1 6.7 2.5
14.9 69.4 29.0


4.7a 4.7 5.6
7.8 68.3 80.1


0.00 0.42 1.25
.. .. 10.7
.. .. 7.7


33.2a 8.4 6.5
4.6 26.5 ..


13.8a 20.2a 16.2


8 90 86
0.0 76.1 58.8
95 1,472 6,560


.. 8.3 5.1


.. 12.7 11.3


.. 221.3 21.6


0.0 0.7 5.7
3.4 5.8 6.7


13.2 7.9 43.4


0.32 0.12 0.32
12.7 69.8 3.5


179The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


São Tomé and Príncipe


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


24 28 1,135
81 82 80


12,230 17,820 39,860
4.0 3.2 0.7
83 87 98
77 81 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


P ..
P P
C C


No No
B B


2.9 3.0 2.6
21.5 19.9 15.8


16.0 16.5 47.3
58.9 191.2 114.1
0.28a 5.62 27.30


.. 57.3a 77.3


.. 54.4a 74.3


.. 29.3 ..
15.6 102.0 184.6
12.7 47.5 75.8


96 99 100
5.4 84.3 95.0


393 33,031 70,726


.. 13.2 23.8


.. 14.1 23.9


.. 26.6 26.6


0.1 0.1 9.6
6.5 7.2 11.2


41.5 2.9 30.6


0.49 0.80 0.67
3.2 29.9 1,067.1


180 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Saudi Arabia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


11 13 2,533
41 43 39


800 1,070 1,772
4.6 3.4 6.2
42 50 71
43 50 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C P
C P
C P
A A
B A


7.8 9.7 2.5
22.1 8.9 29.0


2.5 2.7 5.6
15.9 73.3 80.1
0.17 0.73 1.25


3.7 5.7a 10.7
0.9 4.5a 7.7


36.4 11.8 6.5
42.6 69.7 ..


4.8 17.5 16.2


85 90 86
86.8 100.0 58.8


1,489 2,909 6,560


.. 10.3 5.1


.. 13.7 11.3


.. 36.1 21.6


0.4 0.4 5.7
3.9 2.7 6.7


28.0 33.6 43.4


0.25 0.35 0.32
0.3 2.2 3.5


181The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Senegal


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


7 7 2,490
54 56 61


3,430 5,690 6,563
5.3 1.8 6.3
96 98 94
78 79 75


No Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..
C C
.. C
.. A
B A


4.7 4.7 2.7
22.9 16.2 17.8


31.1 37.3 20.9
67.8 125.4 92.4
0.41 11.29 9.96
26.5 50.9a 35.9
18.5 40.2a 25.5


13.5 8.5 2.6
27.6 77.4 144.6
26.3a 42.2 38.2


96 87 98
4.4 94.3 84.6


805 76,761 13,200


.. 6.6 10.0


.. 9.8 16.0


.. 19.8 18.2


0.5 1.4 13.9
5.5 4.3 13.5


36.5 38.5 28.3


0.48 0.58 0.46
5.1 27.2 19.9


182 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Serbia


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.08 0.09 2,490
52 54 61


10,540 11,270 6,563
–1.0 3.8 6.3


92 92 94
85 77 75


No No
Private Private


.. C
P P
P C
A A
A A


6.4 3.8 2.7
24.9 .. 17.8


25.6 32.1 20.9
70.4 145.7 92.4
1.14 10.36 9.96
20.0 45.0a 35.9
10.0 34.0a 25.5


9.3 7.8 2.6
.. .. 144.6


25.4 43.2a 38.2


98 98 98
24.5 85.2 84.6


1,107 5,867 13,200


.. 9.4 10.0


.. 17.4 16.0


.. 41.8 18.2


0.0 0.0 13.9
1.5 2.1 13.5
4.9 24.0 28.3


0.49 0.33 0.46
482.5 1,170.1 19.9


183The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


Seychelles


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


5 6 817
37 39 28


310 460 571
9.0 5.3 5.8
35 42 63


.. .. 58


No Yes
Public Public


.. P
C P
P P
.. ..
B B


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


0.5a 0.2 1.1
14.2a 35.6a 41.7
0.00 .. 0.12


0.8 .. ..
.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 86.3
0.2 0.3a 6.0


70 .. ..
.. .. 24.5
.. .. 2,941


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.9


.. .. 42.8


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
0.2 49.8 18.6


0.15 0.17 0.20
0.7 0.8 0.8


184 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Sierra Leone


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 5 1,135
100 100 80


27,240 42,930 39,860
5.1 5.7 0.7
93 96 98


.. .. 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


3.5 2.7 2.6
12.6 .. 15.8


43.2 38.9 47.3
102.8 150.2 114.1
15.38 25.63 27.30


74.0a 86.1 77.3
66.0 84.8 74.3


75.2 91.1 ..
.. .. 184.6


61.0 71.0 75.8


100 100 100
29.1 95.9 95.0


32,621 343,728 70,726


.. 8.2 23.8


.. 8.1 23.9


.. 26.2 26.6


45.5 28.9 9.6
37.9 23.5 11.2
22.3 22.9 30.6


0.70 1.00 0.67
275.4 651.6 1,067.1


185The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Singapore


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.04 0.04 1,135
.. .. 80
.. .. 39,860
.. .. 0.7
.. .. 98
.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 47.3


.. .. 114.1


.. .. 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6


.. .. 75.8


.. .. 100


.. .. 95.0


.. .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67


.. .. 1,067.1


186 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
High-


income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


5 5 1,135
56 55 80


11,040 16,190 39,860
4.9 3.9 0.7


.. .. 98
76 80 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C P
C P
C C
A A
A A


3.0 2.8 2.6
22.6 19.2 15.8


22.1 19.3 47.3
83.8 109.3 114.1
3.35 13.65 27.30
47.0 75.4 77.3
23.0 70.8 74.3


12.4 11.2 ..
86.4 113.8 184.6
55.2 74.4 75.8


100 100 100
61.7 95.8 95.0


4,751 12,276 70,726


.. 17.9 23.8


.. 38.5 23.9


.. 26.1 26.6


9.4 16.1 9.6
8.3 11.5 11.2


24.2 25.2 30.6


0.59 0.50 0.67
18.4 221.0 1,067.1


187The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Slovak Republic


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


2 2 1,135
50 50 80


18,070 23,600 39,860
3.6 1.0 0.7


100 100 98
91 95 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


3.3 2.5 2.6
23.8 13.6 15.8


50.9 42.9 47.3
87.9 106.6 114.1
9.82 24.34 27.30
61.0 74.4 77.3
48.2 72.6 74.3


11.6 10.6 ..
109.4 138.6 184.6


46.8 72.0 75.8


99 100 100
49.4 99.2 95.0


2,678a 68,250a 70,726


.. 17.7 23.8


.. 23.9 23.9


.. 34.2 26.6


1.3 1.9 9.6
4.3 4.0 11.2


20.4 22.3 30.6


0.67 0.67 0.67
79.0 567.1 1,067.1


188 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Slovenia


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.47 0.55 2,533
18 20 39


890 1,110 1,772
1.6 6.1 6.2


.. .. 71
51 .. 63


No Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
B B


2.7 .. 2.5
.. .. 29.0


1.6 1.5 5.6
1.3 49.8 80.1


0.10 0.44 1.25
.. .. 10.7
.. .. 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
0.8 6.0a 16.2


.. .. 86
23.7 .. 58.8


2,042 3,893 6,560


.. .. 5.1


.. .. 11.3


.. .. 21.6


.. 0.1 5.7


.. 3.5 6.7
57.5 4.3 43.4


0.27 0.13 0.32
4.3 8.8 3.5


189The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Solomon Islands


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


8 10 817
35 38 28


.. .. 571


.. .. 5.8


.. .. 63


.. .. 58


No No
Private Private


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
A A


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


1.2a 1.1a 1.1
6.0 6.9a 41.7


0.00 0.00 0.12
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 86.3
1.1a 1.3a 6.0


.. .. ..
0.0 .. 24.5
33 .. 2,941


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.9


.. .. 42.8


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


.. .. 18.6


0.00 0.18 0.20
0.1 0.1 0.8


190 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Somalia


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


47 51 2,490
59 62 61


4,850 6,960 6,563
3.8 2.9 6.3
89 .. 94


.. .. 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


P P
P P
C C
R R
A A


6.3 4.7 2.7
13.1 10.7 17.8


9.9 8.2a 20.9
71.1 126.8a 92.4
0.35 1.80a 9.96
13.0a 18.3a 35.9


4.8 9.8 25.5


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 144.6
7.5 21.0a 38.2


96 .. 98
1.7 .. 84.6


246 18,874a 13,200


.. 23.2 10.0


.. 22.3 16.0


.. 27.4 18.2


1.2 0.8 13.9
11.1 8.4 13.5


9.9 11.8 28.3


0.51 0.46 0.46
20.4 84.6 19.9


191The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Upper middle income


South Africa


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


8 10 2,533
17 18 39


.. .. 1,772


.. 3.6 6.2


.. .. 71


.. .. 63


No No
Mixed ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.5


.. .. 29.0


.. .. 5.6


.. .. 80.1


.. .. 1.25


.. .. 10.7


.. .. 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..


.. .. 16.2


.. .. 86


.. .. 58.8


.. .. 6,560


.. .. 5.1


.. .. 11.3


.. .. 21.6


.. .. 5.7


.. .. 6.7


.. .. 43.4


.. 0.14 0.32


.. .. 3.5


192 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


South Sudan


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


43 46 1,135
77 77 80


25,450 30,930 39,860
3.2 0.4 0.7
98 98 98
96 103 94


Yes Yes
Private Private


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


3.1 2.6 2.6
19.6 13.8 15.8


44.8 42.8 47.3
98.4 113.2 114.1


11.60 23.78 27.30
55.0 71.5 77.3
35.5 63.9 74.3


.. .. ..
93.1 109.3 184.6
47.9 67.6 75.8


99 100 100
80.8 99.5 95.0


5,798a 64,069a 70,726


.. 31.1 23.8


.. 47.2 23.9


.. 30.9 26.6


3.7 1.5 9.6
7.2 5.2 11.2


23.3 29.8 30.6


0.72 0.76 0.67
81.7 295.9 1,067.1


193The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Spain


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


20 21 2,533
15 15 39


1,210 2,580 1,772
4.3 6.4 6.2
91 91 71


.. 77 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. P
C P
C P
A A


No C


2.5 .. 2.5
12.2 .. 29.0


6.3 17.1 5.6
16.9 87.0 80.1
0.11a 1.71 1.25


8.2 12.3a 10.7
2.4 5.9a 7.7


.. .. 6.5
74.7 89.5 ..


1.8a 15.0a 16.2


85 98 86
18.3 76.6 58.8


1,403 5,224 6,560


.. 3.4 5.1


.. 1.1 11.3


.. 5.5 21.6


1.1 0.4 5.7
4.9 3.5 6.7


20.4 22.9 43.4


0.42 0.38 0.32
1.8 7.3 3.5


194 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


South Asia Lower middle income


Sri Lanka


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.05 0.05 1,135
32 32 80


10,890 12,610 39,860
3.2 0.2 0.7


.. .. 98


.. 75 94


No No
Private Private


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
No No


5.4 6.9 2.6
25.3 7.9 15.8


41.3 37.8 47.3
103.7 152.7 114.1
13.22 27.86 27.30


35.1a .. 77.3
.. .. 74.3


58.2 63.5 ..
102.1 32.3 184.6


34.0a 76.0a 75.8


.. .. 100


.. .. 95.0


.. 67,796a 70,726


.. 12.6 23.8


.. 15.1 23.9


.. 36.7 26.6


2.4 22.5 9.6
8.3 5.9 11.2


14.0 14.0 30.6


0.48 0.18 0.67
1,016.8 1,918.2 1,067.1


195The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


St. Kitts and Nevis


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.16 0.18 2,490
23 18 61


5,140 6,820 6,563
2.0 2.6 6.3


.. .. 94
72 75 75


Yes Yes
Private Private


C C
C C
M C
A A


No A


8.5 6.7 2.7
9.4 8.4 17.8


23.6 20.4 20.9
63.9 123.0 92.4
4.24a 12.12 9.96


.. .. 35.9


.. .. 25.5


53.5 28.7 2.6
64.7 80.4 144.6
21.6 42.0a 38.2


80 100 98
91.2 98.5 84.6


.. 81,149a 13,200


.. 11.6 10.0


.. 21.2 16.0


.. 29.3 18.2


4.8 4.2 13.9
5.5 3.9 13.5
5.9 8.6 28.3


0.47 0.35 0.46
36.5 95.6 19.9


196 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


St. Lucia


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.03 0.03 1,135
.. .. 80
.. .. 39,860
.. .. 0.7
.. .. 98
.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 47.3


.. .. 114.1


.. .. 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6


.. .. 75.8


.. .. 100


.. .. 95.0


.. .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67


.. 32.3 1,067.1


197The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


St. Martin (French part)


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.11 0.11 2,490
47 49 61


4,960 6,070 6,563
4.9 0.7 6.3


.. .. 94
78 .. 75


Yes Yes
Private Private


C C
C C
C C
A A


No A


9.3 7.9 2.7
.. .. 17.8


20.7 20.8 20.9
64.9 120.5 92.4
3.35 12.89 9.96
16.8a 47.0 35.9
14.1a 34.0 25.5


58.9 34.7 2.6
49.4 82.2 144.6


9.2 43.0 38.2


100 100 98
71.7 99.1 84.6


1,719,237 637,784 13,200


.. 10.9 10.0


.. 16.8 16.0


.. 33.6 18.2


1.4 0.7 13.9
6.4 3.6 13.5


24.8 26.1 28.3


0.43 0.31 0.46
101.1 173.7 19.9


198 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


St. Vincent and Grenadines


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)b


Urban population (% of total)b


GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)c


GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)c


Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


31 34 2,533
33 33 39


600 1,310 1,772
6.0 7.2 6.2
61 71 71
35 .. 63


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


M P
P P
P C
R R
B C


3.9 3.1 2.5
384.0 348.1 29.0


1.5 1.1 5.6
4.8a 56.1 80.1


0.00 0.04 1.25
.. .. 10.7
.. .. 7.7


5.6 5.6 6.5
81.1 120.9 ..


1.3 19.0a 16.2


34 87 86
4.7 53.9 58.8


407 1,568 6,560


.. 6.0 5.1


.. 6.1 11.3


.. 29.0 21.6


0.0 0.0 5.7
4.2 3.3 6.7
2.1 6.3 43.4


0.22 0.25 0.32
0.0 0.0 3.5


199The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Sudan


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.50 0.53 2,490
67 70 61


3,320 7,840 6,563
5.9 4.1 6.3
90 95 94


.. .. 75


Yes Yes
Public Public


M C
M C
P C
R R


No A


5.7 .. 2.7
32.4 .. 17.8


16.2 15.9 20.9
46.6 178.9a 92.4
0.22 4.57 9.96
17.3a 32.3 35.9


6.3 17.5 25.5


.. .. 2.6
43.0 67.6 144.6


6.4 32.0a 38.2


.. .. 98
15.9 100.0 84.6


1,408 10,035 13,200


.. 2.5 10.0


.. 14.3 16.0


.. 42.1 18.2


0.2 0.1 13.9
3.3 2.8 13.5


.. 44.2 28.3


0.35 0.16 0.46
10.0 43.1 19.9


200 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Suriname


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


1 1 2,533
22 21 39


2,600 3,470 1,772
2.2 2.2 6.2
82 87 71
61 67 63


No No
Public Public


.. M
M M
C P


No No
B B


12.4 4.4 2.5
13.2 6.8 29.0


4.0 6.3 5.6
18.1 63.7 80.1
0.00 0.23 1.25


.. 10.7a 10.7


.. .. 7.7


.. 43.5 6.5


.. 44.2 ..
3.7a 18.1 16.2


90 95 86
0.0 59.1 58.8
24a 2,347 6,560


.. 5.0 5.1


.. 24.3 11.3


.. 874.6 21.6


0.2 .. 5.7
2.2 .. 6.7


15.6 29.0 43.4


0.35 0.14 0.32
2.0 8.2 3.5


201The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Swaziland


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


9 9 1,135
84 85 80


42,920 53,170 39,860
2.8 1.3 0.7


.. .. 98
95 93 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
C C
C C
A A
A A


1.8 1.6 2.6
17.8 13.3 15.8


62.4 48.7 47.3
100.8 118.6 114.1
27.93 31.77 27.30


80.0 91.6 77.3
72.5 90.6 74.3


.. .. ..
90.8 124.3 184.6
84.8 91.0 75.8


99 99 100
76.7 92.4 95.0


20,580a 244,440a 70,726


.. 25.5 23.8


.. 14.4 23.9


.. 33.1 26.6


11.2 9.3 9.6
11.1 10.6 11.2
46.2 51.9 30.6


0.92 0.84 0.67
331.2 1,535.1 1,067.1


202 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


Sweden


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


7 8 1,135
73 74 80


58,530 76,350 39,860
1.2 1.9 0.7


.. .. 98
85 87 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C C
P C
C C
A A
A A


3.4 2.9 2.6
12.6 13.7 15.8


69.5 59.9 47.3
92.2 131.4 114.1


22.51 39.96 27.30
76.5 86.9a 77.3
67.0a 85.0a 74.3


.. .. ..
57.6 88.9 184.6
70.1 85.2 75.8


100 100 100
64.6 97.7 95.0


13,749a 167,636a 70,726


.. 31.6 23.8


.. 45.2 23.9


.. 32.7 26.6


2.6 1.5 9.6
7.4 5.6 11.2


26.9 32.7 30.6


0.76 0.67 0.67
472.8 2,378.5 1,067.1


203The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Switzerland


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


18 21 2,533
54 56 39


1,500 2,750 1,772
4.7 5.0 6.2
81 83 71


.. .. 63


No No
Public Public


.. ..
P P
P P
A No
B B


2.6 2.9 2.5
7.5 15.4 29.0


15.7 20.9 5.6
16.0 63.2 80.1
0.01a 0.58 1.25
28.0 40.4a 10.7
26.0 35.2a 7.7


13.6 11.7 6.5
130.2 0.1 ..


5.6 22.5 16.2


92 98 86
1.3 7.1 58.8


328a 3,489 6,560


.. 1.3 5.1


.. 21.3 11.3


.. 21.6 21.6


0.0 0.0 5.7
3.3 2.2 6.7
9.3 2.5 43.4


0.36 0.23 0.32
0.1 0.3 3.5


204 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


Syrian Arab Republic


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


6 7 817
26 27 28


340 870 571
10.1 8.9 5.8


99 100 63
72 71 58


No No
Mixed Mixed


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
No A


2.9 .. ..
71.4 .. ..


4.3 5.4a 1.1
4.1 90.6a 41.7


0.06 0.07a 0.12
.. .. ..
.. .. ..


.. .. ..
7.3 .. 86.3
0.3 13.0a 6.0


.. .. ..
2.2 .. 24.5


104a .. 2,941


.. 0.9 9.6


.. 8.5 11.9


.. 362.5 42.8


.. .. ..


.. .. ..
19.2 48.5 18.6


0.32 0.24 0.20
.. 1.0 0.8


205The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Europe & Central Asia Low income


Tajikistan


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


39 46 817
24 27 28


380 540 571
7.1 6.8 5.8
69 73 63


.. 58 58


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


M M
C C
C C
R R
A A


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


0.4 0.3 1.1
7.6 55.5 41.7


0.00 0.01a 0.12
2.0 4.0a ..
0.5a 4.5a ..


3.2 1.2 ..
7.1 56.7 86.3
4.3a 12.0a 6.0


45 85 ..
1.6 0.6 24.5
60a 902a 2,941


.. 11.2 9.6


.. 10.1 11.9


.. 31.3 42.8


0.3 0.2 ..
5.8 3.7 ..


10.1 13.5 18.6


0.29 0.35 0.20
0.1 0.8 0.8


206 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Tanzania


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


67 70 2,490
32 34 61


2,560 4,440 6,563
5.5 2.8 6.3
94 .. 94
72 72 75


Yes Yes
Public Public


M C
P C
C C
R R
B A


3.2 2.5 2.7
10.0 9.3 17.8


10.5 9.6 20.9
45.7 111.6 92.4
0.83 5.03 9.96


.. 24.7 35.9
7.2a 13.4 25.5


.. 1.7 2.6


.. 96.5 144.6
15.0 23.7 38.2


26 100 98
99.6 90.9 84.6
679 24,634 13,200


.. 6.0 10.0


.. 8.7 16.0


.. 20.2 18.2


23.4 15.6 13.9
17.4 11.9 13.5
25.7 17.1 28.3


0.50 0.51 0.46
4.7 19.1 19.9


207The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


Thailand


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


1 1 2,533
26 28 39


740 2,730 1,772
0.5 10.3 6.2
51 58 71
67 71 63


No No
.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
B B


3.8 6.2 2.5
16.9 28.6 29.0


0.2 0.3 5.6
3.3 53.2 80.1


0.00 0.05 1.25
.. .. 10.7
.. .. 7.7


20.0 .. 6.5
70.6 36.8 ..


0.1 0.9 16.2


50 69 86
3.4 42.9 58.8


4,997 17,141 6,560


.. 17.2 5.1


.. 16.6 11.3


.. 99.0 21.6


5.2 .. 5.7
3.4 .. 6.7


.. .. 43.4


0.25 0.22 0.32
1.0 2.6 3.5


208 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Timor-Leste


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


5 6 817
35 38 28


370 570 571
1.5 3.3 5.8
57 57 63
63 76 58


Yes Yes
Public Public


P P
P C
C C
R R
A A


6.3 9.4 ..
34.7 15.3 ..


1.2 3.9a 1.1
8.0 50.4 41.7


0.00 0.08a 0.12
.. 3.7a ..
.. 1.1 ..


22.5 8.5 ..
22.0 22.2 86.3


1.8a 3.5a 6.0


85 75 ..
1.9 6.2 24.5


146 6,443 2,941


.. 13.7 9.6


.. 19.6 11.9


.. 165.6 42.8


0.1 0.1 ..
3.9 4.5 ..


23.8 23.2 18.6


0.22 0.14 0.20
0.4 3.5 0.8


209The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Togo


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.10 0.10 2,533
23 23 39


2,550 3,820 1,772
2.4 0.9 6.2
99 .. 71
89 .. 63


No No
Public Public


.. C


.. C
P C
.. A
C C


.. .. 2.5


.. .. 29.0


13.6 28.7 5.6
29.6a 52.6 80.1
0.64 1.24 1.25


.. .. 10.7


.. .. 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
4.9a 25.0 16.2


70 .. 86
37.0 16.2 58.8
404a 3,827 6,560


.. 6.4 5.1


.. 11.0 11.3


.. 62.3 21.6


.. 0.0 5.7
2.8 6.4 6.7


16.3 14.8 43.4


0.40 0.24 0.32
9.8 28.6 3.5


210 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Tonga


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


1 1 1,135
12 14 80


10,910 15,840 39,860
8.7 1.6 0.7
98 99 98
64 .. 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


M ..
M P
C P
A A


No A


2.4 2.7 2.6
.. 692.1 15.8


24.5 21.7 47.3
70.3 135.6 114.1
0.82 11.51 27.30
31.0 53.1a 77.3
17.0 18.6 74.3


27.0 20.9 ..
272.8 223.7 184.6


29.0a 55.2 75.8


100 100 100
16.6 98.6 95.0


1,286 19,753 70,726


.. 19.5 23.8


.. 13.7 23.9


.. 12.5 26.6


0.2 0.1 9.6
4.0 3.1 11.2
8.9 6.5 30.6


0.53 0.48 0.67
21.3 97.7 1,067.1


211The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Trinidad and Tobago


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




212 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


10 11 2,490
65 66 61


3,200 4,020 6,563
4.5 3.6 6.3
74 78 94
78 80 75


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


.. P
C C
C C
.. R
C A


3.8 3.9 2.7
21.7 22.9 17.8


12.7 11.5 20.9
57.3 116.9 92.4
0.18 5.14 9.96


9.6 19.1 35.9
3.4 11.4 25.5


7.1 5.8 2.6
35.5 61.7 144.6


9.7 39.1 38.2


98 100 98
11.7 90.1 84.6
784 14,832 13,200


.. 5.8 10.0


.. 10.0 16.0


.. 10.5 18.2


2.0 7.4 13.9
4.6 6.6 13.5
5.1 10.8 28.3


0.35 0.48 0.46
1.4 13.0 19.9


Middle East & North Africa Upper middle income


Tunisia




213The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


68 74 2,490
67 71 61


6,480 10,410 6,563
5.2 3.1 6.3
88 91 94
72 81 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


C ..
P ..
C C
A No


No A


2.6 2.2 2.7
11.0 20.0 17.8


27.9 20.7 20.9
64.0 88.7 92.4
2.33 10.26 9.96
12.0 48.5 35.9


7.7 42.9 25.5


3.9 5.6 2.6
68.3 187.0 144.6
15.5 42.1 38.2


96 100 98
70.6 98.7 84.6


2,772 33,938 13,200


.. 14.5 10.0


.. 33.8 16.0


.. 13.8 18.2


4.4 1.7 13.9
6.1 3.8 13.5
2.3 1.7 28.3


0.48 0.46 0.46
18.0 125.8 19.9


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


Turkey




214 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


Upper
middle-
income
group


Europe & Central Asia Upper middle income


5 5 2,490
47 49 61


1,600 4,800 6,563
4.5 10.8 6.3


.. 100 94


.. .. 75


No No
Public Public


.. ..
C C
.. ..
.. ..
B B


1.5 .. 2.7
.. .. 17.8


8.4 10.7a 20.9
2.2a 68.8a 92.4


.. 0.02a 9.96


.. 7.0 35.9


.. 4.0 25.5


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 144.6
1.0a 5.0a 38.2


14 .. 98
.. .. 84.6


1,605a 1,567a 13,200


.. .. 10.0


.. .. 16.0


.. .. 18.2


.. .. 13.9


.. .. 13.5


.. .. 28.3


0.33 0.19 0.46
.. 0.2 19.9


Turkmenistan




215The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


2005 2011 2011


Country data


Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


South Asia High income


High-
income
group


0.03 0.04 1,135
90 94 80


.. .. 39,860


.. .. 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


.. .. 47.3


.. .. 114.1


.. .. 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6


.. .. 75.8


.. .. 100


.. .. 95.0


.. .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


4.0 1.7 9.6
4.6 2.6 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67


.. 402.4 1,067.1


Turks and Caicos Islands




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.01 0.01 2,490
48 51 61


3,740 4,950 6,563
0.2 2.0 6.3


.. .. 94


.. .. 75


No No
Public Public


.. ..
M ..
M M
R R
.. ..


.. .. 2.7


.. .. 17.8


9.2 14.7 20.9
13.4 21.6 92.4
1.55 4.57 9.96


.. .. 35.9


.. .. 25.5


.. .. 2.6
2.9 .. 144.6


10.0a 30.0a 38.2


13 .. 98
28.8 .. 84.6


3,073 1,354 13,200


.. .. 10.0


.. .. 16.0


.. .. 18.2


7.3 .. 13.9
6.1 2.1 13.5


.. .. 28.3


0.00 0.05 0.46
.. 102.2 19.9


216 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


East Asia & Pacific Upper middle income


Tuvalu


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


28 35 817
13 16 28


300 510 571
6.9 7.8 5.8
71 73 63
65 69 58


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


P C
P C
C C
A A


No A


3.1 3.6 ..
23.4 33.6 ..


0.3 1.3 1.1
4.6 48.4 41.7


0.00 0.10 0.12
1.2 .. ..


.. 0.2 ..


.. .. ..
119.4 65.8 86.3


1.7 13.0a 6.0


70 100 ..
8.9 40.0 24.5


122 4,206a 2,941


.. 10.7 9.6


.. 10.5 11.9


.. 16.3 42.8


2.0 6.4 ..
7.5 7.8 ..


13.4 13.8 18.6


0.31 0.29 0.20
0.0 1.5 0.8


217The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Uganda


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


47 46 2,533
68 69 39


1,540 3,130 1,772
8.0 0.4 6.2
99 100 71
88 92 63


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


.. C
C C
.. C
.. A


No A


5.9 3.5 2.5
32.8 14.2 29.0


24.9 28.1 5.6
64.0 123.0 80.1
0.28 7.01 1.25
11.5 25.2 10.7


5.0 22.2 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
3.7 30.6 16.2


96 100 86
3.5 75.8 58.8


463a 9,835a 6,560


.. 2.9 5.1


.. 6.5 11.3


.. 7.6 21.6


0.5 0.9 5.7
4.0 2.6 6.7
7.6 17.9 43.4


0.57 0.42 0.32
1.3 23.9 3.5


218 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Ukraine


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


4 8 1,135
82 84 80


42,280 40,760 39,860
5.8 2.7 0.7
90 .. 98


.. .. 94


Yes Yes
Mixed Mixed


P P
P P
P P
.. R
B A


1.9 2.1 2.6
9.8 21.7 15.8


30.4 23.1 47.3
111.4 148.6 114.1


3.18 10.99 27.30
36.5a 76.0 77.3
30.4a 67.0 74.3


.. 53.1 ..


.. 119.3 184.6
40.0a 70.0a 75.8


100 100 100
24.5 65.5 95.0


3,142 27,609 70,726


.. 4.1 23.8


.. 9.1 23.9


.. 40.6 26.6


4.3 2.0 9.6
8.1 4.5 11.2


.. .. 30.6


0.63 0.86 0.67
54.8 206.8 1,067.1


219The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


United Arab Emirates


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


60 63 1,135
79 80 80


39,030 37,780 39,860
3.0 0.2 0.7


.. .. 98
92 92 94


Yes Yes
Private Private


.. ..
C C
C ..
A A
A A


3.7 1.8 2.6
.. 13.4 15.8


56.6 53.3 47.3
108.8 130.8 114.1
16.44 32.74 27.30


70.0 84.6 77.3
60.2 85.1 74.3


.. .. ..
87.6 126.2 184.6
70.0 82.0 75.8


99 100 100
60.7 100.0 95.0


52,895 166,073a 70,726


.. 33.1 23.8


.. 38.0 23.9


.. 20.0 26.6


14.0 5.0 9.6
12.3 8.2 11.2
37.6 39.4 30.6


0.79 0.97 0.67
466.0 1,534.1 1,067.1


220 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


High income


United Kingdom


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


296 312 1,135
81 82 80


44,670 48,620 39,860
2.5 0.5 0.7


.. .. 98
94 98 94


Yes Yes
Private Private


.. C
C C
C C
A A
A A


3.0 2.8 2.6
18.7 17.6 15.8


59.0 46.6 47.3
68.6 92.7 114.1


17.23 27.35 27.30
67.1 75.5a 77.3
58.1a 71.6a 74.3


20.1 16.9 ..
.. 383.7 184.6


68.0a 77.9a 75.8


99 100 100
90.0 96.1 95.0


7,217a 47,174a 70,726


.. 13.8 23.8


.. 35.7 23.9


.. 20.0 26.6


14.3 9.5 9.6
13.7 12.8 11.2
19.4 20.3 30.6


0.86 1.00 0.67
785.2 1,561.9 1,068.0


221The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


United States


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


3 3 2,490
92 93 61


4,740 11,860 6,563
-0.0 5.8 6.3


98 98 94
91 90 75


Yes Yes
Public Public


.. ..
C C
C P
A ..


No A


3.8 2.6 2.7
8.0 55.7 17.8


30.3 28.5 20.9
34.8 140.8 92.4
1.46 13.47 9.96
24.3 52.8a 35.9
13.4 33.3a 25.5


8.9 6.1 2.6
28.1 91.3 144.6
20.1 51.4 38.2


100 100 98
27.8 100.0 84.6


2,397 32,078 13,200


.. 13.0 10.0


.. 21.4 16.0


.. 19.3 18.2


0.1 0.1 13.9
6.3 6.4 13.5


11.6 11.9 28.3


0.56 0.55 0.46
27.2 84.3 19.9


222 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Uruguay


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


26 29 2,533
37 36 39


530 1,510 1,772
5.3 8.5 6.2
99 99 71
74 71 63


No No
Public Public


.. ..
C C
.. ..
.. ..


No No


2.2 .. 2.5
31.7 .. 29.0


6.9 6.9 5.6
2.8 91.6 80.1


0.03a 0.53 1.25
.. 3.2 10.7
.. .. 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. 154.3 ..
3.3 30.2 16.2


75 93 86
1.0 3.2 58.8


165 579 6,560


.. 0.9 5.1


.. 3.4 11.3


.. 200.0 21.6


.. .. 5.7


.. .. 6.7


.. .. 43.4


0.41 0.50 0.32
0.0 0.8 3.5


223The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Europe & Central Asia Lower middle income


Uzbekistan


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.21 0.25 2,533
23 25 39


1,760 2,730 1,772
1.1 4.3 6.2
78 83 71
63 .. 63


No Yes
Mixed Mixed


.. C


.. C


.. C


.. R
No A


3.5 5.1 2.5
20.0 9.1 29.0


3.3 2.5 5.6
6.0 55.8 80.1


0.03 0.12 1.25
.. 7.8 10.7
.. 3.5 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. 4.8 ..
5.1 8.0 16.2


20 90 86
3.7 14.8 58.8


373 2,764a 6,560


.. 41.0 5.1


.. 25.4 11.3


.. 171.0 21.6


0.2 .. 5.7
2.8 .. 6.7
6.5 3.5 43.4


0.25 0.22 0.32
132.6 151.0 3.5


224 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Vanuatu


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


27 29 2,490
92 94 61


4,950 11,820 6,563
1.5 3.1 6.3
95 96 94
76 89 75


Yes Yes
Mixed Public


C ..
C C
C C
A R


No C


3.5 2.9 2.7
27.5 11.6 17.8


13.7 24.9 20.9
46.9 97.8 92.4


.. 6.17 9.96
10.3 17.3a 35.9


2.5 11.0a 25.5


6.3 3.8 2.6
91.6 63.2 144.6
12.6 40.2 38.2


90 .. 98
.. 89.1 84.6


399a 8,108a 13,200


.. 1.7 10.0


.. 24.6 16.0


.. 15.7 18.2


0.0 0.0 13.9
11.9 6.4 13.5
13.8 12.2 28.3


0.51 0.48 0.46
4.6 10.9 19.9


225The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Latin America & Caribbean Upper middle income


Venezuela, RB


2005 2011 2011


Upper
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


82 88 2,533
27 31 39


630 1,270 1,772
7.5 6.7 6.2
90 93 71
65 66 63


No Yes
Public Public


C C
C C
C C
.. R
C A


4.7 7.1 2.5
.. .. 29.0


10.2 11.5 5.6
11.5 143.4 80.1
0.25 4.32 1.25


6.3a 16.0 10.7
1.5a 12.5a 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
12.7 35.1 16.2


70 .. 86
7.2 30.6 58.8


341 9,998a 6,560


.. 2.2 5.1


.. 4.8 11.3


.. 10.5 21.6


2.8 7.9 5.7
6.1 8.4 6.7


.. .. 43.4


0.46 0.42 0.32
0.1 6.5 3.5


226 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


East Asia & Pacific Lower middle income


Vietnam


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


0.11 0.11 1,135
94 95 80


.. .. 39,860


.. .. 0.7


.. .. 98


.. .. 94


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. .. 2.6


.. .. 15.8


65.6a 69.5a 47.3
73.4a .. 114.1
2.71 8.34a 27.30


.. .. 77.3


.. .. 74.3


.. .. ..


.. .. 184.6
27.3a 27.4a 75.8


.. .. 100


.. .. 95.0
1,505a .. 70,726


.. .. 23.8


.. .. 23.9


.. .. 26.6


.. .. 9.6


.. .. 11.2


.. .. 30.6


.. .. 0.67
209.9 432.8 1,067.1


227The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


High income


Virgin Islands (U.S.)


2005 2011 2011


High-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


3 4 2,533
73 74 39


1,340 .. 1,772
-0.9 .. 6.2


93 95 71
80 78 63


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..


.. ..
No A


0.8 .. 2.5
5.1 .. 29.0


9.5 9.4 5.6
16.0 45.8 80.1
0.21 .. 1.25
29.5a 50.9 10.7
15.9 30.4 7.7


.. .. 6.5


.. .. ..
16.0a 41.1a 16.2


95 .. 86
9.6 .. 58.8


422 .. 6,560


.. .. 5.1


.. .. 11.3


.. .. 21.6


0.5 1.3 5.7
2.3 2.8 6.7


27.7 6.0 43.4


.. .. 0.32
0.6 4.9 3.5


228 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


West Bank and Gaza


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


21 25 2,533
29 32 39


690 1,070 1,772
4.1 2.7 6.2
55 64 71
55 .. 63


No No
Public Public


M M
C C
C C
.. No
B B


1.2 3.3 2.5
25.2 29.4 29.0


4.4a 4.3 5.6
11.0 47.0 80.1
0.01 0.44 1.25


.. 4.0a 10.7


.. 2.9a 7.7


14.7 13.4 6.5
.. .. ..


1.0a 14.9a 16.2


68 84 86
1.4 14.4 58.8
28a 1,082a 6,560


.. 0.9 5.1


.. 11.3 11.3


.. 16.7 21.6


0.0 0.0 5.7
2.1 1.0 6.7


15.8 8.7 43.4


0.21 0.18 0.32
0.1 0.4 3.5


229The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Middle East & North Africa Lower middle income


Yemen, Rep.


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


11 13 2,533
37 39 39


490 1,160 1,772
4.8 6.4 6.2
69 71 71


.. .. 63


Yes Yes
Public Mixed


C C
P C
P C
R R
B B


2.6 0.1 2.5
29.3 .. 29.0


0.8 0.6 5.6
8.3 60.6 80.1


0.00 0.06 1.25
1.8 2.4a 10.7
0.1 2.0a 7.7


.. 1.9 6.5
28.2 46.3 ..


2.9a 11.5 16.2


65 62 86
31.8 51.4 58.8


67 1,889 6,560


.. 7.5 5.1


.. 20.0 11.3


.. 58.0 21.6


0.0 0.0 5.7
4.6 3.0 6.7
5.5 8.1 43.4


0.23 0.31 0.32
0.2 2.4 3.5


230 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


Sub-Saharan Africa Lower middle income


Zambia


2005 2011 2011


Lower
middle-
income
groupCountry data




Economic and social context
Population (millions)
Urban population (% of total)
GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($)
GDP growth, 2000–05 and 2005–11 (avg. annual %)
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)
Gross primary, secondary, tertiary school enrollment (%)


Sector structure
Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator
Status of main fixed-line operator
Level of competition (competition, partial comp., monopoly)
International gateway(s)
Mobile telephone service
Internet service
Foreign ownership (not allowed, restricted, allowed)
Reg. treatment of VoIP (banned, closed, no framework, allowed)


Sector efficiency and capacity
Telecommunications revenue (% of GDP)
Telecommunications investment (% of revenue)


Sector performance
Access
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions (per 100 people)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (per 100 people)
Households with a computer (%)
Households with Internet access at home (%)
Usage
Int’l. voice traffic, total (minutes/subscription/month)
Domestic mobile traffic (minutes/subscription/month)
Individuals using the Internet (%)
Quality
Population covered by a mobile-cellular network (%)
Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions (% of total Internet)
International Internet bandwidth (bit/s per Internet user)
Affordability
Fixed-telephone sub-basket ($ a month)
Mobile-cellular sub-basket ($ a month)
Fixed-broadband sub-basket ($ a month)
Trade
ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports)
ICT goods imports (% of total goods imports)
ICT service exports (% of total service exports)
Applications
Online service index (0–1, 1=highest presence)
Secure Internet servers (per million people)
 


13 13 817
36 39 28


440 660 571
-8.5 -1.4 5.8


.. 92 63


.. .. 58


Yes Yes
Public Public


M P
C P
C C
R R
B A


.. .. ..


.. .. ..


2.6 2.8 1.1
5.1 72.1 41.7


0.08 0.27 0.12
.. 5.9 ..


2.0 4.0a ..


.. 5.5 ..
51.7 31.6 86.3


8.0a 15.7 6.0


70 72 ..
10.6 63.0 24.5


55 1,748 2,941


.. 10.1 9.6


.. 20.6 11.9


.. 30.0 42.8


0.1 0.0 ..
2.5 3.6 ..


.. .. 18.6


0.30 0.13 0.20
0.2 3.2 0.8


231The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Sub-Saharan Africa Low income


Zimbabwe


2005 2011 2011


Low-
income
groupCountry data




232 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology


a. ITU estimate.


b. Excludes South Sudan.


c. Excludes South Sudan after July 9, 2011.


Notes




233The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013


Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and older who can,
with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement about their
everyday life. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
Institute for Statistics)


Domestic mobile-telephone traffic refers to the total number of minutes
of calls made by mobile subscribers within a country (including minutes to
fixed-telephone and minutes to mobile-phone subscribers). (International
Telecommunication Union)


Fixed-broadband sub-basket refers to the price of the monthly subscrip-
tion to an entry-level fixed broadband plan. For comparability reasons, the
fixed broadband sub-basket is based on a monthly usage of (a minimum of)
1 gigabyte (GB). For plans that limit the monthly amount of data transferred
by including caps below 1 gigabyte, the cost for additional bytes is added to
the sub-basket. The minimum speed of a broadband connection is 256 kbit/s.
(International Telecommunication Union)


Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions refers to subscriptions to high-speed
access to the public Internet (a TCP/IP connection), at downstream speeds
equal to, or greater than, 256 kbit/s. This includes cable modem, DSL,
fibre-to-the-home/building and other fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions.
This total is measured irrespective of the method of payment. It excludes
subscriptions that have access to data communications (including the
Internet) via mobile-cellular networks. It excludes technologies listed under
the wireless-broadband category. (International Telecommunication Union)


Fixed-telephone sub-basket refers to the monthly price charged for sub-
scribing to the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN), plus the cost of
30 local calls to the same (fixed) network (15 peak and 15 off-peak calls) of
three minutes each. The service refers to the traditional fixed telephone line
and does not refer to, for example, prices for managed VoIP. (International
Telecommunication Union)


Fixed-telephone subscriptions refers to the sum of active number of analog
fixed-telephone lines, voice-over-IP (VoIP) subscriptions, fixed wireless local
loop (WLL) subscriptions, ISDN voice-channel equivalents, and fixed public
payphones. (International Telecommunication Union)


Foreign ownership refers to the allowance of foreign participation or owner-
ship in facility-based and spectrum-based operators as well as in Internet
Service Providers (ISPs). (No = not allowed, R = allowed with restrictions,
A = allowed without restrictions) (International Telecommunication Union)


GDP growth is the annual percentage growth rate of gross domestic product
(GDP) at market prices based on constant local currency. Aggregates are
based on constant 2000 U.S. dollars. GDP is the sum of gross value added by
all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any
subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without


Glossary




making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion
and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank and Organisation for
Economic Co-operation and Development)


GNI per capita, World Bank Atlas method, is gross national income (GNI)
converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method divided by the
midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident produc-
ers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of
output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and
property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually
converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across
economies. The World Bank Atlas method is used to smooth fluctuations in
prices and exchange rates. It averages the exchange rate for a given year
and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation
between the country and the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the
United States. (World Bank)


Gross primary, secondary, and tertiary enrollment is the combined number
of students enrolled in primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of education,
regardless of age, as a percentage of the population of official school age
for the three levels. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization Institute for Statistics)


Households with a computer refers to the percentage of households with
a computer at home. A computer includes a desktop, portable, or handheld
computer (e.g. a personal digital assistant). It does not include equipment
with some embedded computing abilities such as mobile phones or TV sets.
(International Telecommunication Union)


Households with Internet access at home refers to the percentage of house-
holds with Internet access at home. Access is not assumed to be only via a
computer—it may also be by mobile phone, games machine, digital TV, etc.
(International Telecommunication Union)


ICT goods exports and imports are goods that are intended to fulfill the
function of information processing and communication by electronic means,
including transmission and display, or that use electronic processing to
detect, measure, or record physical phenomena or to control a physical
process. They include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and
related equipment; electronic components; and other information and com-
munication technology goods. Software is excluded. Re-exports (exports of
foreign goods in the same state as previously imported) are included. (United
Nations Conference on Trade and Development)


ICT service exports comprise communications services (telecommunica-
tions, business network services, teleconferencing, support services, and
postal services) and computer and information services (database, data
processing, software design and development, maintenance and repair, and
news-related service transactions). (International Monetary Fund)


Glossary


234 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology




Individuals using the Internet refers to the percentage of individuals who
have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 12 months. Internet
can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games
machine, digital TV, etc. (International Telecommunication Union)


International Internet bandwidth refers to the total used capacity of inter-
national Internet bandwidth, in megabits per second (Mbit/s). It is measured
as the sum of used capacity of all Internet exchanges (locations where
Internet traffic is exchanged) offering international bandwidth. If capacity is
asymmetric (i.e. more incoming [downlink] than outgoing [uplink] capacity),
then the incoming (downlink) capacity should be provided. (International
Telecommunication Union)


International voice traffic, total is the sum of international incoming and out-
going telephone fixed and mobile telephone traffic (in minutes). (International
Telecommunication Union)


Level of competition, international gateway, is the level of competition for
international gateway(s). International gateway is any facility that provides
an interface to send and receive electronic communications (i.e., voice,
data and multimedia images/video) traffic between one country’s domestic
network facilities and those in another country. (M = monopoly, P = partial
competition, C = full competition). (International Telecommunication Union)


Level of competition, Internet service, is the level of competition for retail
Internet access service. (M = monopoly, P = partial competition, C = full
competition). (International Telecommunication Union)


Level of competition, mobile telephone service, is the level of competition
for digital cellular mobile services. (M = monopoly, P = partial competition,
C = full competition). (International Telecommunication Union)


Mobile cellular and fixed-telephone subscriptions per employee are tele-
phone subscribers (fixed-telephone plus mobile) divided by the total number
of telecommunications employees. (International Telecommunication Union)


Mobile-cellular sub-basket refers to the price of a standard basket of mobile
monthly usage for 30 outgoing calls per month (on-net, off-net, to a fixed
line, and for peak and off-peak times) in predetermined ratios, plus 100 SMS
messages. The mobile-cellular sub-basket is based on prepaid tariffs although
post-paid tariffs may be used for countries where prepaid subscriptions
make up less than three percent of all mobile-cellular subscriptions. The
mobile-cellular prepaid sub-basket is largely based, but does not entirely
follow, the 2009 methodology of the OECD low-user basket. (International
Telecommunication Union)


Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions refers to the number of subscrip-
tions to a public mobile-telephone service that provide access to the PSTN
(public switched telephone network) using cellular technology. The indicator
includes (and is split into) the number of postpaid subscriptions, and the


Glossary


235The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013




number of active prepaid accounts (i.e. that have been used during the last
three months). The indicator applies to all mobile-cellular subscriptions that
offer voice communications. It excludes subscriptions via data cards or
USB modems, subscriptions to public mobile data services, private trunked
mobile radio, telepoint, radio paging, and telemetry services. (International
Telecommunication Union)


Online service index measures the level of sophistication of a government’s
online presence based on four stages of e-government evolution: emerging
presence, enhanced presence, transactional presence, and connected pres-
ence. A value of 0 indicates the lowest presence, a value of 1 the highest.
Data listed for 2011 are for 2012. (United Nations Department of Economic
and Social Affairs and United Nations Public Administration Network)


Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts
all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship, except for refugees
not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally con-
sidered part of the population of their country of origin. Data are midyear
estimates. (World Bank)


Population covered by a mobile-cellular network refers to the percentage of
people within range of a mobile-cellular signal, irrespective of whether they
are subscribers or users or not. This is calculated by dividing the number of
people within range of a mobile-cellular signal by the total population and
multiplying by 100. (International Telecommunication Union)


Regulatory treatment of VoIP indicates whether the country has any regu-
latory treatment on Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), a generic term to
describe the techniques used to carry voice traffic over IP. The status
are categorized as banned, closed, no framework, or allowed. "Closed"
means that wholesale VoIP is permitted, but retail VoIP is banned, as
well as cases where only the incumbent is licensed to provide VoIP.
(B = banned, C = closed, No = no framework, A = allowed) (International
Telecommunication Union)


Secure Internet servers are the number of servers using encryption tech-
nology for Internet transactions. Data listed for 2011 are for December
2012. (Netcraft)


Separate telecommunications/ICT regulator indicates whether the country
has a separate telecommunications/ICT Regulatory Authority independent
in terms of finance, structure, and decision making from the operators and
the sector Ministry. (International Telecommunication Union)


Status of main fixed-line telephone operator indicates whether the incum-
bent fixed-line operator is a public or private entity. Public refers to a fully
state-owned operator, private refers to a fully private operator, and mixed
refers to a partially private operator. (International Telecommunication Union)


Glossary


236 2013 The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology




Telecommunications investment refers to the investment during the financial
year in telecommunication services (including fixed, mobile, and Internet
services) for acquiring or upgrading property and networks. Property includes
tangible assets such as plant, intellectual and non-tangible assets such
as computer software. The indicator is a measure of investment in tele-
communication infrastructure in the country, and includes expenditure on
initial installations and additions to existing installations where the usage
is expected to be over an extended period of time. It excludes expenditure
on research and development (R&D), annual fees for operating licenses
and the use of radio spectrum. (International Telecommunication Union)


Telecommunications revenue refers to revenue earned from retail fixed
telephone, mobile-cellular, Internet, and data services offered by telecom-
munication operators (both network and virtual) offering services within
the country. Revenue (turnover) consists of retail telecommunication ser-
vice earnings (therefore excluding revenue from wholesaling activities) dur-
ing the financi al year under review. It is calculated as percentage of GDP.
(International Telecommunication Union)


Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each
country and reported to the United Nations. (United Nations)


VoIP is Voice over Internet Protocol, a generic term.


Glossary


237The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2013






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